Article published in:
Diachronica
Vol. 39:4 (2022) ► pp. 565607
References
Baptista, Marlyse
2020Competition, selection, and the role of congruence in Creole genesis and development. Language 96(1). 160–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bentley, Reverend William Holman
1887Dictionary and grammar of the Kongo language, as spoken at San Salvador, the ancient capital of the Old Kongo Empire, West Africa. London: Trübner (Republished 1967 by Gregg Press).Google Scholar
Bickerton, Derek & Escalante, Aquiles
1970Palenquero: A Spanish-based creole of northern Colombia. Lingua 241. 254–267. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bickerton, Derek
1975Dynamics of a creole system. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
1981Roots of language. Ann Arbor: Karoma.Google Scholar
Börjars, Kersti & Vincent Nigel
2011Grammaticalization and directionality. In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization, 163–176. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brinton, Laurel J. & Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
2005Lexicalization and language change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bruyn, Adrienne
1996On identifying instances of grammaticalization in creole languages. In Philip Baker & Anand Syea (eds.), Changing meanings, changing functions: Papers relating to grammaticalization in contact languages, 29–46. London: Westminster University Press.Google Scholar
2009Grammaticalization in creoles: Ordinary and not-so-ordinary cases. Studies in Language 33(2). 312–337. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan L.
1994The grammaticization of zero. In William Pagliuca (ed.), Perspectives on grammaticalization, 235–254. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010Language, usage, and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan
2011Usage-based theory and grammaticalization. In Bernd Heine & Heiko Narrog (eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization, 69–78. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, Joan L., Perkins, Revere & Pagliuca, William
1994The evolution of grammar: Tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of the world. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Chatelain, Héli
1888Gramatica elementar do kimbundu ou lingua de Angola. Geneva: (Republished 1964 Gregg Press).Google Scholar
Chaudenson, Robert
2001Creolization of language and culture. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Company Company, Concepción
1980Formalización del paradigma verbal compuesto en siete textos de la Edad Media. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico: Undergraduate thesis.
Comrie, Bernard
1976Aspect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Copple, Mary
2011Tracking the constraints on a grammaticalizing perfect(ive). Language Variation and Change 23(2). 163–191. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Croft, William H.
2003Typology and universals, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Dahl, Osten
1985Tense and aspect systems. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Delgado-Díaz, Gibran
2021The evolution of Spanish past forms. New York: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dieck, Marianne
2002Distribución y escopo de la negación en Palenquero. In Yves Moñino & Armin Schwegler (eds.), Palenque, Cartagena, y Afro-Caribe: Historia y lengua, 149–168. Berlin: De Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011La época de formación de la lengua de Palenque: Datos históricos y lingüísticos. Forma y Función 24(1). 11–24.Google Scholar
Dom, Sebastian & Bostoen, Koen
2015Examining variation in the expression of tense/aspect to classify the Kikongo Language Cluster. Africana Linguistica 21(1). 163–211. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dom, Sebastian, de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice & Bostoen, Koen
2018The diachronic semantics of the Dissociative Past Completive construction in the Kikongo Language Cluster (Bantu). Folia Linguistica Historica 39(2). 297–340. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Drinka, Bridget
2017Language contact in Europe: The periphrastic perfect through history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
DuBois, John, Schuetze-Cooburn, Stephan, Cumming, Susana & Danae, Paolino
1993Outline of discourse transcription. In Jane Edwards & Martin Lampert (eds.), Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse, 45–89. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
ELAN
2021ELAN (Version 6.2) [Computer software] (2021) Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, The Language Archive. Retrieved from https://​archive​.mpi​.nl​/tla​/elan
Friedemann, Nina de & Patiño Roselli, Carlos
1983Lengua y sociedad en el Palenque de San Basilio. Bogotá: Instituto Caro y Cuervo.Google Scholar
Granda, Germán de
1968La tipología ‘criolla’ de dos hablas del área lingüística hispánica. Thesaurus: Boletín del Instituto Caro y Cuervo 23(2). 193–205.Google Scholar
1978Estudios lingüísticos hispánicos, afrohispánicos y criollos. Madrid: Gredos.Google Scholar
Heath, Jeffrey
1998Hermit crabs: Formal renewal of morphology by phonologically mediated affix substitution. Language 74(4). 728–759. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd
1994Grammaticalization as an explanatory parameter. In William Pagliuca (ed.), Perspectives on grammaticalization, 255–87. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Heine, Bernd & Kuteva, Tania
2002World lexicon of grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2005Language contact and grammatical change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Holm, John A.
