Gullah in the diaspora
Historical and linguistic evidence from the Bahamas
The status of Gullah and Bahamian Creole English (BahCE) within the Atlantic English creoles and their historical relationship with African American Vernacular English (AAVE) have long been a matter of discussion. It was assumed that Gullah and BahCE are ‘sister’ varieties sharing an immediate ancestor in the eighteenth-century creole English spoken on plantations in the American South. We present historical and linguistic data, including a statistical analysis of 253 phonological, lexical, and grammatical features found in eight Atlantic English creoles, to show that Gullah and BahCE are indeed closely related — so closely in fact that BahCE must be considered a ‘diaspora variety’ not of AAVE but of Gullah.
Keywords: African American Vernacular English (AAVE), Bahamian Creole English, Gullah, loyalists, lexicostatistics, historical and sociohistorical approach
Published online: 21 December 2007
Cited by 12 other publications
Avram, Andrei A.
Deuber, Dagmar, Stephanie Hackert, Eva Canan Hänsel, Alexander Laube, Mahyar Hejrani & Catherine Laliberté
Hackert, Stephanie & Dagmar Deuber
Hackert, Stephanie & Alexander Laube
Zullo, Davide, Simone E. Pfenninger & Daniel Schreier
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 07 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.