History, Discourse, and Policy in Modern Turkey
Through critical discourse analysis (CDA) and the discourse-historical approach (DHA), this book probes into political discourse imbued with historical legacies, with particular focus on explicating the structure and function of AKP stories and its relationship with Turkish politics. It offers an alternative way of reading the transformation in such politics via the pattern of deconstruction, reconstruction, and policymaking. It systematically delineates how President R. Tayyip Erdoğan’s political discourse evokes dialog that embodies the grand legacy of history, deconstructs the mentality of the opposition, reconstructs an alternative dialog, and converts discourse into policy. The book breaks a new ground by introducing a theoretical framework on the relationship between political discourse and policy. It traces how political stories sourced largely by appropriated historical themes and figures enable rhetoricians to weave simple yet good and influential stories to legitimize potential political action, by beguiling people’s hearts and minds.
[Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture, 95] 2021. xvi, 212 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins
Table of Contents
List of tables
List of figures
Aalberg, Toril, Frank Esser, Carsten Reinemann, Jesper Strömbäck, and Claes H. de Vreese
Akgündüz, Ahmet, Said Öztürk and Yaşar Baş
Alonso, Ana Maria
Armbruster, Heidi, and Ulrike H. Meinhof
2005 “Storying East-German pasts: memory discourses and narratives of readjustment on the German/Polish and former German/German border”. In Thornborrow, Joanna and Coates, Jennifer (eds.) The Sociolinguistics of Narrative. (pp. 41–65). Amsterdam, Netherlands and Philadelphia, USA. John Benjamins Publishing Company, (Studies in Narrative)
Atatürk, M. Kemal
Austin, John. L.
. “Israel’s Netanyahu apologizes to Turkey over deadly flotilla raid.” NBC News March 22, 2013 Available at: http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/03/22/17416275-israels-netanyahu-apologizes-to-turkey-over-deadly-flotilla-raid?lite [May 25, 2016].
Bilsel, Can S. M.
Blommaert, Jan, and Chris Bulcaen
Bowles, Edmund A.
2006 “The Impact of Turkish Military Bands on European Court Festivals in the 17th and 18th Centuries.” Early Music 34 (4):533–559., www.jstor.org/stable/4137306.
Brewer, Marilynn B.
Brown, Marshall. P.
1924 “From Sevres to Lausanne.” The American Journal of International Law 18(1):113–116. www.jstor.org/stable/2189228.
Salât, 88; Müslim, Birr ve Sıla, 65
Carr, Edward Hallett
Çandar, Candar. and Michel Nawfal
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
CHP Tarihi, January 30, 2015, Available at: https://www.chp.org.tr/Haberler/0/chp_tarihi-54.aspx
1986 “Narrative and the Real World: An Argument for Continuity.” History and Theory 25(2):117–131. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2505301.
Connolly, William E.
Constitutional Court Decision. E. 2007/45, K.2007/54
1 May 2007, Resmi Gazete (Official Gazette), 27 June 2007, no. 26565. Available at: http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2007/06/20070627–17.html,
Davidson, Helen & McKernan, Bethan
Pressure on Turkey to protect Uighurs as China ratifies extradition treaty,” The Guardian, December 29, 2020, Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/dec/29/pressure-on-turkey-to-protect-uighurs-as-china-ratifies-extradition-treaty Accessed March 20, 2021.
Davis, Elizabeth van Wie
2008 “Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China.” Asian Affairs 35(1):15–29. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27821503.
Büyükelçiler Konferansı Açış Konuşması, December 23, 2011, Available at: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/disisleri-bakani-sn_-ahmet-davutoglu_nun-iv_-buyukelciler-konferansi-acis-konusmasi_-23-aralik- 2011.tr.mfa
. “Saraybosna’yı Şam’a Bağlayacağız”, Anadolu Ajansı, May 3 2013 Available at: http://www.aa.com.tr/tr/politika/139145--kimsenin-topraginda-gozumuz-yok
de Vreese, C. H., Esser, F., Aalberg, T., Reinemann, C., and Stanyer, J.
