Publications received published in:
Historiographia Linguistica
Vol. 15:3 (1988) ► pp. 447500
References

Note: This listing acknowledges the receipt of recent writings in the study of language, with particular attention being given to those dealing with the history – and historiography – of the language sciences. Only in exceptional instances will a separate acknowledgement of receipt be issued; no book can be returned to the publisher. It should be pointed out, however, that by accepting a book, no promise is implied that it will be reviewed in detail in HL. Reviews are published as circumstances permit, and offprints will be sent to the publishers of the works reviewed, including of those briefly commented upon in the present section.

eds. 1987 . Papers in the History of Linguistics: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences (ICHoLS III) , Princeton , 19–23 August 1984 . (= Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 38 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xxv, 680 pp. [ The close to 60 papers are organized under the following headings: I, “Generalia”; II, “Classical Period”; III, “Medieval Period”; IV, “Renaissance”; V, “17th Century”; VI, “18th Century”; VII, “19th Century”, and VIH, “20th Century”. Contributors include W. Keith Percival, Axon Dotan, Michael G. Carter, Kees Versteegh, Brian O’ Cuív, Francis P. Dinneen, Manuel Breva-Claramonte, Douglas A. Kibbee, Joseph L. Subbiondo, Rüdiger Schreyer, Marc Wilmet, Robert H. Robins, Jean Rousseau, Ramón Sarmiento, Edward Stankiewicz, Irmengard Rauch, Talbot J. Taylor, Julie Andresen, and many others. There is a general index (677–680) .]
AION: Annali del Dipartimento di Studi del Mondo Classico et del Mediterraneo Antico, Sezione lingüistica . Vols. 7–9 . Napoli : Istituto Universitario Orientale , 1985–1987 , 312, 317, and 315 pp. , respectively . [ Vol.VII prints the proceedings of the Nov. 1985 meeting on “L’analisi lingüistica dei testi arcaici: Dall’interpretazione alla traduzione”; vol.VIII contains papers by Jürgen Untermann, Gualtiero Calboli, Leopoldo Gamberale, Marco Mancini, Adriana Quattordio Moreschini, and others devoted to questions of method or individual problems in Greek and Latin philology; vol.IX carries 12 contributions, three of which authored by Cristina Vallini. Of particular interest is her historical-analytical survey, “Speculazioni e modelli nell’etimologia della grammatica” (15–81), which discusses etymological research from Franz Bopp’s Conjugationssystem (1816) to William R. Schmalstieg’s Indo-European Linguistics (1980) .]
. 1988 . The Theory of Neutralization and the Archiphoneme in Functional Phonology . Foreword by André Martinet . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 43 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xxi, 533 pp. [ This detailed study consists of the following chaps, of varying length: 1, “Introduction” (1–18); 2, “Phonological opposition” (19–75); 3, “Relevant feature” (77–110); 4, “Neutralization” (111–150); 5, “Neutralization and merger” (151–156); 6, “Neutralization and defective distribution” (157–192); 7, “Neutralization and syncretism” (193–198); 8, “Archiphoneme” (199–331 [sic]); 9, “Neutralization and archiphoneme” (333–366); 10, “The notion of ‘archiphoneme representative’” (367­398); 11, “The mark, the marked phoneme and the unmarked phoneme” (399–428), and 12, “Conclusion” (429–434). Endnotes (435–486), bib. (487–501); detailed index of subjects (503–525), and index of names (527–533) .]
. 1985 . Momenti e problemi di storia delta linguistica., I: De Saussure – Jakobson – Chomsky . Pisa : Editrice Libreria Goliardica , iv, 250 pp. [ The book has three parts (’capitoli’): I, “Per una rilettura di Saussure” (1–51; notes, 52–56 contain biobibliographical information on Meillet, Bally, Sechehaye and others); II, on Jakobson, is subdivided into five sections: 1, “Come non parlare di Jakobson?” (57–67); 2, “Fonologia e fonetica” (67–86); 3, “Strutture della grammatica e strutture del significato” (86–96); 4, “Lingüistica e poesia” (96–106), and 5, “La linguistica e le altre scienze” (106–121); III, “Riflessi su ‘Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding’ di N. A. Chomsky” (123–245). Bib. (247–250); no index .]
. 1987 . Tendenze della linguistica teorica attuale . (= Nuova Collana di Linguistica, 5 .) Pisa : Giardini Editori , 187 pp. [ This study of a variety of theoretical issues in modern linguistics consists of 9 chapters, including the following: 5, “Opinioni sulla pragmatica [and the ‘conversational implicatures’ of H[erbert] P[aul] Grice]” (55–69); 6, “Su due libri che meritano attenzione [i.e., Jerry A. Fodor’s The Modularity of Mind (1983) and David W. Lightfoot’s The Language Lottery (1982)]” (70–82), and 7, “Sui ‘realia’ linguistici” – on the occasion of Philip Lieberman’s The Biology of Evolution of Language of 1984 [see below for details on this book] (83­108). Epilogue (179–182); name index (182–185); no bib .]
eds. 1987 . Sociolinguistics / Soziolinguistik: An international handbook of the science of language and society / Ein internationales Handbuch zur Wissenschaft von Sprache und Gesellschaft . First Volume / Erster Halbband . (= Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikations­wissenschaft / Handbooks [...], 3:1 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , xxxiii, 854 pp. in-4° . [ This first vol. of a two-volume set contains 95 articles by specialist authors; these are organized under six major headings (of which we cite only the English version): I, “Basics I: Theoretical aspects” (1–77); II, “Basics II: Basic sociological and socio-psychological concepts” (78–199); III, “Basics III: Basic sociolinguistic concepts [such as ‘diglossia’, ‘communicative competence’, ‘style’, ‘register’, ‘idiolect’, etc.]” (200–378); IV, “History of Sociolinguistics as a Discipline” (379–469); V, “Neighbouring and Auxiliary Disciplines” (470–562), and VI, “Social Problems, Theoretical Approaches and Research Results” (563–854), the last-mentioned being the by far largest section caning 28 major articles signed by notables such as Basil Bernstein, Einar Haugen, Joshua A. Fishman, Edgar C. Polomé, and many others. Of particular interest to HL readers is Part IV, which consists of the following contributions: “Sprache und Gesellschaft in der Geschichte der vorstruk-turalistischen Sprachwissenschaft” (379–389) by Heinrich Löffler; “Sprache und Gesellschaft in strukturalistischer/generativer Grammatik” (389–402) by Elisabeth Bense; “Sociolinguistic aspects in dialectology” (402–413) by Anton M. Hagen – cf. the same author’s contribution to HL XV: 1/2 (1988); “Die Rolle der Sprache in der soziologischen Forschung” (413–431) by Fritz Schütze; “Soziolinguistsche Aspekte der Kulturanthropologie” (432–442) by Florian Coulmas; “Language and society from a Marxist point of view” (443–452) by Jean Baptiste Marcellesi & Abdou Elimam (transl. from the French by Shann Regans); “History of research in language contact” (452–459) by Michael Clyne, and “History of research on pidgins and creóles” (459­469) by Ian Hancock .]
. 1987 . Schools of Thought: The development of linguistics from Bopp to Saussure . (= Sociology of the Sciences Monographs, [unnumbered, but number 6 in order of publication] .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , x, 320 pp. [ As the series title suggests, this former Columbia Univ. dissertation is written within the sociology of science approach developed by Robert K. Merton. It has 9 chaps.: 1, “Schools of thought: Some theoretical observations” (1–31); 2, “The idea system of the early comparative grammarians [Bopp to Schleicher]” (32–62); 3, “Linguistics at the German university” (63–89); 4, “The neogrammarian doctrine” (90–120); 5, “The neogrammarian revolution from above” (121–143); 6, “The idealist reaction” (144–175); 7, “Saussure’s revolution frowithin” (176–233); 8, “Schools on the periphery” (234–251), and 9, “Conclusions” (252­272). Endnotes (273–300), bib. (301–313), and general index (314–320) complete the study .]
. 1987 . Sintaxis . Introducción, traducción y notas por Vicente Bécares Botas . Prefacio de Carlos García Gual . (= Biblioteca Clásica Gredos, 100 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , [5-]411 pp. in-16° . [ Spanish transl. of Apollonius Dyscolus’ (2nd century A.D.) Syntax, preceded by a detailed introduction (9–66, bib., 67–70). There is an “Indice temático” at the end of the volume (407–409). The introd. is subdivided into 6 chaps.: 1, Life; 2, Work; 3, Linguistic ideas of A.D.; 4, Method; 5, Analysis of ‘Syntax’, and 6, Aftermath. – Until now, there were only two other translations extant of Apollonius’ Syntax, namely, by Alexander Buttmann (b. 1813) into German (1877), and by Fred W[alter] Householder (b.1913) into English (Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1981) .]
ed. 1988 . Fucus: A Semitic/Afrasian gathering in remembrance of Albert Ehrman . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 58 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xvi, 530 pp. ; 1 portr. [ This vol. im memory of Albert Ehrman (1933–1981) brings together original contributions by scholars in the Afroasiatic field, including Alfonso Archi, Allan R. Bomhard, Daniel Boyarin, Giorgi Buccellati, Kevin Cathcart, Gary Rendsburg, Rainer M. Voigt, Andrzej Zaborski, and the ed. himself. Among the papers are the following: Aron Dolgopolski, “On etymology of pronouns and classification of the Chadic languages” (201–220); Cyrus Gordon, “West Semitic factors in Eblaite” (261–266); Carleton T[aylor] Hodge, “Consonant ablaut in Lislakh” (267–290); Saul Levin, “The Hebrew of the Pentateuch” (291–323); Edward Lipinski, “In search of the etymology of some Semitic loan-words” (325–333); Karel Petráchek (+), “Nochmals über die Struktur der Wurzeln mit den Pharyngalen im Altägyptischen und Semitischen und ihre Inkompatibilität” (371–377). The back matter reprints etymological notes, three by the late A. Ehrman, one by the ed. – One regrets the absence of any index in this interesting volume .]
eds. 1987 . Neuere Forschungen zur Wortbildung und zur Historiographie der Linguistik: Festgabe für Herbert E. Brekle zum 50. Geburtstag . Tübingen : Gunter Narr Verlag , viii, 414 pp. [ Part II, devoted to linguistic historiography, includes papers such as the following: Urs Egli, “Sprachwissenschaft in hellenistischer Zeit” (261–269); Gabriele Stein, “Peter Levins: A sixteenth-century English word-formationalist” (287–302); Vivian Salmon, “Bathsua Makin: A pioneer linguist and feminist in seventeenth-century England” (303–318); Josef Rauscher, “Auf der Suche nach Universalität: Salomon Maimons (1753–1800) sprachphilosophische Streifereien” (339–52), and “Refexionen über A. F. Bernhardi’s Leben und sprachwissenschaftliches Werk” by Roswitha Wild-Schedlbauer (367–385). The Festschrift ends with a list of Brekle’s publications (407­414); there is no index .]
ed. 1986 . Thomas Bricot: Tractatus insolubilium . A critical edition with an introduction, notes, appendices and indices . (= Artistarium: A series of texts on medieval logic, grammar & semantics, 6 .) Nijmegen : Ingenium Publishers [ address: P.O.Box 1342, NL-6501 BH Nijmegen, The Netherlands ], xxiii, 155 pp. [ The introd. supplies info, on Thomas Bricot’s (d.1516) life, who “took his BA at Paris in 1478, his MA in 1479, and his doctorate of theology in March 1490” (p.xiii), and his philosophical work. The Tractatus Insolubium’ is his most important work; the present ed. “is based solely on printed texts” (p.xv), which appeared between 1491 and 1511, as there appear to be no MSS extant. The Latin text appears on pp.13–112) of the present vol., with notes (113–119), appendices consisting of 3 minor texts (123–144), and indices of names (147–148), of examples (149–152), and of subjects (153–155) concluding the study .]
eds. 1988 . Variation and Convergence: Studies in social dialectology . (= Sociolinguistics and Language Contact, 4 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , vii, 320 pp. [ Apart from the editors’ introd., the vol. contains 12 individual contributions dealing, among others, with “On the interpretative analysis of historical records: Linguistic relations in seventeenth century Osnabrück” (by Utz Maas), “Swiss German dialects and Swiss Standard High German” (by Iwar Werle), and “Standardization processes and linguistic repertoires in Africa and Europe: Some comparative remarks” (by Alberto M. Mioni). There is no general bib. and no index .]
ed. 1988 . Complex Sentence Constructions in Australian Languages . (= Typological Studies in Language, 15 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , vii, 289 pp. [ “The present volume grew out of a Workshop on Complex Sentence Construction in Australian Languages held in conjunction with the Australian Linguistic Society Annual Conference at La Trobe University [Bundoora, Victoria] in 1983.” (Preface, p.l). It contains 10 self-contained papers devoted to subjects like “Verb serialization and the circumstantial construction in Y ankunytjatjara” (by Cliff Goddard) and “Odd topic marking in Kayardild” (by Nicholas Evans). There are indexes of languages (p.285) and of names (287–89), but none on subjects & terms .]
. 1987 . Vaugelas and the Development of the French Language . (= Modern Humanities Research Association; Texts and Dissertations, 23 .) London : Modern Humanities Research Association , xv, 279 pp. [ This revised Oxford Univ. dissertation of 1984 (supervised by Rebecca Posner) has three major parts: I, “Vaugelas the Grammarian” (3–135); II, “Vaugelas the Translator” (139–187), and a much shorter Part III, “Vaugelas ‘honnête homme’” (191–221), which consists of two chaps., “The popularity of the Remarques [sur la langue françoise] in the seventeenth century: The socio-cultural background” (191–200) and “The influence of the Remarques” (201–221). There is a concluding chap. (222–228), followed by a list of letters written by V (p.229), endnotes (230–263), a select bib. (264–275), and an index of names (276–279) .]
Babel: Revue internationale de la traduction/International journal of translation . Volume 34 , No. 1 ( 1988 ). Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins ( for the International Federation of Translators with the assistance of UNESCO ), 61 pp. [ This number contains 4 papers, in English, French, German, and Russian, and a section on goings-on in the profession “The World of Translation” (which is in English and French) .]
eds. 1985 . Sprachwissenschaftliche Germanistik; ihre Herausbildung und Begründung . Berlin : Akademie-Verlag [for Zentralinstitut für Sprachwissenschaft, Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR] , viii, 398, 25 pp. of photographic reproductions of title pages and portraits of scholars . [ This vol. is a history of the linguistic study of German in Germany from Johann Christoph Adelung’s (1734–1808) Umständliches Lehrgebäude der Deutschen Sprache (1782) to Hermann Paul’s (1846–1921) Principien der Sprachgeschichte (1880) as well as other publications of the 1880s such as Wilhelm Braune’s Gothic Grammar (1881), Eduard Sievers’ Anglo-Saxon Grammar (1882), written in turns by Werner Bahner, Werner Neumann, Gunther Schmidt, Hartmut Schmidt, and Jürgen Storost. The work has the following parts: 1, “Einleitung: Grundfragen der Wissenschaftgeschichts­schreibung der Linguistik” (1–44); 2, “’Geschichte’ und ‘Leben’ der Sprache: Das Problem der begrifflichen Reproduktion der Sprachentwicklung” (45–150); 3, “Aspekte der Instutionalisierung: Zur Durchsetzung der neuen Denkmuster” (151­248); 4, “Sprachkonzeptionen und Schulpraxis: Bemerkungen zu sprachtheoretischen Grundlagen des Deutschunterrichts” (249–281); 5, “[A survey of] Zeitschriften und Rezensionen [of the period]” (282–328); 6, “Fazit und Ausblick” (329–363), and 7, “Bibliographie” (364–384). Detailed index of authors (386–398). Apart from the density of the actual coverage, the volume also includes discussions of general aspects and problems of linguistic historiography (most of them raised by the main editor) .]
(1934–1985). 1988 . De macht van het woord: Een selectie uit het taalkundig werk van D. M. Bakker . Ed. by Th.A. J.M. Janssen, J. Noordegraaf & A. Verhagen . Amsterdam : VU [= Vrije Universiteit] Uitgeverij , [vi], 236 pp. , 1 portr. [ The vol. brings together 16 previously published papers on Dutch grammar and general linguistic theory, including “Transformationele en functionele grammatica” of 1969 – actually a review article on S. C Dik’s 1968 book Coordination (151­180), and “Kritische notities bij Ferdinand de Saussure’s Cours” of 1984 (181–218), a subject on which B had published 2 previous papers (in 1979 and 1981). The vol. ends with a full list of B’s writings (227–230) and indices of names (231–233) and of subjects (234–235) .]
1988 . Linguistics and Formulas in Homer: Scalarity and the description of the particle per . Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , x, 307 pp. [ This former Leiden Univ. doctoral thesis (Supervised by C.M.J. Sicking) deals, in 7 chaps., with the use of the particle per in Homer and later periods of classical Greek; in his argument the author makes use of the principle of ‘scalarity’, defining the concept as a “semantic notion which applies when entities or properties can be ordered on a scale, like gods, men.” (Chap.2, p.28). Bib. (281–291); detailed index of subjects (293–303), and index of names (305–307) .]
. 1987 . An Architectonic for Science: The structuralist program . (= Synthese Library: Studies in epistemology, logic, methodology, and philosophy of science, 186 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xxxvii, 431 pp. [ “The book is about the structure of knowledge. By ‘knowledge’ we mean ‘reasoned, true belief’. This entails that knowledge consists of things like propositions or statements. By ‘structure’ we mean simply the way in which truth values, or probability values, of statements are interdependent.” (Overview, p.xv). This collaborative effort constitutes the first of a two-volume project; it has 7 major chaps., including 1, “Models and structures” (1­35), and 5, “The diachronic structure of theories” (205–246). Each chap, has its separate bib.; there are name (425–427) and subject (428–431) indices. – The title derives from Kant’s Kritik der reinen Vernunft (B860/A832), where he spoke of ‘Architektonik’ as ‘die Kunst der Systeme’ and ‘die Lehre des Scientifischen’ .]
eds. 1988 . Agreement in Natural Language: Approaches, theories, descriptions . Stanford, Calif. : Center for the Study of Languages and Information [distributed by The Univ. of Chicago Press] , xiv, 355 pp. [ “This book grew out of a conference on Agreement in Natural Language, held at Stanford in October 1984” (Preface, p.v). Apart from the editors’ introduction, the volume prints 15 papers by scholars with a variety of backgrounds and theoretical commitments. The contributors include Judith Aissen, Leonard H. Babby, Sandra Chung, Katherine A. Demuth, Christian Lehmann, Edith A. Moravcsik, and Alan Timberlake. The vol. carries papers such as “Agreement: A partial specification based on Slavic data” by Greville G.Corbett (23–53), “Agreement versus case marking and direct objects” by William Croft (159–179), and “’Agreement’ and syntactic composition: The Luiseño single-possessive condition” by Susan Steele (269–286). The vol. is rounded off by indices of languages (343–344), of names (345–347), and of subjects (349–355) .]
Beiträge zur Erforschung der deutschen Sprache Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Fleischer, Rudolf Große & Gotthard Lercher . 7 . Band . Leipzig : VEB Biblio­graphisches Institut , 1987 , 282 pp. [ This vol. prints 14 papers dealing with structural and historical aspects of German; e.g., “Zur Struktur und Funktion der denn-Sätze” by Nelly Stojanova (32–61), “Lexikographie in Böhmen im 14.-18. Jahrhundert” by Emil Skála (146–150), and “Soziale und funktionale Aspekte der Durchsetzung des Hochdeutschen im offiziellen Schriftverkehr Mecklenburgs (1550–1700)” by Irmtraud Rösler (233–248). The rubric “Literaturhinweise” (249–280) surveys recent books (249–258) and journals or collective volumes (258–280) in the field of Germanistik .]
eds. 1988 . Linguistics in a Systemic Perspective . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 39 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , x, 452 pp. [ This vol. brings together 12 original studies plus a paper by Michael A. K. Halliday previously published in 1984. They include, among others, the following contributions: “Sense and structure in lexis” by John McH. Sinclair (73–97); “Politeness and the semantics of modalized directives in English” by Christopher S. Butler (119–153); “The English personal pronouns: An exercise in linguistic theory” by Robin P. Fawcett (185–220); “Grammatical conspiracies in Tagalog: Family, face and fate – with regard to Benjamin Lee Whorf” by J. R. Martin (243–300), and “What did Milton say Belial said and why don’t the critics believe him?” by Terry Threadgold (331–392). General index (443­452) .]
Bibliographie linguistique de l’année 1985 et compléments des années précédentes / Linguistic Bibliography for the Year 1985 ... Ed. by Mark Janse & Hans Borkent , with the assistance of Sijmen Tol [ and a number of specialist collaborators ]. Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster : Martinus Nijhoff , 1987 , lxii, 927 pp. [ This is the second largest annual volume of the BL ever published – the largest to date being the preceding volume [cf. HL 14.409 (1987)] – with altogether 16,600 entries covering almost all domains of the language sciences and throughout the entire world (quite unlike the rather parochial MLA Bibliography). As usual, there are several sections of interest to the historian of linguistics, in particular the one on “Biographical data -Données biographiques” (51–64: some 350 entries) and, of course, the regular one on History of Linguistics (31–51) preceding it (some 425 items) .]
comps. 1987 . Lexical Studies of Medieval Spanish Texts: A bibliography of concordances, glossaries, vocabularies and selected word studies . Madison, Wis. : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , x, 116 pp. [ The bib. is arranged under the following headings: “General works”, “11th and 12th centuries”, “13th century”, “14th century”, “15th century”, “Judeo-Spanish texts”, and “Aljamiado texts” – 513 entries in all. Detailed name (98–110) and title (110–116) indices render easy access to the data .]
. 1987 . Le Maître italien: Bibliographie des ouvrages d’enseignement de la langue italienne destiné asu public de langue française, suivi d’un Répertoire des ouvrages bilingues imprimés dans les pays de langue française . Preface by Pierre Jodogne . (= Documenta et opuscula, 6 .) Brussels : Émile Van Balberghe [ address: Rue Vautier 4, B-1040 Bruxelles, Belgium ], lix, 358 pp. [ The front matter includes a lengthy introduction (xi-xxxvi), a bibliography of secondary sources (catalogs, bibliographies, and regular books, xxxvii-lii), and a list of libraries consulted in Europe and North America (liii-lix). The bib. itself is divided into I, “Grammaires, dictionnaires, manuels” (3–264); II, “Editions annotés de classiques italiens” (267­288), and III, “Répertoire des ouvrages bilingues imprimés dans les pays de langue française jusqu’en 1660” (291–309). The back matter consists of a list of illustrations (p.311), and indices supplying a chronology of publications between 1510 and 1804 (315–326), of editors and printers (327–341), one indicating the distribution of the relevant publishers inside Europe (343–347), and, finally, a name index, including pseudonyms (249–355). An excellent research tool!]
1988 . Austronesian Root Theory: An essay on the limits of morphology . (= Studies in Language Companion Series, 19 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xii, 190 pp. [ Starting from ideas first put forward by Renward Brandstetter (1860–1942) in his 65-page monograph, Root and Word in Indonesian Languages (London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1916), the author investigates the adequacy of the ‘root theory’ as applied to Austronesian languages. Section 8 provides a considerable amount of data (69–170). Bib. (174–183); general index (184–190) .]
