The Spatial Language of Time

Metaphor, metonymy, and frames of reference

| San José State University
ISBN 9789027223968 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
ISBN 9789027270658 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
The Spatial Language of Time presents a crosslinguistically valid state-of-the-art analysis of space-to-time metaphors, using data mostly from English and Wolof (Africa) but additionally from Japanese and other languages. Metaphors are analyzed in terms of their most direct motivation by basic human experiences (Grady 1997a; Lakoff & Johnson 1980). This motivation explains the crosslinguistic appearance of certain metaphors, but does not say anything about temporal metaphor systems that deviate from the types documented here. Indeed, we observe interesting culture- and language-specific metaphor phenomena. Refining earlier treatments of temporal metaphor and adapting to temporal experience Levinson’s (2003) idea of frames of reference, the author proposes a contrast between perspective-neutral and perspective-specific frames of reference in temporal metaphor that has important crosslinguistic ramifications for the temporal semantics of FRONT/BEHIND expressions. This book refines the cognitive-linguistic approach to temporal metaphor by analyzing the extensive temporal structure in what has been considered the source domain of space, and showing how temporal metaphors can be better understood by downplaying the space-time dichotomy and analyzing metaphor structure in terms of conceptual frames. This book is of interest to linguists, psychologists, anthropologists, philosophers, and others who may have wondered about relationships between space and time.
[Human Cognitive Processing, 42]  2014.  xxv, 340 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
List of diagrams
List of tables
Abbreviations and special symbols
Transcription conventions
Part I. Temporal metaphor and ego’s perspective
Introduction: Talking about time as if it were space
The deictic nature of Moving Ego and Ego-centered Moving Time expressions
The experiential bases (grounding, motivation) of Moving Ego and Ego-centered Moving Time
From earlier to later
Frame of reference and alternate construals of ego-centered time
Part II. Perspectival neutrality
A field-based frame of reference
The psychological reality of sequence is relative position on a path
Illustrating the field-based/ego-perspective contrast: The case of sequence is relative position in a stack
Space-to-time metonymy
Part III. The temporal semantics of in-front and behind
The contrasting front/behind schemas of sequence is relative position on a path and Moving Ego
The crosslinguistic pairing of in-front and behind with ‘earlier’ and ‘later’
The alignment of ego with a field-based frame of reference
When back is not the opposite of front: A temporal relative frame of reference in Wolof
The Ego-opposed temporal metaphor and contexts of shared perspective
Modes of construal of front and behind
In search of primary metaphors of time
Part IV. Location without translational motion
Expressions of static temporal “location”
Beyond metaphor and metonymy: Mental spaces and conceptual integration
Other-centered Moving Time and Wolof fekk ‘become co-located with’
Times as bounded regions
Part V. Fundamentally different temporal concepts
Having and wasting Wolof counterparts of time
Name index
Subject index
“Time is not a mystery when you examine how people talk about events—remembered, ongoing, anticipated. Kevin Moore has done just that, in a detailed and insightful exploration of temporal expressions in several unrelated languages. His in-depth description of Wolof is worth a book in itself. With the addition of English, Japanese, and Aymara the result is a valuable contribution to comparative cognitive linguistics. And above all, Moore has contributed an exhaustive and carefully considered reanalysis of the conceptual domains of time and space, showing that conceptions of space also have temporal characteristics. Moore’s fresh approach goes beyond space-based metaphors to include metonymy and blending, and to solve old puzzles by distinguishing between motion and location in space, and between ego-centered and field-based fields of reference. The Spatial Language of Time is a landmark in a series devoted to cognitive foundations of language structure and use.”
“In everyday life, we take for granted the metaphors we live by, and have no awareness of the extraordinary thought processes that lie behind them. Kevin Moore's admirable book explores the many dimensions involved for "time as space," with unprecedented rigor and scholarship.
Moore's compelling analysis of surprisingly deep conceptual mappings is a major contribution to cognitive science and linguistics.”
“Spatial metaphors for time have become a major theme in cognitive science and linguistics. Kevin Moore's thoughtful book, The Spatial Language of Time, not only adds to the crosslinguistic comparative range of our understanding of spatiotemporal metaphor - it also raises the level of detail in linguistic analysis of the mappings between the two domains. It is a valuable contribution to linguistics, but also to the general study of cognition and of culture.”
“The book has a cohesive objective about metaphor that is established in Chapter 1 and restated again in the conclusion, namely to “explore the details of certain spatial construals of time as thoroughly as possible for a few languages, in order to gain an understanding of some of the principles involved in applying spatial concepts to time.” Each of the book’s 22 chapters helps develop and further this objective through a detailed description of metaphor in both English and Wolof. Moore weaves connections between the two languages with finesse, letting the reader clearly see the commonalities and providing explanations for areas of difference. This book is an excellent resource for researchers interested in conceptual metaphors of time, providing a unique, cross-linguistic perspective to the ongoing conversation.”
“Moore provides a comprehensive account of the metaphorical understanding of time through space, with a new focus on Wolof, his language of specialization. His work represents a valuable contribution to the literature on human cognition in general, and on how people in Anglo-American and Senegalese cultures use the Spatial Language of Time.”
Cited by

