Diachrony of Personal Pronouns in Japanese

A functional and cross-linguistic perspective

| Soka University of America
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027202376 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027262813 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
Personal pronouns in Japanese form a heterogeneous category. This book investigates their historical development from a functional perspective. It shows that while nouns give rise to personal pronouns through semanticization of pragmatic inferences, the use of non-nominal forms such as demonstratives and reflexives for person referents can be resolved within their original functions, offering little reason to treat them as personal pronouns. The cross-linguistic investigation into the common sources of personal pronouns reveals that the development of personal pronouns from nouns is largely consistent with grammaticalization, but that of forms of non-nominal origins requires separate mechanisms such as spatial/empathetic perspectives and displacement of semantic features for politeness, showing that a one-size-fits-all approach to diachrony of personal pronouns is not sufficient. This book will be of special interest to researchers and students in historical linguistics, pragmatics, and Japanese linguistics, who take a functional view of language.
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 344]  2019.  ix, 173 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface and acknowledgements
vii–viii
List of abbreviations
ix
Chapter 1. Introduction
1–14
Chapter 2. Noun-based forms
15–45
Chapter 3. Demonstrative-based forms
47–81
Chapter 4. Principles of person shift
83–108
Chapter 5. Diachrony of personal pronouns in functional and cross-linguistic perspectives
109–147
Chapter 6. Conclusion
149–156
Appendix
157–159
References
161–169
Index
171
“The Japanese pronoun system can be characterized by its large inventory of forms with various sociolinguistic meanings. Using rich Japanese historical written documents and current theories of grammaticalization, this book offers functionally and typologically oriented perspectives on pronouns in Japanese and pronouns in general. The book will serve as an important resource for both scholars of Japanese linguistics and general researchers of grammaticalization.”
“Osamu Ishiyama’s book provides a wealth of data on the historical development of Japanese personal pronouns and promises to be an invaluable source of information for researchers of historical linguistics and functional-typological linguistics.”
References

References

Anderson, Stephen
2015Morphological change. In Claire Bowern & Bethwen Evans (eds.), The Rutledge handbook of historical linguistics, 264–285. New York: Rutledge.Google Scholar
Anderson, Stephen & Edward Keenan
1985 Deixis. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description, vol. 3: Grammatical categories and the lexicon, 259–308. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Atlas, Jay D. & Stephen C. Levinson
1981It-clefts, informativeness, and logical form. In Peter Cole (ed.), Radical pragmatics, 1–61. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Barke, Andrew & Satoshi Uehara
2005Japanese pronouns of address: Their behavior and maintenance over time. In Robin Tolmach Lakoff & Sachiko Ide (eds.), Broadening the horizon of linguistic politeness, 301–313. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bean, Susan S.
1974Two’s company, three’s a crowd. American Anthropologist 72. 562–564. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Benveniste, Emile
1971Problems in general linguistics. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press.Google Scholar
Bhat, D. N. S.
2004Pronouns. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
2013Third person pronouns and demonstratives. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://​wals​.info​/chapter​/43. (September 9, 2015.)
Blake, Frank R.
1934The origin of pronouns of first and second person. The American Journal of Philology 55. 244–248. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brinton, Laurel J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott
2005Lexicalization and language change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brown, Roger
1965Social psychology. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
Brown, Roger & Albert Gilman
1960The pronouns of power and solidarity. In Thomas A. Sebeok (ed.), Style in language, 253–276. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Brown, Penelope & Stephen C. Levinson
1987Politeness: Some universals in language usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan L.
2003Mechanisms of change in grammaticalization: The role of frequency. In Brian D. Joseph & Richard D. Janda (eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics, 602–623. Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan L. & Paul Hopper
(eds.) 2001Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan L., Revere D. Perkins & William Pagliuca
1994The evolution of grammar: Tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of the world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Campbell, Lyle
2001What’s wrong with grammaticalization? Language Sciences 23. 113–161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chafe, Wallace L.
