Chapter published in:Perspectives on Language Structure and Language Change: Studies in honor of Henning Andersen
Edited by Lars Heltoft, Iván Igartua, Brian D. Joseph, Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh and Lene Schøsler
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 345] 2019
► pp. 271–294
From a single lexical unit to multiple grammatical paradigms
This paper studies the reanalysis, grammaticalisation, and paradigmatization of constructions becoming members of grammatical paradigms. The changes are illustrated by means of a single lexical unit, i.e. the French verb of perception, voir “to see”. The verb is found in very different contexts, which have been reanalysed and resulted in grammaticalized structures. Therefore, voir provides an interesting illustration of the pathway of a lexical unit into grammar. One reanalysis has resulted in the creation of voir followed by the deictic relative as part of a marker of progression, i.e. as a member of the category of tense, aspect, and mood. Another pathway involves the imperative form of the verb, which has grammaticalized as presentatives (voici and voilà). These forms have undergone further grammaticalization or, following the terms of Henning Andersen, regrammation, into markers of focalization.
Keywords: constructions, deixis, focalization, French verb of perception voir ‘to see’, grammaticalisation, paradigmaticity, regrammation
Published online: 18 June 2019
2010 Pragmaticalisation du marqueur discursif `tu vois'. De la perception à l'évidence et de l'évidence au discours. In Proceedings of the Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française (CMLF 2010, New Orleans, United States) (eds) F. Neveu, J. Durand, T. Klingler, Sophie Prévost & V. Muni-Toké. Paris: Institut de linguistique française.
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