Article published In:
Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 4:2 (2015) ► pp.241256
Dillard, J.P., Plotnick, C.A., Godbold, L.C., Freimuth, V.S., & Edgar, T
(1996) The multiple affective outcomes of AIDS PSAs: Fear appeals do more than scare people. Communication Research, 23(1), 44–72. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I
(2010) Predicting and changing behavior: The reasoned action approach. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Goodall, C.E., & Roberto, A.J
(2008) An inconvenient truth: An application of the extended parallel process model. Communication Teacher, 22(3), 93–96. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Green, M.C., & Brock, T.C
(2000) The role of transportation in the persuasiveness of public narratives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 701–721. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hayes, A.F
(2009) Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76(4), 408–420. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013) Introduction to mediation, moderation and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Hoog, N. de, Stroebe, W., & Wit, J.B.F. de
(2008) The processing of fear‐arousing communications: How biased processing leads to persuasion. Social Influence, 3(2), 84–113. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McMahan, S., Witte, K., & Meyer, J
(1998) The perception of risk messages regarding electromagnetic fields: Extending the extended parallel process model to an unknown risk. Health Communication, 10(3), 247–259. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Morman, M
(2000) The influence of fear appeals, message design, and masculinity on men’s motivation to perform the testicular self-exam. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 28(2), 91–116. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Moyer-Gusé, E
(2008) Toward a theory of entertainment persuasion: Explaining the persuasive effects of entertainment-education messages. Communication Theory, 181, 407–425. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Popova, L
(2012) The extended parallel process model: Illuminating the gaps in research. Health Education & Behavior, 39(4), 455–473. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2014) Scaring the snus out of smokers: Testing effects of fear, threat, and efficacy on smokers’ acceptance of novel smokeless tobacco products. Health Communication, 29(9), 924–936. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rachman, S
(2004) Anxiety. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Rintamaki, L.S., & Yang, Z.J
(2013) Advancing the extended parallel process model through the inclusion of response costs measures. Journal of Health Communication, 191, 759–774. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ruiter, R.A.C., Kessels, L.T.E., Peters, G.Y., & Kok, G
(2014) Sixty years of fear appeal research: Current state of the evidence. International Journal of Psychology, 49(2), 63–70. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ruiter, R.A.C., Verplanken, B., Cremer, D. de, & Kok, G
(2004) Danger and fear control in response to fear appeals: The role of need for cognition. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 26(1), 13–24. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
So, J
(2013) A further extension of the extended parallel process model (E-EPPM): Implications of cognitive appraisal theory of emotion and dispositional coping style. Health Communication, 281, 72–83. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Spielberger, C.D
(1983) Anxiety inventory for adults (Forms Y1 and Y2). Menlo Park: Mind Garden.Google Scholar
Taylor, J.A
(1953) A personality scale of manifest anxiety. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 48(2), 285–290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Witte, K
(1992) Putting the fear back into fear appeals: The extended parallel process model. Communication Monographs, 591, 329–349. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1998) Fear as motivator, fear as inhibitor: Using the extended parallel process model to explain fear appeal successes and failures. In P.A. Anderson & L.K. Guerrero (Eds.), Handbook of communication and emotion: Research, theory, applications, and contexts (pp. 423–450). London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Witte, K., Cameron, K.A., McKeon, J.K., & Berkowitz, J.M
(1996) Predicting risk behaviors: Development and validation of a diagnostic scale. Journal of Health Communication, 1(4), 317–341. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Witte, K., & Morrison, K
(2000) Examining the influence of trait anxiety/repression‐sensitization on individuals’ reactions to fear appeals. Western Journal of Communication, 64(1), 1–27. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 15 other publications

Abbasi, Aazam, Marzieh Araban, Zahra Heidari, Masoumeh Alidosti & Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
2020. Development and psychometric evaluation of waste separation beliefs and behaviors scale among female students of medical sciences university based on the extended parallel process model. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 25:1 DOI logo
Alidosti, Masoumeh, Zahra Heidari, Hossein Shahnazi & Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
2021. Behaviors and Perceptions Related to Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas of the World: A Review. Acta Tropica 223  pp. 106090 ff. DOI logo
Alidosti, Masoumeh, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari & Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
2022. Design and evaluation of two educational media in the form of animation and games to promote the cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors in adolescent female. BMC Public Health 22:1 DOI logo
Alidosti, Masoumeh, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh & Mona Dür
2022. Development and psychometric assessment of cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors questionnaire in adolescent female students: Application of integration of cultural model and extended parallel process model. PLOS ONE 17:8  pp. e0273400 ff. DOI logo
Chen, Liang & Hongjie Tang
2022. Examining the persuasion process of narrative fear appeals on health misinformation correction. Information, Communication & Society  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Kieslich, Kimon, Marco Lünich & Frank Marcinkowski
2021. The Threats of Artificial Intelligence Scale (TAI). International Journal of Social Robotics 13:7  pp. 1563 ff. DOI logo
Marcinkowski, Frank
2019. Staat in Angst: politisches Kalkül oder publizistische Nebenwirkung?. In Intimisierung des Öffentlichen,  pp. 247 ff. DOI logo
Mohammed, Aliyu, Adwoa Pinamang Desu, Princess Ruhama Acheampong, Kofi Akohene Mensah, Francis Adjei Osei, Eugene Osei Yeboah, Ernest Amanor & Ellis Owusu-Dabo
2022. Effect of fear appeal mobile phone messaging on health behaviors of caregivers with children under-five in Ghana. Health Promotion International 37:4 DOI logo
Moylett, Sinead & David Hevey
2019. Examining the Extended Parallel Process Model for communicating about cardiovascular disease to an at-risk population utilising a think aloud methodology. HRB Open Research 2  pp. 12 ff. DOI logo
Moylett, Sinéad & Hevey, David
2020. Testing threat-to-efficacy ratios in health communications about cardiovascular disease among an older population. Health Promotion International 35:2  pp. 255 ff. DOI logo
Ngondo, Prisca S. & Anna Klyueva
2019. Fear appeals in road safety advertising: an analysis of a controversial social marketing campaign in Russia. Russian Journal of Communication 11:2  pp. 167 ff. DOI logo
Owusu, Daniel, Jiyeon So & Lucy Popova
2019. Reactions to tobacco warning labels: predictors and outcomes of adaptive and maladaptive responses. Addiction Research & Theory 27:5  pp. 383 ff. DOI logo
Salita, C., R. Liwanag, R.E. Tiongco & R. Kawano
2019. Development, implementation, and evaluation of a lay responder disaster training package among school teachers in Angeles City, Philippines: using Witte's behavioral model. Public Health 170  pp. 23 ff. DOI logo
Salita, Crizelda, Raphael Enrique Tiongco & Razel Kawano
2021. Assessment of school teachers’ disaster preparedness using the extended parallel process model: a cross-sectional study in Angeles City, Philippines. Journal of Public Health 29:6  pp. 1275 ff. DOI logo
Zarghami, Fatemeh, Hamid Allahverdipour & Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
2021. Extended parallel process model (EPPM) in evaluating lung Cancer risk perception among older smokers. BMC Public Health 21:1 DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.