1994Discourse, consciousness, and time: The flow and displacement of conscious experience in speaking and writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Chao, Yuen Ren.
1956Chinese terms of address. Language 32. 217–224. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Claridge, Claudia & Leslie Arnovick
2010Pragmaticalisation and discursization. In Irma Taavitsainen & Andreas Jucker (eds.), Historical pragmatics, 165–192. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
Comrie, Bernard
1989Language universals and linguistic typology: Syntax and morphology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Cooke, Joseph Robinson.
1968Pronominal reference in Thai, Burmese, and Vietnamese. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Croft, William
1990Typology and universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Dahl, Östen.
2001Inflationary effects in language and elsewhere. In Joan L. Bybee & Paul Hopper (eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure, 471–480. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dasher, Richard B.
1995Grammaticalization in the system of Japanese predicate honorifics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University dissertation.Google Scholar
Degand, Liesbeth & Jacqueline Evers-Vermeul
2015Grammaticalization or pragmaticalization of discourse markers? More than a terminological issue. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 16(1). 59–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Diessel, Holger
1999Demonstratives: Form, function, and grammaticalization. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003The relationship between demonstratives and interrogatives. Studies in Language 27 635–655. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, Robert M. W.
1979Ergativity. Language 55. 59–138. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003Demonstratives: A cross-linguistic typology. Studies in Language 27(1). 61–112. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Du Bois, John W.
1987The discourse basis of ergativity. Language 63. 805–855. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Durie, Mark
1985A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of North Aceh. Dordrecht, Holland: Foris Publications.Google Scholar
Fillmore, Charles J.
1997Lectures on deixis. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar
Forchheimer, Paul
1953The category of person in language. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fortson, Benjamin W.
2003An approach to semantic change. In Brian D. Joseph & Richard D. Janda (eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics, 648–666. Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Frellesvig, Bjarke
2010A history of the Japanese language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fujiwara, Yoichi
1982Hoogen bunmatsushi (bunmatsujoshi) no kenkyuu, joo [A study of sentence-final particles (sentence-final helping particles) in dialects, book one]. Tokyo: Shunyoodoo.Google Scholar
1985Hoogen bunmatsushi (bunmatsujoshi) no kenkyuu, chuu [A study of sentence-final particles (sentence-final helping particles) in dialects, book two]. Tokyo: Shunyoodoo.Google Scholar
1986Hoogen bunmatsushi (bunmatsujoshi) no kenkyuu, ge [A study of sentence-final particles (sentence-final helping particles) in dialects, book three]. Tokyo: Shunyoodoo.Google Scholar
Geis, Michael L. &Arnold M. Zwicky
1971On invited inferences. Linguistic Inquiry 2. 561–566.Google Scholar
Givón, Talmy.
1976Topic, pronoun, and grammatical agreement. In Charles N. Li (ed.), Subject and topic, 149–189. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
1979On understanding grammar. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Greenberg, Joseph H.
1985Some iconic relationships among place, time, and discourse deixis. In John Haiman (ed.), Iconicity in syntax, 271–287. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gregersen, Edgar A.
1974The signaling of social distance in African languages. In William W. Gage (ed.), Language in its social setting, 47–55. Washington, DC: The Anthropological Society of Washington.Google Scholar
Grice, H. Paul
1975Logic and conversation. In Peter Cole & Jerry L. Morgan (eds.), Syntax and semantics, vol. 3: Speech acts, 41–58. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Hagège, Claude.
1993The language builder: An essay on the human signature in linguistic morphogenesis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Harris, Martin
1978The evolution of French syntax: A comparative approach. New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Hasegawa, Yoko
2015Japanese: A linguistic introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge Unviersity Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hashimoto, Shirou
1982Shijigo no shiteki tenkai [Historical development of demonstratives]. In Kenji Morioka & Yutaka Miyaji (eds.), Kouza nihongogaku [Lectures on Japanese linguistics], vol. 2: Bunpoushi [History of grammar], 217–240. Tokyo: Meijishoin.Google Scholar
Haspelmath, Martin
1999Why is grammaticalization irreversible? Linguistics 37. 1043–1068. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2004On directionality in language change with particular reference to grammaticalization. In Olga Fischer, Muriel Norde & Harry Perrid (eds.), Up and down the cline: The nature of grammaticalization, 17–44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Head, Brian F.
