Growing Sideways in Twenty-first Century British Culture
Challenging boundaries between childhood and adulthood
This volume examines changing boundaries between childhood and adulthood in British society and culture at the beginning of the twenty-first century − where these age boundaries are widely debated, policed, and contested − to investigate alternatives to conventional ideas of growing up. Building on observations, especially in children’s literature criticism, that human growth is shaped by a grand narrative that privileges adulthood, and on terminologies of non-normative growth, particularly in queer theory, this monograph develops growing sideways as a concept that queers this grand narrative by destabilising childhood and adulthood, and the boundaries between them. The concept is refined through close readings of twenty-first century British children’s literature, television series, film, and participatory events, troubling age boundaries via specific strategies in three conceptual areas: appearance, play, and space. Exploring power structures around age and gender, this monograph traces growing sideways as a distinct and important alternative discourse of human growth.
[Children’s Literature, Culture, and Cognition, 11] Expected December 2021. xi, 229 pp.
Publishing status: Printing
© John Benjamins
Table of Contents
Introduction: Structures of feeling growth
Growing sideways: Queering normative ideas of growing up
Appearance: Passing | Cross-dressing
Play: Performative (role) play | Play(fulness) as a queer way of life
Space: Resistance | Release
Conclusion: Feeling growth sideways
List of figures
List of abbreviations
Amnesty International UK (editor)
Andersen, Hans Christian
1949 The Little Mermaid. Translated from Danish by Jean Hersholt. H. C. Andersen Centret. <http://www.andersen.sdu.dk/vaerk/hersholt/TheLittleMermaid_e.html> (First published in Danish 1837, last accessed 15 January 2021).
2008 Vice Versâ: A Lesson to Fathers. <http://www.gutenberg.org/files/26853/26853-h/26853-h.htm> (First published 1882, last accessed 18 November 2019).
Barrie, J. M.
n.d. Bestival. <http://www.bestival.net/about> (18 May 2016).
Britain Is Not An Island
2016 Posters (webpage). <http://eu-uk.info/> (13 February 2017).
(website). n.d. <http://campkindling.co.uk/> (24 May 2021).
(festival). 19–21 June 2015. Kent, UK.
(festival). 17–19 June 2016. Kent, UK.
(festival). 16–18 June 2017. Kent, UK.
(website). n.d. <https://www.campwildfire.co.uk/> (17 March 2017).
Camp Wildfire n.d. a Analogue Antics. (webpage). <https://www.campwildfire.co.uk/information/analogue-antics> (23 December 2015).
n.d. b FAQs. (webpage). https://campwildfire.co.uk/information/faqs (13 March 2017).
10 June 2015. Wildfire Location Revealed!! And More … . Email newsletter. <https://us2.campaign-archive.com/?u=b4414bfb1635103984a461f6e&id=eaf522c8e7&e=c4a833872d> (21 January 2021).
14 June 2015. IMPORTANT: Wildfire Itinerary and Inventory. Email newsletter. <https://us2.campaign-archive.com/?u=b4414bfb1635103984a461f6e&id=b4c4ad1654&e=c4a833872d> (21 January 2021).
1 June 2017. Activity Leader Info. PDF file emailed to Camp Wildfire volunteers and staff. London: Camp Wildfire.
13 August 2018 Look No #1. Camp Wildfire Facebook Page. <https://www.facebook.com/campwildfire/photos/a.860059834051008/1945633445493636> (22 May 2021).
Annathehuligan.com <http://annathehulagan.com/classes/> (15 January 2021).
(director) 1996 Matilda. Burbank, CA: TriStar. <https://rob.roehampton.ac.uk/View.aspx?id=14968~5p~JauabhKygX> (15 January 2018).
Duffy, Carol Ann
Favilli, Elena & Francesca Cavallo
1871 See-Saw In Parables from Nature: Fifth Series, 167-174. London: Bell and Daldy. <https://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00025351/00001> (8 January 2021).
Hulagan Hoop Classes Public Group
n.d. Facebook, <https://www.facebook.com/groups/943547382385929/> (21 August 2016).