D’Amato, Anthony A.
Delanty, Gerard, and Chris Rumford
. “Turkey’s Vision of an Ottoman Commonwealth,” Atlantic Council, December 6 2010 Available at: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/natosource/turkeys-vision-of-an-ottoman-commonwealth
Doty, Roxanne Lynn
Editorial, “Excerpts of Turkish Army Statement
” BBC NEWS, April 28, 2007 Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6602775.stm
Edwards, Mark W.
Erdoğan, R. Tayyip
. “Rise of the Turkish Crescent,” Aljazeera and Agencies October 27, 2009, Available at: http://www.aljazeera.com/focus/2009/03/200934165449939647.html
Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip
. “Erdoğan accuses France for committing ‘genocide’ in Algeria,” Hurriyet Daily News December 23, 2011, Available at: http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/Erdoğan-accuses-france-of-committing-genocide-inalgeria.aspx?pageID=238&nID=9852&NewsCatID=338
Erdoğan, R. Tayyip
. “Erdoğan defies unrest, vows to rebuild Ottoman barracks,” English Al Arabiya June 1, 2013 Available at: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/world/2013/06/01/Dozens-injured-after-violent-protests-at-Istanbul-s-Taksim-Square.html
Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip
. “Recep Tayyip Erdoğan dismisses Turkey protestors as vandals”. The Guardian June 9, 2013, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/09/recep-tayyip-Erdoğan-turkey-protesters-looters-vandals
Erdoğan, R. Tayyip
. “The Speech at the Ceremony of Remembrance for the 76th Anniversary of Atatürk’s Passing Held at Atatürk Supreme Council for Culture, Language and History” Ankara, November 10, 2014 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/3280/our-aspirations-for-a-new-turkey-arises-from-the-spirit-of-april-23-1920-just-like-mustafa-kemal-intended.html [14 March 2017]
. “Muslims discovered America, says Turkish President,” The Guardian, November 16 2014 Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/16/muslims-discovered-america-Erdoğan-christopher-columbus
. “The Speech at the Joint Press Conference He Held with Chairman Ivanic of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo”, Sarajevo May 20, 2015 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/32184/mursiye-verilen-idam-kararinin-uluslararasi-arenada-takipcisi-olacagiz.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at Meeting with foreign ambassadors, serving in Ankara, at an iftar (fast breaking) table”, Ankara, July 09 2015 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/32895/cumhurbaskani-Erdoğan-buyukelcilerle-iftar-yapti.html [29 March 2017]
. “Cumhuriyetin sahibi milletimizin kendisidir, sembolü de cumhurbaşkanlığı külliyesidir,” Ankara, October 28 2015, Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/haberler/410/35788/cumhuriyetin-sahibi-milletimizin-kendisidir-sembolu-de-cumhurbaskanligi-kulliyesidir.html
. “TÜGİK Genel Kurulu’nda Yaptıkları Konuşma”, Ankara, February 11 2016 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/konusmalar/353/38794/tugik-genel-kurulunda-yaptiklari-konusma.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at the 3rd Phoenix Award Ceremony, held by Yeşilay (the Turkish Green Crescent Society)”, İstanbul, March 04 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/40048/zihinlerini-yabanci-baskentlerin-emrine-verenler-oz-guven-sahibi-dis-politika-iddiasindan-rahatsiz-oluyor.html [13 March 2017]
. “Turkey is the hope of Islamic world,” Istanbul, April 28 2016 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/43790/turkey-is-the-hope-of-the-islamic-world.html
. “Speech at a Commemoration Ceremony Held on the Occasion of the Centenary of Kut Al Amara Victory”, Ankara, April 29 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/43805/milletimizin-binlerce-yillik-tarihini-neredeyse-1919-yilindan-baslatan-tarih-anlayisini-reddediyorum.html [12 March 2017]
. “The speech at a mass opening ceremony of new facilities in Eyüp district of Istanbul”, İstanbul, May 06 2016 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/43887/presidential-system-is-not-new-to-us.html [29 March 2018]
. “Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Condemns Execution of Bangladesh Jamaat-E-Islami Leader Motiur Rahman Nizami,” NDTV, May 12 2016 Available at: http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/turkeys-Erdoğan-condemns-execution-of-bangladesh-jamaat-e-islami-leader-motiur-rahman-nizami-1405524
. “The Speech at 9th International Student Meeting”, İstanbul, May 15 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/43945/we-have-stood-with-our-syrian-brothers-since-the-first-day.html [14 June 2017]