1988Pidgins and creoles: Theory and structure, vol. 11. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hopper, Paul
1991On some principles of grammaticization. In Elizabeth Closs Traugott & Bernard Heine (eds.), Approaches to grammaticalization. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopper, Paul & Elizabeth Traugott
1993Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hualde, José Ignacio & Schwegler, Armin
2008Intonation in Palenquero. Journal of pidgin and creole languages 23(1). 1–31. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jacobs, Bart
2012Origins of a creole: The history of Papiamentu and its African ties. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Klein-Andreu, Flora
2010Spanish through time: An introduction. Muenchen, Germany: LINCOM.Google Scholar
Jacobs, Bart & Parkvall, Mikael
2020How Portuguese are Palenquero and Chabacano really? Revue Romane 56(2). 235–266. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
1966The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.Google Scholar
1972Sociolinguistic patterns. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press.Google Scholar
1984Field methods of the project on linguistic change and variation. In John Baugh & Joel Sherzer (eds.), Language in use: Readings in sociolinguistics, 28–53. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
2001Principles of linguistic change: Social factors, vol. 21. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Laman, Karl E.
1936Dictionnaire kikongo-français: Avec une étude phonétique décrivant les dialectes le plus important de la langue dite kikongo. Uccle: Institut Royal Colonial Belge.Google Scholar
Lapesa, Rafael
1981Historia de la lengua española. Madrid: Biblioteca Románica Hispánica.Google Scholar
Lewis, Anthony
1970A descriptive analysis of the Palenquero dialect. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica: Unpublished MA thesis.
Lipski, John
2005A history of Afro-Hispanic language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011Pitch polarity in Palenquero: A possible locus of H tone. In Sonia Colina, Antxon Olarrea, & Ana Maria Carvahlo (eds.), Romance linguistics 2009: Selected papers from the 39th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSR), 111–128. Tucson Free at Last: Arizona, March 2009.Google Scholar
2012From bound morpheme to discourse marker in Lengua ri Palenge (Palenquero Creole Spanish). Anthropological Linguistics 54(2). 101–132. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Maurer, Philippe
1987La comparaison des morphèmes temporels du papiamento el du palenquero: Arguments contre la théorie monogénétique de la genèse des langues creóles. In Philippe Maurer, Thomas Stolz, & Marta Dijkhoff (eds.), Varia Creolica, 27–70. Bochum: Studienverlag Brockmeyer.Google Scholar
McWhorter, John H.
