Chapter published in:Perfects in Indo-European Languages and Beyond
Edited by Robert Crellin and Thomas Jügel
[Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 352] 2020
► pp. 246–277
The synthetic perfect from Indo-Iranian to Late Vedic
This paper outlines the origin and development of the synthetic Perfect from Indo-Iranian, the reconstructed common ancestral stage of the Iranian and Indo-Aryan languages, to Vedic, the oldest attested stage of Old Indo-Aryan. Comparative evidence from Old Iranian, Homeric Greek and a number of other Indo-European languages shows that this morphological category ultimately originates from Proto-Indo-European. In the course of its history, the synthetic Perfect develops from a P-oriented stative construction in Indo-European, via an anterior construction in Indo-Iranian to a general past tense with an emerging indirect evidential sense in Old Indo-Aryan. The present contribution highlights the various stages of development reflected in Vedic, but it also includes reference to the Indo-Iranian prehistory of the Vedic Perfect, as well as to its demise in later stages of Indo-Aryan. The development of the Indo-Iranian Perfect indicates that anterior categories tend to be rather unstable diachronically.
Keywords: Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, stative, anterior, evidentiality
Published online: 23 September 2020
Botne, Robert & Tiffany L. Kershner
Bybee, Joan, Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca
Di Giovine, Paolo
Eberle, Kurt & Walter Kasper
Haig, Geoffrey L. J.
Hoffmann, Karl & Bernhard Forssman
Humbach, Helmut, Josef Elfenbein and Prods O. Skjærvø
Jamison, Stephanie W. & Joel P. Brereton
Jasanoff, Jay H.
Kamp, Hans & Uwe Reyle
Keith, Arthur B.
Kent, Roland G.
Klein, Jared S.
Klein, Jared S. & Kazuhiko Yoshida
Kümmel, Martin J.
Skjærvø, Prods O.