Chapter published in:
Conspiracy Theory Discourses
Edited by Massimiliano Demata, Virginia Zorzi and Angela Zottola
[Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture 98] 2022
► pp. 443464
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Analysed materials

Birchall, Guy
2020a “ ‘Bill Gates is the most interesting man in the world’! He gives millions to MSM to laud his aims, while the NYT does it for FREE.” RT 27.05. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/489938​-bill​-gates​-coronavirus​-msm/
2020b “From lions to lambs: Covid-19 reveals supposedly freedom-loving British to be anything but, as we happily clap away our liberty.” RT 27.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/481764​-coronavirus​-trump​-democrats​-concern/
Blinova, Ekaterina
2020 “Ex-UN Expert: ‘Were China Held Liable for COVID-19, Would US Not Be Accountable for H1N1 Outbreak?’Sputnik 23.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202004231079064340​-ex​-un​-expert​-were​-china​-held​-liable​-for​-covid​-19​-would​-us​-not​-be​-accountable​-for​-h1n1​-outbreak/
Cureton, Demond
2020a “Never Mind The B****cks: Google To Censor COVID-19 5G Conspiracies Amid String Of UK Mast Attacks.” Sputnik 08.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/science​/202004081078880884​-never​-mind​-the​-bcks​-google​-to​-censor​-covid​-19​-5g​-conspiracies​-amid​-string​-of​-uk​-mast​-attacks/
2020b “Pompeo, Trump to Probe China for COVID-19 ‘Leak’ at Wuhan Lab Despite Scientists Debunking Theory.” Sputnik 16.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/world​/202004161078978004​-pompeo​-trump​-to​-probe​-china​-for​-covid​-19​-leak​-at​-wuhan​-lab​-despite​-scientists​-debunking​-theory/
Dergacheva, Lilia
2020a “About 90 5G Conspiracy-Linked Attacks on Phone Masts Reported During UK Lockdown.” Sputnik 26.05. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/science​/202005261079421130​-about​-90​-5g​-conspiracy​-linked​-attacks​-on​-phone​-masts​-reported​-during​-uk​-lockdown/
2020b “Chinese Ambassador Says Coronavirus Conspiracy ‘Was First Initiated in US’.” Sputnik 23.03. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/asia​/202003231078679052​-chinese​-ambassador​-says​-coronavirus​-conspiracy​-was​-first​-initiated​-in​-us/
Dockery, Graham
2020 “Obama squares up against Trump’s ‘PROPAGANDA NETWORK’ – but who’s got the bigger guns?RT 14.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/485828​-obama​-trump​-propaganda​-biden/
Korso, Tim
2020a “Absolutely Unrelated: Scientists Bust Myths That 5G Equipment Helps to Spread Coronavirus.” Sputnik 05.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/science​/202004051078843659​-absolutely​-unrelated​-scientists​-bust​-myths​-that​-5g​-equipment​-helps​-to​-spread​-coronavirus/
2020b “’Vaccines With Microchips’: Russian Tennis Legend Marat Safin Spreads Coronavirus Conspiracy Theory.” Sputnik 15.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/world​/202004151078962891​-vaccines​-with​-microchips​-russian​-tennis​-legend​-marat​-safin​-spreads​-coronavirus​-conspiracy​-theory/
2020c “5G Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories in UK Just Fake News, NHS Director Says.” Sputnik 20.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/uk​/202004041078834561​-5g​-coronavirus​-conspiracy​-theories​-in​-uk​-just​-fake​-news​-nhs​-director​-says/
2020d “Authorities Could Utilise Power of AI to Boost Physical Distancing, Patients Care, Tech Analyst Says.” Sputnik 29.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202004291079137474​-authorities​-could​-utilise​-power​-of​-ai​-to​-boost​-physical​-distancing​-patients​-care​-tech​-analyst​-says/
Luqman, Jacqueline, and Sean Blacmon
MacDonald, Bryan
2020 “Moscow has secret Covid-19 CURE for chosen elite: Western media’s favorite Russian pundit voices new conspiracy theory.” RT 27.05. Retrieved from:. https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/489933​-moscow​-coronavirus​-cure​-solovey/
Malic, Nebjosa
