Chapter published in:Language Learning, Discourse and Cognition: Studies in the tradition of Andrea Tyler
Edited by Lucy Pickering and Vyvyan Evans
[Human Cognitive Processing 64] 2018
► pp. 11–36
Chapter 1Culture, gender, ethnicity, identity in discourse
Exploring cross-cultural communicative competence in American university contexts
International teaching assistants in charge of undergraduate classes in American universities present the anomalous situation of the non-native speaker in the role of higher authority, but the native-speaker having greater communicative resources and cultural knowledge. This interactional sociolinguistic case study of a facilitated negotiation of discourse style in conversations between a Chinese teaching assistant and an African-American undergraduate explores the situated enactment and interpretation of identity in relation to culture, gender, and ethnicity. A multilayered analysis involves videotaped role-plays based on a prototypical teacher/student interaction with conflicting goals, guided feedback, repeat enactments, playback sessions, and reverse role-plays. It explores the situated presentation of self and the attempt to exercise power, and reveals difficulties in the development of cross-cultural communicative competence when a discourse style is associated with values incompatible with presentation of self and thus emotionally unacceptable (in this case, to the African-American undergraduate).
- 2.Methodology and data
- 3.The first role-play
- 3.1The first enactment of the first role-play
- 3.2Guided feedback on the first enactment
- 3.3The second enactment of the first role-play
- 3.4Immediate guided feedback after second enactment of first role-play
- 3.5Discussion of the first role-play
- 4.The second role-play
- 4.1Discussion of the second role-play
- 5.The reverse role-plays
- 5.1Reverse role-play with Chinese TA playing role of student
- 5.2Immediate feedback on reverse role-play with Chinese ITA playing role of student
- 5.3Reverse role-play with American student playing Chinese student role
- 5.4Immediate feedback on reverse role-play with American student playing Chinese student role
Published online: 20 December 2018
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Cited by 1 other publications
Attardo, Salvatore & Lucy Pickering
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