Theory of Language

The Representational Function of Language

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Karl Bühler (1879-1963) was one of the leading theoreticians of language of this century. His masterwork Sprachtheorie (1934) has been praised widely and gained considerable recognition in the fields of linguistics, semiotics, the philosophy of language and the psychology of language. The work has, however, resisted translation into English partly because of its spirited and vivid style, partly because of the depth and range of analysis, partly because of the great erudition of the author, who displays a thorough command of both the linguistic and the philosophical traditions. With this translation, Bühler's ideas on many problems that are still controversial and others only recently rediscovered, are now accessible to the English-speaking world.Contents: The work is divided into four parts. Part I discusses the four “axioms” or principles of language research, the most famous of which is the first, the “organon model”, the base of Bühler's instrumental view of language. Part II treats the role of indexicality in language and discusses deixis as one determinant of speech. Part III examines the symbolic field, dealing with context, onomatopoeia and the function of case. Part IV deals with the elements of language and their organization (syllabification, the definition of the word, metaphor, anaphora, etc).The text is accompanied by: Translator's preface; Introduction (by Achim Eschbach); Glossary of terms and Bibliography of cited works (both compiled by the translator); Index of names, Index of topics.
[Foundations of Semiotics, 25]  1990.  lxii, 508 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Editor's Introduction: Kari Bühler: Sematologist
xiii
Translator's Preface
xlv
Preface
liii
Introduction: Theory of Language Yesterday and Today
0. Historical Works
1
1. Paul's “Principles of the History of Language”: Dependency on Descartes — Natural sciences and history
3
2. Saussure's Cours: Substance-oriented thought in the 19th century
7
3. Husserl's programme in the “Logical Investigations”
10
I. The Principles of Language Research
1. The Idea and Plan of the Axiomatics
1.0 Observations and the ideas guiding research
17
1.1 Exact recordings: three manners of understanding
17
1.2 Initial object of linguistic research: the conceptual world of the linguistic researcher
21
1.3 Axioms of language research
24
1.4 The four principles
27
2. The Model of Language as Organon (A)
2.0 Manners of appearance of the concrete speech event
30
2.1 Inadequacy of the causal view of substance-oriented thought
31
2.2 The new model: the three semantic functions of language
34
2.3 Expression and appeal as independent variables in addition to representation: the three books on language
37
3. The Significative Nature of Language (B)
3.0 The constructive model of language
40
3.1 The etyma of the words for sign
44
3.2 Direct analysis of the concept of sign: comparative psychology — a general formula
45
3.3 “Aliquid stat pro aliquo”: two determinations
47
3.4 The principle of abstractive relevance, illustrated by phonology
50
3.5 The problem of abstraction
52
3.6 Two forms of material fallacy
54
4. Speech Action and Language Work; Speech Act and Language Structure (C)
4.0 Inadequacy of previous dichotomies: the four-celled pattern
57
4.1 Speech action and language work: empractical speech — la parole
60
4.2 The work of art in language: the theory of speech action
63
4.3 The structures in language: criticism — structural survey in linguistics — the higher level of formalization — comparisons outside the linguistic realm — intersubjectivity
67
4.4 Theory of speech acts — Steinthal and Husserl: appreciation of Husserl's theory of acts — the social factor in language
72
5. Word and Sentence: The S-F-System of the Type Language (D)
5.0 The features of the concept of language
81
5.1 Analysis of a one-class system of communicative signals
82
5.2 The two-class system language: the dogma of lexicon and syntax
85
5.3 The productivity of field systems
88
5.4 Logic and linguistics
89
II. The Deictic Field of Language and Deictic Words
Introduction
The signpost and the speech action
93
The deictic field — modes of deixis
94
Wegener and Brugmann as predecessors
95
Speech about perceptual things
95
Psychological analysis
96
6. The Psychological Foundations of the Modes of Positional Deixis in Indo-European
6.0 Brugmann's modes of deixis and the general problem
97
6.1 The myth of the deictic origin of language
100
6.2 *to-deixis and ille-deixis
103
6.3 The second and third deictic mode
105
6.4 Natural deictic clues
107
6.5 Quality of origin and the acoustic characterization of the voice
108
6.6 Directions in thou-deixis and istic-deixis
111
6.7 Yonder-deixis
114
6.8 A general question
116
7. The Origin of the Deictic Field and its Mark
7.0 The here-now-I system of subjective orientation
117
7.1 The meaning of the deictic words from a logical perspective
118
7.2 The words for ‘here’ and ‘I’ as cognates
122
7.3 The indispensability of deictic clues
126
7.4 The role of ‘I’ and ‘thou’
128
7.5 The usual classification of the pronouns: criticism
131
7.6 The necessity of demonstration
134
8. Imagination-Oriented Deixis and the Anaphoric Use of Deictic Words
8.0 The second and third modes of deixis
137
8.1 Ocular demonstration and imagination-oriented deixis as a psychological problem
140
8.2 Subjective orientation when awake and its components
143
8.3 Spatial orientation and deictic speech
144
8.4 Movement of the origo in the tactile bodily image
146
8.5 Temporal orientation
148
8.6 The three types of imagination-oriented deixis
149
8.7 Psychological reduction
152
8.8 Displacements: dramatic and epic procedure
154
9. Egocentric and Topomnestic Deixis in Various Languages
9.0 The deictic field
158
9.1 The inclusive and exclusive ‘we’
159
9.2 Coalescence of deictic particles with prepositions
162
9.3 Egocentric and topomnestic deixis: the class of 'prodemonstratives' — examples from Japanese and Amerindian languages
163
Subjects

Philosophy

Philosophy
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  90020219
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