. 1988 . Race, Language, and Culture . Chicago & London : Midway Reprint (Univ. of Chicago Press) , xx, 647 pp. [ This is a reprint of the collection of Franz Boas’ (1858–1942) major papers published between 1887 (“The study of geography”, 639–647) and 1937 (“Some traits of the Dakota language” (226–231), first published in 1940. They are organized under the three subjects listed in the title and cover an impressively wide range of Boas’ scholarly interests. One regrets the absence of any index .]
. 1987 . L’interrogation indirecte en latin: Syntaxe – valeur illocutoire – formes . (= Bibliothèque de l’information grammaticale, [unnumbered] .) Louvain : Édition Peeters [for the Société pour l’Information grammaticale] , 147 pp. [ Rev. version of a 1982 ‘Thèse de doctorat de 3e cycle’ (Univ. de Paris IV) done under the supervision of Guy Serbat. Bib. (135–143); detailed table of contents (144–147) .]
. 1988 . Ricerca etimológica e ricostruzione culturale: Alle origini della mitologia comparata . (= Testi linguistici, 11 .) Pisa : Giardini Editori e Stampatori , 109 pp. [ This monograph is devoted to the presentation and discussion of the place of etymology in ‘cultural reconstruction’, notably questions concerning the origins of the Indo-Europeans, in the work of Adalbert Kuhn (1812–1881), especially his pioneering works of 1845 (Zur ältesten Geschichte der indogermanischen Völker [Berlin: Nauck]) and of 1855 (“Die Sprachvergleichung und die Urgeschichte der indogermanischen Völker”, KZ 4.81–124), and in the writings of F. Max Müller (1823–1900), August Friedrich Pott (1802–1887), and Michel Bréal (1832–1915). Chaps. 1 and 2 are devoted to the work of Kuhn; the remaining three to each of the other three authors (in the order of their listing above). Detailed bib. (91–106); index of authors (107–109)].
. 1985 . The Dutch Language: A survey . Transl. from the French [ Brussels : Didier Hatier , 1977 ] by Paul Vincent . Leiden : E. J. Brill , ix, 150 pp. , 1 map. [ The book deals with the history, development, and structure of Dutch, and its relationship with German, on the one hand, and Afrikaans, on the other. Select bib. (142–143) and general index (144–150) .]
comp. 1987 . Kenneth Lee Pike: Bibliography . (= Arcadia Bibliographica Virorum Eruditorum, 10 .) Bloomington, Indiana [47402–0101] : Eurasian Linguistic Association , 56 pp. , 1 portr. [ List of K. L. Pike’s (b.1912) publications (9–30), followed by reviews of his books (31–34), a biographical sketch by the comp. (35–39), and various appraisals of Pike as a teacher, friend, colleague, and scholar by Alton Lewis Becker, Robert E. Longacre, Peter H. Fries, John Costello, Syndney Lamb, and Adam Makkai (39–52). Tabula gratulatoria of close to 200 names (53–56) .]
ed. 1988 . Incontri Sicilo – Maltesi . (= Journal of Maltese Studies, Nos.17–18 .) Msida, Malta : Univ. of Malta Press , vi, 210 pp. ; 9 ill. [ The vol. brings together 17 papers derived from a conference on “Malta – Sicilia: Contiguità linguistica e cultúrale” held in Malta, 4–6 Aprul 1986. Of particular interest to HL readers may be “La lingua in Sicilia e a Malta nel Medioevo” (1–5) by Alberto Varvarò, and “Una edizione diversa della lista di voci maltesi del seicento di Hieronymus Megiser [(1555­1616)]” (72–86) by Arnold Cassola .]
( with the co-operation of colleagues and assistants ). 1988 . A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages: A contribution to the history of ideas . Chicago & London : The Univ. of Chicago Press , xix, 385 pp. in-4° . [ This is a paperback ed. which reproduces 4 pages of the original text – which counts 1500 pages – on one. This volume by Buck (1866–1955), the renowned Chicago Indo-Europeanist, was first published in 1949. Cf. the reviews by Edgar Howard Sturtevant (1875–1952) in JAOS 70.329–331 (1950), Ernst Pulgram (b.1915) in MLJ 34.323–326 (1950), and Robert A. Hall, Jr. (b.1911) in Studies in Linguistics 8.41–44 (1950), to mention just a few (see BL for 1950, p.62, for further references). The vocabulary is arranged according to 22 areas of interest, beginning with “The Physical World in Its Larger Aspects” (12–78), and ending with “Religion and Superstition” (1462–1504), and including chapters on “Food and Drink; Cooking and Utensils”, “Motion; Locomotion, Transportation, Navigation”, “Quantity and Number”, “Time”, “Sense Perception”, and a variety of other subjects. “Index of Headings” (1505–1515) .]
, coordinator . 1986 . La Lexicographie au Moyen Age . (= Lexique, 4 .) Villeneuve-d’Asq, France : Presses Universitaires de Lille , 203 pp. [ The vol. brings together seven papers, three of them in German and one in Italian, a fact which the editors (p.[4]) describe as an exception to their rule that the series has a ‘vocation francophone’. (These 4 papers in question have French résumés added.) The ed. has provided a survey article, “Lexicographie et glossographie médiévales” (9–46) and, as an appendix, has a review of Gunnar Tancke, Die italienischen Wörterbücher von den Anfängen bis zum Erscheinen des Vocabolario degli Academia della Crusca (1612) of 1984 (Tübingen: Niemeyer) to his credit (197–203). From the contents: “Vocabularium de significacione nominum: Zur Erforschung spätmittelalterlicher Vokabularliteratur” by Klaus Kirchert (47–69); “Alle origini della lessicografia italiana” by Alda Rossebastiano Bart (113–155), and “La traductoin du Catholicon contenue dans le manuscit H 110 de la Bibliothèque Universitaire de Montpellier (section medicine)” by Hélène Naïs (157–183). No index .]
. 1987 . Historische Semantik: Analyse eines Programms . (= Sprache und Geschichte, 13 .) Stuttgart : Ernst Klett/J. G. Cotta , 334 pp. [ The vol. has 2 major parts: I, “Konzepte der historischen Semantik” (15–107), and II, “Sprachwissen­schaftliche Grundlagen der historischen Semantik” (109–296), and a conclusion (297­311). The back matter consists of a bib. (313–328), and indices of names (329–330) and of subjects (330–334). This former 1984 doctoral dissertation (supervisor: Rainer Wimmer) is not a work on Historical Semantics, i.e., one dealing with etymology and meaning change, but an undertaking that intends to replace traditional approaches to ‘Begriffsgeschichte’ by a program which aims through “Beschreibung von Begriffsinhalten den Wandel von Auffassungsweisen der Wirklichkeit (v.a. historischer und politischer Art) zu erfassen und zu erklären.” (Einleitung, p.ll). This explains chap, headings such as “Das Verhältnis von Begriff, Wort und Sache” (77–93), “Bedeutung im kommunikativen Handeln” (145–175), and “Möglichkeiten einer Diskurssemantik” (251–271), which have more to do with philosophy, pragmatics, and discourse analysis that are at the periphery of linguistics .]
eds. 1987 . Speculative Grammar, Universal Grammar and Philosophical Analysis of Language . (= Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 42 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , x, 269 pp. [ The volume brings together papers originally presented at a seminar series on the subject held at the University of Bologna during 1984. They are published here in revised form (all but one in English garb) in chronological order of the subject treated: “The grammar of quiddity [in the Middle Ages]” by Desmond Paul Henry (1–22); “The grammarian’s contribution to the study of semantics: Renaissance to Enlightenment” by Barry E. Bartlett (23–41); “The Leibnizian Characteristic a Universalis as a link between grammar and logic” by Hans Burkhart (43–63); “Languages as méthodes analytiques in Condillac” by Raffaele Simone (65–73); “Turgot’s ‘Étymologie’ and modern linguistics” by Luigi Rosiello (75–84); “Grammaire philosophique ou décadence de la grammaire et de la philosophie: La grammaire en 1800” by Jean-Claude Chevalier (85–95); “Kant on logic, language and thought” by Mirella Capozzi (97–147); “Peirce’s analysis of the proposition: Grammatical and logical aspects” by Maurizio Ferriani (149–172); “The logics of Frege’s contemporaries, or ‘der verderbliche Einbruch der Psychologie in die Logik“’ by Eva Picardi (173–204); “Husserl, language, and the ontology of the act” by Barry Smith (205–227), and “Strategies in universal grammar: The case of meaning postulates in classical Montague grammar” by Giorgio Sandri (229–251). The back matter consists of a very useful “Index nominum” (254–259), providing biographical dates, and a detailed “Index rerum” (261–269) .]
Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Age grec et latin publiés par le directeur de l’Institut . Nos. 51–55 . Copenhagen : Erik Paludin , distributor [address: Fiolstræde 10, DK-1171 Copenhagen, Denmark] , 1986–1987 , 128 pp. , 268 pp. , 152 pp. , 218 pp. , and 192 pp. ( in that order ). [ Nos.51 and 52 print the introductory material, the apparatus criticus, and the indices (Part I), and the actual edition, prepared by Fritz S. Pedersen, of Scriptum Johannis de Sicilia super canones Azarchelis de tabulis Toletanis (Part II); the author is unknown, but the MS dates from 1290 or a few years thereafter. No.53 prints 3 papers by Brian Patrick McGuire, Jørgen Raasted, and S ten Ebbesen (the latter presenting texts dating from the period 1270–1300, ‘the heyday of modistic grammar and logic’ [37–150]). No.54 is dedicated to Jørgen Raasted (b.1927) on the occasion of his 60th birthday and prints his bib. (9–12); of the 9 papers, including one by Raasted himself, 6 deal with Byzantine culture, one of the main areas of R’s scholarly interests, and two with theological topics. No.55 (1987) contains 5 papers and an Index for CIMAGL Nos. 1–54 (1969–1986); of these, at least two are of particular interest to HL readers: “The Scholastik teaching of rhetoric in the Middle Ages” by Karin Margareta Fredborg (85–105) and “Talking about what is no more: Texts by Peter of Cornwall (?), Richard of Clive, Simon of Faversham, and Randulphus Brito. A supplement to CIMAGL 3” by Sten Ebbesen (135–168) .]
Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure . Vol. 41 . Genève : Librairie Droz , 1987 , 222 pp. [ This volume, dedicated to Georges Redard (b.1927) on the occasion of his 60th birthday, contains 21 papers (including one by the late Georges Dumézil), of which the following should be mentioned in the present context: “Quand le phonème n’était pas le phonème (Contribution à l’histoire de la terminologie linguistique)” by René Amacker (7–20), which suggests another source, perhaps the book publisher Honoré Champion (1846–1913), in contrast to the usual story which attributes the term to A[ntoine?] Dufriche-Desgenettes (1804–1878), and “Charles Bally, Kritiker Saus-sure’s?” by Rudolf Engler (55–63) .]
. 1986 . Historia de la gramática española (1847–1920): De A. Bello a R. Lenz . Prólogo de José A[ndrés] de Molina Redondo . (= Biblioteca Románica Hispánica: Estudios y ensayos, 345 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , 294 pp. [ The introd. (13–21) supplies a brief account of the history of Spanish grammar from Nebrija’s Gramática castellana (1492) to the year of the publication of Andrés Bello’s (1781–1865) Gramática de la lengua castellana destinada al uso de los americanos (Santiago de Chile, 1847; 8th ed., prepared by Rufino José Cuervo, Buenos Aires: Sopena, 1970). The endpoint of the study is the publication of Rodolfo Lenz’s La oración y sus partes: Estudios de gramática general y castellana (Santiago de Chile: Ed. Nacimento, 1920). The work consists of 3 major parts: I, “Concepción del lenguaje y de la gramática” (25–48); II – the major part, “Las clases de palabras o ‘partes de la oración’” (51–178), and III, “Sintaxis” (183–262). The concluding chap. (263–269) is followed by a glossary of grammatical terms found in the grammars analyzed in the study (271–276), and a detailed bib. of primary (277–281) and secondary (282–287) sources, with chronological list of grammars of Spanish sandwiched in between (281–282): some 60 in number. Apart from the detailed table of contents (289–294), there is no regular index. (Nor does the work supply any biographical information on these grammarians.)]
1987 . Die Sprachbeschreibung bei Aristophanes von Byzanz . (= Hypomnemata: Untersuchungen zur Antike und zu ihrem Nachleben, 88 .) Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht , 143 pp. [ This former Univ. of Göttingen dissertation of 1985 is devoted to the grammatical work of one of the founders of the Alexandrian school of philologists, Aristophanes of Byzantium, the predecessor of Aristarchus (whose pupil was Dionysius Thrax). Part I deals with ‘correct word forms’, ‘accent’, ‘quantity’, ‘the noun’, ‘the verb’, and ‘semantics’; part II with ‘etymology’, ‘prescriptivism’, and ‘analogy’. The back matter contains a bib. (123­27), which however left out Daniel J. Taylor’s “Rethinking the history of language science in classical antiquity” (HL 13.175–190 [1986]), mentioned without locus in note 35 (p. 16), and a variety of indices (glossarum, locorum, nominum, etc.) .]
ed. 1988 . Alle origini di Roma: Atti del Colloquio tenuto a Pisa il 18 e 19 setiembre 1987 . (= Testi linguistici, 12 .) Pisa : Giardini Editori e Stampatori , 100 pp. [ This number brings together 7 papers devoted to historical, historiographical, and ‘ideological’ aspects of Indo-European philology regarding Roman antiquity, such as “Tradizione storiografica romana e ideologia indoeuropea” by the ed. (9–16); “Soprav-vivenze latine di ideologia indoeuropea” by Romano Lazzeroni (17–26), and “Gli imprestiti etruschi nel latino arcaico” by Carlo De Simone (27–41). No index .]
eds. 1988 . Bilinguismo nel mondo antico: Atti del Colloquio interdisciplinare tenuto a Pisa il 28 e 29 settembre 1987 . (= Testi linguistici, 13 .) Pisa : Giardini Editori e Stampatori , 180 pp. ; 8 fig. , 5 ill. [ The vol. contains 13 papers devoted to various aspects and instances of bi- and multilingualism in Antiquity, such as “Palmarina a Roma e nell’Africa del nord: Tradizionalismo linguistico e religioso” by Eugenia Equini Schneider (61–66), and “Bilinguismo, plurilinguismo e testi bilingui nell’Anatolia hittita: Autopsia dello stato delle ricerche” by Massimiliano Marazzi (101–118). Other contributors, in addition to the editors, include Maria Giuliana Amadasi Guzzo, Carlo Consani, Giovanni Garbine, Marco Mancini, Domenico Silvestri, and others. No index. – Pages unopened .]
. 1987 . Historical Change and English Word-Formation: Recent vocabulary . (= American University Studies; Series IV: English Language and Literature, 46 .) New York-Bern-Frankfurt am Main-Paris : Peter Lang , xii, 340 pp. [ The book, dedicated to the memory of Raven I. McDavid (1911–1984), “is an analysis of three innovational dictionaries of recent new words and new meanings in English – The Barnhart Dictionary of New English since 1963 (1973), The Second Barnhart Dictionary of New English (1980), and Merriam’s 1981 Addenda Section to Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language (1961).” (Preface, p.ix). The book has the following parts: I, “Background and History” (1­28); II, “The Corpus: Shifts” (29–68); III, “The Corpus: Borrowings” (69–97); IV, “The Corpus: Shortenings” (99–155); V, “The Corpus: Additions (free morphemes and affixation)” (157–197); VI, “The Corpus: Additions (compounds and remaining items)” (199–241), and VII, “Conclusions” (243–276). Endnotes (277–78); 2 appendices (279, 281–282); “Selected bibliography” (284–287); “Word index” (289­334), and “Topic and name index” (335–340) .]
. 1987 . Fondations de la linguistique: Études d’histoire et d’épistémologie . (= Prisme problématiques, 4 .) Bruxelles : De Boeck Wesmael [ distribution in France: Éditions Universitaires, 77, rue de Vaugirard, F-75006 Paris ], 336 pp. [ The vol. brings together a series of (mostly) previously published papers written by one of the two authors or in collaboration, at times also with Annie Radzynski and Dan Savatovsky. They are organized under the following sections: I, “L’épistémologie saussurienne et la constitution d’une linguistique générale” (23–121); II, “La société et le sujet: problèmes pour les théories du langage” (125–189) – largely on Antoine Meillet (1866–1936), Gabriel Tarde (1843–1904), and Victor Henry (1850–1907); III, “La linguistique française: le structuralisme introuvable” (193–265), which mainly deals with the ‘structuralisme’ in the work of Charles Bally (1865–1947), Georges Gougenheim (1900–1972), and Gustave Guillaume (1883–1960), and IV, “La linguistique, son histoire et la philosophie” (269­334). No comprehensive bib. and no index .]
. 1985 . Romanistik und Anglistik an der deutschen Universität im 19. Jahrhundert: Ihre Herausbildung als Fächer und ihr Verhältnis zu Germanistik und klassischer Philologie . (= Akademie der Wissenschaft und der Literatur; Abhandlungen der geistes- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Klasse; Jahrgang 1985, No.1 .) Mainz : Akademie der Wissenschaft und der Literatur , 40 pp. [ This essay combines the history of a field with the development of its institutions, namely, the relationship between Germanistik and Classical Philology and the upcoming subjects of ‘Anglistik’ and ‘Romanistik’ in the second half of the 19th century. C distinguishes altogether 6 stages of development, from the traditional employment of ‘Sprachmeister’ (usually native speakers) for the teaching of modern languages to the creation of chairs for individual language areas .]
. 1985 . Filología idealista y lingüística moderna . Version española de Francisco Meno Planeo . (= Biblioteca Románica Hispánica; Manuales, 60 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , 167 pp. [ Transl. of Idealistische Philologie und moderne Sprachwissenschaft (München: W. Fink, 1974) – cf. the review by Carlo de Simone in HL 2:3.385–89 (1975). Bib. (155–157); index of names (163–167) .]
eds. 1987 . Reader in Czech Sociolinguistics . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 23 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , 344 pp. [ The vol. brings together 19 papers by Czech authors dealing with subjects such as “sociolinguistic aspects of the notion of function style’, ‘literary languages in contact’, and “Language Planning Implications in a Socialist Society” (by Stanislav Kavka & Josef Skácel, pp.257–273). There is an alphabetical list of contributing authors (343–344), but neither a general bib. or an index of any kind .]
. 1987 . Thirty-two ‘Cantigas d’amigo’ of Dom Dinis: Typology of a Portuguese renunciation . Madison, Wis. : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , v, 140 pp. [ A detailed study – and edition – of “the first 32 ‘cantigas d’amigo’ in the corpus of Dom Dinis”, which, according to C, constitute “an organized sequence of poems in whose structure the Renunciation plays a key role” (p. 13) .]
. 1987 . L’exercice de la parole: Fragments d’une rhétorique jésuite . Préface de Jean-Claude Chevalier . [Paris] : Éditions des Cendres [ address: 8, rue des Cendriers, F-75020 Paris ], 188 pp. , 2 facs. [ “Il s’agit [ici] d’un montage partiel et orienté d’une suite de fragments extraits de deux traités du Père Joseph Jouvency, De ratione discendi et docendi (1692), et Candidatus rhetoricae (1711) [of which French translations were made by Henri Ferté in 1892].” (Avant-propos, p. 13). The first chap., “La longue mise en place du système éducatif jésuite” (15–43), provides the background to the analysis of Jouvency’s works. Select bib. (179–184); no index .]
ed. 1987 . The World’s Major Languages . New York : Oxford Univ. Press [ first published in Great Britain by Croom Helm, Beckenham, Kent ], xiii, 1025 pp. [ Following the ed.’s introd., the vol. begins with a survey of Indo-European languages, first a general one (by Philip Baldi), then by language group (Germanic, Italic, Romance, Slavic, etc.). The other groups surveyed are Uralic, Turkic, Afroasiatic, Dravidian, Tai, Vietnamese, Sino-Tibetan, Japanese, Korean, Austronesian, and Niger-Kordofanian. A language index (1015–25) concludes the massive volume .]
1987 . Translation and Poetization in the ‘Quaderna Vía’: Study and edition of the ‘Libro de miseria d’omne’ . Madison, Wis. : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , vii, 249 pp. [ Text ed. plus analysis of a poetic work that is usually regarded as a text of minor importance dating from the late 14th-century. The author sees good reasons for placing it in the late 13th century. One regrets the absence of any index .]
ed. 1987 . Papers from the Eighteenth Algonquian Conference . Ottawa : Carleton University [Dept of Linguistics] , vi, 389 pp. [ Papers from the meeting held in Winnipeg, Manitoba, on 24–26 Oct. 1986. From the 34 papers published in the volume the following may be of particular interest to readers of HL: “Ojibwa vocabulary in Longfellow’s Hiawatha” by W. Cowan (59–67); “Un aperçu de la morphologie verbale dans la grammaire [de l’Algonquin] du Père Nicolas [c.1650]” by Diane Daviault (69–94), and “And to god speak Penobscot” by Vincent O. Erickson (121–136), which deals with Father Louis-Edmon Demillier’s observations on several Eastern Algonquian languages made in letters written between 1834 and 1837. No index .]
. 1986 . Ferdinand de Saussure . Revised edition . Ithaca, N.Y. : Cornell Univ. Press , 157 pp. [ First published under the title ‘Saussure’ in 1976 – cf. the note in HL 3.386 (1976). Apart from a new introd. (15–20), the text is a revised version of the 1976 ed., with no own scholarship added (cf. the bib. on pp.151–154), though with the ‘[s]ignificant additions’ coming “in discussion of Saussure’s debt to Hippolyte Taine [which is very doubtful indeed], in the treatment of Saussure’s work on anagrams, and in the account of recent uses of Saussure in contemporary Marxism, psychoanalysis, and deconstruction.” (Preface to the Revised Edition, p.9). General index (155–157) .]
. 1988 . American English Spelling: An informal description . Baltimore, Md. & London : The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press , xxxiii, 555 pp. [ This vol. has for main parts entitled “Analysis” (1–66); “Tactics” (67–141); “Procedures” (143–198), and “Correspondencs” (199–460), subdivided into altogether 33 chapters; the back matter consists of a brief conclusion (461–463), a bib. (465­474), an index of words (475–537), and a general index (539–555). Chapters 1 and 2, “Spelling as system” (3–31) and “The explication of written words” (32–66), present “the approach to orhographic analysis on which the entire description is based”; chaps.3–7 describe “the orthographic tactics and the tactical rules”; chaps.8–10 describe “three major procedural rules that effect the way elements combine”, etc. (Preface, xxvii-xxviii). It is interesting to note that the author regards Part I of Otto Jespersen’s (1860–1943) Modern English Grammar, entitled “Sounds and spellings”, despite [m]uch of importance [that] has been done in the history of English speech sounds” as remaining “reliable in its outlines and in the great majority of its details.” (Preface, p.xxix). The author notes in his “Conclusion” (p.463) that [i]n the past two decades [...] attention has shifted back to the written language and its orthography” after an earlier emphasis on the spoken language .]
