Publications received published in:
Historiographia Linguistica
Vol. 4:1 (1977) ► pp. 115134

Note: This listing acknowledges the receipt of recent studies that seem to bear on linguistics, in particular the history of the discipline. Only the receipt of those books will be acknowledged separately which have been sent upon request. It should be pointed out that by accepting a book, the Editor implies no promise that it will be reviewed in HL. Reviews are printed as circumstances permit, and offprints are sent to the publishers of the works reviewed. Items preceded by an asterisk have been chosen for review in one of the forthcoming issues of HL. They will only be listed here.

. 1976 . “Dependenzgrammatik”: Tesnières Model der Sprachbeschreibung in wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher und kritischer Sicht . (= Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie, 151 .) Tübingen : M. Niemeyer , X, 171 pp. Cloth, DM 40 ,-. [ Habilitation diss., Univ. of Saarbrücken, 1973. This study is a monographic treatment of Lucien Tesnière (1893–1954), who largely received posthumous recognition as a syntactician of great insight following the appearance of the 2nd ed. (1st ed., 1959) of his Eléments de syntaxe structurale, with a preface by Jean Fourquet (Paris: Klincksieck, 1965; 3rd ed., 1969.) The study consists of the following major sections: “Die Dependenzgrammatik im Panorama der modernen Linguistik” (7–12), in which T’s theories are compared with present-day linguistic doctrines, esp. transformational-generative grammar; “Die Entwicklung der Dependenzgrammatik” (13–42), in which the development of T’s syntactic work – but also the ‘Vorgeschichte’ (27–32) of certain concepts such as valency, relation, copula, etc. – is traced and the relationship with contemporaty theories is discussed; and “Grundzüge einer elementaren Dependenzgrammatik” (43–138), in which the essentials of T’s theory are outlined and critically discussed. There is a detailed bib. (144–62) – indeed the entire study is carefully documented bibliographically! – and there are indices of authors (163–166) and terms (167–71) .]
. 1974 . The Theory of Language . With a new preface by Kenneth M. Morris . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XX], [IX], 390 pp. Cloth , $20.00 . [ A repr. of the 2nd enl. and rev. ed. of Beattie’s (1735–1803) Theory of Language, in two parts. I. Of the origin and general nature of speech; II Of universal grammar (London: A. Strahan & T. Cadell; Edinburgh: W. Creech, 1788 [1st ed., 1783]). As K. M. Morris shows in his introd. art., “Words as Manifestation of Reason” ([V]–[XX]), B. was indebted to both Harris’ Hermes (1751 [see below]), although his much more practical purposes, namely that of educating the young, but also his religious convictions, led him into different directions. A brief biography of B. can be found on pp. [VII]–[XI] .]
Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure , No. 30 . Geneva : Libr. Droz , 1976 , 197 pp. [ From the contents: Peter Wunderli, “Umfang und Inhalt des Semiolo-giebegriffs bei Saussure” (33–68); René Amacker, “L’influence de Ferdinand de Saussure et la linguistique générale d’inspiration saussurienne en Suisse (1940–1970)” (71–96); Rudolf Engler, “Bibliographie Saussurienne” (99–138), covering the years 1970–74; Georges Redard, “Le voyage de F. de Saussure en Lituanie: Suite et fin?” (141–50), adducing convincing evidence that S. did in fact visited Lithuania in summer 1880, though apparently only briefly .]
. 1976 . Standard Italian . (= Trends in Linguistics; State-of-the-Art Reports, 1 .) The Hague : Mouton , VIII, 76 pp. Pper, Hfl. 22 .-. [ A critical bibliographical survey of the study of Standard Italian, with particular emphasis on the work done during the past three decades. It is subdivided into the following sections: (1) “Generalities on Standard Italian” (3–6); (2) “History and development [of scholarship pertaining to the study of Italian]” (6–10); (3) “Phonology [including articulatory, instrumental phonetics, etc.]” (11–19); (4) “Grammar [historical and descriptive]” (20–28); (5) “Lexicon”, incl. etymological and other dictionaries (29–40), followed by brief sections on “Language Acquisition”, “Applied linguistics”, “Sociolinguistics”, and “Stylistics” (41, 42, 43–45 and 46, respectively). The bib. (47–76) contains some 550 titles .]