2020a “Weaponizing the coronavirus: Why US politicians & media suddenly care (hint: it’s about getting Trump).” RT 26.02. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/481764​-coronavirus​-trump​-democrats​-concern/
2020b “Russiagate all over again: Secret EU report blames Russia for coronavirus ‘confusion, panic and fear’.” RT 17.03. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/483370​-eu​-ft​-russiagate​-coronavirus​-disinfo/
2020c “There he goes again: Russiagate godfather Obama promotes NYTimes’ latest conspiracy (this time it’s Putin + Covid-19!).” RT 15.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/485941​-obama​-nytimes​-putin​-coronavirus/
2020d “Senator Burr enabled Russiagaters for years; now they’re accusing him of insider trading & coronavirus lies.” RT 20.03. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/usa​/483567​-burr​-insider​-trading​-coronavirus/
2020e “Hello ‘Chinagate’: Why blaming Beijing is all the rage this US election cycle.” RT 17.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/486188​-trump​-biden​-blame​-china/
Ritter, Scott
2020 “As the Trump administration legitimizes Covid-19’s ‘China lab’ origins conspiracy theory, remember Iraqi ‘WMD’.” RT 17.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/486164​-trump​-covid​-china​-lab/
2020a “’They’re preparing people for microchip implants’: Tennis legend Marat Safin shares coronavirus conspiracy theory.” RT 14.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/sport​/485744​-marat​-safin​-coronavirus​-conspiracy/
2020b “Italian lawmaker demands Bill Gates be investigated for ‘crimes against humanity’… But WHY?RT 18.05. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/news​/488912​-italy​-parliament​-bill​-gates​-coronavirus/
2020c “’It’s man-made to test 5G’: Boxer Khan spreads coronavirus conspiracy claims, suggests pandemic could be ‘population control’ plot.” RT 04.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/sport​/484967​-coronavirus​-5g​-amir​-khan/
2020d “Anti-5G fever spreads to the Netherlands as towers suffer ‘arson and sabotage’.” RT 11.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/news​/485561​-russia​-coronavirus​-daily​-record/
2020e “Canadian Officials Concerned by Attacks on Cell Towers Amid 5G Conspiracy Theories.” RT 06.06. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/world​/202005061079208563​-canadian​-officials​-concerned​-by​-attacks​-on​-cell​-towers​-amid​-5g​-conspiracy​-theories/
2020f “Huawei urges UK to stick with 5G collaboration as Chinese firm becomes target of Covid-19 conspiracies.” RT 13.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/uk​/485695​-huawei​-china​-5g​-review​-coronavirus/
2020g “UK ministers ‘no longer discounting’ theory that Covid-19 leaked from Wuhan lab – report.” RT 05.04. Retrieved from. https://​www​.rt​.com​/uk​/485026​-ministers​-china​-laboratory​-coronavirus/
2020i “Hey MSM, you got coronavirus as another opportunity to roast Trump… but do the polls agree?RT 27.03. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/usa​/484300​-coronavirus​-trump​-polls​-media/
2020j “ ‘This is NUTS!’ Russiagaters see red over Putin’s planeload of corona-aid for Trump, queue to look gift-horse in mouth.” RT 31.03. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/usa​/484630​-russiagaters​-russia​-us​-coronavirus​-supplies/
2020k “ ‘Questioning EU’s ability’: Eurocrat accuses Russian media of spreading Covid-19 ‘CONSPIRACIES,’ offers no examples.” RT 17.05. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/news​/488901​-eu​-russia​-covid19​-conspiracies/
2020l “Washington fails to provide proof for alleged Moscow-backed Covid-19 disinformation campaign – Russian Foreign Ministry.” RT 09.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/news​/485422​-russia​-coronavirus​-fake​-news/
2020m “Russia isn’t only behind election hacking! They’re also trying to smear US over coronavirus … according to State Department.” RT 22.02. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/usa​/481485​-coronavirus​-russia​-state​-department/