. “The Speech at the Opening Session of the World Humanitarian Summit”, İstanbul, May 23 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/44026/kuresel-yardim-sistemini-yeniden-ele-almamiz-gerekiyor.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at an Event Held to Celebrate the 563rd Anniversary of the Conquest of Istanbul”, İstanbul, May 29 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/44175/conquest-of-istanbul-is-one-of-the-most-magnificent-victories-of-history.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at a graduation ceremony at Sebahattin Zaim University”, İstanbul, June 05 2016 Available at: “https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/44286/our-history-is-a-history-of-mercy-and-compassion.html
. “Speech at the publicity meeting of a 10-volume work entitled ‘The Great Istanbul History from Antiquity to the 21st Century’”, İstanbul, June 18 2016 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/44441/history-is-a-compass-that-shapes-our-future.html [29 March 2017]
. “Addressing citizens in the Harran district of Şanlıurfa following a fast-breaking dinner (iftar)”, Şanlıurfa, June 23 2016 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/77680/suriyedeki-gelismeler-bir-tehdit-olusturursa-firat-kalkaninda-ne-yaptiysak-aynisini-yapariz.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at the 27th Mukhtars Meeting at the Presidential Complex”, Ankara, September 29 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/52444/27th-mukhtars-meeting-at-the-presidential-complex.html [10 March 2017]
. “The Speech at International Conference on Science and Technology”, Ankara, October 3 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/52484/burden-of-the-refugee-crisis-has-been-laid-on-a-few-countries.html [29 November 2017]
. “The Speech at the Opening Ceremony of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University 2014/15 Academic Year”, Rize, October 11 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/3334/we-have-to-build-yesterday-today-and-tomorrow-in-unison-in-our-universities.html [12 March 2017]
. “The Speech at the International Istanbul Law Congress”, İstanbul, October 17 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/53664/turkey-will-take-part-in-the-mosul-operation-and-hold-a-seat-at-the-table.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at a Ceremony Held at the Beştepe Culture and Congress Center”, Ankara, October 18 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/55683/misak-i-millyi-kavrarsak-suriye-ve-iraktaki-sorumlulugumuzun-ne-oldugunu-anlariz.html [29 March 2017]
. “The speech at the 29th Mukhtars Meeting at the Presidential Complex”, Ankara, October 26 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/55785/turkiye-irak-ve-suriyede-yasanan-her-gelismenin-icinde-mutlaka-yer-alacaktir.html [29 March 2017]
. “The Speech at the 16th EXPO and 20th International Business Forum held by the Independent Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association (MÜSİAD)” İstanbul, November 09 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/58926/batinin-doguya-bakisini-hl-oryantalizm-anlayisi-belirliyor.html [29 March 2017]
. “Speech at a Ceremony Held to Commemorate the 78th Anniversary of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s Passing to Eternity”, Ankara, November 10 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/58944/yuce-milletimizle-birlikte-engelleri-asacak-ve-muasir-medeniyetler-seviyesinin-ustune-cikacagiz.html [12 June 2017]
. “The Speech at Mass Inauguration Ceremony of the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs”, Ankara, December 22 2016 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/68472/turkey-is-putting-up-its-biggest-struggle-since-the-war-of-independence.html [12 June 2017]
. “The Speech at 35th Mukhtars Meeting at the Presidential Complex”, Ankara, January 19 2017 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/70772/kendimiz-ve-gonlunu-bize-cevirmis-kardeslerimiz-icin-guclu-kalmak-zorundayiz.html [21 March 2017]
. “The Speech at Turkey-Tanzania Business Forum”, Tanzania, January 23 2017 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/70805/turkiye-afrikanin-sesi-olmaya-devam-edecek.html [29 March 2018]
. “The Speech at a joint press conference with President Rajaonarimampianina of Madagascar”, Antananarivo, January 25 2017 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/70829/we-act-in-an-understanding-of-win-win-not-colonialism.html
