Shedding more light on language classification using basic vocabularies and phylogenetic methods
A case study of Uralic
Encouraged by ongoing discussion of the classification of the Uralic languages, we investigate the family quantitatively using Bayesian phylogenetics and basic vocabulary from seventeen languages. To estimate the heterogeneity within this family and the robustness of its subgroupings, we analyse ten divergent sets of basic vocabulary, including basic vocabulary lists from the literature, lists that exclude borrowing-susceptible meanings, lists with varying degrees of borrowing-susceptible meanings and a list combining all of the examined items. The results show that the Uralic phylogeny has a fairly robust shape from the perspective of basic vocabulary, and is not dramatically altered by borrowing-susceptible meanings. The results differ to some extent from the ‘standard paradigm’ classification of these languages, such as the lack of firm evidence for Finno-Permian.
Keywords: computational phylogenetics, Uralic languages, historical linguistics, basic vocabulary
Published online: 11 November 2013
Cited by 7 other publications
Greenhill, Simon J., Paul Heggarty & Russell D. Gray
Haugen, Jason D., Michael Everdell & Benjamin A. Kuperman
Honkola, T, O Vesakoski, K Korhonen, J Lehtinen, K Syrjänen & N Wahlberg
List, Johann-Mattis, Simon J. Greenhill, Russell D. Gray & Robert C Berwick
Maurits, L, de Heer, M, Honkola, T, Dunn, M & Vesakoski, O
Tambets, Kristiina, Bayazit Yunusbayev, Georgi Hudjashov, Anne-Mai Ilumäe, Siiri Rootsi, Terhi Honkola, Outi Vesakoski, Quentin Atkinson, Pontus Skoglund, Alena Kushniarevich, Sergey Litvinov, Maere Reidla, Ene Metspalu, Lehti Saag, Timo Rantanen, Monika Karmin, Jüri Parik, Sergey I. Zhadanov, Marina Gubina, Larisa D. Damba, Marina Bermisheva, Tuuli Reisberg, Khadizhat Dibirova, Irina Evseeva, Mari Nelis, Janis Klovins, Andres Metspalu, Tõnu Esko, Oleg Balanovsky, Elena Balanovska, Elza K. Khusnutdinova, Ludmila P. Osipova, Mikhail Voevoda, Richard Villems, Toomas Kivisild & Mait Metspalu
Tamburelli, Marco & Lissander Brasca
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.