1976 . The Caddoan, Iroquian, and Siouan Languages . (= Trends in Linguistics; State-of-the-Art Reports, 3 .) The Hague : Mouton , 98 pp. Paper, Hfl. 27 ,-. [ This review of the literature available of three major Amerindian language groups consists of 3 main sections, each of them subdivided in accordance with the number of individual languages belonging to a particular language family: (1) Caddoan (11–16), (2) Iroquoian (16–28), and (3) Siouan (28–42). This is followed by “Remote Relationships” (43–54), in which various hypotheses are discussed, and “A Brief Look at the Caddo Language”, which is in effect a succinct treatment of the phonology and morphosyntax of the language (55–82). There is a detailed bib., which includes pre-19th century material (83–98), but no index .]
eds. 1976 . Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos . (= Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 39 = Synthese Library, 99 .) Dordrecht/Holland & Boston : D. Reidel Publ. Company , XI, 762 pp. Cloth, Hfl. 165.-/ $62.00 . [ A memorial vol. dedicated to the late Imre Lakatos (1922–74). Following an appraisal of L. as a man and a scholar (“Philosopher of Mathematics and Philosopher of Science”) by John Worral (1–8), there are furhter, at times critical, evaluations of L’s teachings, e.g., “The Lakatosian Revolution” (9–21) by Joseph Agassi; “Lakatos One and Lakatos Two: An appreciation” (39–54) by William Berkson; “Imre Lakatos: Some recollections” (209–12) by Majorie Grene; “History, Praxis and the “Third World”: Ambiguities in Lakatos “theory of methodology” (655–75) by Stephen Toulmin. From the large number of (altogether 40) contributions, the following may be mentioned as a potential interest to linguistic historiographers: P. K. Feyerabend, “On the Critique of Scientific Reason” (109–43); Arthur Fine, “The Young Einstein and the Old Einstein” (146–59); Adolf Grünbaum, “Is Falsifiability the Touchstone of Scientific Rationality? Karl Popper versus inductivism” (213–52); Kurt Hübner, “Descartes’ Rules of Impact and their Criticism: An example of the structure of processes in the history of science” (299–310); I. C. Jarvie, “[Stephen] Toulmin [in his 1972 Human Understanding] and the Rationality of Science (311–34); Robert K(ind) Merton, “The Ambivalence of Scientists” (433–55); Abner Shimony, “Commentson Two Epistemological Theses of Thomas Kuhn” (569–88), and Fred Sommers, “Leibniz’s Program for the Development of Logic” (589–615). Index of names (755–62) .]
. 1974 . An Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge . With a new introduction by James H(enry) Stam . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XIV], L, 330 pp. Cloth , $16.00 . [ A repr. of the E. transl. by Thomas Nugent of 1756 (London: J. Nourse) of Abbé Condillac’s (1714–80) Essai sur l’origine des connaissances humaines (Paris, 1746). Significantly, the subtitle of the original E. text reads “Being a supplement to Mr. Locke’s Essay on the Human Understanding”. J. H. Stam’s introd. art., “Condillac on Language” [V]–[XIV]), treats especially Condillac’s theory of language as a system of signs, an area in which C. improved on Locke’s theories. – A repr. of the Fr. original, with an introd. by Jacques Derrida was published in 1972 (Paris & Bordeaux: G. Ducros) .]
XIV Congresso internazionale di linguistica e filologia romanze (Napoli, 15–20 Aprile 1974); Atti. Vol. II (curato da Alberto Vàrvaro ). Naples : G. Macchiaroli ; Amsterdam : J. Benjamins , 1976 , 685 pp. [ This vol. contains contributions to various aspects of Romance linguistics in the fields of dialectology, language relationships, typology, diachronic phonology, sociolinguistics, etc., but there is no item directly connected with the hist, of ling .]
