Article published in:
English World-Wide
Vol. 43:3 (2022) ► pp. 267296
References

Sources

Tagliamonte, Sali A.
2003–2006Linguistic Changes in Canada Entering the 21st Century. Research Grant. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). #410-2003-0005. http://​individual​.utoronto​.ca​/tagliamonte/.
2007–2010 “Directions of Change in Canadian English”. Research Grant. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). #410 070 048.Google Scholar
2010–2013 “Transmission and Diffusion in Canadian English”. Standard Research Grant #410-101-129. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).Google Scholar
2013–2018 “Social Determinants of Linguistic Systems”. Insight Grant: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).Google Scholar
2019–2024 “Language Change and Social Change in the Early 21st Century: Canadian English 2002 to 2020”. Insight Grant: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).Google Scholar
Anderwald, Lieselotte
2009The Morphology of English Dialects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2013 “Natural Language Change or Prescriptive Influence? Throve, Dove, Pled, Drug and Snuck in 19th-Century American English”. English World-Wide 341: 146–176. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Atwood, E. Bagby
1953A Survey of Verb Forms in the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bates, Douglas, Martin Mächler, Ben Bolker, and Steven Walker
2015 “Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using lme4”. Journal of Statistical Software 671: 1–48. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Belleville Oral History Archive
1975 “Opportunities for Youth 1975”. Hastings County Historical Society. City of Belleville, Ontario. Canada.Google Scholar
Biber, Douglas, Edward Finegan, and Dwight Atkinson
1994 “Archer and Its Challenges: Compiling and Exploring a Representative Corpus of Historical English Registers”. In Udo Fries, Peter Schneider, and Gunnel Tottie, eds. Creating and Using English Language Corpora. Papers from the 14th International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora, Zurich 1993. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1–13.Google Scholar
Baayen, Harald R.
2008Analyzing Linguistic Data: A Practical Introduction to Statistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
Bybee, Joan
2002 “Word Frequency and Context of Use in the Lexical Diffusion of Phonetically Conditioned Sound Change”. Language Variation and Change 141: 261–290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chambers, J. K.
2000 “Universal Sources of the Vernacular”. In Ulrich Ammon, Peter H. Nelde, and Klaus J. Mattheier, eds. Special Issue of Sociolinguistica: International Yearbook of European Sociolinguistics. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 11–15. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2001 “Vernacular Universals”. In Josep M. Fontana, Louise McNally, Teresa M. Turell, and Enric Vallduvi, eds. Proceedings of Iclave 1, the First International Conference on Language Variation in Europe. Barcelona: Universitate Pompeu Fabra, 52–60.Google Scholar
2004 “Dynamic Typology and Vernacular Universals”. In Bernd Kortmann, ed. Dialectology Meets Typology: Dialect Grammar from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 127–145.Google Scholar
2009Sociolinguistic Theory: Linguistic Variation and Its Social Significance (3rd ed.). Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
Cheshire, Jenny
1982Variation in an English Dialect: A Sociolinguistic Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
1994 “Standardization and the English Irregular Verb”. In Dieter Stein, and Ingrid Tieken-Boon von Ostade, eds. Towards a Standard English 1600–1800. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 115–133.Google Scholar
Cheshire, Jenny, Viv Edwards, and Pamela Whittle
1993 “Non-Standard English and Dialect Levelling”. In James Milroy, and Lesley Milroy, eds. Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles. New York: Longman, 53–95.Google Scholar
Cheshire, Jenny, and James Milroy
1993 “Syntactic Variation in Non-Standard Dialects: Background Issues”. In James Milroy, and Lesley Milroy, eds. Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles. New York: Longman, 3–33.Google Scholar
Christian, Donna, Walt Wolfram, and Nanjo Dube
1988Variation and Change in Geographically Isolated Communities: Appalachian English and Ozark English. Tuscaloosa: American Dialect Society.Google Scholar
Franco, Karlien, and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2021 “Interesting Fellow or Tough Old Bird? 3rd Person Male Referents in Ontario”. American Speech 961: 192–216. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gadanidis, Timothy, Jean-François Juneau, Kinza Mahoon, Andrei Munteanu, Lisa Schlegl, Fiona Wilson, and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2019 “Sounding Like a Sounder: Dialect Accommodation in Ontario, Canada”. Paper presented at American Dialect Society Annual Meeting. New York, USA. January 3–6, 2019.
