Article published in:Creoles in Education: An appraisal of current programs and projects
Edited by Bettina Migge, Isabelle Léglise and Angela Bartens
[Creole Language Library 36] 2010
► pp. 211–236
Bilingual education among the Karipúna and Galibi-Marwono
Prospects and Possibilities for language preservation
Kheuól or Amazonian (or Amapá or Amerindian) French Creole (AFC) is spoken by the Karipúna and Galibi-Marwono, indigenous Brazilians who also belong to the wider Caribbean French Creole-speaking world. They are bilingual in AFC and Portuguese to varying degrees, and language attitudes vary among groups and villages. Working alongside government agencies, religious organisations have been promoting a three year bilingual education primary school programme among these AFC speakers. It is through bilingual education that many Karipúna and Galibi-Marwono are exposed to Portuguese, the offi cial language and medium of secondary education. The paper offers an overview of bilingual education among these groups, considering the opportunities and challenges for language maintenance, government policies and the materials in use. Keywords: French Creole; Karipúna; Galibi-Marwono; Bilingual Education; Amazonia
Published online: 17 May 2010
Cited by other publications
Ferreira, Jo-Anne S.
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