Al-Nofaie, H.
(2020) Saudi University Students’ Perceptions towards Virtual Education During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Language Learning via Blackboard. Arab World English Journal, 11 (3), 4–20. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ali, J.
(2017) Blackboard as a motivator for Saudi EFL students: A psycholinguistic study. International Journal of English Linguistics, 7 (5), 144–151. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Akhter, T.
(2020) Problems and Challenges Faced by EFL Students of Saudi Arabia during COVID-19 Pandemic. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 12 (5), 1–7. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baills, F., Suárez-González, N., González-Fuente, S., & Prieto, P.
(2019) Observing and producing pitch gestures facilitates the learning of Mandarin Chinese tones and words. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 41 (1), 33–58. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bauman, B.
(2020 October 30). Can these degree programs, under assault for a decade, survive a pandemic. The Chronicle of higher education. https://​www​.chronicle​.com​/article​/can​-these​-degree​-programs​-under​-assault​-for​-a​-decade​-survive​-a​-pandemic
Carter, B. A., He, M., & Kawasaki, T.
(2018) Using YouTube and WeChat to promote communicative and intercultural competence in Japanese and Mandarin. In C. H. Xiang (Eds.), Cases on audio-visual media in language education (pp. 219–239). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chen, H. J.
(2020) Developing an OER Website and Analyzing Its Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic. English Teaching & Learning, 1–11. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Creswell, J. W.
(2007) Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Cho, S., & Clark-Gareca, B.
(2020) Approximating and innovating field experiences of ESOL preservice teachers: The effects of COVID-19 and school closures. TESOL Journal, 11 (3), e00548. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Diao, W., & Liu, H. Y.
(2020) Starting college, quitting foreign language: The case of learners of Chinese language during secondary-postsecondary transition. Journal of Language, Identity & Education, 1–15. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dubreil, S.
(2020) Using games for language learning in the age of social distancing. Foreign Language Annals, 53 (2), 250–259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gacs, A., Goertler, S., Spasova, S.
(2020) Planned online language education versus crisis-prompted online language teaching: Lessons for the future. Foreign Language Annals, 53 (2), 380–392. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Galloway, A.
Gao, X.
(2020) Australian Students’ Perceptions of the Challenges and Strategies for Learning Chinese Characters in Emergency Online Teaching. International Journal of Chinese Language Teaching, 1 (1), 83–98. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Godwin-Jones, R.
(2016) Looking back and ahead: 20 years of technologies for language learning. Language Learning & Technology, 20 (2), 5–12. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Guillén, G., Sawin, T., Avineri, N.
(2020) Zooming out of the crisis: Language and human collaboration. Foreign Language Annals. 53 (2), 320–328. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hampel, R., & Stickler, U.
(2005) New skills for new classrooms: Training tutors to teach languages online. Computer assisted language learning, 18 (4), 311–326. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jin, L.
(2018) Digital affordances on WeChat: Learning Chinese as a second language. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 31 (1–2), 27–52. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kiriloff, C.
(1969) On the auditory perception of tones in Mandarin. Phonetica, 20 1, 63–67. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kohnke, L., & Moorhouse, B. L.
(2020) Facilitating synchronous online language learning through Zoom. RELC Journal. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levy, M.
(2015) The role of qualitative approaches to research in CALL contexts: Closing in on the learner’s experience. Calico Journal, 32 (3), 554–568. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lin, C. C.
(2017) Learning English with electronic textbooks on tablet PCs. Interactive Learning Environments, 25 (8), 1035–1047. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Liu, H.
(2016) Coming of age learning Mandarin: Chinese L2 l earners’ investment during their transition from high school to university (Doctoral dissertation). The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Lomicka, L., & Lord, G.
(2019) Reframing Technology’s Role in Language Teaching: A Retrospective Report. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 39 1, 8–23. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Looney, D., & Lusin, N.