Cited by 34 other publications

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2018.  In The Poetics of Time – Metaphors and Blends in Language and Literature [Figurative Thought and Language, 3], Crossref logo
Brdar, Mario & Rita Brdar-Szabó
2017. Moving-Time and Moving-Ego Metaphors from a Translational and Contrastivelinguistic Perspective. Research in Language 15:2  pp. 191 ff. Crossref logo
Brdar, Mario, Rita Brdar-Szabó & Benedikt Perak
2019.  In Metaphor and Metonymy in the Digital Age [Metaphor in Language, Cognition, and Communication, 8],  pp. 225 ff. Crossref logo
2020. Time out of tense: Russian aspect in the imperative. Journal of Linguistics 56:3  pp. 541 ff. Crossref logo
Divjak, Dagmar
2019.  In Frequency in Language, Crossref logo
2020. On the path of time: temporal motion in typological perspective. Language and Cognition 12:3  pp. 444 ff. Crossref logo
Huumo, Tuomas
2015. Temporal frames of reference and the locative case marking of the Finnish adposition ete - ‘in front of / ahead’. Lingua 164  pp. 45 ff. Crossref logo
2018. Moving along paths in space and time. Journal of Linguistics 54:4  pp. 721 ff. Crossref logo
Julich, Nina
2018.  In Sensory Perceptions in Language, Embodiment and Epistemology [Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics, 42],  pp. 133 ff. Crossref logo
Julich-Warpakowksi, Nina
2019.  In Perception Metaphors [Converging Evidence in Language and Communication Research, 19],  pp. 165 ff. Crossref logo
Jääskeläinen, Anni
2016. Mimetic schemas and shared perception through imitatives. Nordic Journal of Linguistics 39:2  pp. 159 ff. Crossref logo
Jódar Sánchez, José Antonio
2015. Review of Moore (2014): The Spatial Language of Time. Metaphor, Metonymy and Frames of Reference. Metaphor and the Social World 5:1  pp. 155 ff. Crossref logo
Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Barbara
2016.  In Conceptualizations of Time [Human Cognitive Processing, 52],  pp. ix ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng
2017. Time on hands. Gesture 16:3  pp. 396 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng
2018. A future-minded lark in the morning: The influence of time-of-day and chronotype on metaphorical associations between space and time. Metaphor and Symbol 33:1  pp. 48 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng, Van Quynh Bui & Yu Cao
2018. One country, two cultures: Implicit space-time mappings in Southern and Northern Vietnamese. European Journal of Social Psychology 48:4  pp. 560 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng & Yu Cao
2018. Karma or Immortality: Can Religion Influence Space-Time Mappings?. Cognitive Science 42:3  pp. 1041 ff. Crossref logo
Li, Heng & Yu Cao
2019. Moving at the Speed of Life: How Life Pace Influences Temporal Reasoning. Metaphor and Symbol 34:3  pp. 158 ff. Crossref logo
Montoro, Rocío
2015. The Year’s Work in stylistics 2014. Language and Literature: International Journal of Stylistics 24:4  pp. 355 ff. Crossref logo
Moore, Kevin Ezra
2014. The two-Mover hypothesis and the significance of “direction of motion” in temporal metaphors. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 12:2  pp. 375 ff. Crossref logo
2017. Elaborating time in space: the structure and function of space–motion metaphors of time. Language and Cognition 9:2  pp. 191 ff. Crossref logo
Moore, Kevin Ezra
2020. Moving Time vs. Frame-relative motion. Constructions and Frames 12:2  pp. 272 ff. Crossref logo
Napoli, Donna Jo & Lorraine Leeson
2020. Visuo-spatial construals that aid in understanding activity in visual-centred narrative. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 35:4  pp. 440 ff. Crossref logo
Nesset, Tore
2016. “Cyclic” time in the history of Russian. Studies in Language 40:3  pp. 591 ff. Crossref logo
2015. <i>Language and Time: A Cognitive Linguistics Approach</i>. ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 32:2  pp. 442 ff. Crossref logo
Pagán Cánovas, Cristóbal
2019. More haste less speed: Cognition, creativity, and culture in temporal paradox. Time & Society 28:4  pp. 1695 ff. Crossref logo
Pamies-Bertrán, Antonio & Wang Yuan
2020. The spatial conceptualization of time in Spanish and Chinese. Yearbook of Phraseology 11:1  pp. 107 ff. Crossref logo
Rickles, Dean & Maria Kon
2014. Interdisciplinary perspectives on the flow of time. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1326:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Sinha, Chris & Peter Gärdenfors
2014. Time, space, and events in language and cognition: a comparative view. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1326:1  pp. 72 ff. Crossref logo
Turner, Sarah, Jeannette Littlemore, Danielle Fuller, Karolina Kuberska & Sheelagh McGuinness
2020.  In Producing Figurative Expression [Figurative Thought and Language, 10],  pp. 389 ff. Crossref logo
Valenzuela, Javier & Daniel Alcaraz Carrión
2020. Temporal Expressions in English and Spanish: Influence of Typology and Metaphorical Construal. Frontiers in Psychology 11 Crossref logo
Waliński, Jacek Tadeusz
2020. Inconsistencies in Temporal Metaphors: Is Time a Phenomenon of the Third Kind?. Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61:1  pp. 163 ff. Crossref logo
Wu, Shuqiong
2021. A corpus-based study of the time orientation of qian “front” and hou “back” in Chinese. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 0:0 Crossref logo
Zanker, Andreas T.
2019.  In Metaphor in Homer, Crossref logo

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Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CFD – Psycholinguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013044623 | Marc record