English in the Gaspé region of Quebec
This paper reports on the first-ever linguistic study of the variety of English spoken in the Gaspé region of eastern Quebec, which is 86 percent French-speaking. An on-line survey was used to gather data from 200 participants on 58 phonological, grammatical and lexical variables, drawn mostly, for comparative purposes, from earlier research on Canadian and Quebec English. The analysis, focusing on data from the 124 participants who still live in the Gaspé region, produces a complex linguistic portrait of the community. It displays a unique mixture of Canadian, Quebec, Maritime and rural features, reflecting its location near the boundary between Quebec and New Brunswick, with evidence of both convergence with and divergence from Quebec English as spoken in Montreal. It also shows more frequent use of several Gallicisms, or borrowings from French, suggesting that this effect of language contact is encouraged by its minority status.
Keywords: Canadian English, borrowing, borders, geolinguistic diffusion, sociolinguistics, Quebec English, dialect variation, language contact
Published online: 03 November 2015
Cited by 1 other publications
Friesner, Michael, Laura Kastronic & Jeffrey Lamontagne
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 26 august 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Avis, Walter S.
CASA (Committee for Anglophone Social Action)
2010 A Portrait of the English-Speaking Community of the Gaspé Coast. www.casa-gaspe.com (accessed February 1, 2014).
2014a “A Brief History of the Gaspé Peninsula, the ‘Birthplace of Canada’”. http://gaspesie.quebecheritageweb.com/article/brief-history-gaspe-peninsula-birthplace-canada (accessed January 1, 2014).
2014b “Demographics”. http://www.casa-gaspe.com/casa-gaspe/our-community/demographics.html (accessed January 1, 2014).
Chambers, J.K, and Troy Heisler
Chambers, J.K, and Chia-Yi Tony Pi
2004 Atlas of Dialect Topography (On-Line). http://dialect.topography.chass.utoronto.ca (accessed January, 2014).
1982 “The Loyalists of Gaspesia: 1784-1984”. http://gaspesie.quebecheritageweb.com/article/loyalists-gaspesia-1784-1984 (accessed January 1, 2014).
Gaspé Spec, The
n.d. http://www.gaspespec.com/About.html (accessed February 1, 2014).
Hamilton, Donald E.
Institut de la statistique du Québec
2013 “Bulletin Statistique Regional, Édition 2013. Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine”. Quebec City: Gouvernement du Québec. http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/docs-ken/multimedia/PB01608FR_RA11_2013A00F00.pdf (accessed January 1, 2014).
Labov, William, Sharon Ash, and Charles Boberg
Leddy-Cecere, Thomas, Kenneth Baclawski Jr, Nacole Walker, and James Stanford
McDougall, David J.
n.d. “Two Centuries of Settlement of the Gaspé Coast by English Speaking People”. http://www.gogaspe.com/douglastown/twocenturies.html (accessed January 1, 2014).
Poplack, Shana, James A. Walker, and Rebecca Malcolmson
Poteet, Lewis J.
Pringle, Ian, C. Stanley Jones, and Enoch Padolsky
Richardson, Mary, and Joëlle Gauvin-Racine
Scargill, Matthew Henry
Scargill, Matthew Henry, and Henry J. Warkentyne
Senate of Canada
2012 “New Carlisle, Quebec (Code 2405040) and Bonaventure, Quebec (Code 2405) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE”. Ottawa. Released October 24 2012 <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 1, 2014).
2013a “Gaspésie - Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec (Code 24019) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE”. Ottawa. Released June 26 2013 <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 1, 2014).
2013b “Gaspé, V, Quebec (Code 2403005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE”. Ottawa. Released June 26 2013 <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 1, 2014).
Thomas, Charles K.