. “The speech at a mass-inauguration ceremony in Aksaray”, Aksaray, February 10 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/70981/hizli-karar-almak-icin-yonetim-sistemimizi-degistirmekten-baska-caremiz-yok.html [29 March 2018]
. “The speech at a symposium on Presidential System, held by the Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Research (SETA) at Haliç Congress Center”, İstanbul, February 11 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/70984/tek-millet-tek-bayrak-tek-vatan-tek-devlet-icin-evet.html [29 March 2018]
. “Erdoğan: Turkish Army Will Press on to ISIL-Held Raqqa.” Turkey News | Al Jazeera, February 12 2017 Available at: www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/02/Erdoğan-turkish-troops-isil-bastion-al-bab-170212115151375.html
. “The Speech at a Mass Opening Ceremony in Malatya”, Malatya, February 18 2017 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/71075/cumhurbaskanligi-sisteminin-arkasinda-yuzlerce-yillik-birikim-var.html [12 June 2017]
. “The Speech at the 3rd National Cultural Council”, İstanbul, March 03 2017 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/72201/we-should-set-new-cultural-goals-for-ourselves-in-accordance-with-the-2023- vision.html [29 March 2017]
. “Europe will drown in its own fears: President Erdoğan,” Hurriyet Daily News, March 15 2017, Available at: http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/europe-will-drown-in-its-own-fears-president-Erdoğan-.aspx?pageID=238&nID=110856&NewsCatID=510
. “Address to a large crowd of citizens in Erzurum”, Erzurum, April 12 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/74743/you-cannot-be-at-the-table-unless-you-are-in-the-field.html [29 April 2017]
. “The message President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan issued on the occasion of the 94th anniversary of the signing of the Lausanne Peace Treaty”, July 24 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/speeches-statements/558/80026/lozan-baris-antlasmasinin-94-yil-donumu.html [29 March 2018]
. “The speech at a ceremony marking the 16th anniversary of the foundation of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party)”, Ankara, August 14 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/80175/adalet-ve-kalkinma-kavramlari-birer-deniz-feneri-gibi-bugun-de-yolumuzu-aydinlatiyor.html [29 March 2017]
. “The speech at AK Party’s Çatalca district branch”, İstanbul, 04 September 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/83338/humanity-remains-silent-to-the-massacre-in-myanmar.html
. “A press conference at Istanbul Atatürk Airport before leaving for Russia”, İstanbul, November 13 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87315/turkey-has-always-stood-by-its-brothers-and-sisters-in-the-region-in-difficult-times.html [4 January 2018]
. “The Speech at a press conference in Sochi, Russia, following the Trilateral Summit on Syria”, Sochi, November 22 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87440/exclusion-of-terrorist-elements-from-the-process-in-syria-is-our-priority.html [4 March 2018]
. “Speech at the AK Party’s Parliamentary Group Meeting”, Ankara, December 05 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87594/al-quds-is-muslims-red-line.html [4 January 2018]
. “Speech at a joint press conference with King Abdullah II of Jordan”, Ankara, December 06 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87617/al-quds-is-the-apple-of-all-muslims-eyes.html [4 January 2018]
. “Speech at at the closing ceremony of the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Week”, Ankara, December 09 2017 https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87661/amerikanin-kudusle-ilgili-kararinin-bizim-nazarimizda-hicbir-hukmu-yoktur.html [29 March 2017]
. “Speech at a mass opening ceremony in Sivas”, Ankara, December 10 2017 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/87674/kuduse-sirtimizi-donmemiz-kendimizi-inkr-etmemiz-demektir.html [4 January 2018]
. “The Speech at the AK Party Tokat Provincial Congress”, Tokat, January 14 2018 Available at: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/en/news/542/89078/guney-sinirimizi-terorden-arindirma-operasyonunu-afrinle-devam-ettirecegiz.html [29 March 2018]
1981 “Speech Delivered By His Excellency The Head of State General Kenan Evren in The Turkish Grand Natıonal Assembly On The Occasion of “Atatürk Year””, Ankara, Available at: http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/11/574/7191.pdf
Fairclough, Isabela, and Norman Fairclough
Funk, N. C., and Abdul Aziz S.