. 1987 . Daniel Garrison Briton: The “fearless critic” of Philadelphia . (= University of Pennsylvania Publications in Anthropology, 3 .) Philadelphia : Dept of Anthropology, Univ. of Pennsylvania , xiii, 194 pp. , 1 portr. [ This former 1967 Univ. of Pennsylvania M.A. thesis has been revised and published to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Brinton’s (1837–1899) birth. It deals in 6 chaps, with the following subjects: 1, “Brinton’s career” (1–40); 2, “The structure of late 19th century American anthropology” (41–71), which includes a discussion of the relationship between Brinton and Franz Boas (1858–1942); 3, “The explanation of cultural similarity” (72–92); 4, “Explanations of cultural diversity” (93–109); 5, “The red race of America” (110–123), and 6, “[Brinton’s] subsequent reputation” (124­135). The back matter includes an analytical bib. of Brinton (143–156) as well as a regular chronological list of his writings comp, by Stewart Culin (157–182). There is a bib. of secondary sources (183–194), but no index .]
. 1987 . Leibniz: Language, signs and thought. A collection of essays . (= Foundations of Semiotics, 10 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xi, 203 pp. , 1 facs. [ This vol. brings together 7 papers first published between 1971 and 1980; they deal with subjects other than linguistics (philosophy, semiotics, religious discourse, etc.) except for the last paper, “About the idea of a generative grammar in Leibniz” (125–144), in which D however does not subscribe to Chomsky’s view that Leibniz belongs to the tradition of ‘Cartesian linguistics’ (see p.l41nl). The remainder of the book is taken up by translations into English of six texts dating from between 1671 and 1684 dealing, among other things, with subjects such as “The analysis of languages” (161–165), in which Leibniz pleads for the use of a well-established language (such as Latin) for scientific discourse, and “Thought, signs, and the foundations of logic” (181–188). Bib. of primary (191–192) and secondary (192–96) sources; general index (197–203) .]
. 1987 . Charles S. Peirce, phénoménologue et sémioticien . (= Foundations of Semiotics, 14 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , [ix], 114 pp. [ The present book constitutes the first introduction in French to a systematic reading of texts by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914). Following a brief (largely biographical) introduction (1–4), there are 3 chaps. in which the author describes the intellectual development of Peirce under the titles of “Sortir de la caverne (1851–1870)” (5–27), “L’éclipse du soleil (1870–1887), and “Le soleil libéré (1887­1914)”. Endnotes (93–97); a chronology of P’s life and works (99–103); a bib. of P (105–106); index nominum (107–108), and index rerum (109–111) .]
comps. 1987 . Wolf-Index: Stellenindex und Konkordanz zu Christian Wolffs “Deutscher Logik” . (= Forschungen und Materialien zur deutschen Aufklärung; Abteilung III: Indices, 19 .) Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : Friedrich Frommann Verlag – Günther Holzboog GmbH & Co. , xli, 628 pp. [ This massive vol. constitutes something like an exhaustive index to (Johann) Christian (von) Wolff’s (1679–1754) Vernünftige Gedancken Von den Kräften des menschlichen Verstandes Und Ihrem richtigen Gebrauche in Erkäntniß der Wahrheit (Halle, 1713; 4th ed., 1754), of which he also prepared a Latin version, Philosophia rationalis sive logica (Frankfurt & Leipzig, 1728; 3rd ed., 1740). Following a detailed introd. in which, among other things, the use of the various indices is explained (ix–xxxiv) and other front matter (statistical data concerning the language of the German Logic, list of printing errors of the original texts, etc.), the vol. prints the main index (1–176), the concordance (177–557), special indices of French, Latin, and ‘logische Kunstwörter’ (559–573), index of persons (together with life-dates, 577–578), and various other indices (579–611), index of works mentioned in Wolff’s German Logic (615–619, which includes works by Leibniz, Locke, Spinoza, and others), and, finally, a glossary of technical terms found in Wolff’s own indices .]
( with the participation of Christel Gallant & Paul Horguelin ). 1987 . La Trduction au Canada / Translation in Canada, 1534–1984 . Preface by Jean-François Joly . Ottawa : Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa , 436 pp. , 22 ill. [ Following the front matter, which includes an introd. in both official languages of Canada (21–32 for French, and 33–43 for English), there are 3 major parts (all written in French): I, ‘An outline of the History of Translation in Canada’ (47–166), which includes a chronology of events, 1534 (the year that the French explorer Jacques Cartier captures two Iroquois Indians whom he takes back to France to teach them the rudiments of French in order to use them as interpreters on his next voyage the next year) until 1984, the year the Association canadienne des entrepreneurs en traduction is founded (51–120); II, ‘Descriptive Bibliography’ of books and articles in the form of short titles arranged by title and author (167–242), followed by Part III, ‘Annotated Bibliography’ (243–434), which includes a considerable number of references to articles published in Canadian newspapers (351–434) .]
ed. 1984 . Ponimanie istorizma i razbitija v jazykoznanii: Pervoj poloviny IIX veka [ Understanding the historicism and the development of linguistics: Sources of the first half of the 19th century ]. Leningrad : “Nauka” Leningradskoe otdelenie , 303 pp. [ This vol. brings together 10 articles dealing with the intellectual background of 19th-century comparative-historical linguistics, beginning with the impact of Herder (7–15), followed by accounts of the works of Rasmus Kristian Rask (16–53), the Schlegel brothers (54–104), Bopp (105–125), Humboldt (126–135), Jacob Grimm (136–162), of the situation of linguistics in Russia at the time in general (163–199), and partcularly the period between 1830 and 1840 following the publication of Aleksandr X. Vostokov’s (1781–1864) 1820 Introduction to the Grammar of Slavic (200–235), Schleicher (236–276), and François Raynouard (277–298). The ed. provided not only a preface (3–6) and a conclusion (299–302), but also the papers on Rask, the Schlegels, and Schleicher .]
[( d.1985 )], eds. 1980 . Istorija lingvisticheskix uchenij: Drevnij mir [ History of linguistic theories: The ancient world ]. Leningrad : “Nauka” , 258 pp. [ This vol. consists of two main parts containing six contributions each by specialists in the areas concerned. Part I is devoted to the ancient East, beginning with Egypt (7–16) and ending with China (92–109); Part II deals with classical Greek and, to a lesser extent, Roman antiquity, with individual articles devoted to Plato (130–155) and Aristotle (156–179). There is no general bib., and no index. – Cf. the review by Jivco Boyadjiev in BE 32.82–86 (1982); for further reviews, consult BL 1983, item 574 .]
eds. 1981 . Istorija lingvisticheskix uchenij: Srednevekobyj vostok [ History of linguistic theories: The medieval East ]. Leningrad : “Nauka” , 298 pp. [ Sequel to the preceding entry, this time devoted to the period from the 5th century A.D. to the end of the medieval period, and dealing with linguistic traditions in Armenia, the Arabic-speaking areas, China, Japan, and other places. Like the 1980 vol., there is no bib. or an index. – Cf. the review by Jivco Boyadkiev in BE 33.355–360 (1983) and, more importantly, the review article by Kees Versteegh, “History of Eastern Linguistics in the Soviet Union”, in HL 10.289–307 (1983) .]
eds. 1984 . Istorija lingvisticheskix uchenij: Srednevekobaja Evropa [ History of linguistic theories: European Middle Ages ]. Leningrad : “Nauka” , 288 pp. [ Following the pattern established in the 1980 and 1981 volumes (see preceding entries), this vol. consists of 9 contributions, including one each on Anglo-Saxon authors from the 7th to the 11th centuries (62–76) and medieval Spain (77–97), and others on the Byzantinian grammarians (109–156) and the Nominalists (243–287), in particular William of Ockham. Again there are bibliographical footnotes only, and no index .]
eds. 1987 . Le Vie di Babele: Precorsi di storiografialinguistica (1600–1800) . (= Linguaggi: Teoria e storia della teoria, 1 .) Casale Monferrato : Casa Editrice Marietti Scuola [ address: Via Adam 19,1–15033 Casale Monferrato, Italy ], vii, 112 pp. [ The book prints 10 papers, several of them translated from German by the main editor (and one from French by Raffaela Petrilli), devoted to the history of language philosophy and linguistic historiography, such as: “Due paradigmi linguistici a confronto”, i.e., ‘paradigma biblico’ vs ‘paradigma aristotelico-vichiano’ by Franco Lo Piparo (1–8); “Terminus: linguaggio scientifico vs. linguaggio commune: Da Galilei a Leibniz” (16–30); “La tradizione francese di analisi lingüistica (1660–1822)” by Sylvain Auroux (44–56); “Linguistica in Vaticano: Missionari e sánscrito nel secondo Settecento” by Claudio Marazzini (57–64), and “Le lingue come méthode analytique in Condillac” by Raffaele Simone (65–71). No index. – Cf. the review note by Luigi Rosiello in Lingua e Stile 22:4.623 (Dec. 1987) .]
Directory of Programs in Linguistics in the United States & Canada . [ 5th updated and enlarged ed. ] Washington, D.C. : Linguistic Society of America , 1987 , xv, 181 pp. [ This volume is an important pool for anyone desiring (fairly) up-to-date information on (almost) all existing linguistics programs in North America, including those found outside the universities and colleges (cf. the section “Research Institutions”, pp. 113­128). It also includes information on the various “Linguistic Societies & Related Organizations” throughout the world (129–45), including those of Australia, India, Korea, etc., but not the Societas Linguistica Europaea, although its secretary-treasurer is an honorary member of the LSA. For historians of linguistics it is interesting to note that a number of linguistics departments in North America have been reduced to linguistics programs over the past few years and that several new programs and a department or two (e.g., at the University of Manitoba) have recently been established. Another feature of interest to HL readers is the indication of the dates at which individual programs were established. The back matter consists of an “Index of Staff” (146–73) and an “Index of Uncommonly Taught Languages” (174–181) .]
( d.1987 ), eds. 1987 . Functionalism in Linguistics . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 20 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xvii, 489 pp. [ This volume, which includes contributions from authors outside of Eastern Europe (e.g., Simon C. Dik, Gary D. Prideaux, William Labov, and James D. McCawley), brings together 20 studies organized under five themes: I, “’Functional Linguistics of Prague’ and Other Functional Approaches’ (3–134); II, “The Theme-Rheme (Topic-Comment) Issue in the Praguian Tradition” (137–205); III, “Functionalism as a Psycholinguistic Issue” (209–308); IV, “Functionalism in General Linguistics” (311–405), and “Functionalism in Linguistic Description” (409–481). Index of names (483–489) .]
. 1987 . De l’origine du langage aux langues du monde . (= Lingua et Traditio: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft, 9 .) Tübingen : Gunter Narr Verlag , 132 pp. [ The book consists of 8 (somewhat revised) papers written between 1978 (ICHoLS I) and 1986 (Rome colloquium on ‘Leibniz, Humboldt e le origini del compartismo’). They deal with the (largely linguistic) ideas of Jean-Jacques Rousseu (item 1), Johann Georg Hamann (item 2), Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, baron de l’Aulne (item 3), Denis Diderot (item 4), Nicolas Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580–1637) and Gottfried Wilhelm (Freiherr von) Leibniz (items 6 and 7, respectively). The remaining two papers are entitled “Le prototype défiguré” (65–80), which deals with the question of the discovery of language relationship before Sir William Jones’ statement of 1786, and “Des glossements sans raison” (115–127), which argues in favour of a Voltairian anthropology and linguistics (in contrast to regarding Rousseau as a founder of the human sciences). General index (128–132) .]
. 1986 . Statistics in Historical Linguistics . (= Quantitative Linguistics, 30 .) Bochum : Studienverlag Dr. N. Brockmeyer , viii, 194 pp. [ “This book is a brief history and summary of the current ‘state of the art’ of the statistical techniques used in historical linguistics to reconstruct the family tree for a group of related languages.” (Preface, p.vi). It has 8 chapters, including the conclusion (158­170); 1, “Historical background of the tree reconstruction problem [from the 1930s onwards]” (1–42); 2, “Previous studies following [Morris] Swadesh’s [(1909–1967)] method” (43–67); 3, “Computer simulation of the language change process” (68–78); 4, “Results of the computer simulation” (79–96); 5, “Application [of the statistical method] to Germanic” (97–134); 6, “Application to Romance” (135–148), and 7, “[Application to the] Wakashan [language on Vancouver Island]” (149–157). Bib. (171–191), and index of authors (192–194) .]
. 1987 [ published 1988 ], comp. & ed. A Bibliography of Writings for the history of the English Language . 2nd ed. Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , xi, 216 pp. [ “This is the second edition of the bibliography originally published by Adam Mieckiewicz University Press in 1983 and out of print since 1985. It has been extensively revised and enlarged by more than half of the original number of entries. In particular Chapters XI, XII and XIV have been supplemented by the addition of pertinent material from 1983 to 1986.” (Preface, p.vii). The present ed. has some 1,500 more entries than the original one. Its material is organized under the following 15 main headings: I, “Bibliographies”; II, “Memorial Volumes and Other Collections”; III, “General [i.e., studies dealing with the history of the English language and associated subject areas]” ; IV, “Lexicography”; V, “Histories of English and Historical Grammars”, and so on, exactly as in the 1983 ed. – For a description of the 1983 ed., see HL 10.381 (1983). With few exceptions (e.g., entries 874–875 -probably to distinguish the 7 Andersons in the bib., and 885–886 – to distinguish between Gerd and Gero Bauer), the authors’ or editors’ first names have not been written out .]
. 1987 . Grundzüge einer Psychologie des Zeichens . Reprint of the edition Regensburg , 1909 , with a Preface by Achim Eschbach . (= Foundations of Semiotics, 3 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xxi, 132 pp. [ This reprint of a 132-page piece by R. Gätschenberger (1865–1936) is prefaced by an introductory piece which deals, among other things, with the important influence he had on Peirce, Morris, and others, and outlines his theory of ‘sematology’ (v–xviii; bib., xix–xxi, which does not include ‘Hallett 1977’, referred to on p.vii; Zwirner [p.xxi] = Eberhard Zwirner (1899–1984)?). No index .]
. 1985 . Gli studi di fonetica di Agostino Gemelli . (= Biblioteca del Dipartimente di Lingue e di Letterature straniere, 2 .) Milano : Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni della Università Cattolica del ßacro Cuore , 119 pp. , 1 portr. , 17 tables . [ This is a study of the life and work of the phonetician Agostino Gemelli (1878–1959). It has two main parts, the first dealing with his experimental work (15–45), the second with his analytical and theoretical efforts (47–92). The back matter consists of a bib. of Gemelli’s publications, 1930–1957 (109–115), and a name index (117–119) .]
comps. 1987 . Natural Language Processing in the 1980s: A bibliography . (= CSLI Lecture Notes, 12 .) Stanford : Center for the Study of Language and Information ; Menlo Park, Cal. : SRI International ; Palo Alto, Cal. : Xeroc PARC [ distributed by The Univ. of Chicago Press ], viii, 240 pp. [ This bib. of 1980–1986 publications lists 1,764 entries (1–119), followed by a detailed alphabetical listing of keywords (121–228) and an “Index to Second and Subsequent Authors” (229–36) .]
, see Ramat, Anna Giacalone.
comp. 1987 . A Dictionary of Mexican American Proverbs . New York-Westport, Conn.-London : Greenwood Press , xxii, 347 pp. [ A listing of proverbs in Spanish, with English translation and/or interpretation, and sources. Detailed index (329–347) .]
. 1986 . Das Schicksal von F. de Saussures ‘Mémoire’: Eine Rezeptionsgeschichte . (= Arbeitspapier, 21 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern , [v], 263 pp. [ This doctoral dissertation, Univ. of Bern (supervisor: Georges Redard), is devoted to Saussure’s Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes (Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1879) and its fate in the history of Indo-European phonology. It has four main chaps.: 1, “Das Mémoire (Zusammenfassung)” (5–50), in which Saussure’s analysis of the PIE vowel system is carefully presented; 2, “Die Beurteiling des Mémoire durch Saussures Zeitgenossen” (51–86), which mentions reviews of or comments on by 13 of S’s contemporaries, including Louis Havet, Mikolaj Kruszewski, Hermann Möller, and Jacob Wackernagel; 3, “Eigentliche Rezeption des Mémoire” (87–197), the heart of the study, presents and discusses the reception of Saussure’s theories, both among a variety of critics (Fritz Bechtel, Johannes Schmidt, etc.), including several Neogrammarians (e.g., Brugmann, Delbrück), and whom the author identifies as ‘die Laryngalisten’ (Möller, Holger Pedersen, Albert Cuny, and others), with Antoine Meillet playing a special role (132–145). The last chap., “Heutige Beurteilung und Darstellung des Mémoire” (198–206) deals with the place the Mémoire is accorded in modern textbooks and histories of linguistics; it is curious to note that the author completely ignores the existence of E.F.K. Koerner’s 1973 book, Ferdinand de Saussure, since 1982 available in Hungarian, Japanese, and Spanish, among the ‘Saussure-Monographien’ (p.202), among which he counts books by Mounin (1968), Roulet (1975), Culler (1979), and Scheerer (1980), the last three of which refer to Koerner (1973). The back matter includes a brief account of the use of the ‘Kreislein’ (“small circle”) below the nasals and liquids to mark their vocalic character, in whose history Richard Lepsius (1810–1884) played an important role (207–210), a brief sketch of the genesis of the ablaut series (210–213), endnotes – 226 in number (214­246), and a bib. (249–263). An index would have increased the book’s usefulness considerably, especially with regard to (the history of) linguistic terminology (e.g., note 126 – on p.234 – with regard to August Fick’s introduction of the term ‘Basis’ in 1881). – Koerner’s paper, “The Place of Saussure’s ‘Mémoire’ in the Development of Historical Linguistics”, published in Papers from the 6th International Conference on Historical Linguistics (Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1985), pp.323–345, has probably appeared too late to be considered in Gmür’s study. (Another version of this paper has been included in Koerner (1988:137–153), referred to in this list (below) .]
. 1985 . Subclases de palabras en la tradición española, 1771–1847 . (= Acta salmaticensia ivssv senatvs vinversitatis edita; Studia philologica salmanticensia anejos; Studios, 13 .) Salamanca : Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca , 194 pp. [ “Das hier angezeigte Buch ist Fortsetzung und Ergänzung der vom selben Vf. 1981 am gleichen Ort und in der gleichen Reihe vorgelegten Studie über ‘Gramática y categorías verbales en la tradición española, 1771–1847’. “Las pautas metodológicas, el corpus de gramáticas estudiadas, la bibliografía utilizada, las conclusiones de carácter general sobre la época a que se puede acceder, [...] son ahora los mismos entonces; [...]” (p.ll). Behandelt wird in beiden Werken der Zeitraum vom Erscheinen der 1. Auflage der Grammatik der Real Academia Española i.J. 1771 (1984 als Reprint mit ausführlichem Kommentar von Ramón Sarmiento [Madrid: Editora Nacional] wieder zugänglich gemacht) bis 1847, d.h. dem Jahr, in dem die Gramática castellana von Andrés Bello erscheint. Im der früheren Studie waren behandelt worden: Definition und Einteilung der Grammatik sowie Klassifikation der einzelnen Wortarten (nombre, substantivo, adjetivo, artículo, pronombre, verbo, adverbio, preposición, conjunción, interjectión, participio). Nunmehr geht es um die Feineinteilung, die Subkategorisierung der einzelnen Wortarten. Dies erfolgt in drei Kapiteln: 1, “Clasificación de los elementos nominales” (13–93); 2, “Clasificación del verbo” (95–167); 3, “Clasificación de las clases de palabras invariables” (169–185). Die Darstellung folgt einem recht strengen Schematismus, den Vf. wie folgt beschreibt: “[...] presentar en esquema [...] la clasificación o división que cade autor para cada una las categorís verbales por él propuestas, seguida de unos breves comentarios puntuales de nuestra parte acera de ella [...]; una vez presentados los esquemas y hechos los comentarios, estudiar más pormenorizadamente las definiciones y tratamientos sostenidos en la época (así como sus posibles fuentes y su virtual actualidad) acerca de algunas subclases que nos han merecido un interés especial.” (1985:12). Auf diese Weise werden (in chronologischer Abfolge) die Positionen der einzelnen Grammatiker zur Subklassifizierung des Nomens, Substantifs, Adjektivs, Artikels, Pronomens, etc. dargestellt und diskutiert. Vf. beschreitet also einen ähnlichen Weg wie Ian Michael, English Grammatical Categories and the Tradition to 1800 (Cambridge: CUP, 1970). Systematische, nicht aber historische, Kategorien sind also maßgebend für die Analyse und Präsentation der behandelten Grammatiken. Dies ist zweifellos immer dann eine geeignete Vorgehensweise, wenn es sich darum handelt, Daten für eine künftige historiographische Analyse bereitzustellen. Dennoch kommt hier die eigentliche Geschichte der spanischen Sprachwissenschaft nicht zu kurz: immer wieder weist der Autor auf innerspanische Traditionen und Abhängigkeiten, aber auch auf ausländische Einflüsse (namentlich seitens der sensualistischen Grammatiker Frankreichs) hin und stellt damit das Baumaterial für eine künftige Geschichte der spanischen Grammatik in dem von ihm behandelten Zeitraum bereit. Sie könnte nunmehr geschrieben werden, vielleicht gar vom Autor selber, als Ergänzungsband zu den hier angezeigten Werken?” – Hans-Josef Niederehe, Universität Trier .]
. 1987 . Semantics: A bibliography, 1979–1985 . Metuchen, N.J. & London : The Scarecrow Press, Inc. , xii, 292 pp. [ This vol. is a sequel to the author’s Semantics: A bibliography 1965–1978, which appeared in 1980 with the same publisher. It also includes pre-1978 items apparently missed in the earlier work (cf., e.g., nos.3693, 3696, 3697, 3698, 3700 and 3701, which date from between 1966 and 1973). The present vol. lists some 2,700 items (numbered 3327–6034) arranged under subject headings such as ‘Surveys of Semantics’, ‘Refer­ence/Pragmatics’, ‘Polysemy’, ‘Semantic Fields/Componential Analysis’, ‘Kinship Terminology’, ‘Semantics and Syntax’, ‘The Semantics of Modals’, ‘The Semantics of Child Language’, etc. (1–263), followed by a lexical index (264–267) and an index of authors (268–292) .]
. 1987 . Language in the Americas . Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Univ. Press , xvi, 438 pp. [ This work, dedicated “To the memory of Edward Sapir (1884–1939)”, consists of 7 chaps.: 1, “The principles of genetic linguistic classification” (1–37); 2, “Unity and bounds of Amerind [the author’s term for the huge mass of American Indian languages]” (38–62); 3, “The subgroups of Amerind [which include Macro-Ge, Macro-Panoan, Macro-Carib, Equatorial, Macro-Tucanoan, Andean, etc.]” (63–180); 4, “Amerind etymological dictionary” (181–270); 6, “The Na-Dene Problem” (271–320), and 7, “Conclusions and overview” (331­337). The back matter consists of 4 appendices (341–386), including one on “A generalization of glottochronology to n languages” and another on “The mathematical bases of subgrouping”; maps (387–389); a bib. (393–403), and indices “to the Amerind etymologies” (407–413) and of language names (414–435), and a general index (436–438). – Cf. the unsigned note on the book in The Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas’ Newsletter 6:1.5 (March 1987), and Lyle Campbell’s critical review article in Language 64:3 (1988) .]
