Chapter published in:Relevance Theory, Figuration, and Continuity in Pragmatics
Edited by Agnieszka Piskorska
[Figurative Thought and Language 8] 2020
► pp. 95–119
The Greek connective gar
Different genres, different effects?
Traditional accounts of the Greek connective gar offer an inadequate causal definition, while multiplying descriptive categories. Linguistic accounts have paid little attention to the role of gar in different kinds of communication. This article proposes a relevance-theoretic procedural explanation which provides a unifying cognitive explanation for gar’s communicative role. Gar indicates that the premise it introduces is relevant in relation to a previously communicated claim, which, when combined with implicit assumptions, it strengthens. This strengthening may work itself out differently in diverse kinds of communication: typically, as confirmation in argumentation, and explanation in narrative. Perceived differences in stylistic effects sometimes associated with gar are attributable not to multiple functions, but to recognition of differing communicator goals in narrative and argumentation.
Keywords: cognitive effect of strengthening, persuasion, connectives, , Koine Greek, argumentation, narrative, procedural marker, New Testament, epistemic vigilance
Published online: 20 May 2020
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