Edited by Cecelia Cutler, Zvjezdana Vrzić and Philipp Angermeyer
[Creole Language Library 53] 2017
► pp. 251–274
Krio as the Western Maroon Creole language of Jamaica, and the /na/ isogloss
The nominal copula na appears uniquely in two sets of Atlantic English-lexifier creole languages: a) in what is called the Maroon Spirit Language used among the Eastern Maroons of Jamaica. Now confined to ritual use, it was formerly the daily language of the Eastern Maroons; b) in Krio, spoken in Sierra Leone and Fernando Po, and other places.
I will show that the contexts in which it is used are parallel in the two groups, both syntactically and semantico-pragmatically. I hypothesize that there can only be one explanation for this fact. Krio hails ultimately from the language of the Western Maroons of Jamaica who were exiled to Sierra Leone.