2018Is grammaticalization different in creoles? In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine, (eds.), Grammaticalization from a typological perspective, 394–408. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Megenny, William
1986El palenquero: Un lenguaje post-criollo de Colombia. Bogotá: IPICC.Google Scholar
Meyerhoff, Miriam
2009Replication, transfer, and calquing: Using variation as a tool in the study of language contact. Language Variation and Change 21(3). 297–317. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Moñino, Yves
1999L’aspect en palenquero: Une semantaxe africaine. Actances 101. 177–190.Google Scholar
2002Las construcciones de genitivo en palenquero: ¿Una semantaxis africana? In Yves Moñino & Armin Schwegler (eds.), Palenque, Cartagena y Afro-Caribe: Historia y lengua, 227–48. Tübingen: Niemeyer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007Convergencias lingüísticas iberocongolesas en palenquero: ¿Integrarse a la sociedad mayoritaria o distinguirse de ella? In Wiltrud, Mihatsch & Monika. Sokol (eds.), Language contact and language change in the Caribbean and beyond ( Lenguas en contacto y cambio lingüístico en el Caribe y más allá ), 37–59. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
2012Pasado, presente y futuro de la lengua de Palenque. In Graciela Maglia & Armin Schwegler (eds.), Palenque (Colombia): Oralidad, identidad y resistencia. Un enfoque interdisciplinario, 221–255.Google Scholar
Mufwene, Salikoko
1996Creolization and grammaticization: What creolists could contribute to research on grammaticization. In Phillip Baker & Anand Syea (eds.), Changing meanings, changing functions: Papers relating to grammaticalization in contact languages, 5–28. London: University of Westminster Press.Google Scholar
2001The ecology of language evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2008Language: Contact, competition and change. London/New York: Continuum. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Narrog, Heiko & Heine, Bernd
2018Grammaticalization from a typological perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Natividad Pérez, Jesús
2002Del arroyo al acueducto: Transformación sociocultural en el Palenque de San Basilio. Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia: Trabajo de grado.Google Scholar
Navarrete, María Cristina
1995La historia social del negro en la colonia: Cartagena, siglo XVII. Santiago de Cali: Universidad del Valle.Google Scholar
2007Las memorias de San Basilio de Palenque. Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia – ICAH, Área de Historia Colonial.Google Scholar
2008San Basilio de Palenque: Memoria y tradición. Cali: Programa Editorial, Universidad del Valle.Google Scholar
Noguera, María, Schwegler, Armin, Gomes, Verónica, Briceño, Ignacio, Álvarez, Luis, Uricoechea, Daniel, Amorim, Antonio, Benevides, Escilda, Silvera, Carlos, Charris, Marlon, Bernal, Jaime E., & Gusmão, Leonor
2016Colombia’s population crucible: Y chromosome evidence from six admixed communities in the Department of Bolívar. Annals of human biology 41(5). 453–459. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nurse, Derek
2007The emergence of tense in early Bantu. In Doris L. Payne & Jaime Peña (eds.), Selected proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference on African Linguistics, 164–179. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
2008Tense and aspect in Bantu. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Osam, Kweku E.
2008Akan as an aspectual language. In Felix Ameka & Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu (eds.), Aspect and modality in Kwa languages, 69–90. Amsterdam: Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Parkvall, Mikael, & Jacobs, Bart
2020Palenquero origins: A tale of more than two languages. Diachronica 37(4). 540–576. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Patiño Roselli, Carlos
1983El habla en el Palenque de San Basilio. In Nina de Friedemann & Carlos Patiño Roselli (eds.), Lengua y sociedad en el Palenque de San Basilio, 83–287. Bogotá: Instituto Caro y Cuervo.Google Scholar
Penny, Ralph
2004Variation and change in Spanish. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Pharies, David A.
2015Breve historia de la lengua española, 2nd edition. Chicago: University of Chicago.Google Scholar
Plag, Ingo
2002On the role of grammaticalization in creolization. In Glenn Gilbert (ed.), Pidgin and creole linguistics in the 21st century, 229–246. New York: Lang.Google Scholar
Poplack, Shana
2011Grammaticalization and linguistic variation. In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization, 209–224. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Poplack, Shana & Tagliamonte, Sali
1996Nothing in context: Variation, grammaticization and past time marking in Nigerian Pidgin English. In Philip Baker & Anand Syea (eds), Changing meanings, changing functions: Papers relating to grammaticalization in contact languages, 71–94. London: Westminster University Press.Google Scholar
1999Nothing in context: Variation, grammaticization and past time marking in Nigerian Pidgin English. Cuadernos de filología inglesa 8(1). 193–217.Google Scholar
Rona, José Pedro
1971Elementos españoles, portugueses y africanos en el papiamento. Watapana 3(3). 7–23.Google Scholar
Sankoff, David, Sali Tagliamonte & Eric Smith
2005Goldvarb X: A variable rule application for MacIntosh. University of Toronto: Department of Linguistics.Google Scholar
Sankoff, Gillian
1990The grammaticalization of tense and aspect in Tok Pisin. Language Variation and Change 2(3). 295–312. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, Gillian & Brown, Penelope
1976The origins of syntax in discourse: A case study of Tok Pisin relatives. Language 52(3). 631–666. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schwegler, Armin
2002On the (African) origins of Palenquero subject pronouns. Diachronica 19(2). 273–332. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007Bare nouns in Palenquero. In Marlyse Baptista & Jacqueline Guéron (eds.), Noun phrases in creole languages, 205–222. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2011Palenque(ro): The search for its African substrate. In Claire Lefebvre (ed.), Creoles, their substrates, and language typology, 225–249. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013Palenquero structure dataset. In Michaelis, Susanne Maria, Phillipe Maurer, Martin Haspelmath, & Magnus Huber (eds.), Atlas of pidgin and creole language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (Available online at http://​apics​-online​.info​/contributions​/58, Accessed on 10/15/2019.)