. 1974 . A Philosophical Discourse concerning Speech, together with A Discourse Written by [recte: to] a Learned Friar . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XXXIII], [XXII], 125, 62 pp. Cloth , $12.50 . [ A repr. of Cordemoy’s (c. 1626–84) Discours physique de la parole (Paris: F. Lambert, 1668) in its E. transl. of the same year, A Philosophicall Discourse concerning Language, conformable to the Cartesian principles, …, Englished out of French (London: J. Martin), followed by a repr. of A Discourse Written to a Learned Friar, …, shewing, that the System of M. Des Cartes, does contain nothing dangerous; … (London: M. Pitt, 1670). As the title of Karl D(avid) Uitti’s introd. article to the repr., “Cordemoy and Cartesian Linguistics”, suggests, the revival of interest in Cordemoy appears to stem from two sources, C’s Cartesianism and his alleged rapport with the grammaire générale tradition, which is usually is associated with the Port-Royal grammarians of the period, though it goes back to Sanctius and others. – For a facs.-repr. of the Fr. original, see HL 1:1, p. 142 .]
1975 . Horace Bushnell’s Theory of Language; in the context of other ninetheen-century philosophies of language . (= Studies in Philosophy, 22 .) The Hague : Mouton , 300 pp. Cloth, Hfl. 70.-/ $27.00 . [ A study of the linguistic theories of the 19-th-century American theologian Horace Bushnell (1802–76), in particular as expounded in his 1849 essay, “A Preliminary Dissertation on Language”, which he prefaced to his God in Christ (Hartford, Conn.: Brown & Parsons). The study consists of the following chaps.: (1) “The theory of language” (15–46); (2) “The origin of language” (47–78); (3) “Language and thought” (79–120); (4) “Logical skepticism, biblical poetry, and eloquence” (121–45); (5) “The language of nature” (146–78); (6) “Language and the trinity: Three views” (179–228), and (7) “Attacks on the language theory” (229–86). Bib. (287–91); index of names (293–95) and subject index (297–300) .]
Current Trends in Linguistics , vol. XIII : Historiography of Linguistics . Associate editors: Hans Aarsleff, Robert Austerlitz, Dell Hymes, and Edward Stankiewicz . The Hague : Mouton , 1975 [ delivered in 1976], XVIII, 1518 pp. [in 2 vols.]. Cloth Hfl. 420,-/ $160.00 [The vol. contains studies in the history of (largely Western) linguistics commissioned and written during 1971–73; hardly a contribution refers to a post-1972 publication in the field. (Hymes & Fought’s study appears to be an exception to the rule.) The vol. consists of 2 major portions: I, “Western Tradition”; II, “Areal”. Individual contributions are printed in chronological order: “India [i.e., the Sanskrit tradition]” by Rosane Rocher (3–67); “Classical Antiquity: Greece” by Jan Pinborg (69–126); “Classical Antiquity: Rome” by Luigi Romeo (127–77); “The Middle Ages” by G. L. Bursill-Hall (179–230); “The Grammatical Tradition and the Rise of the Vernaculars” by W. Keith Percival (231–75); “The Seventeenth Century” by Herbert E. Brekle (277–380; “[Editor’s (read: Hans Aarsleff’s) note]”, 380–82; “The Eighteenth Century, including Leibniz” by Hans Aarsleff (383–479); “Sprachwissenschaft und Sprachphilosophie im Zeitalter der Romantik” by Helmut Gipper and Peter Schmitter (481–606); “Language Classification in the Nineteenth Century” by Anna Morpurgo Davies (607–716) – tome II – “European Strucuralism – early beginnings” by E. F. K. Koerner (717–827); “European Structuralism: Saussure” by Rudolf Engler” (829–86); “European Structuralism: Post-Saussurean schools” by Guilio C. Lepschy (887–902); “American Strucutralism” by Dell Hymes and John Fought (903–1176 [sic]), and “Historiography of Phonetics: A bibliography” by Robert Austerlitz (1179–1209). – “The Far East” by Roy Andrew Miller (1213–64); “linguistics among the Arabs” by Haim Blanc (1265–83); “The Hebrew Tradition” by Nahum M. Waldman (1285–1330); “Native North America” and “Native Ibero America” by Herbert Landar (1331–57 and 1359–77, respectively). A Part III consists of a “Bibliography of the History of Linguistics” by Edward Stankiewicz (1381–1446), which consits