20 June 2015 Photograph of Patrol Leaders. Camp Wildfire Facebook Page. <https://www.facebook.com/campwildfire/photos/a.972626219461035/972627976127526> (22 May 2021).
n.d. a KidZania London (webpage). <http://london.kidzania.com/en-uk/> (16 June 2017)
n.d. b KidZania London: Our Economy (webpage). <htttp://london.kidzania.com/en-uk/about_us/economy> (16 June 2017).
n.d. c KidZania London: Our Story (webpage). <http://london.kidzania.com/en-uk/about_kidzania/story> (16 June 2017).
n.d. d KidZania’s Adults’ Evenings (webpage). <http://london.kidzania.com/en-uk/pages/adult-s-evening> (16 June 2017).
n.d. e What Are kidZos? (webpage). <https://kidzania.co.uk/about-us/what-are-kidzos> (21 Janaury 2021).
21 January 2016 Kidzania London’s Adults’ Evenings. Promotional video. <https://youtu.be/kFjS5MBV9JQ> (21 January 2021).
(director) 1990 Paris Is Burning. Santa Fe, CA: Off White Productions, Inc. <https://www.netflix.com/title/60036691> (18 November 2019).
2015 Growing Sideways. Heathmont, Victora: Suitcase Music. <jaymcneillmusic.com/files/212849/sample-chapter.pdf> (First published 2011, last accessed 10 January 2021).
(writer) 2010 This Is England ‘86. Trailer. London: Channel 4. <youtu.be/uBBFBf9Kraw> (10 January 2021).
Natural History Museum
n.d. a Dino Snores for Grown-Ups (webpage). <https://www.nhm.ac.uk/events/dino-snores-for-grown-ups.html> (12 February 2019).
n.d. b Dino Snores for Kids (webpage). <https://www.nhm.ac.uk/events/dino-snores-for-kids.html> (12 February 2019).
(director) 2010 Sweet. <https://youtu.be/TyidNCxJmUM> (30 January 2021).
Pillow Fight Club (webpage)
n.d. <https://www.fatsoma.com/giant-pillow-fight-> (9 April 2017).
Project Play. Playing in Spite of Patriarchy: A Post-Women’s March Workshop (Facebook event for 27 January 2017)
Facebook. <https://www.facebook.com/events/159797467844449/> (29 January 2021).
5 July 2016 Photograph of Assault Course. Camp Wildfire Facebook Page. <https://www.facebook.com/campwildfire/photos/a.1157831460940509/1157838534273135> (22 May 2021).
& Jessica Penrose n.d. Playful Being (webpage). <http://playfulbeing.weebly.com/> (15 January 2021).
(director) 1965 The Sound of Music. Los Angeles, CA: Twentieth Century Fox. <http://rob.roehampton.ac.uk/View.aspx?id=20355~5c~UgDX6yWvnR> (16 November 2018).
1807 Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood. <https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems-and-poets/poems/detail/45536> (First completed 1804, first published 1807, last accessed 10 January 2021).
Abate, Michelle Ann & Kenneth Kidd
13 November 2000 Let’s All Go Out to Play. New Statesman. <http://www.newstatesman.com/node/193777> (15 January 2021).
Adults-only School Disco (event announcement)
4 December 2015 Love Lewes. <http://lovelewes.com/event/adults-only-school-disco/> (16 January 2016).
24 October 2017. Institutional as Usual. Feminist Killjoys. <https://feministkilljoys.com/2017/10/24/institutional-as-usual/> (28 January 2021).
Almost 9 out of 10 Parents Think Children Are Being Forced to Grow Up too Quickly 11 April 2011. Gov.uk. <https://www.gov.uk/government/news/almost-9-out-of-10-parents-think-children-are-being-forced-to-grow-up-too-quickly> (8 January 2021).
n.d. Middle English Dictionary. University of Michigan. <https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED1884> (14 January 2021).
n.d. Oxford Dictionaries. <https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/appearance> (14 January 2021).
Authors’ Letter to the Oxford University Press
15 January 2015 Caught by the River. <https://www.caughtbytheriver.net/2015/01/letter-oxford-university-press-atwood-macfarlane/> (28 January 2021).
n.d. a Cambridge Dictionary. <https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/babygro> (14 January 2021).
n.d. b Oxford Dictionaries. <https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/babygro> (20 November 2019).
Baldwin, Matthew & Mark J. Landau
Baltes, Paul B.
Banksy Dismaland Show Revealed at Weston’s Tropicana
20 August 2015. <https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-bristol-33999495> (29 January 2021).
27 May 2005. Court Bans Teenager from Wearing Hoodie. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/may/27/society.ukcrime> (14 January 2021).
22 June 2015. Two Grown-Ass Adults Dressed as Cub Scouts Turned Up at Our Office and Invited Us to a ‘Questival.’ Noisey. <https://noisey.vice.com/en_uk/article/6xzedk/two-grown-ass-adults-dressed-as-cub-scouts-turned-up-at-our-office-and-invited-us-to-a-questival-called-camp-wildfire> (21 January 2021).
24 June 2014. The Bunker Diary: Why Wish This Book on a Child? Telegraph. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/10920101/The-Bunker-Diary-why-wish-this-book-on-a-child.html> (21 January 2021).
‘Bras Are a Curse!’: How Lockdown Changed Readers’ Views of Their Breasts
28 April 2021. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2021/apr/28/bras-are-a-curse-how-lockdown-changed-readers-views-of-their-breasts> (22 May 2021).
Brown, Timothy S.
Bullough, Vern L. & Bonnie
Camp (Search results)
n.d. Autostraddle. <https://www.autostraddle.com/category/community/camp-community/> (21 January 2021).
Carroll, Jane Suzanne
Michael Cart & Christine Jenkins
28 December 2012. Worst Ideas of 2012: The Onesie. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2012/dec/28/worst-ideas-of-2012-onesie> (14 January 2021).
Chester, Jerry. 28 May 2017. Castlemorton Common: The Rave that Changed the Law. BBC News. <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-hereford-worcester-39960232> (28 January 2021).
Childs, Peter & Michael Storry
23 June 2014. Carnegie and Kate Greenaway Medals 2014 Winners Announced. Telegraph. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/children_sbookreviews/10915043/Carnegie-and-Kate-Greenaway-Medals-2014-winners-announced.html> (21 January 2021).
Convention on the Rights of the Child
1989 <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx> (15 January 2021).
26 August 2015. Embrace Your Inner Child. Stylist283: 56-62.
n.d. Pan Macmillan. <https://www.panmacmillan.com/authors/frank-cottrell-boyce/cosmic> (13 June 2018).
Creativity Unmasked (sound file)
2016 BBCRadioScotland. <https://soundcloud.com/creativity-unmasked/bbcradioscotlandwma> (15 January 2021).
Crime and Disorder Act
1998 <http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1998/37/contents> (21 January 2021).
de Bruijn, Mirjam, Inge Brinkman & Francis Nyamnjoh
de Certeau, Michael
de Lange, Naydene
Department for Education
2013 School Uniform Guidance for Governing Bodies, School Leaders, School Staff and Local Authorities. <https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/514978/School_Uniform_Guidance.pdf> (14 January 2021).
15 June 2007. How Children Lost the Right to Roam in Four Generations. Daily Mail. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-462091/How-children-lost-right-roam-generations.html> (21 January 2021).
de Saussure, Ferdinand
Donath, Orna 2015 Regretting Motherhood: A Sociopolitical Analysis. Signs 40 (2): 343-367. <https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/678145> (30 January 2021).
Dietz, William H.
et al. 2007 Theorizing Queer Temporalities: A Roundtable Discussion. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 13 (2–3): 177-195. <muse.jhu.edu/article/215002> (10 January 2021).
18 October 2020 As a Lockdown Winter Looms, the Oodie Will Fleece Us All Over Again. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2020/oct/18/as-a-lockdown-winter-looms-the-oodie-will-fleece-us-all-over-again> (22 May 2021).
Epstein, B. J.
Erikson, Erik H.
1970 Reflections on the Dissent of Contemporary Youth. Daedalus 99 (1): 154-176. <jstor.org/stable/20023939< (10 January 2021).
Erosion of Childhood: Letter with Full List of Signatories
23 September 2011. Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/8784996/Erosion-of-childhood-letter-with-full-list-of-signatories.html> (10 March 2018).
Experian Marketing Services
2013 Christmas Retail Review 2012. Experian.co.uk. <http://www.experian.co.uk/assets/marketing-services/white-papers/Post-Christmas-Review-2012.pdf> (10 October 2015).
Field, Corinne T.
Film / Feminism / Identity / Activism: Looking out from the CCCS (Exhibition)
6–28 June 2014. Vividprojects.org. <http://www.vividprojects.org.uk/programme/film-feminism-identity-activism-looking-out-from-the-cccs/> (10 January 2021).
Flynn, Kate E. R.
2013 Constructions of the Fat Child in British Juvenile Fiction (1960–2010). Unpublished doctoral thesis. University of Worcester, Worcester. <https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/2739/> (24 May 2021).
16 January 2012 Is It Ever OK to Wear a Onesie? Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2012/jan/16/ever-ok-to-wear-onesie> (14 January 2021).
29 July 2003. The Children Who Won’t Grow Up. Spiked. <http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/2775> (8 January 2021).
24 August 2006 Never Grow Up, Never Grow Old. The First Post. <http://www.frankfuredi.com/articles/growup-20060824.shtml> (20 June 2017).
7 March 2013. University Students – Are They Toddlers or Young Adults? Independent. <https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/university-students-are-they-toddlers-or-young-adults-8524268.html> (8 January 2021).
31 August 2015 Hey, Grown-Ups: Put Down the Colouring Pens! Spiked. <http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/hey-grown-ups-put-down-the-colouring-pens/17383> (8 January 2021).
18 January 2013. Children Brought up ‘in Captivity’ by Risk Averse Parents, Says Leading Child Psychologist. Independent. <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/children-brought-up-in-captivity-by-risk-averse-parents-says-leading-child-psychologist-8457534.html> (21 January 2021).
Gillis, John R.
Glynn, Mary Ann & Jane Webster
González, Roberto J. & Rachael Stryker
Goold, Benjamin J.
n.d. Urban Dictionary. <urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Go%20Sideways> (10 January 2021).
n.d. Cambridge Dictionary. <https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/french-english/grand> (10 May 2021).
n.d. Duden. <https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/grosz> (21 May 2021).
Gullette, Margaret Morganroth
21 March 2020. Ageist ‘Triage’ Is a Crime against Humanity. Los Angeles Review of Books. <https://lareviewofbooks.org/short-takes/ageist-triage-covid-19> (29 January 2021).
Hadley, Louise & Elizabeth Ho
20 March 2015 The Eight Best Young Adult Books – and Why Grownups Should Read Them, Too. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/20/young-adult-books-that-grownups-should-read> (10 January 2021).
2014 Judith Halberstam on Queer Failure, Silly Archives and the Wild. Interview. IPAK Centar, 5 September 2014. <youtu.be/iKDEil7m1j8> (21 November 2019).
Hall, G. Stanley
17 July 2012 Census Reveals Housing Shortage. Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/9406877/Census-reveals-housing-shortage.html> (3 October 2017).
Hall, Stephen S.
2006 The Personal Is Political: The Women’s Liberation Movement Classic with a New Explanatory Introduction. <http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/PIP.html> (14 January 2021).
Harari, Yuval Noah
11 July 2013 Onesies: Let’s End this Fashion Scourge Once and for All. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/11/anti-onesies-petition> (14 January 2021).
Hendry, Leo B. & Marion Kloep
3 March 2016 What’s Behind the Infantilising Trend for Adult ‘Play’? Telegraph. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/wellbeing/mood-and-mind/whats-behind-the-infantilising-trend-for-adult-play/> (15 January 2021).
Hillman, Mayer, John Adams & John Whitelegg
Hrdy, Sarah Blaffer
n.d. Emily Hughes. Picturebook Makers. <http://blog.picturebookmakers.com/post/137152829936/emily-hughes> (21 January 2021).