. 1988 . Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, 1780–1856: Ein Beitrag zur Frühgeschichte der Germanistik . (= Studia Lingüistica Germanica, 23 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , xii, 426 pp. [ This thorough study of the life and work of F. H. von der Hagen, a close contemporary and, at times, rival of the much better known Karl Lachmann (1793–1851) and Jacob Grimm (1785–1863), has the following chaps, (after a brief introduction in which the traditional image of v.d. Hagen in the annals of the discipine is sketched): 1, “Lebensbild” (10–33); 2, “Nibelungen-Forschungen” (34–122); 3, “Heldenbuch-Projekt” (123–157); 4, “Editio­nen mittelhochdeutscher Texte” (158–242); 5, “Nordica” (243–263); 6, “’Volkslied’-und ‘Volksbuch’-Studien” (264–303), and 7, “Literatur- und sprachgeschichtliche Forschungen” (304–336). The concluding chapter is entitled “Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen und die Entwicklung der Germanistik im frühen 19. Jahrhundert” (337­349). The back matter consists of a “Briefverzeichnis” (350–370), which also lists the life-dates of the many correspondents, from Bernhard Rudolf Abeken (1780–1866) to Johann Wilhelm Zinkeisen (1803–1863); a full list of vdH’s publications (371–394); a bib. of other primary and secondary sources (395–421), and an index of names (422­426) .]
(1883–1960). 1987 . Leçons de linguistique de Gustave Guillaume (publiées sous la direction de Roch Valin, Walter Hirtle et André Joly). 1947–1948, Série C . Texte établi par Christine Tessier en collaboration avec Guy Cornillac et Jean-Pierre Béland . Québec : Les Presses de l’Université Laval ; Lille : Presses Universitaires de Lille , [v], 377 pp. [ This volume constitutes – as part of an on-going project which goes back to over 15 years of careful and dedicated labours – an edition from Guillaume’s lecture notes dating from 21 Nov. 1947 to 18 June 1948 (1–256), to which the editor(s) has (have) supplied a detailed Table analytique’ (257–313) and an “Index des noms et notions” (315–375). Among the few authors cited in these lectures (only 4 in number) Saussure (pp.7, 99–100, 109–111, 116, 119, 122, and 142–143) and Meillet (pp.5, 24, 142, and 246) figure prominently .]
. 1987 . Theoretische Publizistik: Studien zur Geschichte der Kommunikationswissenschaft in Deutschland . Berlin : Wissenschaftsverlag Volker Spiess , vii, 309 pp. [ This book on ‘theoretical political journalism’ has the following main chaps.: “Theoretische Publizistik: Die Konstitution eines Paradigma” (22–41); “’Theorie der Publizistik’ im Dritten Reich: Die Leipziger Schule” (42–68); “Die Schatten des Vergangenen: Kontinuität und Neubeginn nach 1945” (69–78); Publizistik als normative Elitetheorie: Emil Dovifat (1890–1969)” (79–129); “Systematik und Konflikt: Walter Hagemann (1900–1964)” (130–205); “Die Transformation des Paradigma in den 60er Jahren” (206–260), and “Resumee zum Bedeutungsverlust des Paradigma” (261–269). There is an introduction devoted to the use of the sociology of science (Wissenschaftssoziologie) and biography in the historiography of a subject such as ‘Publizistik’ (4–21), in which the author (p.9) shows that the concept (and term!) of ‘Paradigma’ was used by Karl Mannheim as early as in 1931 .]
eds. 1986 . Prague Studies in Mathematical Linguistics 9 . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 22 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , 199 pp. [ This vol. brings together 22 papers by Czech linguists, organized under the headings of “Quantitative Linguistics” and “Algebraic Linguistics”. No index .]
1987 . Linguistics and Pseudo-Linguistics: Selected essays 1965–1985 . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 55 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , [ix], 147 pp. [ From the 11 papers united in the book, the following two are of particular interest to readers of HL: “Some recent studies on Port-Royal and Vaugelas” of 1970 (pp.9–31) and his review article on Charles F[rancis] Hockett’s 1968 critique of TG, The State of the Art, translated from a 1974 Italian version published in Richerche Linguistiche 6.313–336 (pp.58–79). A master list of references (123–138) and an index of names and topics (139–147) round off the collection .]
( with the collaboration of Konrad Koerner ) ed. 1987 . Leonard Bloomfield: Essays on his life and work . (= Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 47 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , x, 237 pp. , 2 portr. , 2 pictures , 6 facs. [ The volume – prepared on the occasion of Bloomfield’s (1887–1949) 100th birthday – reprints the texts published in HL XIV : 1/2 (1987), to which has been added an index of names containing biographical dates (235–237). –Cf. the reviews by Alan S[tewart] Kaye in Language Monthly No.51 (London, Dec. 1987), pp. 13–14, and in Language 64.437–438 (June 1988), and the one by Joseph F. Kess to appear in HL 15:3 (1988) .]
eds. 1987 . New Developments in Systemic Linguistics . Volume I : Theory and description . London & New York : Francis Pinter, Publishers [ distributor in the U.S.A.: Columbia Univ. Press, New York, NY 10025 ], x, 297 pp. [ The vol. brings together 12 original contributions under the following main headings: I, “Theory” (14–40); II, “Discourse” (41–93); III, “Meta-Functions” (94–129); IV, “System Networks in the Lexico-Grammar” (130–245); V, “The Daughter Dependency Grammar Version of the Theory” (246–271), and VI, “Phonology” (272–287). The volume is prefaced by an Introduction by the editors (1–13), and rounded off by a detailed general index (289­297). Contributors include James R. Martin, Michael Gregory, Jeffrey Ellis, Ruqaiya Hasan, Richard A. Hudson, and others .]
. 1986 . The Origin of Writing . London : Gerald Duckworth & Co. , x, 166 pp. ; 18 illustr. [ The book contains the following chaps.: 1, “From folklore to technology” (1–28); 2, “The tyranny of the alphabet” (29–56); 3, “The evolutionary fallacy” (57–75); 4, “Writing as representation” (76–121); 5, “The great invention [of writing]” (122–157). The back matter consists of a short epilogue (158), a bib. with brief annotations (159–163), and a general index (164–166) .]
. 1987 . Reading Saussure: A critical commentary on the ‘Cours de linguistique générale’ . London : Gerald Duckworth & Co. ; La Salle, Illinois : Open Court Publ. Co. , xvii, 248 pp. [ This book is an outgrowth of the author’s translation of the Cours which appeared in 1983 with the same publisher. It has two major parts of unequal length: I, “The Syntagmatics of the Cours” (3–192), which comments, in 5 chapters, on the parts of the CLG in the order of its organization by Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye (1, General Principles; 2, Synchronic Linguistics; 3, Diachronic Linguistics; 4, Dialectolgy, and 5, ‘Retrospective Linguistics’), and II, “Saussurean Linguistics” (195–237), whose chaps, are entitled “Strategy and programme”, “Saussure’s theory of communication”, and “Individuals, collectives and values”, where H discusses at length parallels between Saussurean ideas and Durkheim’s work (224–231), but fails to notice that the passages from Durkheim’s Règles that he is referring to as if they were dating from 1895 – H actually quotes from the 1938 English translation – go back to the 1901 edition only. Bib. (238–42), which ignores 98% of the Saussure scholarship of the past 15 years; general index (243–48) .]
. 1987 . The Language Machine . London : Gerald Duckworth & Co., Ltd. , 182 pp. [ This sequel to the author’s The Language Makers of 1980 and The Language Myth of 1981 (both published in the same place) has the following seven chaps.: 1, “A really loud voice” (25–36); 2, “The Gutenberg connexion” (37–60); 3, “The syntax machine” (61–75); 4, “The mechanisation of meaning” – all grouped together under the main heading “The Machine Within”; 5, “The grammarians’ paradise” (95–123); 6, “Paradise lost” (124–137); and 7, “Ghosts and machines” (138–162), bracketed under the heading “The Machine Without”. There is an “Introduction: Linguistics in Lagado” (9–21) and an “Epilogue: Saying nothing” (163–174), followed by a bib. (175–179) and an index (180–182) .]
. 1986 . The Muse Learns to Write: Reflections on orality and literacy from antiquity to the present . New Haven, Ct. & London : Yale Univ. Press , ix, 144 pp. [ “The intention of this book is to present a unified picture of a crisis that occurred in the history of human communication, when Greek orality transformed itself into Greek literacy.” (Program of Investigation, p.l). As the author acknowledges (p.ix), his book applies the insights of Walter J. Ong in his 1982 Orality and Litercy to the study of classical Greek poetry. Bib. (127–134); general index (135–144) .]
, n.d. [ 1987 ]. Antinomies linguistiques. Le Langage Martien . Paris : Didier Érudition (avec le concours de l’Université de Paris X-Nanterre) , [xii], 79, xx, 152 pp. [ Reprint of two books by the Paris Sanskritist and comparative linguist Victor Henry (1850–1907) which first appeared in 1896 and 1901, respectively. It is preceded by an introduction ([v]-[x]) and a “Notice bio-bibliographique” ([xi]-[xii]) provided by Jean-Louis Chiss and Christian Puech. H’s first book addressed 3 subjects: the nature of language, the origin of language, and the relationship between language and thought; the second book is devoted to a rather curious subject (which involved the Geneva psychologist Théodore Flournoy (1854–1920) as well as Saussure – cf. Giulio C. Lepschy, “Saussure e gli spiriti”, Studi saussuriani per Robert Godel, 181–200. Bologna: II Mulino, 1974), as may be gathered from its full title: Le Langage Martien: Étude analytique de la genèse d’une langue dans un cas de glossolalie somnambulique .]
eds. 1986 . Brüder-Grimm Symposion zur Historischen Wortforschung: Beiträge zu der Marburger Tagung vom Juni 1985 . (= Historische Wortforschung: Untersuchungen zur Sprach- und Kulturgeschichte des Deutschen in seinen europäischen Bezügen, 1 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , x, 299 pp. [ From the 16 papers united in the vol. the following appear to be of particular interest to HL readers: “National gebändigte Universilität: Die historische Wortforschung als programmatische Erkenntnis und sprachwissenschaftliches Vermächtnis der Brüder Grimm” by Stefan Sonderegger (1–23); “Die ‘Weistümer’ Jacob Grimms in ihrer Bedeutung für die Rechts Wortgeographie” by Ruth Schmidt-Wiegand (113–138); “Vokabular und Wörterbuch: Zum Paradigmawechsel in der Frühgeschichte der deutschen Lexikographie” by Klaus Grubmüller (148–163), and “Die Grimmsche Philologie in der Postmoderne” by Ulrich Wyss (264–281). Detailed indices of subjects, names, lexical items, and manuscripts compiled by Klaus Ridder (282–299) .]
eds. 1987 . Perspectives on Topicalization: The case of Japanese ‘wa’ . (= Typological Studies in Language, 14 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xi, 306 pp. [ The vol. unites 10 studies in different aspects of the use of ‘wa’ in Japanese, e.g., from a point of view of expository discourse, of syntax, and pragmatics. No index .]
. 1988 . Saggi Linguistics Vol. 1 . (= Collana di linguistica storica e descrittiva, 4 .) Ed. with a preface by Romeo Galassi . Milano : Edizioni UNICOPLI , 366 pp. [ Under three major headings, “Linguistica danese”, “Principi teorici generali”, and “Semantica”, the vol. brings together translations into Italian of papers first collected in 1959 and 1973 in Essais linguistiques vols.I-II. Part I, prefaced by Marcello Meli’s “Louis Hjelmslev e la lingüistica danese” (17–33), contains H’s biographical sketches of Vilhelm Thomsen, Otto Jespersen, Rasmus Rask, and Holger Pedersen; Part II, introduced by Cosimo Caputo’s “La pratica teorica e storiografica di Hjelmslev” (103–118), includes well-known theoretical papers by H on ‘Linguistic form and substance’ (1939), ‘Structural linguistics’ (1948), and ‘The stratification of language’ (1954); Part III, with a preface entitled “II pensiero semantico di Louis Hjelmslev” by the ed. (249–268), consists of 3 papers, first published between 1953 and 1957 on semantic issues. The back matter consists of a list of primary sources (337–339) and a bibliographical article by Cosimo Caputo, “Hjelmslev in Italia (1960­1986)” (341–366). There is no index .]
. 1987 . Refurbishing Our Foundations: Elementary linguistics from an advanced point of view . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 56 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , ix, 181 pp. [ A first version of this book goes back to a series of lectures presented at Rice University, Houston, Texas, in October 1984. The book has 9 chaps., apart from an Introduction (1–3) and back matters consisting of endnotes (131–161), a bib. (162–171), and a general index (172–181): 1, “The shape of speech” (4–15); 2, “Hearing utterances” (16–25); 3, “The hearer’s evidence” (26–36); 4, “Hearing words” (37–47); 5, “Sounds, words, and redundancy” (48–64); 6, “Why morphemics won’t work” (65­76); 7, “From particle to resonance” (77–96); 8, “How language means” (97–113), and 9, “The craft of Speaking” (114–130). – “We deal here with elementary issues, but I am not addressing novices. I speak to my fellow sophisticates, asking that for the nonce they join me in setting aside a measure of that sophistication, that together we may explore a new and different path.” (Preface, p.vi) .]
eds. 1987 . Biological Metaphor and Cladistic Classification: An interdisciplinary perspective . Philadelphia : Univ. of Pennsylvania Press , xiii, 286 pp. [ The vol. brings together revised (and, at times, considerably enlarged) versions of papers first presented at a March 1982 symposium on ‘Biological Metaphor outside Biology’ and an April 1983 interdisciplinary round-table meeting on ‘Cladistics and Other Graph Theoretical Representations’, both held at the American Philosophical Society’s Library in Philadelphia. [Of particular interest to HL readers would be the following papers: “Biological analogy in the study of language before the advent of comparative grammar” by W. Keith Percival (3–38); “The life and growth of language: Metaphors in biology and linguistics” by Rulon S. Wells (39–80), and “’Organic’ and ‘organism’ in Franz Bopp” by Anna Morpurgo Davies (81–107). General index (281–286) .]
. 1987 . Deutsche Lehnwortbildung: Beiträge zur Erforschung der Wortbildung mit entlehnten WB-Einheiten im Deutschen . (= Forschungsberichte des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache Mannheim, 64 .) Tübingen : Gunter Narr Verlag , 467 pp. [ The vol. brings together 11 papers by the authors individually or jointly resulting from research undertaken at the Institut für Deutsche Sprache since 1982 within a work group devoted to the morphology of loan words in German. They include conributions like the following: “Verstehen und Motivieren: semantische Fluchtpunkte deutscher und italienischer Lexeme mit -log-” by Wolf gang Rettig (157­170) and “Untersuchung eines fach sprachlichen Lehnwortbildungsmusters: -it is-Kombinatorik in der Fachsprache der Medizin” by Isolde Nortmeyer (331–408). Bib. (451–467); no index .]
. 1987 . Towards a Discourse-Based Model of English Sentence Intonation . Akademisk avhandling som for avläggande av filosofie doktorexamen vid Humanistiska fakuleten vid universitetet i Lund kommer att offentligen försvaras i Statsvetenskapliga institutionens hörsal, Paradisgatan 5, lördagen den 19 december 1987 kl 10.15 . (= Working Papers, 32 .) Lund : Dept of Linguistics, Lund Univ. , [v], [170] pp. [ A combination of 5 papers written between 1984 and 1987 on sentence stresss, intonation, focus, and related subjects in lieu of a regular Ph.D. dissertation .]
. 1987 . Die Metapher: Kommunikationssemantische Überlegungen zu einer rhetorischen Kategorie . Münster : Nodus Publikationen [ address: P.O. Box 5725, D-4400 Münster, Fed. Rep. of Germany ], 319 pp. [ The study has three main parts: I, “Historiographische Darstellung der Metapherndiskussion im 18. und im 19. Jahrhundert” (21–139), which celebrates Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728–1777) as a forgotten fore-runner of present-day communication-oriented theoretical approaches to metaphor; II, “Etablierte Paradigmen der Metapherntheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts”, from Ivor Armstrong Richards’ (1893–1977) The Philosophy of Rhetoric (Oxford, 1936) to George Lakoff & Mark Johnson’s ‘Gedankenkonglomerat’ in Metaphors We Live by of 1980 (141–246), and III, “Die Rahmenbedingungen für das Entstehen und Verstehen der Metapher” (147–293). The back matter consists of an annotated bib. of bibliographies of metaphor (295–299), a regular bib. (299–312), and an index of authors (313–319) .]
eds. 1987 . Working Papers in Grammatical Theory and Discourse Structure: Interactions of morphology, syntax, and discourse . With an introduction by Joan Bresnan . (= CLSI Lecture Notes, 11 .) Stanford & Menlo Park, Calif. : Center for the Study of Language and Information [distributed by The Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago] , xi, 244 pp. [ The vol. brings together 5 lectures derived from a workshop on Morphology/Syntax/Discourse Interactions held at the Center in the summer of 1985. Contributors include Joan Bresnan, Masayo Iida, Jonni Kaneva, Sam A. Mchombo, Peter Sells, Annie Zaenen, and Draga Zee. No index .]
(1896–1982). 1988 . Selected Writings . Volume VIII : Completion volume one: Major works, 1976–1980 . Ed., with a preface, by Stephen Rudy . Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , [xiv], 685 pp. [ The vol. reprints, in 4 parts, the following works: 1) The Sound Shape of Language, written with Linda R. Waugh (and the assistance of Martha Taylor) and first published in 1979 (Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press); 2) a series of lectures held at the École libre des Hautes Études of New York in 1942, “Six leçons sur le son et le sens” (317/321­390), which had previously been published in book form (Paris: Ed. de Minuit, 1976); 3) “La théorie saussurienne en rétrospection” (391/393–435), which appears to date from roughly the same period as the preceding item and which was first published by Linda Waugh in Linguistics 22.161–196 (1984), and 4) the Russian original of the dialogues between Jakobson and his last wife, Krystyna Pomorska (1928–1986) – on her, see Stephen Rudy’s preface (pp.xv-xvi), which was first published under the title of Besedy (Jerusalem: Magnus Press, 1982) and which had since appeared in English (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1983) as well as in French (according to Rudy, p.xv). In an appendix, the influential Preliminaries to Speech Analysis of 1952, written with C. Gunnar M. Fant & Morris Halle (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press), have been reprinted (583/585–654), together with the paper on “Tenseness and Laxness” by Jakobson & Halle, first published in 1964 in the festschrift for Daniel Jones (1881–1967), not for a 1962 ‘Commemorative Volume’, as stated on p.660. Indices of names (661–671), languages (672–675), and subjects (676–685) round off the volume .]
. 1987 . The Sound Shape of Language . Assisted by Martha Taylor . Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , xii, 335 pp. [ This is in effect a second ed., with a new pagination and the following additions: “Preface to the second edition” by the second author (1–5), a second appendix, “On the Sound Shape of Language: Mediacy and immediacy” (255–271), by Linda Waugh, of which an earlier version had appeared in Essays in Honor of Charles F. Hockett ed. by Frederick B. Agard et al. (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1984), 288–302, under the title “The Multifunctionality of the Speech Sound”, and an index of names (317–324). – For a more detailed description of the book’s contents, see the entry on the 1979 ed. (Bloomington & London: Indiana Univ. Press) in HL 6.422–423 (1979) .]
. 1987 . The Body of the Mind: The bodily basis of meaning, imagination, and reason . Chicago : The Univ. of Chicago Press , xxxviii, 233 pp. [ Following lengthy front matter in which the author, an associate professor of philosophy, explains (the motivations for) his approach, there are 8 chaps.: 1, “The need for a richer account of meaning and reason” (1–17); 2, “The emergence of meaning through schematic structure” (18–40); 3, “Gestalt structure as a constraint on meaning” (41–64); 4, “Metaphorical projections of image schemata” (65–100); 5, “How schemata constrain meaning, understanding, and rationality” (101–138); 6, “Toward a theory of imagination” (139–172); 7, “On the nature of meaning” (173­193), and 8, ‘“All this, and realism, too!’” (194–212). Endnotes (213–227); index (229–233) .]
. 1987 . Eloquence and Power: The rise of language standards and standard languages . Foreword by James Milroy . London : Francis Pinter, Publishers , xi, 199 pp. [ “A rather simple question generated this book: what is a standard language, and how does it come into being? Piecing together an answer has taken almost a decade of research, directed principally at the histories and structural attributes of dozens of languages and dialects to which the label ‘standard’ has been applied, or conspicuously not applied. Broader issues arose: social bonds, cultural transmission, the perception of quality in language use, human perception and cognition generally.” (Preface, p.ix). Case studies include Greenlandic and Mainland Inupiaq (chap.4) and French in the 16th century (chap.6). Bib. (178–190); general index (191–194); name index (195–199) .]
eds. 1987 . Proceedings of the Fourth International Hamito-Semitic Congress, Marburg, 20–22 September 1983 . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 44 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xiv, 609 pp. ; 1 photograph of Congress participants . [ The vol. brinfs together 29 papers by Carleton T. Hodge, Hans G. Mukarovsky, Karel Petrácek, Werner Vycichl, Aron B. Dolgopolsky, Zyggmunt Frajzyngier, Ekkehard Wolff, Werner Diem, and others. Indices of languages (577–591), of authors (593–603), and of concepts & terms (605–609) .]
. 1987 . The Semantics of Form in Arabic in the Mirror of European Lan­guages . (= Studies in Language Companion Series, 15 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , 432 pp. [ The book has four major parts: I, “An Overview of the Language” (11–52); II, “Theoretical Questions – Aesthetics and Form” (53–152); III, “Form of the Lexicon” (153–234), and IV, “Form in Syntax” (235–409). Bib. (411–417); indices of languages (419–420), of authors (420–424), and of subjects (425–432) .]
eds. ( Samuel G. Armistead & Joseph T. Snow associate eds.) 1987 . Studies on the ‘Cantigas de Santa Maria’: Art, music, poetry. Pro­ceedings of the International Symposium on ‘Cantigas de Santa Maria’ of Alfonso X, el Sabio (1221–1284) in Commemoration of Its 700th Anniversary Year -1981 (New York, November 19–21) . Madison, Wis. : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , [vii], 523 pp. [ Following the prologue of J. E. Keller, “The threefold impact of the ‘Cantigas de Santa Maria’: Visual, verbal, and musical”, the vol. prints 24 contributions arranged under the headings of Art, Music, and Poetry, of which the last is the longest (235–474). The epilogue by J. T. Snow, “Current status of ‘Cantigas’ studies” (475–486), surveys the field. A variety of indices round off this important research tool .]