little, if anything, that could not be found in the bibliographies the other contributors appended to their studies (cf. pp. 45–67, 121–26, 131–77, 220–30, 263–75, 350–82, 404–10, 457–79, 578–606, 683–716, 809–27, 878–886, 894–902, 1146–76, 1180–1209, 1262–64, 1276–83, 1316–30, 1344–57, and 1373–77 = some 380 pp. in all). “Biographical notes” (1449–54) on the contributors and indexes of names (1455–1510) and languages (1511–18) round off the vol., which will serve, despite a number of shortcomings, as an important tool for historians of linguistics for many years to come. – On the question of the volume’s “unevenness”, cf. the following quotation from Thomas A. Sebeok’s “Editor’s Introduction” (p. [II]): “It is … unavoidable that a series [i.e., Current Trends in Linguistics] of such immense scope should contain articles of varying quality: I tried to set forth the causes – if not excuses – for this previously. However, in none of the earlier volumes was it necessary to reject so many commissioned contributions, to make so many compromises, to risk so many enmities, and still be left with a book that will doubtless be stamped “uneven” – luckily, graced by not a few superb chapters, but also marred by some of marginal worth .”]
. 1973 . Early Philosophical Works . With a new introduction by Jules Paul Siegel . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XXIV], V, 246 pp. Cloth , $15.00 . [ A repr. of the 1916 ed. (Chicago & London: The Open Court Publ. Co.) by Margaret Jourdain, who transl. various studies by D. (1713–84) into E. and presented a detailed account of their individual backgrounds in the introd. (1–25). The most important of the texts included is the transl. of D’s Lettre sur les sourds et muets, à l’usage de ceux qui entendent et qui parlent (Paris, 1751 [cf. the new ed. by Paul Hugo Meyer, Geneva: Droz, 1965]), “Letter on the Deaf and the Dumb” (158–218). The repr. is prefaced by an art., “Diderot on Language”, by J. P. Seigel, in which D’s attention to practical problems of human communication, quite in line with the 18th-century shift away from Cartesian dualism, is highlighted .]
. 1975 . Trends in Phonological Theory: A historical introduction . [ Chaps. 1–9 transl. by Niels Davidson-Nielsen ]. Copenhagen : Akademisk Forlag , XXIII, 474 pp. Cloth, Dan. Crowns 185 .-. [ A comprehensive and very informative study of 20th-century theories of phonology consisting of the following chaps.: (1) “Introduction” (1–3); (2) “Forerunners of phonological theory” (4–18), which mainly treats the so-called First Grammarian (cf. HL 3:2.203–23), a few 19th-century scholars (Sweet, Winteler, Noreen), Baudouin de Courtenay, Saussure, and Sapir; (3) “Prague Phonology” (19–49), which also includes brief sections on Nikolaus van Wijk (1880–1941) and Martinet; (4) “Daniel Jones [1881–1967]” (50–58); (5) “The Prosodie School (The [John Rupert] Firth [1890–1960] School)” (59–63); (6) “The Bloomfield School”, including the so-called post-Bloomfieldians (64–113); (7) “Glossematics”, esp. the work of Hjelmslev and his collaborator Hans Jørgen Uldall (1907–57) (114–43); (8) “Roman Jakobson’s theory of distinctive features” (144–73); (9) a very full account of “Generative Phonology” (174–296); (10) “Stratificational Theory” (297–319); (11) an informative (for those who do not read Russ.) presentation of “Phonological Theory in the Soviet Union”, with accounts of Scerba (cf. HL 3:1.129–39), Polivanov (cf. loc. cit., 148–49), Sergej Ignat’evič Bernštejn (1892–1970), and others of the Leningrad “school”, and the work of R. I. Avanesov, V. N. Sidorov, A. A. Reformatskij, and others of the Moscow “school”, and especially of the more recent theories of S. K. Šaumjan(341–60), and (12) “Contributions from outside the schools” (364–400), which treats linguistic ideas by scholars of varying persuasions (incl. Coseriu, Malmberg, Brøndal, Bazell, Haas) and various aspects of phonological theory, incl. the question of linguistic change (397–400). The vol. contains a detailed bib. arranged by chaps. (403–43), an index of names (445–51), and an index of terms and concepts (453–74) .]