1978Respect degrees in pronominal reference. In Joseph Greenberg, Charles Ferguson & Edith A. Moravcsik (eds.), Universals of human language, vol. 3: Word structure, 151–211. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Heath, Jeffrey
2004Person. In Geert Booji, Christian Lehmann & Joachim Magdan (eds.), Morphology: An international handbook on inflection and word-formation, 998–1015. Berlin: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd
2002On the role of context in grammaticalization. In Ilse Wischer & Gabriele Diewald (eds.), New reflections on grammaticalization, 83–101. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2003Grammaticalization. In Brian D. Joseph & Richard D. Janda (eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics, 575–601. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd, Ulrike Claudi & Friederike Hünnemeyer
1991Grammaticalization: A conceptual framework. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Tania Kuteva
2002World lexicon of grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Mechthild Reh
1984Grammaticalization and reanalysis in African languages. Hamburg: Buske.Google Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Kyung-An Song
2010On the genesis of personal pronouns: Some conceptual sources. Language and Cognition 2. 117–147.Google Scholar
2011On the grammaticalization of personal pronouns. Journal of Linguistics 47. 587–630. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Helmbrecht, Johannes
2008Politeness distinctions in pronouns. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://​wals​.info​/feature​/45. (April 30, 2008.)
2014Politeness distinctions in personal pronouns: A case study of competing motivations. In Brian MacWhinney, Andre Malchukov & Edith A. Moravcsik (eds.), Competing motivtions in grammar and usage, 315–332. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Himmelmann, Nikolaus
1996Demonstratives in narrative discourse: A taxonomy of universal uses. In Barabara Fox (ed.), Studies in anaphora, 205–254. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hinds, John
1983Topic continuity in Japanese. In Talmy Givón (ed.), Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross-language study, 43–93. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1986Japanese. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
Hirose, Yukio
2000Public and private as two aspects of the speaker: A contrastive study of Japanese and English. Journal of Pragmatics 32. 1623–1656. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2002Viewpoint and the nature of Japanese reflexive zibun. Cognitive Linguistics 13(4). 357–401. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hock, Hans Henrich
1986Principles of historical linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Hopper, Paul J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott
2003Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ikegami, Akihiko & Setsuko Kato
1972Kokon daimeishi ichiran [A list of pronouns of ancient and modern]. In Kazuhiko Suzuki & Masaki Hayashi (eds.), Hinshibetsu nihon bumpoo kooza [Lectures on Japanese grammar], vol. 2: Meishi daimeishi [Nouns and pronouns], 184–210. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin.Google Scholar
Ikegamai, Yoshihiko
2004‘First/second vs. third person’ and ‘first vs. second/third person’: Two types of ‘linguistic subjectivity’. In Frank Brisard, Michael Meeuwis & Bart Vandenabeele (eds.), Seduction, community, speech: A festschrift for Herman Parret, 61–74. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ishiyama, Osamu
2012The diachronic relationship between demonstratives and first/second person pronouns. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 13. 50–71. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2014The nature of speaker creativity in linguistic innovation. In Evie Coussé & Ferdinand von Mengden (eds.), Usage-based approaches to language change, 147–165. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Iwasaki, Shoichi
2013Japanese. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Iwasaki, Shoichi & Preeya Ingkaphirom
2005A reference grammar of Thai. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Jakobson, Roman
1971Shifters, verbal categories, and the Russian verb. In Roman Jakobson (ed.), Selected writings, vol. 2, 130–147. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
Janda, Richard D.