2004 “Islam and the West: Narratives of Conflict and Conflict Transformation.” International Journal of Peace Studies 9 (1):1–28. www.jstor.org/stable/41852908
1992 “Myth, History, and Political Identity.” Cultural Anthropology 7 (2):194–210. www.jstor.org/stable/656282.
Fuller, Grahamuller E.
1963 “Materialism and the Mind-Body Problem.” The Review of Metaphysics 17(1):49–66., www.jstor.org/stable/20123984.
Harris, S. George
1965 “The Role of the Military in Turkish Politics,” The Middle East Journal, 19, (1):54–66. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4323815.
Herz, John H.
1959 “Political Ideas and Political Reality.” The Western Political Quarterly, 3(2): 161–178. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/443481.
2010 “Symbolic Construction of ‘Solidarity’: the Conflict of Interpretations and the Politics of Memory.” Polish Sociological Review, 170:219–232. JSTOR , www.jstor.org/stable/41275150
Hobsbawm, Eric, and Terence Ranger
Haarmann, Ulrich W.
Han, Ahmet K.
Hale, William, and Ergun Ozbudun
Erdogan abandoned the Uygurs to court China. Will he do the same to the US?” South China Morning Post, July 14, 2019, Available at: https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/opinion/article/3018420/erdogan-abandoned-uygurs-court-china-will-he-do-same-us Accessed August 18, 2019.
lndia Office Political and Secret Home Correspondence
L/P&S/3/239, vol. 52, Acting Consul Moncrieff to Lord Granville.
International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty: Responsibility to Protect Report
2011 CFR.org. Council on Foreign Relations, Available at: http://www.cfr.org/humanitarian-intervention/international-commission-intervention-state-sovereignty-responsibility-protect-report/p24228
2009 “Leaders of Turkey and Israel Clash at Davos Panel,” The New York Times, January 29. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/30/world/europe/30clash.html?_r=1
Kadıoğlu, Ayşe. Kerem Öktem and Mehmet Karlı
Jagers, Jan, and Stefaan Walgrave
CHP leader slams PM over Syria policy letter,” Hürriyet Daily News, August 30, 2012, Available at: http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/Default.aspx?pageID=517&nid=28953
KONDA Araştırma ve Danışmanlık
. “June 7 Election and Electorate Analysis”, June 18 2015, Available at: http://www.konda.com.tr/en/raporlar/KONDAJune7E lectionandElectorateAnalysis.pdf
Laclau, Ernesto and Chantal Mouffe
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Türkiye-İsrail Siyasi İlişkileri (Turkey-Israel Relations)”. Available at: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkiye-israil-siyasi-iliskileri.tr.mfa [May 25, 2016].
Mole, Richard C. M.
Mudde, Cas and Christobal Rovira Kaltwasser
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart
Onar, Nora F.
