The paper presents a framework for classifying gestures in terms of different parameters, and shows that the parameter of iconicity cuts across that of cognitive construction, which distinguishes codified gestures — those represented in memory as stable signal–meaning pairs — from creative ones — those invented on the spot on the basis of a few generative rules. While creative gestures are necessarily iconic, because they can be understood only thanks to their iconicity, codified gestures can be iconic too. A model for the generation of iconic gestures is presented, according to which, to create a new gesture, people select the features of the meaning to imitate in terms of their distinctiveness, ease of representation and ontological type. Finally, some principles for measuring the iconicity of gestures of Hearers and Signs of the Deaf are illustrated, thus outlining the continuity of iconic devices between creative and codified gestures.
Kong, Anthony Pak-Hin, Sam-Po Law, Watson Ka-Chun Wat & Christy Lai
2015. Co-verbal gestures among speakers with aphasia: Influence of aphasia severity, linguistic and semantic skills, and hemiplegia on gesture employment in oral discourse. Journal of Communication Disorders 56 ► pp. 88 ff.
2012. Proceedings of the 14th ACM international conference on Multimodal interaction, ► pp. 281 ff.
Maricchiolo, Fridanna, Augusto Gnisci & Marino Bonaiuto
2012. Coding Hand Gestures: A Reliable Taxonomy and a Multi-media Support. In Cognitive Behavioural Systems [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7403], ► pp. 405 ff.
Mehler, Alexander, Tim vor der Brück & Andy Lücking
2014. Comparing Hand Gesture Vocabularies for HCI. In Human-Computer Interaction. Advanced Interaction Modalities and Techniques [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8511], ► pp. 81 ff.
Oh, Seon-Ju, Hyun-Ju Park & Eun-Ju Lee
2015. Characteristics of Iconic Gesture Comprehension and Production in Late-Talkers. Communication Sciences & Disorders 20:2 ► pp. 266 ff.
Ousterhout, Thomas & Costanza Navarretta
2015. 2015 6th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom), ► pp. 499 ff.
2021. The conductor’s intensity gestures. Psychology of Music 49:6 ► pp. 1478 ff.
Rojas-Munoz, Edgar & Juan Wachs
2021. Assessing Collaborative Physical Tasks Via Gestural Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 51:2 ► pp. 152 ff.
Rojas-Munoz, Edgar & Juan P. Wachs
2019. 2019 14th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition (FG 2019), ► pp. 1 ff.
2016. Intercultural Nonverbal Communication Competence as Intercultural Responsiveness in the Second Language Learning Classroom. In Intercultural Responsiveness in the Second Language Learning Classroom [Advances in Educational Technologies and Instructional Design, ], ► pp. 127 ff.
2020. Intercultural Nonverbal Communication Competence as Intercultural Responsiveness in the Second Language Learning Classroom. In Language Learning and Literacy, ► pp. 339 ff.
2020. Intercultural Nonverbal Communication Competence as Intercultural Responsiveness in the Second Language Learning Classroom. In Multicultural Instructional Design, ► pp. 902 ff.
Östling, Robert, Carl Börstell & Servane Courtaux
2018. Visual Iconicity Across Sign Languages: Large-Scale Automated Video Analysis of Iconic Articulators and Locations. Frontiers in Psychology 9
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