2001Beyond ‘pathways’ and ‘unidirectionality’: On the discontinuity of language transmission and the counterability of grammaticalization. Language Sciences 23. 265–340. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Joseph, Brian D.
2005How accommodating of change is grammaticalization? Logos and Language 6. 1–8.Google Scholar
2014What counts as an instance of grammaticalization? Folia Linguistica 48(2). 361–383. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kanaya, Takehiro
2002Nihongo ni shugo wa iranai [Japanese does not need a grammatical subject]. Tokyo: Kodansha.Google Scholar
Keller, Rudi
1994On language change: The invisible hand in language. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kinsui, Satoshi
2004Shohyoo: Ri Choha, Nihongo shijitaikei no rekishi [Review article: Ri Choha, History of the Japanese demonstrative system]. Kokugogaku 55. 138–143.Google Scholar
Kinsui, Satoshi, Tomoko Okazaki & Mi-Kyong Jo
2002Shijishi no shiteki taishougengogakuteki kenkyuu: Nihongo, Kankokugo, Torukogo [A historical and contrastive linguistic study of demonstratives: Japanese, Korean, and Turkish]. In Naoki Ogoshi (ed.), Taishou gengoaku (Shiriizu Gengoakagaku 4) [Contrastive linguistics (Language Science 4)], 217–247. Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Gakujyutsu Shuppan.Google Scholar
Kojima, Noriyuki, Koujirou Naoki, Kazutami Nishimiya, Susumu Kuranaka & Masamori Mouri
(eds.) 1994–1998 Nihon shoki [The chronicles of Japan]. Tokyo: Shogakkan.Google Scholar
König, Ekkehard & Peter Siemund
2000Intensifiers and reflexives: A typological perspective. In Zygmunt Frajzyngier & Traci S. Curl (eds.), Reflexives: Forms and functions, 41–74. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuno, Susumu
1972Pronominalization, reflexivization, and direct discourse. Linguistic Inquiry 3. 161–195.Google Scholar
1973The structure of the Japanese language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
1987Functional syntax: Anaphora, discourse, and empathy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
2004Empathy and direct discourse perspectives. In Laurence R. Horn & Gregory L. Ward (eds.), The handbook of pragmatics, 315–343. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kuno, Susumu & Etsuko Kaburaki
1977Empathy and syntax. Linguistic Inquiry 8. 627–672.Google Scholar
Kuroda, Shige-Yuki
1973Where epistemology, style, and grammar meet: A case study from Japanese. In Stephen R. Anderson & Paul Kiparsky (eds.), A festschrift for Morris Halle, 377–391. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
Kuryłowicz, Jerzy
1965The evolution of grammatical categories. Diogenes51. 55–71. Reprinted in Jerzy Kuryłowicz 1975 Esquisses linguistiques II (International Library of General Linguistics 37), 38–54. München: Fink.Google Scholar
Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson
1980Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Lambrecht, Knud
1981Topic, antitopic, and verb agreement in non-standard French. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1994Information structure and sentence form: Topic, focus, and the mental representations of discourse referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Langacker, Ronald W.
1990Subjectification. Coginitive Linguistics 1. 5–38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lee, Iksop & S. Robert Ramsey
. The Korean language 2000 Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Lehmann, Christian
1985Grammaticalization: Synchronic variation and diachronic change. Lingua e Stile 20. 303–318.Google Scholar
1995Thoughts on grammaticalization. München: LINCOM Europa.Google Scholar
2002 [1995]Thoughts on grammaticalization. Revised edition. http://​www​.uni​-erfurt​.de​/sprachwissenschaft​/ASSidUE​/ASSidUE09​.pdf.
2004Theory and method in grammaticalization. Zeitschrift fur Germanistische Linguistik 32. 152–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levinson, Stephen C.
