Previous research suggests there are register differences between native and non-native varieties of English, as well as translated English. This article reports on a multidimensional (MD) analysis of register variation in the published written registers of 16 varieties of English, and tests expectations for register variation in contact varieties evident from existing research. The study finds that the effects of variety and register are largely independent of each other, indicating that overall, registers pattern in similar ways across varieties. register is the strongest factor accounting for variance in the data, but variety also contributes significantly to variation. Non-native varieties before phase four in the Dynamic Model (Schneider 2007) and translations draw more extensively on markers of formality than non-native varieties at phase four and native varieties. Contact varieties display fewer involvement features than native varieties. Persuasive strategies and reported speech are variable across varieties, suggesting local stylistic and cultural differences.
2013 “Applying a Multidimensional, Register-Sensitive Approach to Visualize Normalization in Translated and Non-Translated Dutch”. In Marie-Aude Lefer, and Svetlana Vogeleer, eds. Interference and Normalization in Genre-Controlled Multilingual Corpora. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 43–60.
2003 “Effect Displays in R for Generalised Linear Models”. Journal of Statistical Software 81: 1–27. [URL] (accessed July 31, 2016).
Gaspari, Frederico, and Silvia Bernardini
2010 “Comparing Non-Native and Translated Language: Monolingual Comparable Corpora with a Twist”. In Richard Xiao, ed. Using Corpora in Contrastive and Translation Studies. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 215–234.
2014 “At the Interface of Contact Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition Research: New Englishes and Learner Englishes Compared”. English World-Wide 351: 91–124.
Hansen-Schirra, Sylvia, Stella Neumann, and Erich Steiner
2012Cross-Linguistic Corpora for the Study of Translations: Insights from the Language Pair English-German. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Hudson, Richard A.
1996Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hundt, Marianne, and Joybrato Mukherjee
2011 “Introduction: Bridging the Paradigm Gap”. In Joybrato Mukherjee, and Marianne Hundt, eds. Exploring Second-Language Varieties of English and Learner Englishes: Bridging a Paradigm Gap. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1–5.
2013 “Assessing Corpus Comparability Using a Formality Index: The Case of the Brown/LOB Clones”. In Shunji Yamazaki, and Robert Sigley, eds. Approaching Language Variation through Corpora. Bern: Peter Lang, 65–113.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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