Chapter published in:Perspectives on Abstract Concepts: Cognition, language and communication
Edited by Marianna Bolognesi and Gerard J. Steen
[Human Cognitive Processing 65] 2019
► pp. 215–237
Metaphor in action
Action verbs and abstract meaning
Embodiment plays an essential role in both concrete and abstract semantic representation. As a consequence, action verbs are extensively involved in the conceptualization and linguistic encoding of figurative meanings. In the light of several theoretical frameworks, this chapter aims to investigate the mechanisms that enable verbs to acquire new abstract meanings. The analysis we present focuses specifically on the metaphorical variation of a cohesive group of five Italian action verbs codifying a movement along the vertical axis (alzare, abbassare, salire, scendere, sollevare). The results confirm the Invariance Principle worked out by Lakoff: the metaphorical mapping of an action verb is strictly constrained by the image schemas involved in its core and concrete meaning.
Keywords: image schema, invariance principle, semantic variation, verticality
Published online: 06 June 2019
Aziz-Zadeh, L., & Damasio, A.
2016 Can cognition be reduced to action? Processes that mediate stimuli and responses make human action possible. In A. K. Engel, K. J. Friston and D. Kragic, (Eds.), The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science. Series: Strüngmann forum reports, 18. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Brown, S. W.
Desai, R. H., Binder, J. R., Conant, L. L., Mano, Q. R., & Seidenberg, M. S.
1995 The mental manipulation of the vertical axis: How to go from “up” to “out” or from “above” to “behind”. In M. Verspoor, K. Dong, and E. Sweetser (Eds.), Lexical and syntactical constructions and the construction of meaning: proceedings of the bi-annual ICLA meeting in Albuquerque July 1995 (69–88). Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Feldman, J., & Narayanan S.
Gallese, V., & Lakoff, G.
Gibbs, R. W., Jr., & Colston H. L.
Hampe, B. & Grady, J.
Kiefer, M., & Pulvermüller, F.
A., Kopecka, & Narasimhan, B.
Krzeszowski, T. P.
Lakoff, G., Swenson, J., & Schwartz, A.
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
Langacker, R. W.
A., Majid, & Bowerman, M.
Mandler, J. M.
2014 Natural language ontology of action, a gap with huge consequences for natural language understanding and machine translation. In: Z. Vetulani and J. Mariani (Eds.), Human Language Technology Challenges for Computer Science and Linguistics (379–395). Berlin and New York: Springer International Publishing.
Moneglia, M., Monachini, M., Calabrese, O., Panunzi, A., Frontini, F., Gagliardi, G., & Russo, I.
2012 The IMAGACT Cross-linguistic Ontology of Action. A new infrastructure for natural language disambiguation. In N. Calzolari, K. Choukri, T. Declerck, M. Uğur Doğan, B. Maegaard, J. Mariani, J. Odijk, & S. Piperidis (Eds.), Proceedings of the Eight International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (948–955). Paris: European Language Resources Association (ELRA).
Panunzi, A., & Moneglia, M.
Panunzi, A., De Felice, I., Gregori, L., Jacoviello, S., Monachini, M., Moneglia, M., & Quochi, V.
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 16 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.