1983Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1995Three levels of meaning. In Frank Robert Palmer (ed.), Grammar and meaning: Essays in honor of Sir John Lyons, 90–115. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2000Presumptive meanings: The theory of generalized conversational implicature. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
2004 . In Laurence R. Horn & Gregory L. Ward (eds.), The handbook of pragmatics, 97–121. Malden, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Li, Naicong
1991Perspective-taking in Mandarin discourse. Buffalo: State University of New York dissertation.Google Scholar
Lockwood, William B.
1968Historical German syntax. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Lyons, John
1977Semantics, vol. 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Martin, Samuel Elmo
1975A reference grammar of Japanese. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Matsumoto, Yo
1988From bound to grammatical markers to free discourse markers: History of some Japanese connectives. Berkeley Linguistics Society 14. 340–351. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Matsumoto, Yoshiko
1988Reexamination of the universality of face: Politeness phenomena in Japanese. Journal of Pragmatics 12. 403–426. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maynard, Senko K.
2007Linguistic creativity in Japanese discourse: Exploring the multiplicity of self, perspective, and voice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mazzon, Gabriella
2010 . In Irma Taavitsainen & Andreas Jucker (eds.), Historical pragmatics, 351–376. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
Meillet, Antoine
1912L’évolution des formes grammaticales. Scientia (Rivista di Scienza) 12(26). 6. Reprinted in Antoine Meillet. 1921. Linguistique historique et linguistique générale,130–148. Paris: Klincksieck.Google Scholar
Mengden, Ferdinand von & Horst J. Simon
2014What is it then, this grammaticalization? Folia linguistica 48(2). 347–360. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Merlan, Aurelia
2006Grammatikalisierungstendenzen im Portugiesischen und Rumänischen: von Nominalsyntagmen zu Pronomina. In Jürgen Schmidt-Radefelt (ed.), Portugiesisch Kontrastiv Gesehen und Anglizismen Weltweit (Rostocker Romanistische Arbeiten 10), 221–240. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Miwa, Masahi
2000Ninshoshi to keigo [Personal pronouns and honorifics]. Kyoto: Jinbunshoin.Google Scholar
2005Ichininsho nininsho to taiwa [First/second person and dialogue]. Kyoto: Jinbunshoin.Google Scholar
Mühlhäusler, Peter & Rom Harré
1990Pronouns and people: The linguistic construction of social and personal identity. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Muramatsu, Akira
1999Daijirin. Tokyo: Sanseido.Google Scholar
Nerlich, Brigitte
2010Metaphor and metonymy. In Irma Taavitsainen & Andreas Jucker (eds.), Historical pragmatics, 193–215. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
Newmeyer, Frederick J.
1998Language form and language function. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
2001Deconstructing grammaticalization. Language Sciences 23. 187–229. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nihon Daijiten Kankokai
1972–1976Nihon kokugo daijiten. 21 vols. Tokyo: Shogakkan.Google Scholar
Niyekawa, Agnes
1991Minimum essential politeness: A guide to the Japanese honorific language. Tokyo: Kodansha International.Google Scholar
Noguchi, Takehiko
1994Sanninsho no hakken made [Until the discovery of third person]. Tokyo: Chikuma Shobo.Google Scholar
Noguchi, Tohru
1997Two types of pronouns and variable binding. Language 73. 770–797. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norde, Muriel
2009Degrammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Norde, Muriel & Karin Beijering
2014Facing interfaces: A clustering approach to grammaticalization and related changes. Folia Linguistica 48(2). 385–424. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nunberg, Geoffrey
1978The pragmatics of reference. New York: City University of New York dissertation.Google Scholar
Ochs, Elinor
1993 . In Barbara Miller (ed.), Sex and gender hierarchies, 146–169. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Okazaki, Tomoko
2002Shiji fukushi no rekishiteki henka nitsuite: Sa-kei, so-kei o chuushin ni [Concerning the historical change of demonstrative adverbs: With special reference to the sa-series and so-series]. Kokugogaku 53. 1–17.Google Scholar
2006Shijifukushi no ko- so- a- taikei eno suii nitsuite [On transition to the system of ko, so and a in Japanese demonstrative adverbs]. Kokugo To Kokubungaku 83. 59–74.Google Scholar
2010Nihongo shijishi no rekishiteki kenkyu [Historical studies of Japanese demonstratives]. Tokyo: Hituzi Shobo.Google Scholar
Okamura, Kazue
1972Daimeishi to wa nani ka? [What are pronouns?] In Kazuhiko Suzuki & Masaki Hayashi (eds.), Hinshibetsu nihon bumpoo kooza [Lectures on Japanese grammar], vol. 2: Meishi daimeishi [Nouns and pronouns], 184–210. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin.Google Scholar
Okumura, Tsuneya
1954Daimeishi “kare, kanojyo, karera” no kousatsu [Observations on pronouns kare, kanojyo, karera]. Kokugo Kokubun 23. 63–78.Google Scholar
Ono, Tsuyoshi & Sandra A. Thompson
2003 Japanese (w)atashi/ore/boku “I”: They are not just pronouns. Cognitive Linguistics 14. 321–347. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Payne, Thomas. E.
