In recent years, the UK has experienced unparalleled numbers of migrants from Eastern Europe, particularly Poland. Many migrants came with their families. We examined variation in the English spoken by adolescent Polish migrants in Edinburgh and London. We asked: to what extent are teenage Polish migrants acquiring the patterns of variation typical of their local peer group? We compare the results for the well-known variable (ing) in the speech of both Polish migrants and their same age British peers. Our results indicate that the Polish teenagers seem to be sensitive to the overall rates of the non-standard variant in the city they have moved to. Moreover, Polish teenagers also replicate some of the linguistic and social constraints found in the speech of the locally-born teens. In some cases, they partially replicate the constraint patterns found in the locally-born teenagers, and in other cases they introduce novel constraints unattested in the speech of their locally-born peers. The results of our study raise several questions regarding local shared constraints and universal learning tools, potential supra-local constraints and the status of (ing) as a sociolinguistic variable for learners of English. We discuss these in the final section of this paper.
2013. The Quantitative Paradigm. In The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, ► pp. 83 ff.
Bouchard, Marie-Eve & Félix Desmeules-Trudel
2022. Nonconvergence toward the standard: the maintenance of a distinctive use of rhotics among the Santomean diaspora in Portugal. Folia Linguistica 56:2 ► pp. 423 ff.
2017. Displacement and local linguistic practices: R‐lessness in post‐Katrina Greater New Orleans. Journal of Sociolinguistics 21:5 ► pp. 696 ff.
2020. Co-variation, style and social meaning: The implicational relationship between (h) and (ing) in Debden, Essex. Language Variation and Change 32:3 ► pp. 349 ff.
2022. Cockney moved East: the dialect of the first generation of East Londoners raised in Essex. Dialectologia et Geolinguistica 30:1 ► pp. 91 ff.
2019. Quotativelikein the Englishes of the Outer and Expanding Circles. World Englishes 38:4 ► pp. 578 ff.
2021. The role of sociocognitive salience in the acquisition of structured variation and linguistic diffusion: Evidence from quotativebe like. Language in Society 50:2 ► pp. 171 ff.
2022. The role of social factors in the acquisition of vernacular English: A variationist study with pedagogical implications. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 32:3 ► pp. 425 ff.
Davydova, Julia & Isabelle Buchstaller
2015. Expanding the Circle to Learner English: Investigating Quotative Marking in a German Student Community. American Speech 90:4 ► pp. 441 ff.
Della Putta, Paolo
2022. Neapolitan, Regional and Standard Italian in the Linguistic Repertoire of Ukrainian Private Carers in Naples: Sociolinguistic Competence and Attitudes Towards a Complex Linguistic Context. In Italo-Romance Dialects in the Linguistic Repertoires of Immigrants in Italy [Palgrave Studies in Minority Languages and Communities, ], ► pp. 47 ff.
2012. Aspects of identity in a second language: ING variation in the speech of Polish migrants living in Manchester, UK. Language Variation and Change 24:1 ► pp. 107 ff.
2013. The Manchester Polish STRUT. Journal of English Linguistics 41:1 ► pp. 65 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.