Article published in:Corpus Methods for Semantics: Quantitative studies in polysemy and synonymy
Edited by Dylan Glynn and Justyna A. Robinson
[Human Cognitive Processing 43] 2014
► pp. 39–60
Competing ‘transfer’ constructions in Dutch
The case of ont-verbs
This paper zooms in on the semantic relations between the constructions of “possessional transfer” (i.e. constructions used to encode events of possessional transfer) in Dutch by zooming in on a specific morphological class of dispossession verbs, viz. verbs with the prefix ont- ‘away’, such as ontnemen ‘take away’, ontfutselen ‘fish out of ’, onttrekken ‘extract, withdraw’, ontheffen ‘relieve’, etc. A database with several thousand attested ont-examples from various corpora of present-day written Dutch will serve as the starting point for an investigation of their constructional possibilities and preferences: the ont-verbs will be shown to cluster into a number of subclasses in terms of alternation possibilities. In addition, a comparison of these present-day Dutch results with data from a diachronic corpus of 19th century Dutch will reveal a number of lexico-grammatical shifts: the use of the double object construction and (especially) of the aan-dative with ont-verbs is more heavily constrained now than it was in earlier stages of the language.
Keywords: aan-dative, alternations, dispossession verbs, Dutch, ont-verbs
Published online: 06 November 2014
Colleman, T., & De Clerck, B.
Delorge, M., & De Clerck, B.
De Schutter, G.
Duyck, W., Desmet, T., Verbeke, L., & Brysbaert, M.
Malchukov, A., Haspelmath, M., & Comrie, B.
Van Belle, W., & Van Langendonck, W.
Cited by 3 other publications
Neels, Jakob & Stefan Hartmann
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