. 1988 . Swift and the English Language . Philadelphia : Univ. of Pennsylvania Press , xiii, 169 pp. [ Following the front matter, which includes a “Chronology of [Jonathan] Swift’s [(1667–1745)] Life” (p.xi), the study deals, in 8 chapters, with what the author indicates in her Introduction (p.l): “This book focuses on an important and somewhat neglected aspects of Jonathan Swift’s thought: his fascination with language in general and his commitment to the English language in particular. Swift’s linguistic concerns structured his vision of the world and determined his strategies for altering it.” Endnotes (149–161); general index (163­169); no bib. ]
. 1987 . Printing Technology, Letters & Samuel Johnson . Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton Univ. Press , xvi, 357 pp. ; 5 ill. [Following the front matter, which includes a bibliographical note, and an Introduction (3–23), there are 8 chaps.: 1, “The King of England meets the great cham of literature” (24–47); 2, “Printing, bookselling, readers, and writers in eighteenth-century London” (48–90); 3, “Making the writer’s role in a print culture” (91–117); 4, “The writer as a culture hero: Boswell’s Johnson” (118–151); 5, “Creating an aura for literary texts in a print culture” (152–203); 6, “Reading and readers: The literary crisis of the 18th century” (204–240); 7, “The place and purpose of letters in print society” (241–282), and 8, “The social construction of romantic literature” (283–316). Appendix (317–321); bib. (323–341), and general index (434–357) .]
. 1985 . Indo-European Prehistory . Huber Heights, Ohio : Centerstage One, Printing Inc. [ distributed by Heffers, Cambridge ], [v], 183 pp. [ In a number of chapters the author deals in particular with the following subjects: “The Eurasiatic pronouns and the Indo-Uralic question” (9–50); “Notes on [Björn = Eric Alfred Torbjörn] Collinder’s [(1894–1983)] Indo-Uralisches Sprachgut [(Uppsala, 1943)]” (51–64); “Foundations of Nostratic” (82–90), and “The homeland of Indo-European” (116–135). The back matter includes, inter alia, a bib. (175–180) and 4 (unpaginated) maps .]
. 1987 . Charles S. Peirce’s Method of Methods . (= Foundations of Semiotics, 17 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xiii, 180 pp. [ In 12 chaps, the author deals with subjects like “C. S. Peirce’s speculative rhetoric” (23–30); “Peirce as catalyst in modern legal science: Consequences” (69–82); “Time as method” (97–114), and “Verisimilitude and discovery” (127–138). Endnotes (147­165), and bib. (166–180); no index .]
. 1986 . Bibliographie linguistique de l’ancien occitan (1960–1982) . (= Romanistik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 19 .) Hamburg : Helmut Buske Verlag , ix, 185 pp. [ A classified bib. (acronyms, sources, [previous] bibliographies, dictionaries, language histories, phonology, morpho-syntax, etymology, lexicon, onomastics, literary and non-literary texts), followed by a variety of indices (of authors and texts cited, of subjects, and of names) .]
. 1988 . Saussurean Studies / Études saussuriennes . Avant-propos de Rudolf Engler . Genève : Éditions Slatkine , xxii, 207 pp. , 2 portr., 2 facs . [ Collection of K’s papers on Saussurean themes written between 1971 and 1986 (4 in French, 6 in English), with an introduction (xiii-xxii) and a detailed ‘Index auctorum’ (202–207). These include “L’importance de William Dwight Whitney pour les jeunes linguistes de Leipzig et pour Ferdinand de Saussure” (1980), “French influences on Saussure” (1984), “Karl Bühler’s theory of language and the Cours de linguistique générale” (1984), and “The place of the Mémoire in the development of historical linguistics” (1986) .]
. 1986 . Metaphors of Anger, Pride, and Love: A lexical approach to the structure of concepts . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, VII:8 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , viii, 147 pp. [ Actually, only chap.6, “Implications for theories of lexical structure” (121–144) comes close to any linguistic discussion. Bib. (145–47); no index .]
. 1985 . Problemgeschichte des Graphembegriffs und des frühen Phonembegriffs . (= Reihe Germanistische Linguistik, 61 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer Verlag , x, 518 pp. [ This very detailed study of the history of the (early) conceptions of the terms ‘grapheme’ and ‘phoneme’ consists of six major parts: I, “Zum Begriff des ‘Buchstaben” (1–56); II, “Frühe Phonemkonzepte von [A(ntoine?)] Dufriche-Desgenettes [(1804–1878)] bis [Jan] Baudouin de Courtenay [(1845–1929)]” (57­162); III, “Frühe Fassungen des Graphembegriffs [Baudouin, Adolf Noreen, and Aarni Pentilä]” (163–198); IV, “Die Distinktivität’ als Charakteristikum elementarer Ausdruckeinheiten [from Jacob Grimm to the Prague School]” (199–286); V, “Zwischenspiel: Trubetzkoy und die Erforschung der geschriebenen Sprache” (287­389), and VI, “Das ‘Graphem’ als autonome Einheit der geschriebenen Sprache” (390–458). A summary (459–468) is followed by a long bib. of some 800 entries (469–513), and by an index of subjects and terms (514–518). – Cf. the review in Obshchestvennue nauki za rubezhom [see below for full information on the periodical] No.2/1986.7–11 .]
. 1987 . Sprachen der Welt: Ein weltweiter Index der Sprachfamilien und Dialekte, mit Angabe der Synonyma und fremdsprachlichen Äquivalente / Languages of the World: A multi-lingual concordance of languages, dialects, and language families . München-New York-London-Oxford-Paris : K. G. Saur , xlviii, 410 pp. in-4º . [ This volume constitutes an index to the world’s languages and language families, supplying English, French, Italian, and Russian cross-references to the German equivalents as well as references to the family a given language or dialect belongs to. This massive alphabetical index from ‘A’a Sama’ to ‘Zyryan’ (1–410) is preceded by German and English front matter, consisting of a general introduction, a bib. of sources (xix–xxix), and a classification of the world’s language families and its subgroupings (xxxi-xlvii) .]
. 1986 . It is Hereby Performed ... : Explorations in legal speech acts . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, VII:6 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , viii, 81 pp. [ Bib. (77–81); no index .]
. 1987 . The Shape of English: Structure and history . London & Melbourne : J. M. Dent & Sons , xxiv, 384 pp. [ The book has seven chaps.: 1, “English and its background” (1–33); 2, “The external history of English: A sketch” (34–85); 3, “Phonology” (86–136); 4, “Morphosyntax” (137–214); 5, “Dialects of English” (215–314); 6, “English and Germanic revisited” (315–332), and 7, “Epilogue: The content of a language history, or what does it all mean anyhow?” (333­337). The back matter consists of an appendix on phonetic classification and transcription (338–41), a glossary of terms (343–364), a bib. (365–376), and a general index (379–84) .]
comp. 1984 . A Catalogue of Spanish Rare Books (1701–1974) in the Library of the University of Illinois and in Selected North American Libraries . (= American University Studies; Series II: Romance Languages and Literature, 12 .) New York-Bern, etc. : Peter Lang , xvii, 210 pp. [ This vol. continues L’s account on The Spanish Golden Age (1472–1700) (Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1979). It contains some 500 titles of mainly literary works and travel reports, arranged in alphabetical order, and very few lexicons and grammars, which can easily be used through an index of authors (192–210). Of particular use is the classified “Hispanic Bibliography” (139–191) .]
. 1985 . Las ideas lingüísticas en España durante el siglo XVIII . Prólogo de Manuel Breva Claramonte . (= Filología, 15 .) Barcelona : Editorial Crítico (Grupo editorial Grijalbo) , 302 pp. [ New (but unrevised) ed. of the ‘classic’ study first published in Madrid in 1949; cf. the reviews by Bernard Pottier in Romania 70.550 (1949); G. Bleiberg in Arbor 13.537–539 (1949), and J. Régulo Pérez in Revista Portuguesa de Filología 3.272–279 (1949–50), preceded by a foreword by M. Breva-Claramonte which summarizes L-C’s work and discusses subsequent scholarship (7–19; bib., 19–34: Vivian Salmon’s 1974 paper should have been inserted under ‘S’, not ‘V’), and a brief “Advertencia” by the author (35–36). The study consists of three major parts: I, “Los problemas generales del lenguaje” (45–141); II, “Español y Latín” (145–204), and III, “La lengua española en el siglo XVIII” (205­289). Following a brief conclusion (290–292), there is a name index (292–299) .]
. 1986 . A Gothic Etymological Dictionary. Based on the third edition of Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der Gotischen Sprache [( Leiden : E. J. Brill , 1939 )] by Sigmund Feist [( 1865–1943 )]. With bibliography prepared under the direction of Helen-Jo J. Hewitt . Leiden : E. J. Brill , xix, 712 pp. [ This monumental revised and updated English version of Feist’s magum opus is preceded by front matter (e.g., list of sigla for periodicals, xiii-xvii), which includes a brief note (p.[xix]) by Feist’s daughter, Elisabeth Feist Hirsch (where, however, the publication date of F’s Grundriss der gotischen Etymologie is wrongly given as 1880 instead of 1888). The present work is rounded off by a massive bib. (593–712). – For reviews, see Manfred Mayrhofer in Diachronica 4.245–251 and Anatoly Liberman ibid. 4.253­256 (1988 for 1987) .]
. 1988 . Machine Translation: Linguistic characteristics of MT systems and general methodology of evaluation . Preface by Maurice Gross . (= Lingvisticce Investigations : Supplementa, 15 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xiii, 240 pp. [ The work has 4 central parts: “Indentification of system characteristics” (5–55); “Linguistic components of a system” (56–127); “Building a system” (128–131), and “Linguistic evaluation by the user” (132–190). Bib. (228–240); no index .]
. 1987 . Agrammatismus und syntaktische Theorie: Zur methodischen und empirischen Problematik der linguistischen Beschreibung eines aphasischen Syndroms . Inaugural-Disertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Philosophischen Fakultät der Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel . (= SAIS Arbeitsberichte [see below for details], Heft 10, März 1988 .) Kiel : Seminar für Allgemeine und Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft, Univ. Kiel , [v], 199 pp. [ This 1987 doctoral dissertation (supervised by Ursula Pieper) deals, in 4 main parts, with aggrammatism and its linguistic characterization(s). Although terms such as ‘Broca-Aphasiker’ are being used, the study (which has a large empirical component) does not refer to any of the 19th and early 20th century pioneers of the field. Indeed, it follows North American work in the field rather closely. Endnotes – 102 in number (172–184); bib. (185–197). Brief vita (p.199); no index .]
. 1984 . The Biology and Evolution of Language . Cambridge, Mass. & London : Harvard Univ. Press , ix, 379 pp. [ The work has the following 12 chaps.: 1, “Neurophysiology, neural models, and language” (15–35); 2, “Distributed neural computers and feature detectors” (36–56); 3, “Automatization and syntax” (57–78); 4, “Syntax, words, and meaning” (79–97); 5, “Respiration, speech, and meaning” (98­122); 6, “Elephant ears, frogs, and human speech” (123–137); 7, “Speech is special” (138–168); 8, “Linguistic distinctions and auditory processes” (169–193); 9, “The man on the flying trapeze: The acquisition of speech” (194–225); 10, “Apes and children” (226–255); 11, “The evolution of human speech: Comparative studies” (256–286), and 12, “The evolution [...]: The fossil record” (287–329), followed by a conclusion, “On the nature and evolution of the biological bases of language” (330–334). Bib. (337­363); endnotes (364–369); general index (371–379) .]
Linguistics Abstracts Ed. by David Crystal . Vol. IV , Nos. 1 and 2 ( 1988 ). Oxford : Basil Blackwell , [ii], 63 pp. , and [ii], [65-] 115 pp. in-4º, respectively . [ Carries a separate section on “[Linguistic] Historiography” (49–55 and 104–107), which for the main part reproduces summaries in papers published in HL XIII:2/3 (1986) and HEL 9:1/2 (1987), respectively, but also from journals such as CFS, PhP, ZPSK, and a couple of others .]
. 1987 . Frequenzbedingter unregelmässiger Lautwandel in den germanischen Sprachen . Wroclaw-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdansk-Lódz : Zaklad Narodowy imienia Ossolinskich (Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk) , 165 pp. [ Following an introduction (5–13), in which the author argues in favour of his hypothesis that irregular sound change is due to frequency of use, the study is divided into two major parts, “Wörter und Wortverbindungen mit unregelmäßigem Lautwandel”, i.e., lexemes, prepositions, and conjunctions (14–108), and “Wortbildende und flexivische Morpheme mit unregelmäßigem Lautwandel” (109­156), i.e., ‘bound forms’ (Bloomfield). The back matter consists of a bib. (157–160), a list of abbreviations (160–161), and a summary in Polish (162–164). No index .]
. 1987 . Filigranele hîrtei întrebuintate In tarile române în secolul al XVI-lea [ Watermarks employed in the Romanian principalities in the 16th century ]. Bucharest : Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste Romania , li, 421 pp. in-4º . [ Following some 40 pages of introductury, largely historical comment, the vol. presents altogether 1,757 drawings of watermarks (1–365), 247 of which were of Transylvanian, the rest of foreign origin. “Based on the investigation of a rich and varied documentary material (manu-scripts, printed works, documents), the repertory affords an insight into the evolution of the variants of the various types of watermarks recorded. The repertory helps to date, first and foremost, the texts copied in the 16th century Romanian Principalities, as well as in other partsof the world over the interval 1501–1600; the work is consequently of high interest to philologists, historians and archivists.” (From the English abstract, p.419) .]
ed. 1987 . Unified Science: The Vienna Circle Monograph Series originally edited by Otto Neurath, now in an English translation . With an Introduction by Rainer Hegelmann . Translation by Hans Kaal . (= Vienna Circle Collection, 19 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : R. Reidel Publ. Co. , xxi, 303 pp. [ The vol. brings together 7 studies that previously appeared in German in Otto Neurath’s (d.1945) series “Einheitswissenschaft” (Vienna: Gerold & Co., 1932–1935; The Hague: Van Stockum & Son, 1937–1938) and 2 texts written in English by Heinrich Gomperz (1873–1942) and published in the successor series “Library of Unified Science” (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1939). They include Neurath’s “Unified science and psychology” (1932); Rudolf Carnap’s (1891–1970) “The task of the logic of science” of 1938 (46–66); Richard von Mises (1883–1953) “Ernst Mach and the scientifc conception of the world” of 1938 (166–190), and Gomperz’s “Interpretation: Logical analysis of a theod of historical reasearch” of 1939). The introd. (ix–xxi) provides the historical context; the endnotes (273–297) supply bibliographical data. General index (298–303) .]
. 1986 . Rhétorique et poétique au XVIe siècle en France: Du Bellay, Ramus et les autres . (= Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought, 36 .) Leiden : E. J. Brill , xii, 380 pp.; 1 facs . [ The work consists of three major parts, preceded by an introduction (1–20), and followed by an epilogue (331–348), 2 annexes (1, “Bibliographie de Jacques-Louis d’Estrebay [(1481-c. 1550)]”, and 2, “Ouvrages de Ramus et de [Omer] Talon [(1595–1652)] dans les fonds des imprimés anciens de la Bibliothèque de l’Université libre à Amsterdam”), a select bib. (364–371), an index of names (373–379), and an “Index des imprimeurs et librairies du XVIe siècle” (p.380). The central parts are inscribed: I, “L’ombre de Ciceron” (23–45); II, “Autour de la ‘Deffence [et illustration de la langue françoise’ de Joachim Du Bellay (1549)]” (49­172), and III, “L’évolution de la rhétorique ramiste” (175–330). The study deals with the following authors and works (in addition to those already mentioned): Etienne Dolet (1509–1546), Sperone Speroni, Barthélemy Aneau, Guillaume des Autelz, Antoine Fouquelin, Claude Mignault, and Christophe de Savigny – one regrets the absence of any life-dates of the authors discussed in this book .]
. 1986 . Lautgeschichte der umbrischen Sprache . (= Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft, 51 .) Innsbruck : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Univ. Innsbruck , ix, 329 pp. [ This former Univ. of Regensburg dissertation (supervisor: Helmut Rix) consists of the following major parts: A, “Die umbrische Sprache” (1–21); B, “Phonemsysteme [of the different stages of Umbric]” (27–35); C, “Vom Urindogermanischen zum Ursabellischen” (36–38); D, “Ursabellische Lautgesetze” (39–107); E, “Urumbrische Lautgesetze” (109–263); F, “Teilgesetze des Alt- und Neu-Umbrischen” (265–290), and G, “Die Entwicklung der Laute vom Urindogermanischen bis zum Umbrischen (Übersicht)” (291–294). Bib. (295–308), indices of lexical items of various Indo-European languages (308–327), and an “Index zur Morphologie” (328–329) .]
comp. 1986 . Denis Sinor Bibliography . (= Arcadia Bibliographica Virorum Eruditorum, 9 .) Bloomington, Indiana : Eurolingua , [v], 64 pp., 1 portr. [ A full bib. of D. Sinor (b.1916) on the occasion of his 70th birthday, incl. theses supervised by him, memberships in learned societies, and distinctions received (1–38), followed by a biographical sketch provided by the ed. (38–43) and appraisals by several of his colleagues and friends (44–55), and a Tabula gratulatoria (57–63) .]
. 1987 . The Teaching of English: From the sixteenth century to 1870 . Cambridge-New York-New Rochelle-Melbourne-Sydney : Univ. of Cambridge Press , ix, 634 pp. [ This study on the teaching of English in Britain (with some references to Ireland and a certain regard to developments in the United States) consists of the following 8 chaps.: 1, “The enquiry: scope, method, texts” (1–13); 2, “Reading, spelling, pronunciation: the elements” (14–89); 3, “Reading, spelling, pronunciation: the skills” (90–134); 4, “Interpretation: literature presented” (135–182); 5, “Interpretation: literature taught” (183–267); 6, “Expression and performance” (268­316); 7, “Linguistic control” (317–371), and 8, “English: the development of a subject” (372–385). As is clear from the chapter headings, the emphasis of the study is on methods developed in the teaching of English grammar and writing rather than on indviduals and schools, and more on pedagogy than on linguistics. The material digested is enormous, as may be gathered from ‘Bibliography I’, “British texts recorded and consulted” (387–604!), whose size takes up well over one third of the book (although the entries do not supply vital parts of individual texts such as place of publication, name of publisher, and number of pages, necessitating consultation of other works such as R. C. Alston’s Bibliography of the English Language from the Invention of Printing to the year 1800 [Leeds and elsewhere, 1965–1972] and other sources). The remaing three bib. are much more modest in scope: II, “British ABCs and alphabet books consulted” (605–606); III, “American texts consulted” (607–620), and IV, “Modern works consulted” (621–629). No note has been taken of the labours of Konrad Schröder (cf. HL 12.309–311 [1985] and 13.169 [1986], for references) and the facs.-reprint series “American Linguistics 1700–1900” ed. by Charlotte Downey (Delmar, N.Y.: Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints, 1979-) – cf. HL 10.375­376, 377, etc. (1983) for details. General index (631–634) .]
ed. n.d. [ printed , Nov. 1986 ]. Un periodo di Storia lingüistica: I neogrammatici. Atti del Convegno della Società Italiana di Glottologia (Urbino, 25–27 ottobre 1985) . Testi raccolti a cura di A. Q. M. Pisa : Giardini Editori , 180 pp. [ The vol. prints 7 papers, not all of them devoted to the (work and ideas of) the Junggrammatiker. Paolo Ramat’s “La querelle sulle leggi fonetiche”’ (51–61) is followed by comments from Augusto Ancillotti (63–64) and Adriano Rossi (p.65); Domenico Silvestri wrote an “Epilegomena a Graziadio Isaia Ascoli” (131–145), and Enrico Campanile discusses the ‘sins’ of the Neogrammarians and of present-day historical-comparative linguists (147–157). The back matter prints business reports of the Società (which should not be confused with the rival organization, the Società Linguistica Italiana). No index .]
ed. n.d. [ printed , July 1987 ]. L’opera scientifica di Antoine Meillet: Atti del Convegno della Società Italiana di Glottologia. Teste raccolti a cura di A.Q.M . Pisa : Giardini Editori , 227 pp. [ These proceedings of the annual meeting of the SIG held in Pisa on 12–14 Dec. 1986 were devoted to the work of Antoine Meillet (1866–1936) on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his death. They include the following papers: “Meillet et la tradition française”, Part I by Claudine Normand (11–22); Part II by Christian Puech (22–34; bib., p.35), and “Meillet indoeuropeanista” by Romano Lazzeroni (83–95); the papers by Edoardo Vineis, Giancarlo Bolognesi, Teresa Pàroli, Adriano V. Rossi, and Mario Capaldo discuss Meillet’s contribution to the study of Latin, Armenian, Germanic, Indo-Iranian, and Slavic (in that order). An interesting contribution to the history of linguistics is Pierangiolo Berrettioni’s paper “I caractères du verbe tra grammatica generale e lingüistica storica” (37–76; bib., 77–81). No index .]
eds. 1988 . Poetik – Humboldt – Herme­neutik: Studien für Kurt Mueller-Vollmer zum 60. Geburtstag . (= Special issue of Kodicas/Code-Ars Semeiotica: An international journal of semiotics, 11:1–2 .) Tübingen : Gunter Narr ; Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , 232 pp. [ From the 11 papers the following four are of particular interest to readers of HL: “De tropis: Funktion und Relevanz der Tropen in [Giambattista] Vicos [(1668–1744)] Sprachphilosophie” by Donatella Di Cesare (7–22); “Phantasie und Sprache bei Vico und Humboldt [(1767–1835)]” by Jürgen Trabant (23–41); “Le verbe ou la prosopopée de l’être selon Wilhelm von Humboldt” by Jean Rousseau (43–65), and “Wilhelm von Humboldts Sprache des Diskurses: Zwischen Welt-ansichten und allgemeiner Grammatik” by Hubert Ivo (67–104) .]
eds. 1987 . Proto-Indo-European: The archaeology of a linguistic problem. Studies in honor of Marija Gimbutas . Washington, D.C. : Institute for the Study of Man , 396 pp. , 1 portr., 4 photographs of M. Gimbutas , and a number of illustrations . [ This festschrift brings together 19 papers by archaeologists, historians, philologists, and linguists addressing various aspects of the Indo-European ‘Urheimat’ problem. The linguists among the contributors include Winfred P. Lehmann, Eric P. Hamp, Edgar C. Polomé, Calvert Watkins, and T[homas] L[loyd] Markey. The back matter consists of “A biographical sketch” of Gimbutas (375–378), a Curriculum Vitae (379–383), and a bib. of her writings (384–396). There is no index. – Cf. the review article by John C. Kerns to appear in Diachronica V:l (1988), for details .]
