Discussions of World Englishes mainly concentrate on the particularities of individual varieties of English spoken in the different parts of the world. There is, however, another form of World English which emerges when speakers of different international varieties interact with each other. When English is the mother tongue of neither of the speakers who use the language for communicative purposes, they employ it as a lingua franca. This paper describes the syntactic variation found in this variety of English. It presents the results of analyses of a corpus containing 22 hours of naturally occurring interactions and describes both unsystematic as well as (seemingly) systematic grammatical choices made by the speakers. The results reveal that, not unlike the processes which have previously been documented for dialect contact, interactions across international Englishes are characterised by processes of levelling and regularisation, whilst at the same time individual speakers retain the characteristics of their original varieties. Individual Englishes are further constrained by transfer processes and interlanguage patterns.
2019. World Englishes in English language teaching. World Englishes 38:1-2 ► pp. 245 ff.
2016. A Study on Symbolic Competence and Face in ELF Email Communication. In Email Discourse Among Chinese Using English as a Lingua Franca, ► pp. 263 ff.
2019. Investigation into Tense-Aspect Patterns of Chinese ELF Academic Writing—a Variationist’s Approach. English Teaching & Learning 43:3 ► pp. 277 ff.
2021. The ‘Intercultural’ and English as a Lingua Franca in International Higher Education: Expectations, Realities and Implications for English Language Teaching. In Interculturality and the English Language Classroom, ► pp. 205 ff.
Tweedie, M. Gregory & Robert C. Johnson
2019. Research directions in medical English as a lingua franca (MELF). Language and Linguistics Compass 13:3
신동일, PARKSOOHYEON, 박세은 & KAHYUN KIM
2015. A study on the monolingual language policies in Korea: Exploring alternative thinkings in lingua franca and translingual practice. Multiculture & Peace 9:3 ► pp. 143 ff.
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