Chapter published in:Broader Perspectives on Motion Event Descriptions
Edited by Yo Matsumoto and Kazuhiro Kawachi
[Human Cognitive Processing 69] 2020
► pp. 41–62
Patterns of deictic expressions in Hungarian motion event descriptions
This chapter aims to examine how deictic notions (Deixis) are expressed in Hungarian motion event descriptions. Hungarian is one of the languages in which Path is expressed in satellites and other “head-external elements” (Matsumoto 2017) (i.e. elements outside the main verb root). However, this does not apply to Deixis, although it is often regarded as a component of Path (Talmy 2000). Deixis in Hungarian is expressed in interesting ways, differently from Talmy’s non-deictic Path notions (e.g. UP, INTO). It can be expressed in the main verb root, where Manner can also be expressed, or outside the main verb root, where Path can be expressed. In addition, different deictic elements can co-occur, and a (seemingly) identical notion can be specified in more than one slot in the same clause. The present chapter discusses the kinds of constraints that are placed on the use of each type of deictic expression, and investigates the circumstances under which expressions are chosen for use in descriptions of self-motion, caused motion, and the fictive motion of vision.
Keywords: competition, co-occurrence, deixis, head-external
Published online: 11 August 2020
Bárczi, G., Benkő, L., & Berrár, J.
É. Kiss, K.
Hendriks, H., & Hickmann, M.
Kiefer, F., & Honti, L.
Koga, H., Koloskova, Y., Mizuno, M., & Aoki, Y.
2008 Expressions of spatial motion events in English, German, and Russian: With special reference to Japanese. In C. Lamarre, T. Ohori, & T. Morita (Eds.), Typological studies of the linguistic expression of motion events, Volume II. A contrastive study of Japanese, French, English, Russian, German and Chinese: Norwegian Wood (13–44). 21st Century COE Program Center for Evolutionary Cognitive Sciences at the University of Tokyo.
Mano, M., Yoshinari, & Eguchi, K.
2018 The effect of the first language on the description of motion events: L2 Japanese learners of English and Hungarian. In I. Walker, Ch. Daniel, M. Nagami, & C. Bourguignon (Eds.), New perspectives on the development of key competencies in foreign language education. Boston and Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
This volume. Neutral and specialized path coding: Toward a new typology of path coding devices and languages.
Matsumoto, Y., Akita, K., & Takahashi, K.
This volume. The distinct coding of Deixis and Path in Kathmandu Newar.
This volume. Attraction of attention in perceived motion events weighed against typology and cognitive cost: An experimental study of French.
Sinha, C., & Kuteva, T.
Slobin, D. I.
Yoshinari, Y., Mano, M., Eguchi, K., & Matsumoto, Y.