Article published in:
English World-Wide
Vol. 42:2 (2021) ► pp. 200226

Full-text

Even Americans pre-aspirate
Sources

Sources

Clopper, Cynthia G., and David B. Pisoni
2006 “The Nationwide Speech Project: A New Corpus of American English Dialects.” Speech Communication 48: 633–644. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

References

Bates, Douglas, Martin Maechler, Ben Bolker, and Steve Walker
2015 “Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using lme4”. Journal of Statistical Software 67: 1–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Benoit, Kenneth, David Muhr, and Kohei Watanabe
2020Stopwords: Multilingual Stopword Lists. R package version 2.0. https://​CRAN​.R​-project​.org​/package​=stopwords
Boersma, Paul, and David Weenink
2018Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer. Version 6.0.41, http://​www​.praat​.org/ (accessed August 15, 2018).
Brysbaert, Marc, and Borris New
2009 “Moving Beyond Kučera and Francis: A Critical Evaluation of Current Word Frequency Norms and the Introduction of a New and Improved Word Frequency Measure for American English”. Behavior Research Methods 41(4): 977–990. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Byrd, Dani
1993 “54,000 American Stops”. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics 83: 97–115.Google Scholar
Clayards, Meghan, and Thea Knowles
2015 “Prominence Enhances Voiceless-ness and Not Place Distinction in English Voiceless Sibilants”. In The Scottish Consortium, eds. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow. https://​www​.internationalphoneticassociation​.org​/icphs​-proceedings​/ICPhS2015​/proceedings​.html (accessed September 1, 2015).
Clayton, Ian
2017 “Preaspiration in Hebrides English”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 47: 155–181. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Clopper, Cynthia G., and Janet B. Pierrehumbert
2008 “Effects of Semantic Predictability and Regional Dialect on Vowel Space Reduction”. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124(3): 1682–1688. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davidson, Lisa
2011 “Characteristics of Stop Releases in American English Spontaneous Speech”. Speech Communication 53: 1042–1058. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Docherty, Gerald, and Paul Foulkes
1999 “Sociophonetic Variation in ‘Glottals’ in Newcastle English.” In John J. Ohala, Yoko Hasegawa, Manjari Ohala, Daniel Granville, and Ashlee C. Bailey, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, San Francisco, 1037–1040. https://​www​.internationalphoneticassociation​.org​/icphs​-proceedings​/ICPhS1999​/papers​/p14​_1037​.pdf (accessed September 1, 2015).
Eddington, David, and Caitlin Channer
2010 “American English Has Goʔ a Loʔ of Glottal Stops: Social Diffusion and Linguistic Motivation”. American Speech 85: 338–351. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fiasson, Romain
2016 “Frication, Pre-aspiration and Tapping of Medial /t/ in New Zealand English”. Te Reo 59: 47–69.Google Scholar
Fleiss, Joseph L.
1981Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Fox, John, and Sanford Weisberg
2019An R Companion to Applied Regression (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. https://​socialsciences​.mcmaster​.ca​/jfox​/Books​/Companion​/index​.html (accessed October 1, 2019).
Fromont, Robert, and Jennifer Hay
2012 “LaBB-CAT: An Annotation Store”. In Paul Cook and Scott Nowson, ed. Proceedings of the Australasian Language Technology Association Workshop, Dunedin, 113–117. https://​www​.aclweb​.org​/anthology​/volumes​/U12​-1/ (accessed February 10, 2021).
Gordeeva, Olga, and James M. Scobbie
2010 “Preaspiration as a Correlate of Word-Final Voice in Scottish English Fricatives”. In Susanne Fuchs, Martine Toda, and Marzena Żygis, eds. Turbulent Sounds: An Interdisciplinary Guide. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 167–207. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013 “A Phonetically Versatile Contrast: Pulmonic and Glottalic Voicelessness in Scottish English Obstruents and Voice Quality”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 43: 249–271. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hejná, Míša
2015 “Pre-Aspiration in Welsh English: A Case Study of Aberystwyth”. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Manchester.Google Scholar
2016a “Multiplicity of the Acoustic Correlates of the Fortis-Lenis Contrast: Plosives in Aberystwyth English”. In International Speech Communication Association, eds. Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2016), San Francisco: 3147–3151. http://​www​.proceedings​.com​/32771​.html (accessed September 8, 2016). Crossref
2016b “Pre-aspiration: Manual on Acoustic Analysis 1.1”. Manuscript released on LingBuzz, https://​ling​.auf​.net​/lingbuzz​/003184 (accessed September 23, 2019).
Hejná, Míša, and Anna B. Jespersen
2019 “Focus on Consonants: Prosodic Prominence and the Fortis-Lenis Contrast in English”. In Anne Mette Nyvad, Míša Hejná, Anders Højens, Anna B. Jespersen, and Mette Hjorten Sørense, eds. A Sound Approach to Language Matters. In Honor of Ocke-Schwen Bohn. Aarhus: Aarhus University, 237–270.Google Scholar
Hejná, Míša, and Jane Scanlon
2015 “New Laryngeal Allophony in Manchester English”. In The Scottish Consortium, eds. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow. https://​www​.internationalphoneticassociation​.org​/icphs​-proceedings​/ICPhS1999​/papers​/p14​_1037​.pdf (accessed September 1, 2015).