. 1976 . Sprache als Struktur: Eine kritische Einführung in Aspekte und Probleme der generativen Transformationsgrammatik . (– Reihe Germanistische Linguistik, 4 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer Verlag , X, 178 pp. [ The book is by no means a simple introduction to transformational-generative technique, but to a large extent a critique of various assumptions, philosophic, sociological, or otherwise, underlying Chomskyan doctrines. See esp. chap. II, “Wissenschaftstheoretische Überlegungen zum linguischen Strukturalismus als einer Sprachkompetenztheorie” (60–91), and chap. IV, “Generative Transformationsgrammatik und Wissenschaftsentwicklung: Anmerkungen zu einer internen und externen Geschichte sprachbezogener Forschung” (131–72). Bib. (173–78); no index .]
. 1976 . Literacy: The growing influence of linguistics . (= Trends in Linguutics; State-of the Art Reports, 2 .) The Hague : Mouton , V, 80 pp. Paper, Hfl. 22.00/$8.50 . [ Apart from a brief introd. (3–5), the study consists of 3 parts: (1) “Linguistics and literacy in the United States” (7–35), in which the work in this area during the period 1930–1973 is reviewed; (2) “Linguistics and literacy in the ethnic languages of the world” (37–44), which treats the problem of languages “which are neither world languages nor the national language of the countries in which they are spoken”, and (3) “A fully linguistic method” (45–58), which is essentially an outline of the author’s own method of and experiences in the teaching of reading and writing to non-literate speakers of the languages in question. There is an extensive bib. of some 350 titles (59–74), and an index of authors and terms (75–80). – For a brief obituary of S. C. Gudschinsky (1919–75), see Henry M. Hoenigswald in LSA Bulletin 66 (Oct. 1975), p. 16 .]
. 1976 . Da Sanctis a Gramsci: Il linguaggio della critica . Bologna : Il Mulino , 168 pp. Paper, L. 3.000 . [ A critical-historical study in literary criticism, with particular regard to the works of Francesco De Santis (1817–83) and Antonio Gramsci (1891–1937), the well-known It. Marxist philosopher. Bibliographical footnotes; no index .]
. 1975 . Soziologie und Politik der Sprachen Europas . (= dtv; Wissenschaftliche Reihe, 4161 .) München : Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag , 436 pp. Paper, DM 12.80 . [ A comprehensive study of the socio-economic, political, legal, educational, and culural situation of the 64–69 individual languages in Europe; the present work contains a wealth of information on the history, structure, spread, use and importance of all these languages. The book treats questions such as bi- and multilingua-lism, language policy, linguistic variety, and many other problems surrounding linguistic diversity. It contains the following major chaps.: (1) “Das Sprachendiagramm Europas” (11–80); (2) “Die sprachpolitische Dimension Europas” (81–139); (3) “Europäische Standardsprachen und ihre Entwicklung” (140–210), which contains a succinct account of the formation and evolution of the European languages, and (4) “Ausstrahlungsphänomene europäischer Sprachen” (211–48). These are followed by sketches, historico-cultural as well as linguistic, of 67 European languages (249–419), in order of their dimension, beginning with Russian and ending with Manx-Gaelic. A selected bib. of more than 300 items concludes the vol.; there is no index .]