2006 Queer Ageing. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review 2 (2): 54-59. <https://groups.psychology.org.au/Assets/Files/GLIP_Review_Vol2_No2.pdf> (10 January 2021).
23 August 2020. Why It’s Sensible to Be Silly. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/aug/23/why-it-is-sensible-to-be-silly-serious-times-call-for-drawing-smiley-faces-on-fruit> (29 January 2021).
3 October 2015. How to Dye Your Armpit Hair (guest blog post). Offbeat Home & Life. <https://offbeathome.com/how-to-dye-your-armpits/> (29 January 2021).
‘I’d Love to Have My Own Place’: Young Europeans on the Struggle to Fly the Nest
25 March 2014. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/25/id-love-to-have-my-own-place-young-europeans-on-the-struggle-to-fly-the-nest> (8 January 2021).
10 July 2013. A Child in a Smart Uniform Is a Sign of aGood School. Express. <https://www.express.co.uk/comment/expresscomment/413736/A-child-in-a-smart-uniform-is-a-sign-of-a-good-school> (14 January 2021).
29 November 2020. ‘I Stopped Trying to Control My Body’: The Women Who Gave up Grooming in 2020. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2020/nov/29/i-stopped-trying-to-control-my-body-the-women-who-gave-up-grooming-in-2020> (29 January 2021).
n.d. Play Axiom (website side banner). <http://www.theplayethic.com/> (15 January 2021).
5 January 1997. When Angels Guide the Hands of Idleness. Scotland on Sunday. <http://www.theplayethic.com/scotland-on-sunday-play-ethic-article-5-jan-1997.html> (15 January 2021).
27 December 2012. How the Onesie Took over the World. Daily Mail. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2253475/How-onesie-took-world-With-Christmas-sales-2012s-daftest-fashion-craze-600--jokers-invented-laughing-way-bank.html> (14 January 2021).
Keefe, Rosanna & Peter Smith
Kennedy, Benjamin Hall
Knoepflmacher, U. C.
Koobak, Redi & Suruchi Thapar-Björkert
2001 Labour Party General Election Manifesto. <http://labourmanifesto.com/2001/2001-labour-manifesto.shtml> (15 January 2021).
1999 Little Red Riding Hood: Annotations. University of Virginia. <http://people.virginia.edu/~sah/lrrh/notes.html> (21 February 2016).
Lavery, Nick & Anne Malewski
2021 Jellyfish, Lions, and Ducks: Sideways Spirals of Growth in Lucy Ellmann’s Ducks, Newburyport. International Research in Children’s Literature. 14 (3): 299–314. https://doi.org/10.3366/ircl.2021.0412
2017 Why I Choose Enrichment over Progress. (Lecture). Tedx Talks. <https://youtu.be/L8ZLtiuHB8M> (10 January 2021).
Lego Professor: Cambridge University Hires ‘Professor of Play
26 May 2017. BBC.com. <https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-cambridgeshire-40031687> (21 May 2021).
Lewis, C. S.
n.d. Wordsmyth. <wordsmyth.net/?rid=49063&dict=2> (10 January 2021).
30 September 2017. Badger or Bulbasaur – Have Children Lost Touch with Nature? Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/sep/30/robert-macfarlane-lost-words-children-nature> (21 January 2021).
26 July 2020. A Hard Day’s Nightie: Will Lockdown Change the Way We Dress Forever? Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2020/jul/26/a-hard-days-nightie-will-lockdown-change-the-way-we-dress-forever> (22 May 2021).
1988 Section 28: Speech Notes. <http://www.mckellen.com/writings/activism/8807section28.htm> (21 January 2021).
McNamara, Kenneth J.
19 January 2015. When I Grow Up: The Theme-Park Chain Where Children Pretend to Be Adults. New Yorker. <http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/01/19/grow> (21 January 2021).
23 April 2007. An 18 for This Is England? This Is an Outrage. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2007/apr/23/an18forthisisenglandthis> (10 January 2021).