Helgason, Pétur
2002 “Preaspiration in the Nordic Languages. Synchronic and Diachronic Aspects”. Ph.D. Dissertation, Stockholm University.Google Scholar
Jatteau, Adèle, and Míša Hejná
2018 “Gradient Dissimilation in Halh Mongolian: Implication for Diachrony”. Papers in Historical Phonology 3: 28–75. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jones, Mark J., and Carmen Llamas
2003 “Fricated Pre-aspirated /t/ in Middlesbrough English: An Acoustic Study”. In Maria-Josep Solé, Daniel Recasens, and Joaquín Romero, eds. Porceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 655–658. https://​www​.internationalphoneticassociation​.org​/icphs​/icphs2003 (accessed September 1, 2012)
Jones, Mark J., and Kirsty McDougall
2009 “The Acoustic Character of Fricated /t/ in Australian English: A Comparison with /s/ and /ʃ/”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 39: 265–289. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kettig, Thomas
2015 “The BAD-LAD Split: A Phonetic Investigation”. M.Phil Dissertation, University of Cambridge.Google Scholar
Kingston, John
1990 “Articulatory Binding”. In John Kingston, and Mary E. Beckman, eds. Papers in Laboratory Phonology I. Between the Grammar and the Physics of Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 406–434. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William
2010Principles of Linguistic Change. Vol. 3: Cognitive and Cultural Factors. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, Sharon Ash, and Charles Boberg
2006The Atlas of North American English. Phonetics, Phonology and Sound Change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
McKenna, Edoardo
2013 “The Origin of Consonantal Pre-aspiration in Gàidhlig, Icelandic and Faroese: A Discussion”. In Robert McColl Millar, and Janet Cruickshank, eds. After the Storm: Papers from the Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ulster Triennial Meeting, Aberdeen 2012. Aberdeen: Forum for Research on the Languages of Scotland and Ireland, 82–99.Google Scholar
Morris, Jonathan
2010 “Phonetic Variation in Northern Wales: Preaspiration”. In Miriam Meyerhoff, Chie Adachi, Agata Daleszynska, and Anna Strycharz, eds. Proceedings of the Second Summer School of Sociolinguistics, The University of Edinburgh 14 – 20 June 2010. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh. http://​orca​.cf​.ac​.uk​/64918​/1​/Jon​.pdf (accessed March 10, 2017).
Morris, Jonathan, and Míša Hejná
2020 “Pre-aspiration in Bethesda Welsh: A Sociophonetic Analysis”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 50(2): 168–192. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nance, Claire, and Jane Stuart-Smith
2013 “Pre-Aspiration and Post-Aspiration in Scottish Gaelic Stop Consonants”. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 43: 129–152. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Di Napoli, Jessica
2015 “Glottalization at Phrase Boundaries in Tuscan and Roman Italian”. In Joaquín Romero, and María Riera, eds. The Phonetics-Phonology Interface. Representations and Methodologies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 125–148. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ní Chasaide, Ailbhe
1985 “Preaspiration in Phonological Stop Contrasts”. Ph.D Dissertation, University College of North Wales.Google Scholar
R Core Team
2019R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://​www​.r​-project​.org/ (accessed October 1, 2019).
Rosenfelder, Ingrid, Josef Fruehwald, Keelan Evanini, Scott Seyfarth, Kyle Gorman, Hilary Prichard, and Jiahong Yuan
Rotondi, Michael A.
2018KappaSize: Sample Size Estimation Functions for Studies of Interobserver Agreement. R package version 1.2. https://​cran​.r​-project​.org​/web​/packages​/kappaSize​/kappaSize​.pdf (accessed October 1, 2019).
Schleef, Erik
2013 “Glottal Replacement of /t/ in Two Capitals: Effects of Word Frequency and Morphological Compositionality”. Language Variation and Change 25: 201–223. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Steriade, Donca
1998 “Alternatives to Syllable-Based Accounts of Consonantal Phonotactics”. In Osamu Fujimura, Brian D. Joseph and Bohumil Palek, eds. Proceedings of LP ‘98. Prague: The Karolinum Press, 205–245.Google Scholar
Stevens, Mary
2010 “How Widespread is Preaspiration in Italy? A Preliminary Acoustic Phonetic Overview”. In Susanne Schötz, and Gilbert Ambrazaitis, eds. Proceedings from Fonetik 2010, Lund, June 2–4, 2010. Lund: Lund University Centre for Languages and Literature, 97–102.Google Scholar
Su, Venetia W. Y.
2007 “The gender variable in Australian English stop consonant production”. Honours dissertation, University of Melbourne.Google Scholar
Tait, Casey, and Marija Tabain
2016 “Patterns of Gender Variation in the Speech of Primary School-Aged Children in Australian English: The Case of /p t k/”. In Christopher Carignan and Michael D. Tylor, eds. Proceedings of the 16th Australian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology, (SST 2016), Parramatta, 65–68. https://​assta​.org​/sst​-2016​-proceedings/ (accessed September 1, 2017).
Watson, Kevin
2007 “The Phonetics and Phonology of Plosive Lenition in Liverpool English”. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Lancaster.Google Scholar