2020n “ ‘We’ve seen no evidence’: Social media networks blow up US officials’ claim of ‘Russian coronavirus disinformation campaign’.” RT 29.02. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/news​/481983​-twitter​-facebook​-russia​-coronavirus/
Serebriakova, Aleksandra
2020 “Coronavirus Pandemic Reportedly Hardens Stance Towards Huawei Among UK Tories.” Sputnik 17.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/uk​/202004171078992906​-coronavirus​-pandemic​-reportedly​-hardens​-stance​-towards​-huawei​-among​-uk​-tories/
2020a “5G Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories in UK Just Fake News, NHS Director Says.” Sputnik 04.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/uk​/202004041078834561​-5g​-coronavirus​-conspiracy​-theories​-in​-uk​-just​-fake​-news​-nhs​-director​-says/
2020b “UK Media Regulator Warns ITV Over Eamonn Holmes ‘Ill-Judged’ Comments About 5G Coronavirus Links.” Sputnik 20.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/uk​/202004201079034798​-uk​-media​-regulator​-warns​-itv​-over​-eamonn​-holmes​-ill​-judged​-comments​-about​-5g​-coronavirus​-links/
2020c “UK Trade Group Reports Further Attacks on 5G Masts.” Sputnik 14.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/uk​/202004141078954060​-uk​-trade​-group​-reports​-further​-attacks​-on​-5g​-masts/
2020d “There is ‘an Element of Scaremongering’ Over Chinese Tech Firms in UK – Academic.” Sputnik 14.04. Retrieved from. https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202004141078952175​-there​-is​-an​-element​-of​-scaremongering​-over​-chinese​-tech​-firms​-in​-uk​--​-academic/
2020f “Grayzone Founder: Unpacking Lies That Aim to Deceive US Into War With China.” Sputnik 30.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/interviews​/202004301079145703​-grayzone​-founder​-unpacking​-lies​-that​-aim​-to​-deceive​-us​-into​-war​-with​-china/
2020g “Missouri Case ‘Doesn’t Carry a Lot of Legal Weight’ – Academic.” Sputnik 22.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202004221079057490​-missouri​-case​-doesnt​-carry​-a​-lot​-of​-legal​-weight​--​-academic/
2020h “How US Media Psychological Ops are Exploiting People’s Fears of COVID-19 Pandemic.” Sputnik 23.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202004231079069228​-how​-us​-media​-psychological​-ops​-are​-exploiting​-peoples​-fears​-of​-covid​-19​-pandemic/
2020i “Failing to Curb Coronavirus? Ask EU How to Spin a Good Novichok-Style ‘Russia Threat’ Yarn.” Sputnik 18.03. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/analysis​/202003181078617452​-failing​-to​-curb​-coronavirus​-ask​-eu​-how​-to​-spin​-a​-good​-novichok​-style​-russia​-threat​-yarn/
2020j “Twitter, Facebook: There’s No Evidence Russian Fake Accounts Spread Coronavirus Conspiracy.” Sputnik 29.02. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/world​/202002291078436494​-twitter​-facebook​-theres​-no​-evidence​-russian​-fake​-accounts​-spread​-coronavirus​-conspiracy/
Tickle, Jonny
2020a “Western journalists & politicians MOCK Russian doctors driven to suicide by Covid-19 pressures.” RT 08.05. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/488207​-western​-journalists​-mock​-russian​-doctors​-covid/
2020b “Lies, half-truths & propaganda: Even during Covid-19 crisis, Britain’s leading news source can’t resist Russia-bashing.” RT 29.04. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/russia​/487266​-british​-media​-russia​-covid​-news/
Van de Beek, Eric
2020a “Coronacrisis: America First.” Sputnik 06.04. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/columnists​/202004061078857385​-coronacrisis​-america​-first/
2020b “Abusing Corona to Blow up the EU.” Sputnik 18.05. Retrieved from: https://​sputniknews​.com​/columnists​/202005171079333879​-abusing​-corona​-to​-blow​-up​-the​-eu/
Wilson, Damien
2020 “German establishment blames protests on mystery ‘far-right’ forces, when the real problem is a lame duck leader & lockdown fatigue.” RT 12.05. Retrieved from: https://​www​.rt​.com​/op​-ed​/488384​-german​-merkel​-protests​-covid/