. 1986 . Grammatik der deutschen Sprache zwischen 1781 und 1856: Die Kategorien der deutschen Grammatik in der Tradition von Johann Werner Meiner und Johann Christoph Adelung . (= Philologische Studien und Quellen, 114 .) Berlin : Erich Schmidt Verlag , 383 pp. [ This former Habilitationsschrift (Univ. of Erlangen-Nürnberg, 1982) consists of two parts of unequal length: 1, “Voraussetzungen” (20­110), and 2, “Die Kategorien der deutschen Grammatik zwischen 1781 [i.e., the date of Johann Christoph Adelung’s (1732–1806) Deutsche Sprachlehre] und 1856 [i.e., the posthumous publication of Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse’s (1797–1855) System der Sprachwissenschaft, ed. by Heymann Steinthal (Berlin: F. Dümmler), which is discussed in some detail (e.g., pp.88–89)]” (111–346). The back matter consists of a brief ‘Schlußbemerkung’, “Die wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Position Adelungs und seiner Nachfolger” (347–352), a classified bib. (353–376), and an index of authors (377–383). The other major work thoroughly analyzed by N is Johann Werner Meiner’s (1723–1789) Versuch einer an der menschlichen Sprache abgebildeten Vernuftlehre oder philosophische und allgemeine Sprachlehre (Leipzig: J.G.I. Breitkopf, 1781), which contrasts sharply with Adelung’s approach to language, and which N places in the Grammaire générale tradition. Other (’general’) grammarians dealt in the present study include Georg Michael Roth (1769–1817), August Ferdinand Bernhardi (1769[and not 1770í]-1820), Johann Severin Vater (1771–1826), Friedrich Schmitthenner (1796–1850), and Karl Ferdinand Becker (1775–1849). ‘Particular’ grammarians following Adelung’s lead treated here include Johann August Eberhard (1739–1809) and Karl Philipp Funke (1752–1807) .]
ed. 1987 . Familiennamenbuch . (= Beiträge zur Erforschung der deut­schen Sprache, 7 .) Leipzig : VEB Bibliographisches Institut , 328 pp. [ Contributors (in addition to the editor himself) are: Volkmar Hellfritzsch, Margarete Naumann, Gerhard Schlimpert, Johannes Schultheis & Walter Wenzel. This dictionary of German family names (53–322) is preceded by the following front matter (apart from the preface, a brief ‘mode d’emploi’, and a not much longer ‘Einleitung’): “Entstehung der Familiennamen” [in which the origins of family names are discussed] (10–15); “Namenbildung und Namenbedeutung” [which deals with the various historical and etymological sources of family names, including a number of those of Slavic origin] (16–39); “Historische und landschaftliche Besonderheiten von Familiennamen” (40–47), and “Gesellschaftliche und soziale Einflüsse auf die Familiennamen” (48–51). The back matter consists of a list of abbreviations (323­324), a list of dictionary sources (325–326), and a bib. of secondary literature (327­328) .]
. 1986 . Linguistic Theory in America . Second [revised and slightly shortened] edition . Orlando, Florida : Academic Press , xiii, 280 pp. [ First ed. (1980), xiii, 290 pp. – cf. the review by Stephen O. Murray in HL 8.107–112 (1981), referred to on p.21, but not listed in the references, and for a more detailed account, K. Koerner, “The ‘Chomskyan Revolution’ and Its Historiography: A few critical remarks”, Language & Communication 3.147–169 (1983). The new ed. has the subtitle of the first, “The first quarter century of transformational generative grammar”, deleted; esp. chaps. 7 (“The new consensus and the new rift in generative syntax”, 171–196) and 8 (“current approaches to syntax”, 197–229) are thoroughly revised or entirely new. Bib. (231–265), name index (267–72), and subject index (272–280) .]
. 1987 . Dèr Mouw contra Hoogvliet: Universele Grammatika anno 1903 . Schiedam (The Netherlands) : Huis te Riviere Pers , 36 pp., 1 portr . [ The essay deals mainly with the critical review by the Dutch philosopher and poet, J. A. dèr Mouw (1863–1919), of the 175-page book by J. M. Hoogvliet (1860–1924), Lingua: Een beknopt leer- en handboek van Algemeene en Nederlandsche taalkennis (Amsterdam: S. L. van Looy, 1903) .]
Nordlyd: Tromsø University Working Papers on Language and Linguistics . No. 13 ( 1987 ), 103 pp. [ Prints papers by Leiv Egil Brevik (“On the diachrony of English comparatives” [1–22]), Waldemar Marton (on language learning/teaching strategies), and László Szabó (“The use of the inchoative in Kola-Sami sentences” [70–103]) .]
. 1985 . Antes de Saussure: Selección de textos (1875–1924) . Versión española de Santiago Gatón Sánchez . (= Biblioteca Románica Hispánica; Estudios y ensayos, 342 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , 211 pp. [ Span, transl. of Avant Saussure (Brussels: Editions Complexe, 1978), the vol. consists of 5 sections of extracts, each preceded by brief introductions by the authors mentioned above. They deal with I, ‘Linguistics, what object and what science?’ (with selections from Albert Sechehaye 1908, Albert Dauzat 1906, Meillet 1893, and others); II, ‘The neogrammarian debate’ (with selections from August Leskien 1876, Karl Brugmann 1885, Hermann Paul 1880, Hugo Schuchardt 1885, and Jan Baudouin de Courtenay 1895); III, ‘Language as a social fact’ (with selections from Meillet, Dürkheim, and Gabriel Tarde); IV, ‘From Whitney to Saussure’ (2 extracts from William Dwight Whitney’s work – of 1875 [not 1876] and of 1871 [i.e., W’s polemics against Schleicher’s ‘physical theory of language’]), and V, ‘Readings of the “Cours de linguistique générale’” (with extracts from Meillet 1916, Joseph Vendryes 1921, Hugo Schuchardt 1917, Albert Sechehaye 1917, and Leonard Bloomfield 1923 [not 1924] – all dates which render the ‘antes’ of the title inappropriate). The back matter consists of biographical notes on the authors (193–199), and an index of concepts (201–206) as well as an index of names (207–208) .]
. 1987 . Samuel Kleinschmidts ‘Grammatik der Grönländischen Sprache’ . (= Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft, 4 .) Hildesheim-Zürich-New York : Georg Olms Verlag , xii, 135 pp. [ This monograph is devoted to the life and work of Samuel Petrus Kleinschmidt (1814–1886), whose influential Grammatik der grönländischen Gram­matik mit teilweisem Einschluss des Labradordialekts (Berlin: G. Reimer, 1851) was reprinted in 1968 by the same publisher. It consists of the following chaps.: 1, “Samuel Kleinschmidt und Grönland” (1–22); 2, “Der wissenschaftliche Hintergrund” (23–37); 3, “Die Grammatik” (38–59); 4, “Wort und Satz” (60–94), and “Synthese” (95–105). The back matter includes endnotes (107–117), and a bib. (120–135), but no index .]
NOWELE: North-Western European Language Evolution . Vols. 9 ( April 1987 ), 10 ( Oct. 1987 ), and 12 ( May 1988 ). Odense : Odense Univ. Press , 1987–1988 , 100 and 108 pp. ( twice ). [ This journal is “devoted not only to the study of the history and prehistory of the locally determined group of languages, but also to the study of purely theoretical questions concerning historical language development.” (Imprint on front inside cover.) Vol.9 includes “The language of temporal analysis in history” by Dale H. Porter (3–32), and “Zum ‘Germanen’-Problem” by Wolfgang Meid (91–97). Vol.10 includes, among others, a paper by Maurits Gysseling on “Substratwörter in den germanischen Sprachen” (47–62). Vol.12 – vol.11 has not yet been received to date – includes a lengthy study by George Jack on “The origins of the English gerund” (15–75), which makes frequent use of the findings of Mastsuji Tajima in his 1985 monograph, The Syntactic Development of the Gerund in Middle English (Tokyo: Nan’undo, 1985 [John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia, distributor]) .]
Obshchestvennye nauki za rebuzhom; Serija 6 : Jazykoznanie No. 5 ( 1986 ), Nos. 1–6 ( 1987 ), and Nos. 1–2 ( 1988 ), ca.185 pages each . Moskva : Institut Nauchnoj Informacii po Obshchestvennym Naukam, Akademija Nauk SSSR . [ As in all previous instances, each number contains as its first section ‘History and Modern State of Linguistics’; the coverage pertains to all countries outside the Soviet Union, with a considerable portion alotted to Western scholarship in the field, e.g., a review of N. E. Collinge’s The Laws of Indo-European (Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1985) by S. A. Romashko (5/1986.15–16); Toward an Understanding of Language: Charles Carpenter Fries [(1887–1967)] in perspective (Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1985) by L. G. Luzina (1/1987.7–12); No.5/1987 carries a review of the papers by Lia Formigari, J. M. Hernández Terrés, Douglas A. Kibbee, and Wolfgang Schweickard published in HL XH (1985) by S. A. Romashko (9–11) .]
Obshchestvennye nauki v SSSR; Serija 6: Jazykoznanie No. 5 ( 1986 ); Nos. 1–6 ( 1987 ), and Nos. 1–2 ( 1988 ). Moskva, etc. [ see previous entry for details], ca. 185 pp. for each number. [Like the preceding item, this bibliographical periodical regularly carries a section on “Istorija i sovremennoe sostojanie jazykoznanija”, surveying recent publications in this area that appeared within the Soviet Union .]
eds. 1985 . The Natural Philosophy of Leibniz . (= The University of Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, 29 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , viii, 342 pp. [ The vol. publishes the papers derived from two conferences held at the Univ. of Western Ontario, London, Ont., in Spring 1982, and at the Univ. of Toronto in Fall 1982. Following an introd. by the editors (1–6), the vol. prints 10 papers dealing with various aspects of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s (1646–1716) ‘natural philosophy’ such as: “The problem of indiscernibles in Leibniz’s 1671 Mechanics” by François Duchesneau (7–26); “Leibniz and the foundations of physics: The middle years” by Daniel Garber (27–130); “The status of scientific laws, in the Leibnizian system” by K. Okruhlik (183–206); “Leibniz and Kant on mathematical and philosophical knowledge” by Jürgen Mittelstrass (227–261), and “Leibniz and scientific realism” by William Saeger (315–330). General index comp, by Gordon McOuat (333–342) .]
comp. 1988 . English-Language Dictionaries, 1604–1900: The Catalog of the Warren N. and Suzanne B. Cordell Collection . (= Bibliographies and Index in Library and Information Science, 1 .) New York-Westport, Conn.-London : Greenwood Press , xxix, 480 pp. ; 1 portr . [ This is a much larger and more detailed work than the 1975 Short-Title Catalogue of the Warren N. and Susanne B. Cordell Collection of Dictionaries 1475–1900 (Terre Haute, Ind.: Cunningham Memorial Library, Indiana State Univ., 1975). “The present work presents a catalog of the English language dictionary collection as it exists today, consisting of 2,328 separate entries.” (Preface, p.xvii). Each entry – from John Abercrombie’s (1726–1806) Every Man his Own Gardner (1797) to Thomas Wright’s (1810–1877) Dictionary of Obsolete English (1857) – is carefully described and catalogued in accordance with the 2nd ed. of the Chicago University Anglo-American Cataloging Rules of 1978. In “Remarks” reprinted from the 1975 short-title catalog of his collection the late Warren Cordell (1914–1980) recounts the story of how he began his bibliophile endeavours and saw to its growth and eventual housing in the Indiana State Univ. Library (ix–xv). Although Cordell makes brief mention (p.xi) of Tetsuro Hayashi’s (earlier) list of English dictionary first editions, his 1978 book, The Theory of English Lexicography 1530–1791 (Amsterdam: J. Benjamins) is not mentioned in the compiler’s list of secondary sources (xxvii-xxix) .]
. 1988 . The Foundations of Grammar: An introduction to medieval Arabic grammatical theory . (= Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 45 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xii, 371 pp. [ This study contains the following chaps.: 1) “Introduction” (1–30); 2) “Structure, function, class and dependency” (31–88); 3) “Morphology” (89–124); 4) “Word classes” (125–147); 5) “The ‘noun phrase”’ (148–166); 6) “Transitivity” (167–185); 7) “Ellipsis” (186–198)’ 8) “Markedness in Arabic theory” (199–226), and 9) “Syntax, semantics and pragmatics” (227–264). The endnotes (265–312) are followed by a variety of appendices, incl. a “List of medieval Arabic linguists whose works are cited [with biographical dates supplied]” (313–314) and the original Arabic quotations (327–343). Bib. (347–357), indices of names from the classical and modern periods (359–360 and 361–362, respectively), and indices of subjects (363–368) and of Arabic grammatical terms (369–371) round off the important study .]
(1924–1986)]. 1988 . Grammatical Theory in Western Europe, 1500–1700. Trends in vernacular grammar II . Foreword by C. E.J. Caldicott . Cambridge-New York-New Rochelle-Melbourne-Sydney : Cambridge Univ. Press , x, 534 pp. [ This is the third and last volume of the late Padley’s work on Western grammatical traditions in 16th and 17th century Western Europe. – Cf. the reviews of the preceding volume (Cambridge, 1985) by Robert H. Robins in Linguistics 23.170­171 (1985), and by Manuel Breva-Claramonte in HL 14.390–394 (1987). – The present vol. has the following major chaps.: 1, “Italy: the rhetorical impetus” (5–153); 2, “Spain: a Spanish Renaissance?” (154–229); 3, “England: an English interlude” (230–243); 4, “Germany: Luther and the dialects” (244–318), and 5, “France: Latin norms and vernacular” (319–487). Bib. of primary (488–513) and of secondary (513­526). General index (527–534) .]
ed. 1987 . The Text and Concordance of the Tueros de Aragón’. Ms.458, Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid . Madison, Wis. : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , 5 pp. , 2 microfiches . [ Preparatory work for a legal lexicon of Old Spanish, which should later be incorporated in the projected Dictionary of Old Spanish Language .]
. 1987 . Sazdateli i tvorci na balgarskoto ezikoznanie [ Founders and builders of Bulgarian linguistics ]. Sofia : Darzhavno izdatelctvo “Narodna prosveta” , 375 pp. [ In the introd. article, The stages and directions of the development of Bulgarian language sciences’ (7–79) the author recounts the long­standing interest of Bulgarians in the study of language from the medieval period to the present. This is followed by frequently coloured reproductions of medieval and post-medieval manuscript selected pages or titles and of titles of books of later periods, the most recent of which dating from 1944 (on 10 separately numbered pages). The remainder (pp.81–346) is taken up by biobibligraphical sketches with (unfortunately poor quality) pictures of some 180 Bulgarian scholars, past and present, including the late Vladimir Ivanov Georgiev (1908–1986), a member of the Diachronica editorial board until his death (125–128), and younger linguists such as Jivco (Stefanov) Boyadjiev (b.1936) and Andrej (Jordanov) Dancev (b.1933). The back matter consists of a list of biographical sources (p.346), an index of names (347­352), a index of subjects taught by various scholars (353–362), and a list of sigla of periodicals and places (363–374) .]
ed. 1988 . International Handbook of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education . New York-Westport, Conn.-London : Greenwood Press , xi, 603 pp. [ Apart from a general introd. by the ed., this volume contains 26 chapters written by individual specialists of subjects such “Language in Native Education in Canada” (by Barbara Burnaby), “Bilingualism and Bilingual Education in the People’s Republic of China” (by James H.-Y. Tai), “Creole English and Education in Jamaica” (by Dennis R. Craig), “Bilingualism in Paraguay” (by Graziella Corvalán), “Bilingual Education in Soviet Central Asia” (by M. Mobin Shorish), or “Language Contact and Bilingualism in Switzerland” (by Gottfried Kolde). The back matter contains a glossary of terms (580–81), an all too brief bibliographical essay-cum-bib. by the ed. (581–94), and indices of authors (585–94), of languages (595–98), and of subjects (599–600) .]
. 1987 . Roads to Commensurability . (= Synthese Library; Studies in Epistemology, Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, 187 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xi, 253 pp. [ This revised version of the author’s 1986 Habilitationsschrift (Freie Universität Berlin) has the following chaps.: 1, “[Wolfgang] Stegmüller on [Thomas S.] Kuhn and incommensurability” (15–40); 2, “Structuralist criteria of commensurability” (41–69); 3, “Research traditions, incommensurability and scientific progress” (70–89); 4, “The logic of reducibility” (90–120); 5, “Theory dynamics, continuity and problem-solving” (121­153); 6, “Meaning change and translatability” (154–183), and 7, “Two routes to commensurability” (184–218). The back matter consists of endnotes (219–237), bib. (239–246), and indices of names (247–248) and of subjects (249–253) .]
. 1988 . The Grammar of the Nominal Sentence: A government-binding approach . (= Arbeitspapier, 24 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern , [viii], 279 pp. [ This dissertation, submitted to the Faculty of Letters at the Univ. of Bern in Dec. 1987, and research on which had largely been carried out at the Univ. of Konstanz (under the guidance of Urs Egli), has 5 chaps.: 1, “Theoretical preliminaries” (10–32); 2, “The sentential status of the nominal sentence” (33–63); 3, “Agreement spell out and the theory of pronominal clitics” (64–117); 4, “The nominal sentence in Hebrew: A case study” (118–209), and 5, “The nominal sentence: Typological aspects” (210–263). The back matter consists of a list of abbreviations (264–266), a bib. (267–278), and a “List of the less-known languages considered in the present thesis” (279), but no index .]
eds. 1987 . Rational Changes in Science: Essays on scientific reasoning . (= Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 98 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xiii, 224 pp. [ The vol. brings together 9 papers, arranged under two separate headings: I, “Theoretical Considerations concerning Rationality and Scientific Change”, and II, “Rational Scientific Changes”. They include the following papers: “The myth of the framework” by (Sir) Karl Popper (35–62) – which, unlike the other contributions, goes back to 1965 (revised 1972) and was not prepared for the occasion; “Science, protoscience, and pseudoscience” (83–101) by Raimo Tuomela; “Galileo and rationality: The case of the tides” (135–153) by Joseph C. Pitt, and “The quest for scientific rationality: Some historical considerations” (155–176) by William R. Shea. Index of names (221–224) .]
, 1987 . Information-Based Syntax and Semantics. Volume I: Fundamentals . (= CSU Lecture Notes, 13 .) Stanford, Calif. : Center for the Study of Language and Information [ distributor: The University of Chicago Press , Chicago, 111. ), x, 233 pp. [“ The work reported in this book, undertaken from fall 1984 through summer 1987, belongs to a long-term research program with the ambitious goal of establishing rigorous mathematical foundations for linguistic theory.” (Preface, p.v). The book has the following chaps.: 1, “Introduction” (1–26); 2, “Formal foundations” (27–50); 3, “Syntactic features and syntactic categories” (51–80); 4, “Basic semantic notions” (81–114); 5, “Subcategorization” (115–146); 6, “Grammar rules” (147–168); 7, “Principles of constituent order” (169–190), and 8, “The lexical hierarchy and lexical rules” (191–218). Bib. (219–227); no index .]
. 1987 . Leibniz and the Problem of a Universal Language . (= Materialien zur Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft und der Semiotik, 3 .) Münster : Nodus Publikationen [ address: P.O. Box 5727, D-44 Münster, Fed. Rep. of Germany ], 321 pp. [ “The present study is the English translation [by Christopher R. Rollason] of a Portuguese dissertation presented to the Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas -Departamento de Filosofía – of the Universidade Nova of Lisbon in 1985.” (Acknowledgements, p. 11). It was supervised by Fernando Gil. Following the front matter and an introduction, the study is divided into three parts of unequal length: I, “On the Idea of a Universal Language” (27–91); II, “Symbolism in Leibniz” (93–119), and III, “The Leibnizian Projects for a Universal Language” (121–189). After a 7-page conclusion (191–198), there follow an appendix, “Some critical notes on Hobbes’s influence on the Leibnizian project of a universal language” (199–209), detailed endnotes (211–278), a classified bib. (279–313), and an index of names (315­321), which includes life-dates of most authors, but not for Marcel Cohen (1884­1974) or Alexandre Koyré (1892–1964) for instance. For ‘M. Graumont’ (p.317) or ‘Graummont’ (p.256), read: Maurice Grammont (1866–1846) .]
, see Moreschini, A. Quattordio .
eds. 1987 . Papers from the 7th International Conference on Historical Linguistics . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 48 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xvi, 672 pp. [ The vol. prints the bulk of the more than 65 papers presented at the 7th Intl. Conf. on Historical Linguistics held in Pavia, Italy, 9–13 Sept. 1985 (see the program printed on pp.xi-xvi, for details). The 46 papers here published are placed in alphabetical order by (first) author; among the contributors are: John M. Anderson, Françoise Bader, Joan L. Bybee, Theodora Bynon, Andrew Carstairs, Dorothy Disterheft, Nils Erik Enkvist, Henry M. Hoenigswald, Romano Lazzeroni, Winfred P. Lehmann, Yakov Malkiel, Rebecca Posner, Aldo Luigi Prosdocimi, Haiim B. Rosen, Elizabeth C. Traugott, Dieter Wanner, Otmar Werner, and Wolfgang U. Wurzel. The vol. is rounded off by indices of names (645–655), of languages (657­663), and of subjects & terms (665–672) .]
. 1987 . Linguistic Typology . [ Translated into English by A. P. Baldry .] (= Empirical Approaches to Typology, 1 .) Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , xi, 244 pp. [ The vol. constitutes, “with a few minor changes” a collection of papers which had previously appeared in Italian, Linguistica tipologica (Bologna: Il Mulino, 1984), and, in an abridged form, in French, Typologie linguistique (Paris: PUF, 1985). Some of the papers go as far back as 1976 and none is more recent than 1982 (cf. “Foreword”, vii-ix, for details). They are organized here in chapter form, of which the 10th and last is of particular interest to readers of HL: “The language typology of Wilhelm von Humboldt” (191–213), of which a German version appeared in ZPSK 38.590–610 (1985). Bib. (215–239); “Analytical index” (241–244). – Cf. the review of the Italian version by Frans Plank in FoL 20.233–235 (1986) .]
. 1987 . Higher Lessons in English (1886) . A photoreproduction with an introduction by Charlotte Downey . (= Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints, 422 .) Delmar, N.Y. : Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints , 15, 316 pp. [ This is another item in the editor’s American Linguistics, 1700–1900 series (cf. previous “Publications Received” sections in HL for further information). The original title of the vol. here reprinted had the subtitle “A work on English grammar and composition” (New York: Clark & Maynard, 1886 [rev. ed., 1901]). The Introduction (5–13, bib., 14–15) compares Reed & Kellogg’s with the methods used by other school grammarians, but it does not provide any biographical information on the authors. (Reed died in 1899, according to the Library of Congress data on p.[4].) The ed. concludes (p. 13) by stating that “the greatest proof of the success of Reed and Kellogg’s book is that the method of diagramming the English sentence is still used in so many texts in American schools” .]
. 1987 . De l’origine du langage . Paris : Didier-Érudition [“Publié avec le concours de l’Université de Paris X – Nanterre] , [xi], 258 pp. [ Reprint of the 6th ed. (1883) of Renan’s (1823–1892) well-known book, first published in 1848 (Paris: M. Levy frères), and not altered since the 2nd ed. of 1858, to which Renan added a long preface (3–61), in which he discusses the theories advanced by Jacob Grimm, H. Steinthal, K.W.L. Heyse, Max Müller, A. F. Pott, and others. This text is preceded by an introd. by Pierre Caussat ([v]-[ix]; bio- and bibliographical notes, p.[x]) .]
Rhetorica: A journal of the History of Rhetoric . Vol. V , Nos. 2–4 ( 1987 ); vol. 1 , Nos. 1 and 2 ( 1988 ). Berkeley : Published by the Univ. of California Press for The International Society for the History of Rhetoric , [125-]437 and 204 pp. [ From the contents: “Rhetoric and poetics in the early Middle Ages” by Paul E. Prill (5.129­147); Review of Meerhoff (1986) – see entry above – by Alex Gordon (5.187–192); “The anthropy of modern rhetoric, [Giambattista] Vico to [Paul] de Man” by Brian Vickers (6.21–56), and Martin Camargo, “Toward a comprehensive art of written discourse: Geoffrey of Vinsauf and the Ars Dictaminis” (6.167–194). – A special feature of Rhetorica is that it prints summaries in English, French, German, and Italian of each article .]