Ongur, O. Hakan
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
. “Istanbul Declaration on “Freedom for Al Quds” Extraordinary Islamıc Summit Conference,”, December 13 2017 Available at: https://www.oic-oci.org/docdown/?docID=1698&refID=1073
Özdal, Habibe, Osman Bahadır Dinçer, Mehmet Yegin
Özekmekçi, M. İnanç
2012 “Expelling the Victim by Demanding Voice: The Counterframing of Transnational Romani Activism.” Alternatives: Global, Local, Political, 37(1):52–65. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23210902.
2011 “The Sociology of Storytelling.” Annual Review of Sociology, vol. 37:109–130. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/41288601.
Presidency of Republic of Turkey
. “Filistin Devlet Başkanı Abbas Cumhurbaşkanlığı Sarayında,” January 12 2015 Available at: http://www.tccb.gov.tr/haberler/170/91915/filistin-devlet-baskani-abbas-cumhurbaskanligi-sarayinda.html
Reisigl, Martin and Wodak, Ruth
1944 “The Social Psychology of Fear.” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 49, no. 6, 1944, p. 489. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2771546.
Ross, Marc Howard
Singer, Sean R.
Smith, Anthony D.
1992 “National Identity and the Idea of European Unity.” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), 68(1)55–76., www.jstor.org/stable/2620461.
Şengör A. M. Celal
TBMM Tutanak Portalı. 24. Dönem, 1. Yasama Yılı, 7. Birleşim, 11 Temmuz
T.C. Başbakanlık AFAD
. Geçiçi Barınma Merkezleri, 22 November 2017 at: https://www.afad.gov.tr/upload/Node/2374/files/22_11_2017_Suriye_GBM_ Bilgi_Notu.pdf
Tekin, Beyza Ç.
Foreign Trade Statistics. Available at: http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1046, [11 June 2016]
TGNA. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Genel Kurul Tutanağı. 23. Dönem 4. Yasama Yılı 127. Birleşim 01/Temmuz/2010 Perşembe
Tucker, Jr. Kenneth H.
United Nations Security Council Subsidiary Organs
SECURITY COUNCIL COMMITTEE PURSUANT TO RESOLUTIONS 1267 (1999) 1989 (2011) AND 2253 (2015) CONCERNING ISIL (DA’ESH) AL-QAIDA AND ASSOCIATED INDIVIDUALS GROUPS UNDERTAKINGS AND ENTITIES”. United Nations, Available at: www.un.org/sc/suborg/en/sanctions/1267/aq_sanctions_list/summaries/entity/ eastern-turkistan-islamic-movement
Van Dijk, Teun A.
Van Leeuwen, Theo
2002 “Publics and Counterpublics.” Public Culture 14, no. 1: 49–90. https://muse.jhu.edu/ (accessed July 14, 2018).
Warren S Walker, and Ahmet E. Uysal
1973 “An Ancient God in Modern Turkey: Some Aspects of the Cult of Hizir.” The Journal of American Folklore, 86(341):286–289. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/539158.
Wodak, Ruth, de Cillia, Rudolf, Reisigl, Martin and Liebhart, Karin
Wodak, Ruth, Majid Khosravinik and Brigitte Mral
2010 II. Abdülhamid: Modernleşme Sürecinde İstanbul. İstanbul 2010 Avrupa Kültür Başkenti, 2010 Available at: http://www.bulentari.com.tr/indexTr/Upfiles/pdf/18_12_2011_15_50_37.pdf
Yilmaz, Şuhnaz, and İpek K. Yosmaoğlu
2008 “Fighting the Spectres of the Past: Dilemmas of Ottoman Legacy in the Balkans and the Middle East.” Middle Eastern Studies, 44(5):677–93. http://www.jstor.org.kuleuven.ezproxy.kuleuven.be/stable/40262610.
Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009030 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Pragmatics