Chapter published in:Evidence for Evidentiality
Edited by Ad Foolen, Helen de Hoop and Gijs Mulder
[Human Cognitive Processing 61] 2018
► pp. 45–75
Factual vs. evidential? The past tense forms of spoken Khalkha Mongolian
Past tense forms of spoken Khalkha Mongolian distinguish between established (‑sang) and non-established knowledge, which is then either based on direct (‑laa) or indirect (‑jee) evidence. Time of acquisition thus determines whether information source is marked, though vivid recollection (‑laa) and deferred realization (‑jee) overrule it. Conversely, attempted recollection in questions (‑l=uu) doesn’t presuppose sensory perception. A fourth suffix (‑v) is used if well-established events still surprise the speaker. These suffixes may also be used in a discontinuous fashion to refer to the future and then modally qualify predictions as inevitable (‑sang), apprehended [but preventable] (‑v), based on sensory evidence (‑laa) or inferred (‑jee). The distinction between unsourced ‑sang and sourced ‑laa/-jee is thus not about factual stance, but codes the extent to which information is consolidated in memory.
Keywords: direct evidence, discontinuous tense, indirect evidence, mirative, preventive, time of acquisition
Published online: 19 July 2018
2013a Review of SHIBAGAKI, Ryosuke. 2013. Analyzing secondary predication in East Asian languages. http://linguistlist.org/issues/24/24-4359.html.
Byambasan, P., Önörbayan, C., Pürev-Ochir, B., Sanjaa, J., & Janchivdorj, C.
Bybee, J., Perkins, R., & Pagliuca, W.
2008 Language documentation and verb inflection typology: The case of Northern Akhvakh (Nakh-Daghestanian). Paper presented at Chronos 9, 2–4 of October, Paris.
Hashimoto, K. 橋本邦彦
Heusinger, K. , von Klein, U., & Guntsetseg, D.
2003 Allaa – I get killed. The occurrence of the finite verbal forms ‑laa and -žee in Khalkha Mongolian. In A. Sárközi & A. Rákos Altaica budapestinensia MMII. Proceedings of the 45th Permanent International Altaistic Conference, Budapest, Hungary, June 23–28, 2002 (165–170). Budapest: Research group for Altaic studies, Hungarian academy of sciences; Department of Inner Asian studies, Eötvös Loránd University.
Kim, G. -S.
Matsuoka, Y. 松岡雄太
Nelson, D., Davidson, T., Narantuya, N., & Nordby, J.
Skribnik, E., & Seesing, O.
Svantesson, J- O.
Cited by 4 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 june 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.