1987 . Benedetto Croce and the Uses of Historicism . Berkeley-Los Angeles-London : Univ. of California Press , xii, 449 pp., 1 portrait . [ This study of Croce (1866–1953) and his particular view of ‘historism’ consists of the following chaps.: 1, “The question of Benedetto Croce” (1–32), which supplies the background to both Croce and the present study; 2, “Philosophy and beyond” (33–116); 3, “History, action, and the problem of relativism” (117–167); 4, “The religion of history” (168–209); 5, “Historicist politics” (210–265); 6, “The uses of history in a historicist world” (266–315), and 7, “History, historicism, and the search for a modern humanism” (316–353). Endnotes (357–412); bib. (413–439), and general index (441–449) .]
. 1986 . Connaissance et langage chez Condillac . (= Histoires des idées et critique littéraire, 242 .) Genève : Librairie Droz S.A. , 471 pp. [ This major study of Etienne Bonnot de Condillac’s (1715–1780) philosophy of language also deals, in Part II, “Reconnaître Condillac” (97–182), with C’s relationship with the ideas of his predecessors such as Locke, Descartes, and Leibniz, his borrowings from the works Warburton, Dumarsais, Diderot, Maupertuis, etc. as well as his differences with the rationalistic position of Beauzée and others. Parts III and IV are entitled “Relire Condillac” and “Retrouver Condillac”, respectively, and it is the latter that contains sections devoted to Turgot, Monboddo, Herder, and Humboldt (working out the differences between the views of Humboldt and Condillac, pp.384–391). The study is rounded off by a detailed bib. of reference works (429–430), primary sources concerning Condillac (430–432) and other authors (432–441), and of ‘Sources critiques’ covering the years 1951–1985 (441–460), but ignoring the important paper by Wulf Oesterreicher, “Wem gehört Humboldt? Zum Einfluß der französischen Aufklärung auf die Sprachphilosophie der deutschen Romantik”, in Logos Semantikos, vol.I: Geschichte der Sprachphilosphie und der Sprachwissenschaft ed. by Jürgen Trabant (Berlin & New York: Walter de Gruyter, Madrid: Editorial Gredos, 1981), pp.l 17–135. Index of proper names (461–467) .]
ed. 1988 . Topics in Cognitive Linguistics . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 50 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , x, 704 pp. [ This vol. brings together 20 original papers, four of which, united under the general heading “Toward a Coherent and Comprehensive Linguistic Theory”, are by Ronald W. Langacker (pp.3–161 in all). The remaining papers are grouped together under the section title “Aspects of a Multifaceted Research Program” and includes contributions by Leonard Talmy, Bruce W. Hawkins, Annette Herskovits, Wolf Paprotté, Robert Thomas King, and others, followed by two papers in a concluding section entitled “A Historical Perspective”, namely, “Grammatical categories and human conceptualization: Aristotle and the Modistae” by Pierre S Wiggers (621–646) and “Cognitive grammar and the history of lexical semantics” by Dirk Geeraerts (647­677). The vol. is rounded off by a master list of references (679–694) and a subject index (695–704) .]
SAIS Arbeitsberichte aus dem Seminar für Allgemeine und Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft , Heft 9 ( Dezember 1986 ). Kiel : Christian-Albrechts-Universität , [v], 282 pp. [ This vol. prints 7 papers devoted to the subject of ‘Anredeformen’ (terms of address) in various cultures (incl. Danish, Polish, Jordanian Arabic, Vogul), by Friederike Braun, Klaus Schubert, Ursula Pieper, Zsuzsanna Bényei, and Christine Klüfers-Berger. No index .]
. 1987 . Ein neues Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache . (= Arbeitspapiere, 23 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern , [ii], 100 pp. [ The monograph in effect consists of 3 papers each written by one of the three authors (in the above order): “Das neue Wörterbuch: Ein ‘anderer’ Kluge” (1–19); “Zur Konzeption des neuen Wörterbuchs” (20–47), and “Ein Wörterbuch zum Lesen” (48–96). Brief bib. (97–99) .]
]. 1988 . De Nederduitsche Spraek-kunst (1706) van Arnold Moonen (1644–1711): Een bijdrage tot de geschiedenis van de Nederlandstalige spraakkunst. Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor [de letteren] aan de Katholieke Universiteit te Nijmegen .... Wijhe : Uitgeverij Quarto , [xiii], 423 pp. , 3 portr., 7 facs . [ This is a detaüed analysis of the grammatical work of one of the most distinguished 17th-century Dutch scholars. It begins with a biographical sketch (1–14), followed by a bibliographical checklist (17–32) and a textual criticism (34–50), and ends with individual chaps, on orthography, gender, number, case, pronouns, the verb, and syntax in general. The back matter carries a bib. of secondary sources (377–90) and indices of subjects (391–417!) and of names (418–22). There is also a summary in German (transl. from the Dutch by Claus Heeschen) and a one-page c.v. in Dutch (370–75 and p.423, respectively .]
ed. 1986 . Wilhelm von Humboldt: Vortragszyklus zum 150. Geburtstag . Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , viii, 315 pp., 4 pictures . [ This vol. brings together the papers read on 20 and 21 May 1985 in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Humboldt’s death in 1835. They were presented in the plenary hall of the Reichstag building, the Freie Universität, and the Technische Universität in Berlin, with different foci, namely, the political importance of Humboldt’s ideas in the present, an overview of research in those fields to which Humboldt contributed scholarship of his own, and a discussion of the value of his concept of ‘Bildung’ in modern education, respectively. The following individual contributions appear to be of particular interest to readers of HL: “Wilhelm von Humboldt und die Universität in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika” by Steven Muller (29–34); “Wilhelm von Humboldt und die griechische Literatur” by Hellmut Flashar (82–100); “Wilhelm von Humboldts Bedeutung für die Philosophie” by Josef Simon (128–143), and “Die Geschichtlichkeit der Sprache und Wilhelm von Humboldts Sprachphilosophie” by B. Schlerath (212–238). No index .]
. 1986 . Die lebendige Sprache: Zur Entstehung des Organismuskonzepts . (= Linguistische Studien; Reihe A: Arbeitsberichte, 151 .) Berlin : Zentralinstitut für Sprachwissenschaft, Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR , [vii], 145 pp. [ The present study constitutes part 4 of the author’s 1986 dissertation, of which the others were incorporated in Banner & Neumann (1985:151­248) – see above – under the title “Aspekte der Institutionalisierung [der Germanistik]: Zur Durchsetzung der neuen Denkmuster”. – The present study has 3 parts: I, “Ansätze [of a new conception of language] bei [Johann Christoph] Adelung” (1–41); II, “Entstehung und Funktion des Organismuskonzepts” (41–75), and III, “Die Integrationsleistung des neuen Konzepts” (76–100). The back matter consists of “Thesen zur Arbeit”, i.e., the original dissertation as a whole (101–116); endnotes (117–123); bib. (124–138), and index of authors (139–145). – Cf. the review by S. A. Romashko in Obshchestvennye nauki za rubezhom [see above for further information on this periodical] No. 1/1988.25–29 .]
. 1986 . Television Advertising and Televangelism: Discourse analysis of persuasive language . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, VII:5 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , vi, 88 pp. [ A critical analysis of (segments of) speeches made by television Evangelists such as Richard Roberts, Rex Humbard, Jimmy Swaggart, Jerry Falwell, and others. Bib. (83–88); no index .]
eds. 1986 . The Politics and Rhetoric of Scientific Method: Historical studies . (= Australian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 4 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xxxix, 305 pp. [ Following an introduction by the editors which surveys the development of the different approaches to the philosophy of science from Bacon to Feyerabend and discusses the contributions to the present volume, there are altogether 8 papers, of which the following may be of particular interest to readers of HL: “The Galileo that Feyerabend missed: An improved case against method” by Alan Chalmers (1–31); “Cartesian method as mythic speech: A diachronic and structural analysis” by John A. Schuster (33–95); “The order of ideas: Condillac’s method of analysis as a political instrument in the French Revolution” by W. R. Albury (203–225); “Method and the ‘rnicropolitics’ of science: The early years of the geological and astronomical societies of London” by David Philip Miller (227–257), and “Scientific method and the rhetoric of science in Britain, 1830–1917” by Richard R. Yeo (259–297). Index of names (301–305) .]
. 1987 . Poetics of Expressiveness: A theory and applications . Introduction, Glossary, Index, Bibliography, and general editing by Alexander Zkolkovsky . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 18 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , ix, 361 pp. [ The vol. brings together, in English translation provided by the authors, their writings on the poetic theory they have jointly been working out since the early 1960s (cf. the annotated bib. provided on pp.329–338), with the most recent one published in 1985. It has two major parts, a theoretical one (“Concepts towards a theory of literary competence”), and a practical one (with application to children’s stories by Leo Tolstoy and to the ‘Confession’ of the 12th-century Archpoet of Cologne). Bib. (339–344); glossary of concepts and terms (345–353), and general index (355–361) .]
. 1987 . Relativism Refuted: A critique of contemporary epistemological relativism . (= Synthese Library: Studies in epistemology, logic, methodology, and philosophy of science, 189 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xviii, 210 pp. [ The author brings together, in 8 chapters, the result of his discussions of the ‘epistemological relativism’ found in the theories of a variety of philosophers of science, including ‘Kuhnians’ and ‘Un-Kuhnians’, one of them published in article form as early as 1976. These are organized under three major headings: I, “Relativism and the Problem of Incoherence” (3–44); II, “Relativism and the Philosophy of Science” (47–142), and III, “Further Epistemological Considerations” (145–169). Endnotes (170–197); bib. (198–204), and general index (205–210) .]
ed. 1986 . Lineamenti di storia lingüistica della Campania antica. I: I dati etnotoponomastici . (= Annali del Dipartimento di Studi del Mondo Classico e del Mediterraneao Antico;Sezione Linguistica; Series minor, Quaderno 1 .) Napoli : Istituto Universitario Orientale , 122 pp.; 3 maps . [ The vol. brings together six papers devoted to a variety of place names in the history of Campania in southwestern Italy. Next to the ed. (who provided 2 papers) there are contribuons by Addolorata Landi, Clara Montella, Paolo Poccetti, and Vincenzo Valeri. The back matter consists of a census of ethno-toponomastic data (103–122) compiled by Angela Carmela Raucci and others .]
, see Nacev Skomal, S.
1987 . Valency and Case in Computational Linguistics . Edinburgh : Edinburgh Univ. Press [ distributed by Columbia Univ. Press, 562 West 113th St. , New York, NY 10025 ], x, 328 pp. [ “This work concerns the application of two closely related linguistic theories to a range of computational language-processing tasks. As such it is divided into three distinct parts: the first presents a thorough review of the linguistic theories of Valency [beginning with the work of Lucien Tesnière (1893–1954)] and Case [beginning with Charles J. Fillmore in 1966] of a number of authors [including Gerhard Helbig, Wolfgang Schenkel, Hans-Jürgen Heringer, and many others]; the second discusses and exemplifies a range of classic problems for Case; and the third consists of a discussion of the use of Valency and Case in Computational Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence in general, and in Machine Translation in particular.” (Preface, p.viii). Bib. (289–309); index of names (310–315), and subject index (316–328) .]
. 1987 . Universals: Studies in Indian logic and linguistics . Chicago : Univ. of Chicago Press , x, 267 pp. [ This volume brings together a series of previously published articles and reviews (published between 1960 and 1977), all of them reprinted from their original places of publication. To these have been added a lengthy introduction (1–56) dealing with the subject of universals both philosophically and linguistically (Noam Chomsky was among those who read it in manuscript). Part I is devoted to Indian Logic (7 papers, 59–139; Part II reprints 5 papers on Indian Linguistics, most of them dealing with Panini (143–218); Part III reproduces 7 book reviews (221–262). General index (263–267) .]
eds. 1987 . Language Topics: Essays in honour of Michael Halliday . 2 vols. Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xviii, 490, and xvi, 669 pp., respectively . [ This festschrift for M.A.K. Halliday (b.1925) was published on the occasion of his retirement from the Chair of Linguistics at the Univ. of Sydney, Autralia, by the end of 1987. The contributions reflect Halliday’s scholarly interests and are organized under the following headings: 1, “Starting Points” (3–82); 2, “Language Development” (85–225); 3, “Sign, Context and Change” (229–351), and 4, “Languages Around the World” (355–451), completed by a master list of references (453–490), in vol.1, and 1, “The Design of Language” (3­127); 2, “Text and Discourse” (131–381), and 3, “Exploring Language as a Social Semiotic” (385–597) in vol.11. The back matter consists of “An Interview with Michael Halliday”, with Paul J. Thibault as the interviewer (6601–627), and a(nother) master list of references (629–669). There is no index. – Among the 40 contributors are, among others: Frantisek Danes, Jan Firbas, Petr Sgall, Eugénie J. A. Henderson, John L. M. Trim, Peter Strevens, Michael Clyne, Kenneth L. Pike, Angus Mcintosh, Adam Makkai, Jocob L. Mey, Bernard Pottier, Bernard Comrie, Seiji Shibata, Stephen A. Wurm, Jean Aitchison, Wolfgang U. Dressier, Samuel R. Levin, the late James P.Thorne Nils Erik Enkvist, Fred C.C. Peng, R. H. Robins, and many others .]
1988 . Lingua Universaiis: Kryptologie und Theorie der Univer­salsprachen im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert . (= Wolfenbütteler Forschungen, 38 .) Wies­baden : Otto Harrassowitz [ in commission for Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfen­büttel ], 291 pp.; 16 ill. [ This study shows the connection between the creation of secret writing systems and those schemes that were developed in 16th and 17th century Europe designed for wide, public (indeed ‘universal’) communication (first made by Johannes Trithemius (1462–1516), Benedictine abbot of Sponheim, near Bad Kreuznach, in his Polygraphia of 1508). Its focus is on the underlying systems of both, cryptology and the theory of universal languages, and has the following main chaps, (following an introduction, which includes a section on “Wichtige Methoden der Kryptologie des späten Mittelalters” [19–27]): 1, “Kryptologie und Univer­salsprachen im 16. Jahrhundert” (29–81); 2, “Verstärktes Interesse an Universal­sprachen bis zur Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts” (83–132); 3, “Höhepunkt der von Kryptologie inspirierten Sprachenentwürfe mathematisch-kombinatorischer Prägung auf dem Kontinent” (133–205), and 4, “Abkehr von Sprachentwürfen mathematisch­kombinatorischer Prägung in den auf philosophischer Grundlage fußenden Systemen” (207–246). The conclusion (247–263) is followed by a bib. of primary (265–275) and secondary (276–286) sources and an index of names (287–291) .]
Studi orientali e linguistici III (1986): Miscellanea in onore di Luigi Heilmann per il 75° compleanno. A cura di Giorgio Renato Franci . Bologna : Editrice CLUEB [for Istituto di Glottologia, Université degli Studi di Bologna] , 651 pp.; 1 portr . [ This is another vol. in honour of Luigi Heilmann (b.1911); in 1984, a 560-page volume – Diacronia, Syncronia e cultura: Saggi linguistici in onore di L.H. (Brescia: Editrice la Scuola) -was published. The present vol. includes the full list of publications, 1937–1986 (17­43), although the 1984 vol. had covered the same period up to early 1984 (xxiii-xlii). From the 37 contributions to this massive vol. the following appear to be of particular interest to HL readers: “De Brosses, il sanscrito e la teoria delia radice” by Luigi Rosiello (259–268), which also prints, in an appendix (pp.266f.), the second part of the “Lettre du père Pons, Missionnaire de la Companie de Jésus, au P. Du Halde de la même Companie. A Careical, sur la côte de Tanjour aux Indes Orientales, ce 23 Novembre 1740”, first published in Paris in 1743; “Segno, lingua e storia lingüistica in William Dwight Whitney” by Giuseppe Carlo Vincenzi (269–290), and “La lingüistica contemporanea: Teoria o szienza del linguaggio?” by Graziella Tonfoni (399–416). No index .]
. 1987 . Sentential Complementation in Spanish . [ Transl. from the Spanish by Mary Fons Fleming .] (= Lingvisticœ Investigations : Supplementa, 14 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , [xii], 290 pp. [ “The aim of the present work is to study the main distributional and transformational properties of verbs with a non-prepositional sentential complement in the two-argument sentence of Spanish. As a general theoretical framework, [Zellig S.] Harris (1968 [= Mathematical Structures of Language (New York: J. Wiley)], 1982 [= A Grammar of English on Mathematical Principles (ibid.)]) and [Maurice] Gross (1968, 1975) have been used.” (Introduction, p.l). Section 6 consists of tables of various verb classes (243–273), followed by an index of verbs (273–282). Bib. (283–290) .]
. 1986 . Direcciones de ¡a lingüística moderna. II: Los años cincuenta (1950–1960) . Versión española de Celestino Valladares . (= Biblioteca Románica Hispánico; III, Manuales, 44 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , 327 pp. [ Spanish transl. of Richtungen der modernen Sprachwissenschaft, Teil II: Die fünfziger Jahre 1950–1960 (Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1982) – cf. HL 10.190–191 (1983), for details; Part I of 1971 (reviewed in HL 1.129–136 [1974(©1973)] by Thomas L. Markey) had previously been translated by Marcos Martinez (Madrid: Gredos, 1978). The present vol. has 8 chaps, (continuing the numbering of Part I): 5, “La lingüística en la Unión Soviética” (11–31); 6, “Lingüística americana (II): Apogeo y final del bloomfieldismo” (32–69); 7, “Fonología praguese en Harvard y M.I.T.: Roman Jakobson y Morris Halle” (70–89); 8, “La lingüística histórica y comparativa en América: Indoeuro-peística-glottocronología-whorfianismo” (90–116); 9, “La lingüística histórico-com-parativa en Europa” (117–162); 10, “La lingüística general en Francia” (163–234); 11, “La lingüística general en Inglaterra” (235–261), and 12, “La lingüística general in Alemania” (262–291). Bib. (293–324); “índice general [read: Table of contents’]” (325–327), but no regular index .]
ed. 1984 . Gonzalo Correas: Arte Kastellana (1627) . Introducción, edición y notas . (= Monografías de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 90 .) Santiago de Compostela : Univ. de Santiago de Compostela , 242 pp. [ “Die genauen Lebensdaten von Correas sind unbekannt. Er war (dem Titelblatt von Correas 1627) zufolge “Catedratico propietario de la Catedra de lenguas, Hebrea, i Caldea, i de la maior de Griega en la Vniuersidad de Salamanca”, und dies für rund 40 Jahre. Er zählt zu den bedeutendsten Humanisten der Iberischen Halbinsel. 1625 publiziert er eine umfangreiche Grammatik der spanischen Sprache, den Arte [’grande’] de la lengua castellana (krit. Ausg. von Emilio Alarcos García, Madrid: CS.I.C., 1954). Zwei Jahre später veröffentlichte er den Trilingve de tres artes de la tres lengvas Catellana, Latina, i Griega, todas en Romanze (Salamanca: en la Oficina de Antonio Ramirez, 1627). Die hier zum ersten Mal nach dem Tode von Correas publizierte ‘Arte Kastellana’ ist ein Abriß des ‘Arte [’grande’]’ und gleichzeitig Teil des ‘Trilingue’. In einer umfangreichen Einleitung (7–84) geht T ausführlich auf die Vita von Correas ein, behandelt seine Rolle als Humanist, gibt eine Übersicht über sein Gesamtwerk und geht ausführlich auf Konzeption und Quellen der Arte Castellana ein. Es folgt die eigentliche Textedition, welche die Vorstellungen des – in Fragen der Orthographie sehr rührigen – Autors weitestgehend respektiert; die Paginierung der Originalausgabe wird mit übernommen. Auf sie verweist der sehr nützliche ‘Indice analítico’ (205–213). Es schließen sich Faksimiles der Titelseiten der Werke Correas (auch der nur handschriftlich überlieferten) an (217–227). Es folgen ‘poesías del autor’. Der Nachweis der benutzten Sekundärliteratur findet sich auf S.77–84. Eine nützliche Neuerscheinung!” – Hans-Josef Niederehe, Universität Trier. – Cf. also the paper by Rudolf Zimmer, “Die ‘Ortografía Kastellana’ des Gonzalo Correas aus dem Jahre 1630” (HL 8.23–45 [1981], where Correas’ life-dates are given aus “1570 oder 1571 – 1631” .]
. 1986 . ‘Chikara’ no shiso-ka Saussure [ Saussure as thinker of ‘forces’ ]. Tokyo : Shoshi Kazê no bara , 336 pp. [ This vol., which appears in the ‘Semiotic applications’ (Tokyo 1981-) series (which includes translations of the works of Claude Lévi-Strauss, Roman Jakobson, Christian Metz, Algirdas Julien Greimas, and others), begins with a ‘Note to the reader’ (7–14), which invites to a ‘theoretical adventure’. The introd. (17–41) attempts to interpret Saussure’s ideas in terms of a ‘latent theory of the subject and history’. Part I deals with questions surrounding Saussure’s ‘conscience des sujets parlants’ (45–129); Part II develops the synchrony/diachrony distinction in which diachrony is seen in the light of a linguistics of ‘forces’ (122–228). In appendices three subjects are treated: 1, ‘Difference and opposition’ (235–242); 2, ‘[Saussure’s idea of] intercourse [a term already used by him in his 1891 lectures at the Univ. of Geneva]” (243–250), and 3, ‘The anagrams’ (251–257). Endnotes (259–299); bib. (301–320); index of authors (321–325); postscript (327–331) .]
. 1986 . Les noms de lieux de l’Aube . Dijon : Centre Régional de Documentation Pédagogique; Fontaines lès Dijon: Association Bourguignonne de Dialectologie et d’Onomastique [ address: 22, rue de la Bresse , F-21121 FONTAINE LES DIJON , France ], 51 pp. [ As in previous (cf. HL 14.449 [1987] – and subsequent (see below) – accounts, the author provides succinct and informative introductions to the alphabetically arranged items (443 in number in the present work). – In the same year, T published two more studies, one on place names of the Haute Marne (63 pp., 552 entries), the other on toponyms in the Jura (78 pp., 535 items) .]