1997Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Reid, Lawrence A.
2017Re-evaluating the position of Iraya among Philippine languages. Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society special publication no. 1: Issues in Austronesian historical linguistics. 23–47.Google Scholar
Ri, Choha
2002Nihongo shijitaikei no rekishi [History of the Japanese demonstrative system]. Kyoto: Kyoto Daigaku Gakujyutsu Shuppan.Google Scholar
Robins, R. H.
1964General linguistics: An introductory survey. London: Longmans.Google Scholar
Sakuma, Kanae
1936Gendai nihongo no hyoogen to gohoo [Expressions and usages of Modern Japanese]. Tokyo: Koseikaku.Google Scholar
1959Nihongo no gengo riron [Linguistic theories of the Japanese language]. Tokyo: Koseikaku.Google Scholar
Samarin, William J.
2002Plurality and deference in urban Sango. In Vickie Carstens & Frederick Parkinson (eds.), Advances in African linguistics (Trends in African Linguistics 4), 299–311. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.Google Scholar
Sansom, George Bailey.
1928An historical grammar of Japanese. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Schachter, Paul
1985Parts-of-speech systems. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description, vol. 1: Clause structure, 3–61. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Schladt, Mathias
2000The typology and grammaticalization of reflexives. In Zygmunt Frajzyngier & Traci S. Curl (eds.), Reflexives: Forms and functions, 103–124. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shibasaki, Reijirou
2005Personal pronouns and argument structure: Discourse frequency, diachrony and typology. Santa Barbara: University of California Santa Barbara dissertation.Google Scholar
2010Frequency as a cause of semantic change: With focus on the second person form omae. In An van Linden, Jean-Christophe Verstraete & Kristin Davidse (eds.), Formal evidence in grammaticalization reseach, 225–244. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2014More thoughts on the grammaticalization of personal pronouns. In Sylvie Hancil & Ekkehard König (eds.), Grammaticalization: Theory and data, 129–155. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shibatani, Masayoshi
1985Passives and related constructions. Language 61. 821–848. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1990The languages of Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Shinmura, Izuru
1991Kojien. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Siewierska, Anna
2004 Person. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Silverstein, Michael
1976aShifters, linguistic categories, and cultural description. In Keith H. Basso & Henry A. Selby (eds.), Meaning in anthropology, 11–55. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
1976bHierarchy of features and ergativity. In Robert M. W. Dixon (ed.), Grammatical categories in Australian languages, 112–171. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.Google Scholar
Simon, Horst J.
2003From pragmatics to grammar: Tracing the development of respect in the history of the German pronouns of address. In Irma Taavitsainen & Andreas H. Jucker (eds.), Diachronic perspectives on address term systems, 85–123. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sohn, Ho-Min.
1994Korean. London: Rutledge.Google Scholar
1999The Korean language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Song, Kyung-An.