(2018) Enrollments in languages other than English in United States institutions of higher education, Summer 2016 and Fall 2016: Preliminary report. Modern Language Association. Retrieved from https://​www​.mla​.org​/Resources​/Research​/Surveys​-Reports​-and​-Other​-Documents​/Teaching​-Enrollments​-and​-Programs​/Enrollments​-in​-Languages​-Other​-Than​-English​-in​-United​-States​-Institutions​-of​-Higher​-Education
Matsuda, A.
(2003) Incorporating World Englishes in teaching English as an international language. TESOL Quarterly, 371, 719–729. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maxwell, J.
(2012) Qualitative research design: An interactive approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Merriam, S. B. and Tisdell, E. J.
(2016) Qualitative research-A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Moorhouse, B. L., & Beaumont, A. M.
(2020) Utilizing video conferencing software to teach young language learners in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 class suspensions. TESOL Journal, 11(3), e00545. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mulyani, Fidyati, Suryani Suri, M., & Halimatussakdiah
(2021) University students’ perceptions through e-learning implementation during COVID-19 Pandemic: Positive or negative features dominate? Studies in English Language and Education, 8 (1), 197–211. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pufahl, I., & Rhodes, N. C.
(2011) Foreign language instruction in US schools: Results of a national survey of elementary and secondary schools. Foreign Language Annals, 44 (2), 258–288. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rababah, L.
(2020a) ICT obstacles and challenges faced by English language learners during the coronavirus outbreak in Jordan. International Journal of Linguistics, 12 (1), 20–28. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2020b) Jadara University students’ attitudes towards the use of Microsoft Teams in learning English as a foreign language. Studies in Linguistics and Literature, 4 (4), 59–64. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rinekso, A. B., & Muslim, A. B.
(2020) Synchronous online discussion: teaching English in higher education amidst the covid-19 pandemic. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 5 (2), 155–162. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Russell, V.
(2020) Language anxiety and the online learner. Foreign Language Annals, 53 (2), 338–352. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Saldaña, J.
(2011) Fundamentals of qualitative research. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
(2016) The coding manual for qualitative researchers (3rd ed.). London, UK: Sage.Google Scholar
Salih, A. A., & Omar, L. I.
(2020) Season of Migration to Remote Language Learning Platforms: Voices from EFL University Learners. International Journal of Higher Education, 10 (2), 62–73. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shadiev, R., Hwang, W. Y., & Huang, Y. M.
(2017) Review of research on mobile language learning in authentic environments. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 30 (3/4), 284–303. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Taguchi, N.
(2020) Digitally mediated remote learning of pragmatics. Foreign Language Annals, 53 (2), 353–358. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Thompson, A.
(2017) Language learning motivation in the United States: An examination of language choice and multilingualism. The Modern Language Journal, 1011, 483–500. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Urlaub, P., & Watzinger-Tharp, J.
(Eds.) (2016) AAUSC 2016 volume-issues in language program direction: The interconnected language curriculum: Critical transitions and interfaces in articulated K-16 contexts. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
Wang, D., & East, M.
(2020) Constructing an Emergency Chinese Curriculum during the Pandemic: A New Zealand Experience. International Journal of Chinese Language Teaching, 1 (1), 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wargadinata, W., Maimunah, I., Febriani, S. R., & Pimada, L. H.
(2020) Mediated Arabic Language Learning for Arabic Students of Higher Education in COVID-19 Situation. Izdihar: Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 3 (1), 59–78. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wesely, P. M.
(2012) Learner attitudes, perceptions, and beliefs in language learning. Foreign Language Annals, 45 (s1), s98–s117. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
White, C.
(2008) Innovation and Identity in Distance Language Learning and Teaching. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 1 (1), 97–110. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Xu, Q., & Peng, H.
(2017) Investigating mobile-assisted oral feedback in teaching Chinese as a second language. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 30 (3–4), 173–182. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zou, B., & Thomas, M.
(Eds.) (2019) Recent Developments in Technology-enhanced and Computer-assisted Language Learning. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.Google Scholar