. 1976 . Aspekte der Arealtypologie: Die Problematik der europäischen Sprachbünde . (= Tübinger Beiträge zur Linguistik, 72 .) Tübingen : TBL Verlag Gunter Narr , 179 pp. [ A study of linguistic typology from the point of view of geographic (areal) and not genetic cohesion and possible unidimensional or reciprocal structural influences. It consists of 2 major parts: “Die Arealtypologie und ihre linguistischen Implikationen” (11–61) and “Die Sprachen Europas in arealtypologischer Perspektive” (63–155). It contains brief historical passages on the origin and development of typological study (13–24 passim). Bib. (156–71), and indices of languages (172–74), authors (175–76), and terms (177–79) .]
. 1976 . Grundzüge der Sprachtypologie: Methodik, Empirie und Systematik der Sprachen Europas . (= Urban-Taschenbücher, 242 .) Stuttgart-Berlin-Köln-Mainz : W. Kohlhammer , 160 pp. Paper, DM 10 ,-. [ An exposé of various aspects of and approaches to linguistic typology, and by no means an introd. textbook. It consists of the following major chaps.: (1) “Sprachtypologie und ihre linguistischen Implikationen” (9–42); (2) “Typologie der Ganzsysteme europäischer Sprachen” (43–64); (3) “Typologie der Teilsysteme europäischer Sprachen” (65–103), and (4) “Typologie der Systemeinheiten europäischer Sprachen” (104–53). Thé user of H.’s book may regret, with the author (p. 8), that for restrictions of space no index has been added and that the history of the subject has been reduced to a few pages (8–16) .]
. 1976 . Das Problem Phonetik und Phonologie bei Baudouin de Courtenay und in seiner Nachfolge . 2. erweiterte Auflage . Halle/Saale : VEB Max Niemeyer , 167 pp. [ A repr. of the original (1968) text, together with a “Nachtrag” (159–65) and an addendum (166–67) to the original (148–58) bib. The postscript discusses the Baudouin literature that appeared between 1966 and 1974. For reviews of the original publication, see Hans-Jürgen Bauch in BFom 11.169–71 (1971); Goran Hammarström in Phonetica 23:1.56–59 (1971); E. F. K. Koerner in Linguistics 17.63–11 (1972), and L. R. Zinder in IAN OLJa 29:4. 352–54 (1970) .]
. 1975 . Works . With a new preface by Karl D(avid) Uitti . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press XVIII, XIX, 442, [26]; [XXX], 236, and [V, 237-] 571, [32] pp. Cloth , $50.00 for the set; individual vol. at $17.00 . [ A repr. of J. Harris’(1709–80) Hermes; or, A philosophical inquiry concerning universal grammar, 4th ed. rev. & corrected (London: C. Nourse, 1786 [1st. ed., 1751]), and followed by a repr. of his Philological Inquiries, 3 parts in 2 vols. (Ibid., 1781). To this has been added an introd. art. by K. D. Uitti, “James Harris and Enlightenment Grammar” (V–XVIII), in which H’s philosophy of language is extensively analysed and in which traditional misconceptions of H’s philosophical outlook are redressed. All vols, contain extensive indexes of authors and terms. – For a recent appraisal of H., see Joseph L. Subbiondo, “The Semantic Theory of James Harris: A study of Hermes (1751)”, HL 3:3.375–91 (1976) .]
. 1975 . Sprachpragmatik: Nachschrift einer Vorlesung . (= Reihe Germanistische Linguistik, 4 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer Verlag , VII, 120 pp. [ A survey of recent work in speech act theory or linguistic pragmatics; cf. the review by Anne Betten in Germanistik 17:404–05 (1976). Of interest to historians of linguistics is chap. 7, “Neue Sprachpragmatik und altes Trivium” (92–102). Bib. (111–17); index of subjects and terms (118–20) .]
. 1976 . Cartesianische Linguistik: Eine Analyse der Sprachauffassung Noam Chomskys . (= Forum Linguisticum, 11 .) Frankfurt/M. : P. Lang ; Bern : H. Lang , 236 pp. [ Doctoral diss., Univ. of Bonn, 1976. H. sketches Comsky’s linguistic ideas and tries to compare them critically with his historical sources, in particular the writings by the Port-Royal grammarians, Descartes, and Vaugelas, but also modern authors in philosophy and theory of science. A further chap. (pp. 127–212) is devoted to an analysis of Chomsky’s theories of language learning, the so-called Language Acquisition Device (EAD). There is a bib. (223–36), but no index .]