2016Combining population genetics (DNA) with historical linguistics: On the African origins of Latin America’s black and mulatto populations. In Sandro Sessarego & Fernando Tejedo-Herrero (eds.), Spanish language and sociolinguistic analysis, 33–88. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2017On the African origin(s) of Palenquero. In Armin Schwegler, Bryan Kirschen & Graciela Maglia (eds.), Palenque (Colombia): Orality, identity, and resistance. An interdisciplinary approach, 51–119. Amsterdam/New York: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schwegler, Armin & Green, Kate
2007Palenquero (Creole Spanish). In John A. Holm & Peter Patrick (eds.), Comparative creole syntax: Parallel outlines of 18 creole grammars, 273–306. London: Battlebridge Publications.Google Scholar
Schwegler, Armin & Morton, Thomas
2003Vernacular Spanish in a microcosm: Kateyano en San Basilio de Palenque (Colombia). Revista internacional de lingüística Iberoamericana 1(1). 97–159.Google Scholar
Schwenter, Scott A. & Torres Cacoullos, Rena
2008Defaults and indeterminacy in temporal grammaticalization: The “perfect” road to perfective. Language Variation and Change 20(1). 1–39. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010Grammaticalization paths as variable contexts in weak complementarity. In James A. Walker (ed.), Aspect in grammatical variation, 13–26. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Severn, Beth
1956Kikongo language manual. American Baptist Foreign Mission Society.Google Scholar
Smith, Hiram L.
2011–2014The bilingual corpus of Palenquero Creole: San Basilio de Palenque, Cartagena, and Barranquilla. Corpus of Elan transcripts and audio recordings.Google Scholar
2013Habitual aspect marking in Palenquero: Variation in present temporal reference. In Ana M. Carvahlo & Sara Beaudrie (eds.), Selected proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics (WSS6), 97–108. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.Google Scholar
2014Patterns of variable tense and aspect marking in Palenquero. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA: PhD dissertation.
2018Addressing questions of grammaticalization in creoles: It’s all about the methodology. In Heiko Narrog & Bernd Heine (eds.), Grammaticalization from a typological perspective, 372–393. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2021Do creoles conform to typological markedness patterns? Habitual marking in Palenquero. Language Variation and Change 33(2). 193–216. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tagliamonte, Sali
2006Analysing sociolinguistic variation: Key topics in sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013Roots of English: Exploring the history of dialects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Torres Cacoullos, Rena
2012Grammaticalization through inherent variability: The development of a progressive in Spanish. Studies in Language 36(1). 73–122. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Torres Cacoullos, Rena & Catherine E. Travis
2018Bilingualism in the community: Code-switching and grammars in contact. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Weinreich, Uriel
1953/1964Languages in contact. London, The Hague, Paris: Mouton.Google Scholar
Wheat, David
2011The first great waves: African provenance zones for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade to Cartagena de Indias, 1570–1640. Journal of African History 52(1). 1–22. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2016Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570–1640. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Willis, David
2007Syntactic lexicalization as a new type of degrammaticalization. Linguistics 45(2). 271–310. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Winford, Donald
2003An introduction to contact linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Preverbal a-marking in Palenquero Creole