Meek (Spencer), Margaret & Victor Watson
Millennium Cohort Study
2000–present UCL. <https://cls.ucl.ac.uk/cls-studies/millennium-cohort-study/> (8 January 2021).
Modern Life Leads to More Depression Among Children
12 September 2006. Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1528639/Modern-life-leads-to-more-depression-among-children.html> (10 March 2018).
18 March 2014. Overqualified and Underemployed: Britain Faces ‘Youth Talent Crisis’ as new Figures Reveal more than a Million Young People Working Menial Jobs. Independent. <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/overqualified-and-underemployed-britain-faces-youth-talent-crisis-as-new-figures-reveal-more-than-a-9198044.html> (8 January 2021).
Morrison, Blake. 6 February 2003. Life after James. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2003/feb/06/bulger.ukcrime> (21 January2021).
2012 Natural Childhood (report). <https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/documents/read-our-natural-childhood-report.pdf> (21 January 2021.
No! Against Adult Supremacy: Anthology
Nodelman, Perry & Mavis Reimer
O’Neal, Kathleen Nicole
OnePiece Story & Legacy
n.d. OnePiece. <https://www.onepiece.com/en-us/onepiece> (22 November 2019).
n.d. Oxford Dictionaries. <https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/onesie> (14 January 2021).
Oxford Dictionaries 16 November 2016 Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 Is … (press release). <https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/press/news/2016/12/11/WOTY-16> (20 December 2016).
Pearce, Elizabeth Ann
11 September 2014. The Death of Adulthood? Yes, Please. The Washington Post. <https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/compost/wp/2014/09/11/the-death-of-adulthood-yes-please/?utm_term=.c585dc63a427> (15 February 2016).
5 July 2002. Boys and Girls Come Out to Play. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2002/jul/05/artsfeatures.popandrock> (15 January 2021).
1997 Gangs, Rituals and Rites of Passage. Cape Town: African Sun Press with the Institute of Crimonology at the University of Cape Town. <stb.usiko.org/assets/Gangs-Rituals-Rites-of-Passage-Don-Pinnock2.pdf> (14 March 2015).
30 July 2005. Watch Your Buttons. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2005/jul/30/featuresreviews.guardianreview14> (10 January 2021).
Pratt, Annis & with Barbara White
Proyer, René T.
30 December 2020. ‘It Decimated our Staff’: Covid Ravages Black and Brown Health Workers in US. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/dec/30/covid-ravages-minority-healthcare-workers-us> (29 January 2021).
Riach, Kathleen, Nicholas Rumens & Melissa Tyler
Rincon, Paul. 13 July 2015. Why Is Pluto No Longer a Planet? BBC News. <https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-33462184> (13 January 2021).
3 April 2020. ‘We Can Quit the Rat Race’: The Sociologist Prof. Dr. Hartmut Rosa Analyses the Impact of the Corona Lockdown on Individuals and the Society. Interview by Ute Schönfelder. Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena. <https://www.uni-jena.de/en/200403_Rosa_Interview> (20 May 2021).
Sainsbury, R. M.
Sal by Mick Kitson – Animated Cover
(n.d.) Canongate. <https://canongate.co.uk/wall/sal-by-mick-kitson-animated-cover?ref=257933> (10 January 2021).
5 July 2020. The Death of the Bra: Will the Great Lingerie Liberation of Lockdown Last? Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2020/jul/05/death-of-bra-will-great-lingerie-liberation-lockdown-last> (22 May 2021).
25 August 2018. Call for Action to End Children’s ‘Battery-Hen Existence’ in Summer Holidays. Observer. <https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/aug/25/end-battery-hen-existence-in-summer-holidays-childrens-commissioner> (15 January 2021).
Scott, A. O.
14 September 2014. The Death of Adulthood in American Culture. New York Times Magazine. <https://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/14/magazine/the-death-of-adulthood-in-american-culture.html> (8 January 2021).
14 April 2016. Girls Now Make up Almost Three-Quarters of New Scouts. Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/04/13/girls-now-make-up-almost-three-quarters-of-new-scouts/> (18 May 2017).
