The Spatial Language of Time

Metaphor, metonymy, and frames of reference

Kevin Ezra Moore | San José State University
ISBN 9789027223968 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
ISBN 9789027270658 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
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The Spatial Language of Time presents a crosslinguistically valid state-of-the-art analysis of space-to-time metaphors, using data mostly from English and Wolof (Africa) but additionally from Japanese and other languages. Metaphors are analyzed in terms of their most direct motivation by basic human experiences (Grady 1997a; Lakoff & Johnson 1980). This motivation explains the crosslinguistic appearance of certain metaphors, but does not say anything about temporal metaphor systems that deviate from the types documented here. Indeed, we observe interesting culture- and language-specific metaphor phenomena. Refining earlier treatments of temporal metaphor and adapting to temporal experience Levinson’s (2003) idea of frames of reference, the author proposes a contrast between perspective-neutral and perspective-specific frames of reference in temporal metaphor that has important crosslinguistic ramifications for the temporal semantics of FRONT/BEHIND expressions. This book refines the cognitive-linguistic approach to temporal metaphor by analyzing the extensive temporal structure in what has been considered the source domain of space, and showing how temporal metaphors can be better understood by downplaying the space-time dichotomy and analyzing metaphor structure in terms of conceptual frames. This book is of interest to linguists, psychologists, anthropologists, philosophers, and others who may have wondered about relationships between space and time.
[Human Cognitive Processing, 42] 2014.  xxv, 340 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
“Time is not a mystery when you examine how people talk about events—remembered, ongoing, anticipated. Kevin Moore has done just that, in a detailed and insightful exploration of temporal expressions in several unrelated languages. His in-depth description of Wolof is worth a book in itself. With the addition of English, Japanese, and Aymara the result is a valuable contribution to comparative cognitive linguistics. And above all, Moore has contributed an exhaustive and carefully considered reanalysis of the conceptual domains of time and space, showing that conceptions of space also have temporal characteristics. Moore’s fresh approach goes beyond space-based metaphors to include metonymy and blending, and to solve old puzzles by distinguishing between motion and location in space, and between ego-centered and field-based fields of reference. The Spatial Language of Time is a landmark in a series devoted to cognitive foundations of language structure and use.”
“In everyday life, we take for granted the metaphors we live by, and have no awareness of the extraordinary thought processes that lie behind them. Kevin Moore's admirable book explores the many dimensions involved for "time as space," with unprecedented rigor and scholarship.
Moore's compelling analysis of surprisingly deep conceptual mappings is a major contribution to cognitive science and linguistics.”
“Spatial metaphors for time have become a major theme in cognitive science and linguistics. Kevin Moore's thoughtful book, The Spatial Language of Time, not only adds to the crosslinguistic comparative range of our understanding of spatiotemporal metaphor - it also raises the level of detail in linguistic analysis of the mappings between the two domains. It is a valuable contribution to linguistics, but also to the general study of cognition and of culture.”
“The book has a cohesive objective about metaphor that is established in Chapter 1 and restated again in the conclusion, namely to “explore the details of certain spatial construals of time as thoroughly as possible for a few languages, in order to gain an understanding of some of the principles involved in applying spatial concepts to time.” Each of the book’s 22 chapters helps develop and further this objective through a detailed description of metaphor in both English and Wolof. Moore weaves connections between the two languages with finesse, letting the reader clearly see the commonalities and providing explanations for areas of difference. This book is an excellent resource for researchers interested in conceptual metaphors of time, providing a unique, cross-linguistic perspective to the ongoing conversation.”
“Moore provides a comprehensive account of the metaphorical understanding of time through space, with a new focus on Wolof, his language of specialization. His work represents a valuable contribution to the literature on human cognition in general, and on how people in Anglo-American and Senegalese cultures use the Spatial Language of Time.”
Cited by

Cited by 62 other publications

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2022. Time as space vs. time as quantity in Spanish: a co-speech gesture study. Language and Cognition 14:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
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2024. Religio-temporal framing and religio-social synchronization in family discourse in Saudi Arabia. Time & Society DOI logo
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Brdar, Mario, Rita Brdar-Szabó & Benedikt Perak
2019. Chapter 9. Metaphor repositories and cross-linguistic comparison. In Metaphor and Metonymy in the Digital Age [Metaphor in Language, Cognition, and Communication, 8],  pp. 225 ff. DOI logo
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2022. Chapter 12. Moving reader or moving text?. In Analogy and Contrast in Language [Human Cognitive Processing, 73],  pp. 371 ff. DOI logo
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Jódar Sánchez, José Antonio
2015. Review of Moore (2014): The Spatial Language of Time. Metaphor, Metonymy and Frames of Reference. Metaphor and the Social World 5:1  pp. 155 ff. DOI logo
Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Barbara
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Li, Heng & Yu Cao
2018. Karma or Immortality: Can Religion Influence Space‐Time Mappings?. Cognitive Science 42:3  pp. 1041 ff. DOI logo
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Moore, Kevin Ezra
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2017. Elaborating time in space: the structure and function of space–motion metaphors of time. Language and Cognition 9:2  pp. 191 ff. DOI logo
Moore, Kevin Ezra
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Napoli, Donna Jo & Lorraine Leeson
2020. Visuo-spatial construals that aid in understanding activity in visual-centred narrative. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 35:4  pp. 440 ff. DOI logo
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Pamies-Bertrán, Antonio & Wang Yuan
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Piata, Anna
2022. Chapter 3. What is time?. In Time Representations in the Perspective of Human Creativity [Human Cognitive Processing, 75],  pp. 61 ff. DOI logo
Piata, Anna, Adriana Gordejuela & Daniel Alcaraz Carrión
2022. Introduction. In Time Representations in the Perspective of Human Creativity [Human Cognitive Processing, 75],  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
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2024. What is a morphological future doing in a si-clause? Traces of mirativity in Spanish. Lingua 304  pp. 103710 ff. DOI logo
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Sullivan, Karen & Linh Thuy Bui
2016. With the future coming up behind them: Evidence that Time approaches from behind in Vietnamese. Cognitive Linguistics 27:2  pp. 205 ff. DOI logo
Turner, Sarah, Jeannette Littlemore, Danielle Fuller, Karolina Kuberska & Sheelagh McGuinness
Valenzuela, Javier & Daniel Alcaraz Carrión
2020. Temporal Expressions in English and Spanish: Influence of Typology and Metaphorical Construal. Frontiers in Psychology 11 DOI logo
Valenzuela, Javier & Rosa Illán Castillo
2022. Chapter 1. A corpus-based look at time metaphors. In Time Representations in the Perspective of Human Creativity [Human Cognitive Processing, 75],  pp. 15 ff. DOI logo
Waliński, Jacek T.
2021. Time Metaphorization: Duality of Time as a Pursuer vis-à-vis Object of Pursuit. Research in Language 19:1  pp. 33 ff. DOI logo
Waliński, Jacek Tadeusz
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Xin, Wei
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[no author supplied]

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Main BIC Subject

CFD: Psycholinguistics

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013044623 | Marc record