Edited by Marianna Bolognesi and Gerard J. Steen
[Human Cognitive Processing 65] 2019
► pp. 185–214
Chapter 9Cognitive and linguistic aspects of composition in German particle verbs
Most German particle verbs (PVs) are composed of a prepositional particle (P) and a base verb (BV). For instance, anstrahlen is formed from the P an and the BV strahlen. The meaning of a PV results from often systematic interactions between the P and BV meanings. But many Ps and BVs are ambiguous and, moreover, a single P meaning and a single BV meaning can be combined in several ways. Finally, the interactions between P and BV meanings depend on the context.
This chapter presents a case study of how two particles, auf and ab, interact with certain BVs and contextual factors, while focusing on the difference between abstract and concrete BV/PV concepts, and between abstract and concrete contexts.
- 2.More data and some hypotheses
- 2.1Particles: Core concepts and specific meanings
- 2.2Concepts and Domains
- 2.3Hypotheses about PV formation
- 1.P-concept + concrete BV + concrete context → concrete PV
- 2.P-concept + concrete BV + abstract context → abstract PV
- 3.P-concept + abstract BV + abstract context → abstract PV
- 4.P-concept + abstract BV + concrete context → abstract PV
- 3.Discussing data from the experiment