. 1976 . Resumé of a Theory of Language . Edited and translated [from the Dan.], with an introduction by Francis J[ames] Whitfield . (= Travaux du Cercle linguistique de Copenhague, 16 .) Madison, Wis. : Univ. of Wisconsin Press [ in Denmark: Copenhagen: Natural Method Language Centre ], XXXII, 280 pp. Cloth , $20.00 . [ An E. transl. of a typescript dating back to 1942–43, Sprogteori: Résumé, which exists only in a few carbon copies. Whereas Hjelmslev’s Prolegomena written during the same period was supposed to be a work of ‘popularization’, the present work was supposed to serve as a detailed description of glossematic procedure. The background of the Résumé and its relationship to the Prolegomena (cf. the 2nd rev. E. version, Madison, Wis.: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1961; 3rd printing, 1969) is described in the ed.’s “Introduction” (XIII–XXXI), pp. XIII–XVI. The book is highly technical in nature; it mainly consists of rules and definitions. The use of these operational instructions is facilitated by a detailed index of definitions (262–67), an index of rules (258), an index of symbols (269–274), and an index of terms (275–80) .]
. 1975 . Elements of Speech, and Discourse concerning Time . With a new introduction by R(obert) W. Rieber and Jeffrey L. Wollock . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XV], [VII], 168; [X], 120 pp. Cloth , $30.00 . [ A repr. of Holder’s (1616–98) Elements of Speech: An essay of inquiry into the natural production of letters, with an appendix concerning persons deaf & dumb (London: J. Martyn, 1669), followed by a repr. of the same author’s A Discourse concerning Time, with application of the natural day, and lunar month, and solar year, as natural; and of such as are derived from them, as artificial parts of time, … (London: L. Meredith, 1694). To this has been added an introd. art., “William Holder on Phonetics and Deafness” ([I]–[XV]), which consists of three sections, “The Man and his Times”, giving a biography and general intellectual background of H., “Phonetic Theory and the Deaf, offering a brief account of H’s Elements, and “Holder’s Description of ‘Paracusis Willisiana’”, in which it is shown that in fact H. gave a description of this disease four years before Thomas Willis published his De Anima brutorum (London: G. Wells, 1672) .]
. 1976 . Roman Jakobson’s Approach to Language: Phenomenological structuralism . Translated [from the German] by Catherine Schelbert and Tarcisius Schelbert . Bloomington & London : Indiana Univ. Press , VIII, 215 pp. Cloth , $12.50 . [ Originally the author’s Habilitation dissertation, Univ. of Zürich, 1974, entitled “Roman Jakob-sons phänomenologischer Strukturalismus”, the study rests largely on the claim of a profound influence on Jakobson of Edmund Husserl’s (1859–1938) phenomenology, next to Saussure’s Cours (cf. esp. pp. 2–5, 47–51). The book consists of 3 major parts: “Introduction” (1–24), mapping out the general intellectual climate; “Philosophical and methodological principles” (25–136), outlining the evolution of J’s theories, and “Perspectives of a comprehensive theory of language” (137–91), attempting a synthesis of J’s doctrine. The vol. includes a bib. of primary (194–201) and secondary sources (202–09), an index of names (210–12) and of subjects (213–15). For details on the G. and Fr. versions of this book, see HL 2:3, p. 422 .]
