Article published in:A Gender-based Approach to Parliamentary Discourse: The Andalusian Parliament
Edited by Catalina Fuentes Rodríguez and Gloria Álvarez-Benito
[Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 68] 2016
► pp. 161–193
Chapter 8Gender differences in eye-contact behaviour in parliamentary discourse
The aim of this chapter is to analyse the main functions of eye-contact in the Andalusian Parliament (Committee for Equality and Social Welfare). The corpus consists of 12 oral questions (from March to September 2010) raised by the two main political parties. The study focuses on three aspects: 1) turn-types; 2) political allegiance; 3) gender differences. Regarding turn-types, the results showed that longer eye-contact tended to be more frequent in the second turns. Concerning political allegiance, eye-contact was used as a means to signalling affiliation and loyalty towards the Regional Minister. Regarding gender differences, men seemed to keep more eye-contact than women.
Keywords: Eye-contact, Andalusian Parliament, oral questions, turn-type, political colour, gender, non-verbal devices, regulators, power relations, face
- 3.1Technical material
- 4.Turn-type: prepared in advance versus spontaneous questions
- 5.Political colour: ruling party versus opposition party
- 6.Gender differences
- 7.Functions of eye-contact
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license.
For any use beyond this license, please contact the publisher at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Published online: 01 December 2016
Álvarez-Benito, G. and I. Íñigo-Mora
(2012) “Redundancy in Parliamentary Discourse” in A. Fetzer, E. Weizman and E. Reber (eds.) Proceedings of the ESF Strategic Workshop on Follow-ups across discourse domains: a cross-cultural exploration of their forms and functions. (urn:nbn:de:bvb:20-opus-71656) http://opus.bibliothek.uniwuerzburg.de/volltexte/2012/7165
Bayliss, A. P., A. Frischen, M. J. Fenske and S. P. Tipper
Bayliss, A. P., G. di Pellegrino and S. P. Tipper
Bayliss, A. P. and S. P. Tipper
Bente, G., W. C. Donaghy and D. Suwelack
Buck, R., R. E. Miller and W. F. Caul
Buck, R. W., V. J. Savin, R. E Miller and W. F. Caul
Burgoon, J. K., D. B Buller and W. G. Woodall
Dovidio, J. F., S. T Ellyson, C. F Keating, K. Heltman and C. E. Brown
Dodd, M. D., J. R Hibbing and K. B. Smith
Efran, J. S.
Ellyson, S. L., et al.
Exline, R. V.
Exline, R. V. and C. Eldridge
(1967) Effects of two patterns of a speaker's visual behavior upon the perception of the authenticity of his verbal message. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, Mass.
Exline, R. V., D. Gray and D. Schuette
Exline, R. V., J. Thibaut, C. B Hickey and P. Gumpert
Exline, R. V. et al.
Real-time video capture and benchmarking. http://www.fraps.com/
Hall, J. A.
Harper et al.
(2005) “Challenges Ahead. Head movements and other social acts in conversations” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Interactive Virtual Agents . Kos, Greece 2005 London: Springe, 25–36.
Hidalgo Tenorio, E.
Kendon, A. I. and M. Cook
Maatman, R. M., G. Jonathan and S. Marsella
(2005) “Natural Behavior of a Listening Agent” in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Interactive Virtual Agents . Kos, Greece 2005 London: Springe, 25–36.
Moore, C. and Dunham, P. J.
Scaife, M. and J. S. Bruner
Rotter, N. G. and G. S. Rotter
Safadi, M. and C. A. Valentine
Stass, J. W. and F. N. Willis
Tucker, J. S. and H. Friedman
Tucker, J. S. and R. E Riggio
Vincze, L. and I. Poggi