Article published in:
Conceptualizations of Time
Edited by Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk
[Human Cognitive Processing 52] 2016
► pp. 4366


Bender, A., & Beller, S.
2014Mapping Spatial Frames of Reference onto Time: a Review of Theoretical Accounts and Empirical Findings. Cognition 132, 342–382. Crossref link
Bergen, B.K., & Lau, T.T.C.
2012Writing Direction Affects how People Map Space onto Time. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 109. Crossref link
Boroditsky, L.
2000Metaphoric Structuring: Understanding Time through Spatial Metaphors. Cognition 75, 1–28. Crossref link
Boroditsky, L., & Gaby, A.
2010Remembrances of Times East: Absolute Spatial Representations of Time in an Australian Aboriginal Community. Psychological Science 21, 1635–1639. Crossref link
Calbris, G.
1990The Semiotics of French Gestures. Bloomington, IA: IndianaUniversity Press.
Casasanto, D., & Jasmin, K.
2012The Hands of Time: Temporal Gestures in English Speakers. Cognitive Linguistics 23, 643–674. Crossref link
Casasanto, D., & Bottini, R.
2010Can Mirror-Reading Reverse the Flow of Time? In C. Hölscher, et al. (eds.), Spatial Cognition VII (pp. 335–345). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. Crossref link
Cienki, A.
1998Metaphoric Gestures and some of their Relations to Verbal Metaphorical Expressions. In J.-P. Koenig (ed.), Discourse and Cognition: Bridging the Gap (pp. 189–204). Stanford, California: Center for the Study of Language and Information.
Chun, L.
2002A Cognitive Approach to Up/Down Metaphors in English and Shang/Xia Metaphors in Chinese. In B. Altenberg & S. Granger (ed.), Lexis in Contrast: Corpus-based Approaches (pp. 151–174). Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Clark, H.H.
1973Space, Time, Semantics, and the Child. In T.E. Moore (ed.), Cognitive Development and the Acquisition of Language (pp. 27–63). New York: Academic Press.
Cooperrider, K., & Núñez, R.
2009Across Time, across the Body Lateral Temporal Gestures. Gesture 9(2), 181–206. Crossref link
de la Fuente, J.. et al.
2014When you Think about it, your Past is in Front of you: how Culture Shapes Spatial Conceptions of Time. Psychological Science 25, 1682–1690. Crossref link
De Jorio, A.
2000Gesture in Naples and Gesture in Classical Antiquity (trans. Adam Kendon). Bloomington, IA: Indiana University Press. First published (1832).
Duffy, S.E.. et al.
2014Moving through Time: the Role of Personality in Three Real-life Contexts. Cognitive Science. Crossref link
Eikmeier, V.. et al.
2013Dimensional Overlap between Time and Space. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 20, 1120–1125. Crossref link
Evans, V.
2003The Structure of Time: Language, Meaning, and Temporal Cognition. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Crossref link
Fedden, S., & Boroditsky, L.
2012Spatialization of Time in Main. Frontiers in Psychology 3, 485. Crossref link
Fuhrman, O.. et al.
2011How Linguistic and Cultural Forces Shape Conceptions of Time: English and Mandarin Time in 3D. Cognitive Science 35(7), 1305–28. Crossref link
Fuhrman, O., & Boroditsky, L.
2010Cross-Cultural Differences in Mental Representations of Time: Evidence From an Implicit Nonlinguistic Task. Cognitive Science 34, 1430–1451. Crossref link
Gaby, A.
2012The Thaayorre Think of Time Like they Talk of Space. Frontiers in Psychology 3, 300. Crossref link
Goldin-Meadow, S.
2003Hearing Gesture: How our Hands Help us Think. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Gu, Y.. et al.
2013What can Chinese Speakers’ Temporal Gestures Reveal about their Thinking about Time? In Online Proceedings of TiGeR 2013: The Combined Meeting of the 10th International Gesture Workshop (GW) and the 3rd Gesture and Speech in Interaction (GESPIN) Conference .
Hartmann, M., & Mast, F.W.
2012Moving along the Mental Time Line Influences the Processing of Future Related Words. Consciousness and Cognition 21, 1558–1562. Crossref link
Koch, S.C.. et al.
2011Up and Down, Front and Back: Movement and Meaning in the Vertical and Sagittal Axes. Social Psychology 42, 214–224. Crossref link
Kranjec, A., & McDonough, L.
2011The Implicit and Explicit Embodiment of Time. Journal of Pragmatics, 43, 735–748. Crossref link
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
1980Metaphors we Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Levinson, S.C., & Majid, A.