Secret Cinema: The Experience
n.d. Secret Cinema. <https://www.secretcinema.org/the-experience> (15 January 2021).
1984 Adventure Playgrounds: An Introduction. National Playing Fields Association. <http://www.harryshier.net/docs/Shier-AdventurePlaygrounds.pdf> (21 January 2021).
n.d. Oxford Dictionaries. <en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/sideways> (10 January 2021).
Skidelsky, William. 14 January 2018. Meet the New Faces of Fiction for 2018. Observer. <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jan/14/debut-novelists-2018-donkor-halliday-gowar-bracht-kitson-libby-page-aj-pearce> (10 January 2021).
Snelson, Tim & Emma Sutton
2013 Vagueness. In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edward N. Zalta (ed.). <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2013/entries/vagueness/> (10 January 2021).
Spalek, Basia, Arshad Isakjee & Thom Davies
Spinka, Marek, Ruth C. Newberry & Marc Bekoff
2001 Mammalian Play: Training for the Unexpected. The Quarterly Review of Biology 76 (2): 141-168. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/2664002> (10 January 2021).
Stockton, Kathryn Bond
Svenska Akademiens ordbok. <https://svenska.se/saob/?id=S_12173-0011.1Afr&pz=7> (21 May 2021).
6 April 2018. It’s About Time We Recognised that Nature Documentary Makers Regularly Deceive Us – And We’re Partly to Blame. Independent. <https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/bbc-david-attenborough-nature-documentaries-fake-a8291961.html> (21 January 2021).
Tattooing of Minors Act
1969 Legislation.gov.uk. <https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1969/24> (8 January 2021).
The All-in-One Company
n.d. The All-in-One Company. <https://www.the-all-in-one-company.co.uk/our-story> (22 November 2019).
23 September 1987. Interview by Douglas Keay. Woman’s Own, Margaret Thatcher Foundation. <https://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/106689> (21 January 2021).
The History of Scouting
n.d. Scoutbase UK. <https://web.archive.org/web/20060202012306/http://www.scoutbase.org.uk/library/history/index.htm> (21 January 2021).
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents
n.d. Signs for Play Areas. <https://www.rospa.com/play-safety/advice/signs/> (21 January 2021).
The Thatcher Years in Statistics. 9 April 2013. BBC News. <https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-22070491> (10 January 2021).
Think You Know Scouting? Think Again (promotional video)
7 October 2010. <https://youtu.be/zWqsbwsBGnY> (21 January 2021).
This Is England
n.d. British Board of Film Classification. <bbfc.co.uk/search/releases/this%2Bis%2Bengland> (22 November 2019).
2011 Elizabeth Siddal’s Hair: A Methodology for Queer Reading. Women: A Cultural Review 22 (4): 370-386.
Topping, Alexandra & Mark Sweney
5 April 2018. 1,500 UK Firms Miss Deadline to Report Gender Pay Gap. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/apr/05/1500-uk-firms-miss-deadline-to-report-gender-pay-gap> (10 January 2021).
Trees of the Rebellion
11 June 2019. Extinction Rebellion. <https://extinctionrebellion.uk/2019/06/11/trees-garden-bridge/> (29 January 2021).
Trites, Roberta Seelinger
20 June 2016. Kindly Shut the Hell Up about ‘Adulting.’ Cosmopolitan. <https://www.cosmopolitan.com/lifestyle/news/a58946/stop-adulting/> (21 January 2021).
2007 Child Poverty in Perspective: An Overview of Child Well-Being in Rich Countries. <https://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/rc7_eng.pdf> (8 January 2021).
United for All Ages 2020 Together in the 2020s: Twenty Ideas for Creating a Britain for All Ages by 2030. <https://efeea61d-ae40-4f75-bfce-8a7be79f7237.filesusr.com/ugd/98d289_3f3291f2d4094c2793a3acf8ffaae58c.pdf> (8 January 2021).
