Lexical bundles in conversation across Englishes
What can core and peripheral bundles reveal?
This study adopts Nelson’s (2014) methodological framework to investigate core and peripheral lexical bundles (i.e. recurrent multi-word sequences) in conversation, using data from the British, Canadian, Singapore, and Hong Kong components of the International Corpus of English (ICE). The overlap and non-overlap comparisons reveal (dis)similarities in the use of bundles across the four World Englishes (WEs). Our findings suggest that in terms of discourse building blocks, the more advanced a variety is according to Schneider’s (2007) Dynamic Model of New Englishes, the more lexical bundles it shares with the common core in conversation. Canadian English (CanE) shares the most common ground with British English (BrE). As a nascent variety, Hong Kong English (HKE) differs most from BrE, while Singapore English falls between CanE and HKE. Though the results do not correlate with Schneider’s Dynamic Model at the level of recurring chunks, they allow us to test predictions of WEs models. Quantitative and qualitative analyses enable the identification of bundles with significantly high frequency in each regional variety, thus enriching comparative research of WEs.
Keywords: corpus-based, lexical bundles, conversation, core and periphery, Schneider’s Dynamic Model, World Englishes
- 2.Existing research on lexical bundles in spoken discourse
- 3.1Corpus and English varieties
- 3.2Identification of core and peripheral bundles
- 4.1Overview of core and peripheral bundles in conversation
- 4.2Intervarietal comparison of bundles in conversation
Published online: 24 September 2019
International Corpus of English. Compiled at the University of Alberta.
ICE Great Britain
International Corpus of English. Compiled at University College London.
ICE Hong Kong
International Corpus of English. Compiled at The University of Hong Kong and The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
International Corpus of English. Compiled at the National University of Singapore.
Banerjee, Satanjeev and Ted Pedersen
Biber, Douglas and Susan Conrad
Biber, Douglas, Susan Conrad, and Viviana Cortes
Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan
Bokhorst-Heng, Wendy, Rani Rubdy, Sandra Lee McKay, and Lubna Alsagoff
Bui, Gavin and Zeping Huang
Collins, Peter and Xinyue Yao
Csomay, Eniko and Viviana Cortes
Fuller, Janet M.
Gries, Stefan and Joybrato Mukherjee
Hunston, Susan and Gill Francis
Langacker, Ronald W.
Lee, Nala, Ai Ping Ling, and Hiroki Nomoto
Leech, Geoffrey, Marianne Hundt, Christian Mair, and Nicholas Smith
Low, Ee Ling, and Anne Pakir
McCarthy, Michael and Ronald Carter
McCarthy, Michael and Michael Handford
Meyerhoff, Miriam and Nancy Niedzielski
Neely, Elizabeth and Viviana Cortes
Nesi, Hilary and Helen Basturkmen
Pan, Fan, Randi Reppen Randi, and Douglas Biber
Quirk, Randolph, Sydney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
Rayson, Paul and Roger Garside
2012 WordSmith Tools (Version 5.0). Available from http://www.lexically.net/software/index.htm.
Setter, Jane, Cathy S. P. Wong, and Brian H. S. Chan