2013The Island of Time: Yélî Dnye, the Language of Rossel Island. Frontiers in Psychology 4, 61.
Le Guen, O., & Balam, L.I.P.
2013No Metaphorical Timeline in Gesture and Cognition Among Yucatec Mayas. Frontiers in Psychology 3, 1–15.
McGlone, M.S., & Harding, J.L.
1998Back (or Forward?) to the Future: The Role of Perspective in Temporal Language Comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 24, 1211–1223. Crossref link
McNeill, D.
1992Hand and Mind: what Gestures Reveal about Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McTaggart, J.
1908The unreality of time. Mind 17, 457–474. Crossref link
Miles, L.K.. et al.
2010Moving through time, Psychological Science 21, 222–223. Crossref link
2010The Meandering Mind: Vection and Mental Time Travel. PLoS One 5, e10825. Crossref link
2011Can a Mind have Two Time Lines? Exploring Space-time Mapping in Mandarin and English Speakers. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 18, 598–604. Crossref link
Moore, K.E.
2006Space-to-time Mappings and Temporal Concepts. Cognitive Linguistics 17, 199–244. Crossref link
2011Ego-perspective and Field-based Frames of Reference: Temporal Meanings of FRONT in Japanese, Wolof, and Aymara. Journal of Pragmatics 43, 759–776. Crossref link
Murphy, G.L.
1996On Metaphoric Representation. Cognition 60, 173–204. Crossref link
Nisbett, R.E., & Wilson, T.D.
1977Telling more than we can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes. Psychological Review 84, 231–259. Crossref link
Núñez, R.E., & Sweetser, E.
2006With the Future Behind Them: Convergent Evidence From Aymara Language and Gesture in the Crosslinguistic Comparison of Spatial Construals of Time. Cognitive Science 30, 401–450. Crossref link
Núñez, R.E.. et al.
2006Time after Time: The Psychological Reality of the Ego- and Time-reference-point Distinction in Metaphorical Construals of Time. Metaphor and Symbol 21, 133–146. Crossref link
Núñez, R.. et al.
2012Contours of Time: Topographic Construals of Past, Present, and Future in the Yupno Valley of Papua New Guinea. Cognition 124, 25–35. Crossref link
Núñez, R., & Cooperrider, K.
2013The Tangle of Space and Time in Human Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Science 17, 220–229. Crossref link
Ouellet, M.. et al.
2010Is the Future the Right Time? Experimental Psychology 57, 308–314. Crossref link
Santiago, J.. et al.
2007Time (also) Flies from Left to Right. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 14, 512–516. Crossref link
Sell, A.J., & Kashak, M.P.
2011Processing Time Shifts Affects the Execution of Motor Responses. Brain and Language 117, 39–44. Crossref link
Shinohara, K., & Pardeshi, P.
2011The more in Front, the Later: The Role of Positional Terms in Time Metaphors. Journal of Pragmatics 43, 749–758. Crossref link
Sullivan, J.L., & Barth, H.C.
2012Active (not passive) spatial imagery primes temporal judgments. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 65, 1101–1109. Crossref link
Tenbrink, T.
2011Reference Frames of Space and Time in Language. Journal of Pragmatics 43, 704–722. Crossref link
Torralbo, A.. et al.
2006Flexible Projection of Time onto Spatial Frames of Reference. Cognitive Science 30, 747–757. Crossref link
Traugott, E.C.
1978On the Expression of Spatio-Temporal Relations in Language. Universals of Human Language. Volume 3: Word Structure, 369–400.
Tversky, B., Kugelmass, S., & Winter, A.
1991Cross-cultural and Developmental Trends in Graphic Productions. Cognitive Psychology 23, 515–557. Crossref link
Ulrich, R., & Maienborn, C.
2010Left–right Coding of Past and Future in Language: the Mental Timeline During Sentence Processing. Cognition 117, 126–138. Crossref link
Ulrich, R.. et al.
2012With the Past Behind and the Future Ahead: Back-to-front Representation of Past and Future Sentences. Memory and Cognition 40, 483–495. Crossref link
Walker, E.J., Bergen, B.K., & Núñez, R.
2014Disentangling Spatial Metaphors for Time Using Non-spatial Responses and Auditory Stimuli. Metaphor & Symbol, 29(4), 316–327. Crossref link
Walker, E.J.. et al.
2013Later Events Lie Behind Her, but not behind you: Compatibility Effects for Temporal Sequences along the Sagittal Axis Depend on Perspective. In M. Knauff, et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 3729–3734). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Weger, U., & Pratt, J.
2008Time Flies Like an Arrow: Space Time Compatibility Effects Suggest the Use of a Mental Time-line. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15, 426–430. Crossref link