Article published In:
Chinese Language and Discourse
Vol. 13:2 (2022) ► pp.197225
Ahva, Laura
2013 “Public journalism and professional reflexivity.” Journalism 14 (6): 790–806. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Alim, H. Samy, Angela Reyes, and Paul V. Kroskrity
(eds) 2020The Oxford handbook of language and race. Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Archetti, Cristina
2010 “Comparing international coverage of 9/11: Towards an interdisciplinary explanation of the construction of news.” Journalism 11 (5): 567–588. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Barker, Martin
1981The new racism: Conservatives and the ideology of the tribe. Junction Books.Google Scholar
Bednarek, Monika, and Helen Caple
2014 “Why do news values matter? Towards a new methodological framework for analyzing news discourse in Critical Discourse Analysis and beyond.” Discourse & Society 25 (2): 135–158. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bell, Allan
1991The language of news media. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bird, S. Elizabeth, and Robert W. Dardenne
1990 “News and storytelling in American culture: Reevaluating the sensational dimension.” The Journal of American Culture 13 (2): 33–37. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Boesman, Jan, and Irene Costera Meijer
2018 ““Don’t Read me the News, Tell me the Story”: How News Makers and Storytellers Negotiate Journalism’s Boundaries When Preparing and Presenting News Stories.” ISOJ: The Official Research Journal of the International Symposium on Online Journalism 8 (1): 13–32.Google Scholar
Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo
2006Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
Cann, David J., and Philip B. Mohr
2001 “Journalist and source gender in Australian television news.” Journal of Broadcasting & electronic media 45 (1): 162–174. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carlson, Matt, and Seth C. Lewis
(eds) 2015Boundaries of journalism: Professionalism, practices and participation. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Chandler, Daniel
2007Semiotics: The basics (2nd ed.). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chang, Tsan-Kuo, Jian Wang, and Chih-Hsien Chen
1994 “News as social knowledge in China: The changing worldview of Chinese national media.” Journal of Communication 44 (3): 52–69. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cheng, Yinghong
2011 “From Campus Racism to Cyber Racism: Discourse of Race and Chinese Nationalism.” The China Quarterly 2071: 561–579. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chiang, Chun-Fang, and Hsiu-Han Shih
2017 “Consumer Preferences regarding News Slant and Accuracy in News Programs.” Jing Ji Lun Wen Cong Kan 45 (4), 515–545.Google Scholar
Chiang, Wen-Yu, and Ren-Feng Duann
2007 “Conceptual metaphors for SARS: ‘war’ between whom?.” Discourse & society 18 (5): 579–602. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cooper-Chen, Anne, and James F. Scotton
2010 “Television: News.” New Media For A New China: 98–114.Google Scholar
Bickel, Balthasar, Bernard Comrie, and Martin Haspelmath
2008 “The Leipzig Glossing Rules: Conventions for interlinear morpheme-by-morpheme glosses.” Department of Linguistics of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Department of Linguistics of the University of Leipzig.Google Scholar
Desmond, Roger, and Anna Danilewicz
2010 “Women are on, but not in, the news: Gender roles in local television news.” Sex Roles 62 (11): 822–829. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Swert, Knut, and Ine Kuypers
2020 “Ordinary People Regularly Reported? Looking for Patterns in the Presence of Ordinary Citizens in Television News in 20 European Countries.” Journalism Studies 21 (8): 1037–1054. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Domke, David, Philip Garland, Andre Billeaudeaux, and John Hutcheson
2003 “Insights into US racial hierarchy: Racial profiling, news sources, and September 11.” Journal of Communication 53 (4): 606–623. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eberl, Jakob-Moritz, Christine E. Meltzer, Tobias Heidenreich, Beatrice Herrero, Nora Theorin, Fabienne Lind, Rosa Berganza, Hajo G. Boomgaarden, Christian Schemer, and Jesper Strömbäck
2018 “The European media discourse on immigration and its effects: A literature review.” Annals of the International Communication Association 42, no. 3: 207–223. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Entman, Robert M.
1992Blacks in the news: Television, modern racism and cultural change. Journalism quarterly 69 (2): 341–361.Google Scholar
Entman, Robert M., and Andrew Rojecki
2000The black image in the white mind: Media and race in America, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Fairclough, Norman
1989Language and Power. London: Longman.Google Scholar
1992Discourse and social change. Cambridge: Polity press.Google Scholar
1995Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Fang, Yew-Jin
1994 “Riots’ and demonstrations in the Chinese press: a case study of language and ideology.” Discourse & Society 5 (4): 463–481. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2001 “Reporting the same events? A critical analysis of Chinese print news media texts.” Discourse & Society 12 (5): 585–613. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Feng, Debing
2013 “National voice: A discourse analysis of China central television’s news simulcast.” Discourse & Communication 7 (3): 255–273. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2016 “Doing “authentic” news: Voices, forms, and strategies in presenting television news.” International Journal of Communication 101: 19.Google Scholar
Fowler, Roger
1991Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the British Press. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Fowler, Roger, Bob Hodge, Gunther Kress, and Tony Trew
1979Language and Control. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gandy, Oscar H.