( with the assistance of Anna Maria Pieraccini ) ed. 1987 . Renaissance Linguistics Archive 1350–1700: A first print-out from the secondary-sources data­base . Computer programme by Ugo Pincelli . Ferrara : Istituto di Studi Rinascimentali , xx, 289 pp. [ This is the first publication of the Institute of Renaissance Studies research for which had been carried out with the collaboration of the Henry Sweet Society (Oxford) and the Société d’Histoire et d’Épistémologie des Sciences du Langage (Paris) and a number of individual researchers who sent on bibliographical information (cf. Acknowledgements [pp.v-vii] for details). Following a Foreword (ix–xx), which details the history and the raison d’être of the project, there are the following main parts: I, “[List of] Sources” (1–21); II, “Bibliography [of 970 entries arranged alphabetically by author]” (25–213), and III, “Indexes”, namely, “[Index of] Subject-authors [i.e., in effect authors and institutions treated in these studies]” (218­255), which also supplies life-dates in many instances; “[Index of] Key-terms [and subjects]” (257–271); “[Index of] Countries and localities” (273–280), and, finally, of “Languages and dialects” (281–288) .]
ed. 1987 . The History of Linguistics in the Classical Period . (= Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 46 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xii, 298 pp. [ This vol. constitues a reprint of the contents of HL XIIL2/3 (1986), repaginated and with an “Index nomunum antiquorum” (295–98) comp, by the ed. ]
Texts and Concordances of Medieval Spanish Medical Treatises . Published by The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , Madison, Wisconsin . [ Under this series title the Seminary has been issuing microfiche editions of texts that are intended to serve as material for a Diccionario Médico Medieval, which is later to be incorporated in an Dictionary of Old Spanish Language currently being prepared. Those published in the course of 1987 include ‘The Text and Concordance’ of the following works (most of them found as manuscripts in the Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid): Compendio de la humana salud (ed. by Maria Teresa Herrera); Compendio de medicina (ed. by María Jesús Mancho); Tratado de la phisionomia (ed. by María Nieves Sánchez, who also edited the Sumario de la medicina); Suma de la flor de cirugia (ed. by María Carmen Villar), and Regimiento contra la peste (ed. by María Purificación Zebía) .]
ed. 1988 . The Prague School and Its Legacy in Linguistics, Literature, Semiotics, Folklore, and the Arts; containing the contributions to a colloquium on The Prague School and Its Legacy held at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be’er Sheva, Israel, May 1984 . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 27 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ.Co. , xxix, 317 pp. [ The vol. brings together over 20 papers presented at the meeting indicated in the subtitle; they are organized under the following 5 headings: I, “Prague School Phonology and its Theoretical and Methodological Implications” (4 papers); II, “The Prague School and Functinal Discourse Analysis” (6 papers); III, “The Prague School and Aspects of Literary Criticism” (5 papers); IV, “The Sociological and Ethnological Concerns of the Prague School” (3 papers), and V, “The Prague School’s Semiotic Approach to the Arts” (3 papers). Contributors include: J. [Ian] C. Catford, Anatoly Liberman, Ladislav Matejka, and Walburga von Raffler-Engel. Index of names (305–309); subject index(311–317) .]
ed. 1987 . Coherence and Grounding in Discourse: Outcome of a symposium, [held in] Eugene, Oregon, June 1984 . (= Typological Studies in Language, 11 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , viii, 512 pp. [ The 20 papers here united address subjects such as the relationships holding among discourse properties such as ‘foregrounding’ and ‘background information’, cognitive units like ‘events’, and matters of linguistic coding. Contributors include Wallace Chafe, Katherine Demuth, Talmy Givón, Marianne Mithun, Andrew Pawley, and Sandra Thompson. There is no general bib. and no index .]
. 1986 . Language Inequality and Distortion in Inter cultural Communication: A critical theory approach . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, VII:7 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xi, 97 pp. [ Bib. (91–97); no index .]
ed. 1986 . The Kaleidoscope of Science: The Israel Colloquium. Studies in history, philosophy, and sociology of science . Volume I . (= Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 94 .) Dordrecht-Boston-Lancaster-Tokyo : D. Reidel Publ. Co. , xii, 250 pp. [ This vol. prints papers that have grown out of the annual Israel Colloquia that occured since the 1981/82 academic year, it includes 10 papers and 9 comments on them by scholars from Israel, the United States, and Great Britain, e.g., “On the empirical application of mathematics and some of its philosophical aspects” by Stephan Körner (1–11) – comment by Haim Gaifman (13­16); “Meaning and our mental life” by Hilary Putnam (17–32) – comment by Eddy M. Zemach (33–37); “The persecution of absolutes: On the Kantian and neo-Kantian theories of science” by Amos Funkenstein (39–63) – comment by Nathan Rotenstreich (65–73); “Darwin’s principle of divergence as internal dialogue” by David Kohn (117­132) – comment by Silvan S. Schweber (133–136); “The group construction of scientific knowledge: Gentlemen-specialists and the Devonian controversy” by Martin J. D. Rudwick (193–217) – comment by Silvan S. Schweber (219–223), and “Knowledge and power in the sciences” by Everett Mendelsohn (225–240) – comment by Yaron Ezrahi (241–245). Index of names (247–248) .]
eds. 1987 . Monastic Sign Languages . (= Approaches to Semiotics, 76 .) Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , xviii, 618 pp. [ This vol. brings together a variety of works originally published between 1690 (Edmond Martène’s “De silentio & signis” [pp.423–427]) and 1978 (William C. Stokoe’s paper, “Sign language and the monastic use of lexical gestures” [325–338]). The latter is in effect a review article on Robert A. Barakat’s book, The Cistercian Sign Language: A study of non-verbal communication (Kalamazoo, Mich.: Cistercian Publications, 1976), which has also been reprinted here, in effect taking up a large portion of this vol. (pp.67–322). All texts are reprinted from their original sources; as a result, we find 7 texts in Latin (by Bernard of Cluny [1726], Leibniz [1717], and others), 5 in French (by Louis François Du Bois [1824], Gérard van Rijnberk [1953], Eric Buyssens [1956], and others), 4 in English (by Samuel Bentley [1833], Nigel Barley [1974], and the 2 items already mentioned above], and 1 item each in German (Friedrich Kluge, “Zur Geschichte der Zeichensprache”, [Techmer’s] Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft 2.116­140 [1885; repr., Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1973]), Italian (by Mario Penna [1962]), and Portuguese (by Mário Martins [1958]). No effort has been made to translate at least some of the texts or to offer an analysis of (especially the ‘classical’) texts reprinted here. There is only a brief preface by the editors (vii-xiii) and an index of names (615–618) .]
. 1987 . Francis Bacon’s Philosophy of Science: An account and appraisal . La Salle, Illinois : Open Court Publ. Co. , viii, 209 pp. [ According to the book’s back cover, the “standard interpretation [of Bacon’s philosophy of science] is shattered by [the present] study, which argues, from close consideration of Bacon’s actual words in context, that he was immensely more sophisticated and ‘modern’ than is generally allowed.” – Following an “Introduction: Bacon’s life and writings” (1–15), the book has 6 chaps.: 1, “The standard interpretation” (17–24); 2, “Bacon’s principles of induction” (25–58); 3, “The aims of Baconian science” (59–82); 4, “The idols” (83­106); 5, “Bacon’s assessment of the science of his day” (107–148), and 6, “The role of experiment” (149–185). There is a Conclusion (187–192), a bib. (193–198) -“References in this book to Bacon’s writings” are found on pages 11–12 -, and a general index (199–209) .]
. 1987 . Word Order and Constituent Structure in German . (= CSLI Lecture Notes, 8 .) Stanford-Menlo Park-Palo Alto : Center for the Study of Language and Information [distributed by The Univ. of Chicago Press] , ix, 184 pp. [ “The main problem addressed in this book is the question of whether and how the syntax of a language with partially free word order can be analyzed in a nontransformational grammatical framework that is highly constrained and computationally tractable, and whether such an analysis can yield an insightful and elegant description of the relevant data. The language chosen for analysis is German; the grammatical framework is a modification of the immediate dominance/linear precedence (ID/LP) version of Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG).” (Introduction, p.l). Bib. (169­175); index of authors (177–184) .]
. 1987 . Syntactic Case and Morphological Case in the History of English . Dordrecht/Holland & Providence, R.I. : Foris Publications , xi, 249 pp. [ This Univ. of Utrecht dissertation deals with specific syntactic questions of Old and Middle English, based on a government-and-binding approach and with a large amount of space given to clitics and ‘preposition-stranding’, the apparent field of the author’s specialization (cf. bib., p.244). The back matter consists of a list of sigla (236–237), a list of primary (238–239) and of secondary (240–246) sources, a summary in Dutch (247–248), and a brief vita (p.249). The author has not “provided this book with an index [...] because [it] did not seem to lead to any gain in accessibility” (Preface, p.vii) .]
. 1988 . Preference Laws for Syllable Structure, and the Explanation of Sound Change: With special reference to German, Germanic, Italian, and Latin . Berlin-New York-Amsterdam : Mouton de Gruyter , ix, 95 pp. [ “This booklet contains the text, augmented mainly by explanatory notes and an index, of a lecture presented at theUniversity of California, Berkeley, on April 22, 1985.” (Preface, p.vii). It consists of an Introduction (1–10), a main part entitled ‘The Preference Laws”, among which the authors counts ‘The head law’, ‘The coda law’, ‘The nucleus law’, the ‘Weight law’, and a variety of other ‘laws’, a concluding section, including “Complex Applications” (57–64), and the regular back matter (notes, bib., undex). – The study is dedicated to “Terence H[arrison] Wilbur, Germanist, Bascologist, linguist at UCLA, homme savant and academician, my Doktorvater, a wise and kindly man.” ]
eds. The Pragmatic Perspective: Selected papers from the 1985 International Pragmatics Conference . (= Pragmatics & Beyond Companion Series, 5 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins , xiii, 836 pp. [ This massive volume prints 40 papers from the International Pragmatics Conference held in Viareggio, Italy, 1–7 Sept. 1985. The contributors include (apart from the 2 editors themselves) Herbert H. Clark, Marcello Dascal, Susan Ervin-Tripp, Bruce Fraser, Cristiano Castelfranchi, Dell Hymes, Anna Fuchs, Robert D. Van Valin, David Leedom S haul, Christoph Schwarze, and Umberto Eco. The back matter consists of a master list of references (721–828) and an index of names (829–836) .]
. 1987 . Emotive Signs in Language and Semantic Functions of Derived Nouns in Russian . (= Linguistics & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 24 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , xi, 270 pp. [ The work, which is inspired by the functionalist approach of the Prague School (which explains the dedication of the study to Vilém Mathesius [1882–1945]), “is intended as a contribution to the integral description of language and verbal communication. It shows that emotivity permeates virtually all linguistic communication, suggests some methods of description of emotive signs in systematic terms, and argues that emotivity in language constitutes a system in its own right.” (Introduction, p.3). The study makes use of some 3,000 excerpts from various Russian sources (listed on pp.251­253). Bib. (255–270); no index .]
Voortgang: Jaarboek voor de Neerlandistiek . Vol. VII ( 1986 ). Amsterdam : Faculteit der Letteren; Studierichting Nederlands, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam , 369 pp; 1 portr . [ The vol. includes the following papers of interest to HL readers: “D[irk] M[iente] Bakker [(1934–1985)], onderzoeker van taal en taalbeschrijving” by Th.A.J.M. Janssen (5–23); “[Berend] Brugsma [(1797–1868)], [R. J.] Wurst [(1800–1845)] en [Karl Ferdinand] Becker [(1775–1849)]: Taalkundige relaties in de negentiende eeuw” by Jan Noordegraaf & Saska Bierling (89–111), and “Een Nederlandstalige selectie (anno 1552) uit Erasmus’ Parabolae, sive similia” by G.R.W. Dibbets (137–170) .]
Voortgang , etc. Vol. VIII , ibid ., 1987 ( published 1988 ), 209 pp. [ Includes a paper by Jan Noordegraaf, “Honderd jaar ‘exocentrisch’? Uit de geschiedenis van een term” (153–161), which traces the term ‘exocentric’ back to the 1888 dissertation by Aleksandr Ivanovich Aleksandrov (1861–1918), done at the Univ. of Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonian S.R.) under the supervision of J. Baudouin de Courtenay, in contrast to the hypothesis advanced by Dominik Wujastyk in 1982 (cf. HL 9.179–184) .]
. 1988 . Event Structure . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 59 .) Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publ. Co. , x, 181 pp. [ This is ‘a strongly revised version’ of the author’s 1986 Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Ottawa. It has the following chaps.: 1, “Introduction” (1–17); 2, “Event structure” (19–44); 3, “The semantics of the subject” (45–66); 4, “Unaccusativity” (67–94); 5, “Passivization and reflexivization” (95–120); 6, “Involvement” (121–146), and 7, “Tense” (147–162). There are “Concluding Remarks” (163–170), a bib. (171–177) and a subject index (179–181) .]
( with the collaboration of Francisca Baltaceanu ). 1987 . Introducere in studiul limbi si culturii indo-europene . Bucuresti : Editura Stiintifica si Enciclopedica , 367 pp. [ This introd. to the study of Indo-European linguistics and culture consists of seven parts of unequal length. It begins with a chap, on the IE language family, followed by the central part of the book (23–185), in which the various language families (Celtic, Germane, Italic, etc.) are presented. The remaining sections deal with ‘The reconstruction of the IE proto-language’ (186–207); ‘The structure of common Indo-European’ (208–273); ‘The IE lexicon and culture’ (274­325); ‘IE dialects’ (326–342), and ‘The IE homeland’ (343–366). Each section has a select bib. appended. No index .]
. 1987 . Language and Meaning in the Renaissance . Princeton, N.J. : Princeton Univ. Press , xiv, 315 pp. [ Inspired by Saussure’s concepts of the ‘linguistic sign’ and of ‘value’ (cf. pp.8–17 and elsewhere) – which anticipates Wittgenstein in many respects, the author deals, in 6 chaps., with the shifts of the theories of word meaning in the period of Humanism (without neglecting the mention of classical and late medieval views of the subject). They are entitled: 1, “From referential to relational semantics” (8–47); 2, “The Renaissance semantic shift” (48­82); 3, “The challenge from philosophy” (83–133), with sections on Lorenzo Valla (88–112) and Juan Luis Vives (113–133); 4, “The challenge of the vernaculars” (134­206); 5, “The challenge from eloquence” (207–249), with sections on Erasmus (213­234) and on Luther (235–249), and 6, “The Augustinian reaction” (250–283), notably as represented by the Lutheran theologian Matthias Flacius Illyricus (1520–1575). Epilogue (284–305); general index (307–315); no bib .]
ed. 1987 . Studies in Memory of Warren Cowgill (1929–1985): Papers from the Fourth East Coast Indo-European Conference, Cornell University, June 6–9 , 1985 . (= Studies in Indo-European Language and Culture, 3 .) Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , x, 327 pp. [ This vol. brings together 14 papers on Indo-European phonology, morpholgy, semantics, and poetics. It includes contributions of unequal length, from George Cardona’s 5-page paper, “On Indo-Iranian *tva- ‘the one’” (1–6), to Calvert Watkins’ 30-page study, “How to kill a dragon in Indo-European” (270–299). The other contributors are: George E. Dunkel, Mark Hale, Henry M. Hoenigswald, Stanley Insler, Stephanie Jamison, Jay Jasanoff, Lionel Joseph, Sara Kimball, Craig Melchert, Anna Morpurgo Davies, Alan J. Nussbaum, and Donald A. Ringe. The indices verborum (300–321) and locorum (322–327) were compiled by L. Brockman .]
. 1987 . The Intensional Buildup of Classical Latin . Amsterdam : Lobster Publications [ address: Postfach 10 61 41, D-6900 Heidelberg or Goethestrasse 40, D-555 Bernkastel-Kues, Fed. Rep of Germany ], 334 pp. [ “This treatise is an exercise in intensional semantics. It applies to the vocabulary of Classical Latin, though references to, and intensional analyses of, preclassical and postclassical word forms and word alternates have been included in various places. The concept of ‘intension’ as laid down here differs from its standaerd usages in the semantic and philosophical literature. The claim will be made that ‘intension’ and ‘intensional analysis’ touches on the vary heart of lingual word formation, an estimation that is intuitively felt by native speakers possessing what is informally referred to as Sprachgefühl” (p.9). The book has 11 chaps., from the general ones, “Semantic studies of meaning” (9–24) and “Approaching the intensional buildup of natural languages” (25–40), at the outset to the concluding one, “Intensional analyses of grammatical functives and inflectional paradigms” (255–313). The back matter consists of a “Vocabulary list” (315–321); a “Summary of descriptor definitions” (322–323); a “Terminological glossary” (324­328), and a bib. (329–334) .]
. 1987 . The Origin of Language: Aspects of the discussion from Condillac to Wundt . La Salle, Illinois : Open Court Publ. Co. , viii, 138 pp. [ This monograph “is intended as a vindication of the – today very unpopular – view of Condillac, Thomas Reid, and Monboddo that language is an invention. It aims to show that their theories are more plausible than is supposed by the many commentators who see them through the eyes of Herder and his successors.” (Preface, p.vii). The study has 5 chaps.: 1, “The Enlightenment investigators and their followers” (7–30); 2, “Herder” (31–47); 3, “Nineteenth-century resistance to the idea that language is an invention” (49–62); 4, “The relation of language to thought [in Humboldt, Schleicher, Max Müller, and Steinthal]” (63–95), and 5, “Alternatives to invention [esp. Lazarus Geiger (1829–1870) and Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920)]” (97­109). Bib. of primary (127–129) and secondary (129–132) sources, and general index (133–138) .]
. 1987 . The Content of the Form: Narrative discourse and historical representation . Baltimore & London : The Johns Hopkins Press , xiii, 244 pp. [ The vol. brings together, in revised form, 8 papers previously published between 1979 and 1985 in journals or collective volumes (see Acknowledgements, p.xiii). They appear here as the following chaps.: 1, “The value of narrativity in the representation of reality” (1–25); 2, “The question of narrative in contemporary historical theory” (26­57); 3, “The politics of historical interpretation: Discipline and de-sublimation” (58­82); 4, “[Johann Gustav] Droysen’s [(1808–1884)] Historik: Historical writing as a bourgeois science” (83–103); 5, “[Michel] Foucault’s [(1926–1984)] discourse: The historiography of anti-humanism” (104–141); 6, “Getting out of history: [Fredric] Jameson’s redemption of narrative” (142–168); 7, “The metaphysics of narrativity: Time and symbol in [Paul] Ricoeur’s philosophy of history” (169–184), and 8, “The context in the text: Method and ideology in intellectual history” (185–213). Endnotes (215–236); general index (237–244); no general bib .]
. n.d. [ 1987 ]. La vie du langage . Préface de Claudine Normand . Paris : Diffusion Didier Erudition (publié avec le concours de l’Université de Paris X – Nanterre) , [xiv], vii, 264, 32 (= Catalogue de Livres de Fonds [ Paris : Librairie Germer Baillière , Janvier 1878 ]). [ This is a reprint of the 2nd (1877) ed. of Whitney’s (1827–1894) book first published in 1875, whose French version was most probably not produced by Whitney himself, as the introducer contends (pp.[v] and [x]). For an argument against this traditionally held view, cf. K. Koerner, “L’importance de William Dwight Whitney pour les jeunes linguistes de Leipzig et pour F. de Saussure”, LI 4.379–394 (1980), pp.390–391, note 1. Curiously, the introducer ignored all scholarship dealing with Whitney published after 1979 (the year that Rosane Rocher’s article, “The past up to the introduction of neogrammarian thought”, appeared in The European Background of American Linguistics ed. by Henry M. Hoenigswald, 5–22. Dordrecht: Foris) .]
. 1985 . Dynamische Sprach- und Weltauffassungen (in ihrer Entwicklung von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart) . (= Schriftenreihe des Zentrums Philosophische Grundlagen der Wissenschaften, 3 .) Bremen : Presse- und Informationsamt, Univ. Bremen [ address: Postfach 330 440, D-2800 Bremen 33, Fed. Rep. of Germany ], 123 pp. in-16Q . [ The booklet has eight chaps.: 1, “Dynamik und Statik in der vorsokratischen Naturphilosophie” (9–13); 2, “Aristoteles’ Versuch einer Synthese und deren Folgen für die Entwicklung der Wissenschaften” (14–19); 3, “Die Veränderung des physikalischen Weltbildes im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert und dessen Folgen für die Sprachtheorie” (20–34); 4, “Sprachtheorie und Erkenntnis­theorie in der Aufklärung” (35–48); 5, “Entwicklung der Sprachwissenschaft und ihres wissenschaftlichen Umfeldes bis 1916 (de Saussure)” (49–62); 6, “Die Sprachtheorie im Spannungsfeld behavioristischer, phänomenologischer und gestalttheoretischer Tendenzen im 20. Jahrhundert” (63–73); 7, “Statik und Dynamik in der formalen Sprachtheorie des 20. Jahrhunderts” (74–90), and 8, “Einige globale Eigenschaften der Entwicklung von Welt- und Sprachauffassungen” (91–100). Endnotes (102–103); bib. (104–118), and index of names (119–123) .]
. 1987 . Aspekt und Tempus im modernen Persischen: Eine Untersuchung anhand von Hedayats Erzählung “sag-e welgard ”. (= Arbeitspapier, 22 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Univ. Bern , [iii], 47 pp. [ The monograph investigates the tense system of modern Persian and compares it with previous analyses as well as with the use of the ‘passé distancié’ in Turkish. Bib. (46–47) .]
Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung . Begründet von Adalbert Kuhn In Verbindung mit Claus Haebler herausgegeben von Alfred Bammesberger und Günter Neumann . 100 . Band, Hefte 1–2 . Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht , 384 pp. [ This comparatively fat vol. contains the following contributions of particular interest to readers of HL: “Elf Briefe Hermann [Günther] Graßmanns [(1809–1877)] an Adalbert Kuhn [(1812–1881)]” (introduced, ed. and annotated) by Rüdiger Schmitt-(12–34); the same author also contributed a note, “Das Gründungsdatum von ‘Kuhns Zeitschrift’” (205–206), which corrects the traditional date ‘1852’ and pushes its founding date back to ‘12 June 1850’, when Kuhn and his co-editor (for the first two volumes), (Simon) Theodor Aufrecht (1821–1907), published a “prospect der Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem gebiete des deutschen, griechischen und lateinischen” (KZ 23 [1877(1875)], p.l). – It should perhaps be added that this volume XXIII consisted of 6 numbers, of which the first Lieferung (1875) contained (Johann) Heinrich Hübschmann’s (1848–1908) celebrated article, “Ueber die Stellung des Armenischen im kreise der indogermanischen sprachen” (5–49), whereas No.2 (1876) printed two papers by Karl (Adolf) Verner (1846–1896), the celebrated “Eine ausnahme der ersten lautverschiebung” (97–130) and the much more modest “Zur ablautfrage” (131–138), with the last number being published in 1877 only. – Another contribution of interest to the history of ‘Kuhns Zeitschrift’ is “Franz Specht [(1888­1949)] in dieser Zeitschrift” by Bernfried Schlerath (207–218), which pays tribute to the life and work of Specht, who contributed regularly to the Journal from 1924 to 1952 (posthumously published by Johannes Lohmann) and who was one of its editors from 1935 until his death. This paper also includes interesting remarks about ‘die Berliner Schule’ of Johannes Schmidt and the tradition that continues in the work Paul Thieme (b.1905). – Historians of linguistics may not be happy however to notice, both from the editors’ “Vorwort” (p.2) and from A. Bammesberger’s announcement in Mitteilungsblatt des Deutschen Altphilologenverbandes No.l (1988), p.24, that ‘Kuhns Zeitschrift’ (KZ) or ‘Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung’ (which only after the ‘annus mirabilis’ of 1876 embraced all Indo-European languages) is, beginning with volume 101 (1988), to be called Historische Sprachforschung (HS) .]