2002Korean reflexives and grammaticalization: A speaker-hearer dynamic approach. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF, Berlin) 55(5). 340–353.Google Scholar
Sugamoto, Nobuko
1989Pronominality: A noun-pronoun continuum. In Roberta Corrigan, Fred R. Eckman & Michael Noonan (eds.), Linguistic categorization, 267–291. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Suzuki, Takao
1978Words in context: A Japanese perspective on language and culture. Tokyo: Kodansha International.Google Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs.
1982From propositional to textual and expressive meanings: Some semantic-pragmatic aspects of grammaticalization. In Winfred P. Lehmann & Yakov Malkiel (eds.), Perspectives on historical linguistics, 245–271. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010aGrammaticalization. In Irma Taavitsainen & Andreas Jucker (eds.), Historical pragmatics, 97–126. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter Mouton.Google Scholar
2010b(Inter)subjectivity and (inter)subjectification: A reassessment. In Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Subjectification, intersubjectification and grammaticalization, 29–71. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Traugott, Elezabeth Closs.
2003Construction in grammaticalization. In Brian D. Joseph & Richard D. Janda (eds.), The handbook of historical linguistics, 624–647. Malden, MA: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Richard B. Dasher
2002Regularity in semantic change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Ekkehard König
1991The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization revisited. In Elizabeth Closs Traugott & Bernd Heine (eds.), Approaches to grammaticalization, vol. 1: Focus on theoretical and methodological issues, 189–218. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tsujimura, Natsuko
1996An introduction to Japanese linguistics. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
Tsujimura, Toshiki
1968Keigo no shiteki kenkyuu [Historical studies of honorifics]. Tokyo: Tokyodo Shuppan.Google Scholar
Tyler, Royall
2003The tale of Genji. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Urban, Matthias
2014Lexical semantic change and semantic reconstruction. In Claire Bowern & Bethwyn Evans (eds.), The Routledge handobok of historical linguistics, 362–392. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Vovin, Alexander
2003A reference grammar of classical Japanese prose. London: RoutledgeCurzon.Google Scholar
Whitman, John
1999Personal pronoun shift in Japanese: A case study in lexical change and point of view. In Akio Kamio, Ken-ichi Takami & Susumu Kuno (eds.), Function and structure: In honor of Susumu Kuno, 357–386. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Winstedt, Olaf
1914An English-Malay dictionary. Singapore: Kelly & Walsh.Google Scholar
Winter-Froemel, Esme
2014Re(de)fining grammaticalization from a usage-based perspective: Discursive ambiguity in innovation scenarios. Folia Linguistica 48(2). 503–556. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wurm, Stefan
1969Person marker consequences in Australian languages. In Joy Harris, Stefan Wurm & Donald Laycock (eds.), Papers in Australian linguistics, no. 4, 51–70. Canberra: Australian National University.Google Scholar
Yamaguchi, Toshiko
2015The rise of demonstrative-based demonstrative markers in the history of Japanese: A speaker subjectivity account. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 16(2). 250–276. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Yamaguchi, Yoshinori
1985Kodai nihongo bumpoo no seiritsu no kenkyuu [Studies in the birth of old Japanese grammar]. Tokyo: Yuseido.Google Scholar
Yamazaki, Hisayuki
1963Kokugo taiguu hyoogen taikei no kennkyuu [Study of the System of Honorific Expressions in Japanese]. Tokyo: Musashino Shoin.Google Scholar
Zubin, David, Soon Ae Chun & Naicong Li
1990Misbehaving reflexives in Korean and Mandarin. Berkeley Linguistics Society 16. 338–352. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by other publications

ESEN, Esin
2020. THE EXTRALINGUISTIC FACTORS ON THE INTRALINGUAL TRANSLATIONS OF ‘PERSON REFERENT ELLIPSIS’ IN CLASSICAL JAPANESE. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi  pp. 1148 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 02 october 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CFK – Grammar, syntax
BISAC Subject: LAN009060 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Syntax
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2018045384 | Marc record