Hothorn, Torsten, Kurt Hornik, Achim Zeileis
2006 “Unbiased Recursive Partitioning: A Conditional Inference Framework”. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 151: 651–674. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jankowski, Bridget L., and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2017 “A Lost Canadian Dialect: The Ottawa Valley 1975–2013”. In Tanja Säily, Arja Nurmi, Minna Palander-Collin, and Anita Auer, eds. Exploring Future Paths for Historical Sociolinguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 239–274. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jankowski, Bridget L. and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2021 “Urban-Rural Dimensions to Variable -Body/-One: The Case of Ontario, Canada.” In Ziegler, Arne, Stefanie Edler, Nina Kleczkowski and Georg Oberdorfer (eds.), Urban Matters. Current Approaches of International Sociolinguistic Research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 141-158. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jespersen, Otto H.
1954A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles. Part VI1: Morphology. London: George Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
Kortmann, Bernd, Kate Burridge, Rajend Mesthrie, Edgar Schneider, and Clive Upton
2004A Handbook of Varieties of English: A Multimedia Reference Tool. Vol. 21: Morphology and Syntax. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Krygier, Marcin
1994The Disintegration of the English Strong Verb System. Frankfurt: Lang.Google Scholar
Labov, William
1970 “The Study of Language in Its Social Context”. Studium Generale 231: 30–87.Google Scholar
1972 “The Transformation of Experience in Narrative Syntax”. In William Labov, ed. Language in the Inner City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 354–396.Google Scholar
2001Principles of Linguistic Change. Vol. 21: Social Factors. Malden: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
2007 “Transmission and Diffusion”. Language 831: 344–387. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Labov, William, and Joshua Waletzky
1967 “Narrative Analysis: Oral Versions of Personal Experience”. In June Helm, ed. Essays on the Verbal and Visual Arts. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 12–44.Google Scholar
Long, Mary McDonald
1944The English Strong Verb from Chaucer to Caxton. Menasha: George Banta Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Needle, Jeremy M. and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2022 “Orderly Obsolescence: The Decline of /hw/ in Ontario”. American Speech. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Padolsky, Enoch, and Ian Pringle
1981A Historical Source Book for the Ottawa Valley. Ottawa: Linguistic Survey of the Ottawa Valley, Carleton University.Google Scholar
Poplack, Shana, and Sali A. Tagliamonte
2001African American English in the Diaspora: Tense and Aspect. Malden: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
Pringle, Ian, and Enoch Padolsky
1983 “The Linguistic Survey of the Ottawa Valley”. American Specch 581: 325–344. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
R Core Team
2021R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing http://​www​.R​-project​.org.
Rissanen, Matti, and Minna Palander-Collin
1993Early English in the Computer Age: Explorations through the Helsinki Corpus. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Smith, Jennifer
2000 “Synchrony and Diachrony in the Evolution of English: Evidence from Scotland”. D.Phil. dissertation, University of York.
2004 “Accounting for Vernacular Features in a Scottish Dialect: Relic, Innovation, Analogy and Drift”. In Christian Kay, Simon Horobin, and Jeremy Smith, eds. New Perspectives on English Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 177–193. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt
2013Grammatical Variation in British English Dialects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Taeldeman, Johan
2005 “The Influence of Urban Centres on the Spatial Diffusion of Dialect Phenomena”. In Peter Auer, Frans Hinskens, and Paul Kerswill, eds. Dialect Change: Convergence and Divergence in European Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 263–283. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tagliamonte, Sali A.
2001 “ Come/Came Variation in English Dialects”. American Speech 761: 42–61. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2006Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2012Variationist Sociolinguistics: Change, Observation, Interpretation. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Tagliamonte, Sali A., and Harald R. Baayen
2012 “Models, Forests and Trees of York English: Was/Were Variation as a Case Study for Statistical Practice”. Language Variation and Change 241: 135–178. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tidholm, Hans
1979The Dialect of Egton in North Yorkshire. Gothenburg: Bokmaskine.Google Scholar
Trudgill, Peter J.
1972 “Sex, Covert Prestige, and Linguistic Change in Urban British English”. Language in Society 11: 179–195. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wickham, Hadley
2016ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. New York: Springer. https://​ggplot2​.tidyverse​.org. DOI logo
Wolfram, Walt, and Natalie Schilling-Estes
1998American English. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar