Chapter published in:Advances in Contact Linguistics: In honour of Pieter Muysken
Edited by Norval Smith, Tonjes Veenstra and Enoch O. Aboh
[Contact Language Library 57] 2020
► pp. 218–233
Transfer of Swahili ‘until’ in contact with East African languages
Swahili has transformed the noun mpaka ‘boundary, border’ into a function word ‘until’, which has successfully spread to many other East African languages with locative and temporal readings. The grammaticalisation originated in a N-N construction without an associative ‘of’ interpreted as limiting the action adverbially. The main function is in the time interpretation of ‘until’. I provide an overview of this transfer in East Africa by looking at a large number of languages and argue that parallel independent grammaticalisation is not what is at stake but rather transfer of the function word and the preposition-like function.
Keywords: grammaticalisation, borrowing, East Africa, ‘until’
Published online: 29 October 2020
Besha, R. M.
2010 A Sandawe Grammar. SIL. http://www-01.sil.org/silepubs/Pubs/52718/52718_EatonH_Sandawe_Grammar.pdf> (12 October 2016).
Edelsten, P. & Lijongwa, C.
Edema Atibakwa Baboya
Heine, B., Güldeman, T., Kilian-Hatz, C., Lessau, D. A., Roberg, H., Schladt, M. & Stolz, T.
Heine, B. & Dunham, M.
HSC 2.0 = Helsinki Swahili Corpus 2.0, curated by Arvi Hurskainen
Kisbey, W. H.
Leach, M. B.
Maganga, C. & Schadeberg, T. C.
Marlo, M. R.
2011 A Reference Grammar of Bena. PhD dissertation, Rice University. https://scholarship.rice.edu/handle/1911/70359> (27 April 2020).
Mulira, E. M. K. & Ndawula, E. G. M.
2009 Phrasal Movement inside Bantu Verbs: Deriving Affix Scope and Order in Kĩĩtharaka. PhD dissertation, CASTL Universtiy of Tromsø. https://munin.uit.no/bitstream/handle/10037/1720/thesis.pdf?sequence=1> (27 April 2020).
Murphy, J. D. & Kiggundu, C.
Nikiema, N. & Kinda, J.
Olson, H. S.
Payne, D. L. & Ole-Kotikash, L.
2008 Maa Dictionary, Maasai (IlKeekonyokie, IlPurko, IlWuasinkishu) and Samburu. http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~maasai/> (12 October 2016).
2015 Three Kagulu stories: Annotations, analysis, and word lists. Studia Orientalia Electronica 3. http://ojs.tsv.fi/index.php/StOrE/article/view/48196> (27 April 2020).
Philippson, G. & Nurse, D.
Pillinger, S. & Galboran, L.
2013 The Ndengeleko Language of Tanzania. PhD dissertation, Gothenburg Univ. https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/32111> (27 April 2020).