Article published in:Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, culture, and cognition
Edited by Luna Filipović and Katarzyna M. Jaszczolt
[Human Cognitive Processing 37] 2012
► pp. 167–188
8. Universals and specifics of ‘time’ in Russian
This chapter addresses the question of universal and language- and culture-specific traits in conceptualisation of ‘time’. It tests the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) hypothesis that semantic universals time and now should be found in Russian. It demonstrates that vremja and sejčas are Russian exponents of these primes, while the close-in-meaning terms pora, teper’, and nynče are semantically complex. The chapter formulates culturally salient attitudes to time in Russian, such as ‘change’, ‘persistence’, ‘things being outside people’s control’, on the basis of the analysed words. It argues that NSM can be regarded as an effective tool in the ‘time’-related linguistic research due to its universal character.
Keywords: cultural attitudes, Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM), Russian, semantic universals, time
Published online: 24 July 2012
Cited by 2 other publications
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