Valentine, Gill & John McKendrick
5 February 2018. Why I Got Off the Pacific Crest Trail After 454 Miles Instead of Walking All the Way to Canada. Autostraddle. <https://www.autostraddle.com/the-pacific-crest-trail-has-a-toxic-masculinity-problem-why-i-got-off-trail-after-454-miles-instead-of-walking-all-the-way-to-canada-408954/> (28 January 2021).
van Gennep, Arnold
Van Vleet, Meredith & Brooke C. Feeney
24 April 2015. Space Is the Place. Frieze. <https://frieze.com/article/space-place> (28 January 2021).
30 June 2015. Could You Survive a Festival without Your Phone? Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/goodlife/11699150/Could-you-survive-a-festival-without-your-phone.html> (28 August 2015).
Walker Rettberg, Jill
31 August 2016. Fortelle med bilder. Den visuelle vendingen i sosialer medier (conference paper). Stockholm: Nordisk Forskarkonferens.
11 May 2018. Welcome Back, Pluto? Planethood Debate Reignites. Space.com. <https://www.space.com/40550-pluto-planet-debate-flares-up-again.html> (13 January 2021).
19 September 2014. Young Adult Fiction Is Loved Because It Speaks to Us All – Unlike Adult Stories. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2014/sep/19/young-adult-fiction-speaks-to-all> (10 January 2021).
8 July 2013. School Criticised for Allowing Children to Wear Jogging Bottoms. Telegraph. <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/10167327/School-criticised-for-allowing-children-to-wear-jogging-bottoms.html> (14 January 2021).
Weale, Sally. 2 November 2017. Secondary School Criticised for Installing CCTV in Pupil Toilet Areas. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/education/2017/nov/02/secondary-school-cctv-pupil-toilet-areas-summerhill-surveillance> (21 January 2021).
18 June 2014. Adults Who Use Emoji Should Grow Up. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jun/18/adults-emoji-grow-up-emoticons-teenagers> (8 January 2021).
Weis, Judith S.
Wells, H. G.
What Is a Kigu?
n.d. Kigu. <https://www.kigu.co.uk/what-is-a-kigu> (22 November 2019).
What Rights Do I Have?
Childline.org.uk <https://www.childline.org.uk/info-advice/bullying-abuse-safety/your-rights/your-rights/> (8 January 2021).
What’s On (webpage)
n.d. <https://www.roehamptonstudent.com/whatson/> (16 April 2018).
What We Do (webpage)
n.d. <https://scouts.org.uk/what-we-do/> (18 February 2017).
Whitebread, David, Marisol Basilio, Martina Kuvalja & Mohini Verma
2012 The Importance of Play: A Report on the Value of Children’s Play with a Series of Policy Recommendations. <https://www.importanceofplay.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Dr-David-Whitebread-The-importance-of-play-final.pdf> (21 January 2021).
Willett, Rebekah & Muriel Robinson
16 April 2010. Too Much, too Young? Retailers Still Selling Over-Sexualised Clothing to Kids. Guardian. <https://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/apr/16/children-clothing-survey-bikini-heels> (14 January 2021).
Williams, Raymond & Richard Hoggart
2005 Formation: Who’s Bringing Up Our Children? Sewanee Theological Review 48 (4): 379-386. (First given as a speech at the University of London on 11 April 2005)
Wollstonecraft, Mary 2009 A Vindication of the Rights of Woman; with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects. In A Vindication of the Rights of Men with A Vindication of the Rights of Woman and Hints, Sylvana Tomaselli (ed.), 65-294. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (First published 1792, edited collection first published 1995)
11 December 2013. Mandela Death: How He Survived 27 Years in Prison. BBC News. <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-23618727> (21 January 2021).
Young and Sterile: My Choice
1 November 2017. London: BBC One.
Your Rights at 18
n.d. KCcentral. <https://www.rbkc.gov.uk/subsites/kccentral/yourvoice/yourrights/yourrightsat18.aspx> (22 November 2019).
Zittoun, Tanja, Jaan Valisner, Dankert Vedeler, João Salgado, Miguel M. Gonçalves, & Dieter Ferring
Subjects & Metadata
Literature & Literary Studies
BIC Subject: DSY – Children's literature studies: general
BISAC Subject: LIT009000 – LITERARY CRITICISM / Children's & Young Adult Literature