Chapter published in:Language Contact in Africa and the African Diaspora in the Americas: In honor of John V. Singler
Edited by Cecelia Cutler, Zvjezdana Vrzić and Philipp Angermeyer
[Creole Language Library 53] 2017
► pp. 323–342
Pidginization versus second language acquisition
Insights from basilang and mesolang varieties of Zulu as a second language
This paper describes a mid-range (or mesolang) version of Zulu as a second language, acquired ‘naturally’ in a rural area by an Indian South African. Particular attention is paid to the morphology of an agglutinating target language, in relation to the acquisition of an elaborate system of prefixes and concords. Such mesolang morphological production is compared with that of an early interlanguage (basilang) user of a similar background. Both varieties are then contrasted with common features of Fanakalo, a pidgin with Zulu as its lexifier. The paper argues that the data do not support arguments for the similarity between processes of pidginization and second language acquisition – with a possible exception from the complexities of the Zulu tense system.
Keywords: pidginization, second language acquisition, Zulu, Fanakalo, agglutinating languages
Published online: 12 July 2017
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