1998Communication and race: A structural perspective. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
Gray, Herman
1987 “Race relations as news.” American Behavioral Scientist 301: 381–396. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Liu, Ke, and Fang Guo
2016 “A Review on Critical Discourse Analysis.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies 6 (5): 1076–1084. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hallin, Daniel C.
1986The uncensored war: The media and Vietnam. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hendriks Vettehen, Paul, Koos Nuijten, and Johannes Beentjes
2005 “News in an age of competition: The case of sensationalism in Dutch television news, 1995–2001.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 49 (3): 282–295. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jha, Sonora, and Ralph Izard
2005 “Who got to talk about it: Sourcing and attribution in broadcast news coverage of the first 24 hours of the 9/11 tragedy.” Seattle Journal for Social Justice 4 (1): 101–118.Google Scholar
Jing-Schmidt, Zhuo and Ting Jing
2011 “Embodied semantics and pragmatics: Empathy, sympathy and two passive constructions in Chinese media discourse.” Journal of Pragmatics 431: 2826–2844. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kendon, Adam
1967 “Some functions of gaze-direction in social interaction.” Acta psychologica 261: 22–63. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, Kyung Hye
2014 “Examining US news media discourses about North Korea: A corpus-based critical discourse analysis.” Discourse & Society 25 (2): 221–244. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Konnikova, Maria
2014 “How Headlines Change the Way We Think.” The New Yorker. Accessed September 11, 2020. [URL]
Kress, Gunther, and Robert Hodge
1979Language as Ideology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
Merlino, Andrew, Daryl Morey, and Mark Maybury
1997 “Broadcast news navigation using story segmentation.” In Proceedings of the fifth ACM international conference on Multimedia: 381–391. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Montgomery, Martin
2007The discourse of broadcast news: A linguistic approach. Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Nir, Raphael and Itzhak Roeh
1992 “Intifada Coverage in the Israeli Press: Popular and Quality Papers Assume a Rhetoric of Conformity.” Discourse & Society 3 (1): 47–60. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
O’Keeffe, Kate, Michael C. Bender, and Chun Han Wong
2020 “Coronavirus Casts Deep Chill Over US-China Relations.” Wall Street Journal. Accessed October 12, 2020. [URL]
Oriola, Temitope B., and W. Andy Knight
2020 “COVID-19, George Floyd and Human Security.” African Security 13 (2): 111–115. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pager, Devah, and Hana Shepherd
2008 “The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets.” Annual review of sociology 341: 181–209. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Parenti, Michael
1986Inventing Reality: The Politics of the Mass Media. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
Rawnsley, Ming-yeh, James Smyth, and Jonathan Sullivan
2016 “Taiwanese Media Reform.” Journal of the British Association for Chinese Studies 6 (6): 66–80.Google Scholar
Ross, Karen
2007 “The journalist, the housewife, the citizen and the press: Women and men as sources in local news narratives.” Journalism 8 (4): 449–473. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sarrina Li, Shu-Chu
2001 “New media and market competition: A niche analysis of television news, electronic news, and newspaper news in Taiwan.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 45 (2): 259–276. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shah, Hemant, and Michael C. Thornton
1994 “Racial ideology in US mainstream news magazine coverage of Black-Latino interaction, 1980–1992.” Critical Studies in Media Communication 11 (2): 141–161.Google Scholar
Tang, Wenfang, and Shanto Iyengar
2011 “The emerging media system in China: Implications for regime change.” Political Communication 28 (3): 263–267. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Teo, Peter
2000 “Racism in the news: A critical discourse analysis of news reporting in two Australian newspapers.” Discourse & society 11 (1): 7–49. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Dijk, Teun. A.
1992 “Discourse and the denial of racism.” Discourse & society 3 (1), 87–118. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
1993Analyzing racism through discourse analysis: Some methodological reflections. Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
1993 “Principles of critical discourse analysis.” Discourse & society 4 (2): 249–283. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2000 “New (s) racism: A discourse analytical approach.” Ethnic minorities and the media 371: 33–49.Google Scholar
Winfield, Betty Houchin, and Zengjun Peng
2005 “Market or Party Controls?: Chinese Media in Transition.” Gazette (Leiden, Netherlands) 67 (3): 255–270. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wong, Chun Han and Natasha Khan
2020 “China Votes to Override Hong Kong’s Autonomy on National SecurityThe Wall Street Journal. Accessed August 29, 2020. [URL]
Wang, Tai-Li
2012 “Presentation and impact of market-driven journalism on sensationalism in global TV news.” International Communication Gazette 74 (8): 711–727. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yin, Jing
2006 “China’s second long march: A review of Chinese media discourse on globalization.” The Review of Communication 6 (1–2): 32–51. DOI logoGoogle Scholar

News sources

2020美國又爆種族歧視!?黑人男子因警察執法過當喪命!!黑人上街抗議爆發警民衝突!!! [The issue of racism explodes again in the US!?A Black man lost his life due to police brutality!! Black people launch protests on the street, which triggers police-citizen conflicts!!!] Accessed July 10, 2020. [URL]
2020美国警察涉嫌暴力执法致黑人死亡. [American police are suspected to cause a black man’s death with brutality.] Accessed July 12, 2020. [URL]