. 1974 . introduction à l’oeuvre sur le kavi et autres essais . Traduction et introductions de Pierre Causat . Paris : Editions du Seuil , 444 pp. [ The vol. consists of the following items: “[Bio-bibliographical] Introduction du traducteur” (9–31) and translations of (1) “La tâche de l’historien [Ueber die Aufgabe des Geschichtsschreibers (1821)]” (39–58), preceded by an introd. (35–37) and followed by notes (58–63); “La recherche linguistique comparative dans son rapport aux différentes phases du développement du langage [Ueber das vergleichende Sprachstudium … (1820)]” (71–92; introd., 67–69; notes, 93–96); “Le duel [Ueber den Dualis (1827)]” (101–126; introd., 99–100; notes, 126–31), and “La différence de construction du langagae dans l’humanité et l’influence qu’elle exerce sur le développement spirituel de l’espèce humaine; ou, Introduction à l’oeuvre sur le kavi” (143–419; introd., 135–41), with various notes by the transl. following individual chaps, (see pp. 148, 15355, 159–60, 166–67, 171–72, 178, 181, 189–90, etc.) The appendex includes valuable information of the following kind: (1) a glossary of terms arranged according to the original G. term used by Humboldt (423–29), (2) a list of the langues cited by Humboldt (431–32); (3) brief bio-bibliographical information on authors referred to by Humboldt (433–36), and a select bib. of primary and secondary sources (437–39) .]
. 1973 . Widerspiegelungstheorie und Strukturalismus: Zur Entstehungsgeschichte und Kritik der marxistisch-leninistischen Ästetik . (= Kritische Information, 3 .) München : Wilhelm Fink Verlag , 130 pp. Paper, DM 12 ,-. [ G. transl. of a Czech text, whose edition was destroyed in Prague in 1969 for political reasons; the G. version follows the Cz. original, the only copy of which is in the hands of the author (cf. p. 14). The book mentions scholars of the Prague school (such as Jakobson and Mukarovský), but not Saussure. K. undertook research work in Moscow in May 1968 in order to trace and document the history of Marz’s concept of ‘art as the reflection of reality’ and its aftermath. Bibliographical footnotes and an index of authors (129–30). The G. transl. is prefaced by an introd. (7–19) placing the book in its ‘context of situation’ .]
La sociolinguistique au Québec . (= Cahier de linguistique, 6 .) Montréal : Les Presses de l’Univ. du Québec , 1976 , V, 241 pp. [ Editor: André Dugas, in collab. with an editorial board. The vol. includes contributions by Arie Van Ameringen, Henri Wittmann, Pierre Chantefort, Jean-Pierre Paillet and others .]
. 1975 . The Anagogie Theory of Wittgenstein’s ‘Tractatus’ . (= Janua Linguarum; Series Minor, 214 .) The Hague : Mouton , 215 pp. Paper, Hfl. 88,-/$16.75 . [ The book, completed in 1972, “is an attempt to demonstrate that there is an implicit metaphysical theology in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus of which its own author may have been unaware.” It “departs radically from the traditional interpretations of the Tractatus” (Foreword, p. 9). The study consits of the following chaps.: (1) “Introduction: A literary perspective” (11–39); (2) “A religious, esthetic, and linguistic treatise” (40–60); (3) “Russell and Wittgenstein and Spinoza” (96–144); (6) “The central European philosophical background” (115–24); (7) “Wittgenstein and Schopenhauer” (125–39); (8) “The anagogie theology of the Tractatus” (140–58); (9) “The Tractatus and post-symbolist poetry” (159–75), and (10) “The revelatory event” (176–20J3). Bib. (204–06), index of names and terms (207–11), and a “List of citations [from the Tractatus]” (212–15) conclude the vol .]
1976 . Hans Reichenbach’s Philosophy of Grammar . (= Janua Linguarum; Series Maior, 90 .) The Hague : Mouton , 284 pp. Cloth, Hfl. 88.-/$33.50 . [ A thorough treatment of H. Reichenbach’s (1891–1953) philosophical work with particular attention to the actual possible links between his logistic systems for the analysis of conversational language and present-day commitments in linguistic theory, especially transformational-generative grammar. It consists of 5 major chaps.: (1) “Introduction”, which includes discussions of the works of Warren Weaver, R. M. Martin, and Uriel Weinreich (15–38); (2) “The categories of logistic grammar” (39–94); (3) “Three theories of grammar” (95–204), namely traditional grammar (e.g., Dionysius Thrax), structural linguistics (Bloomfield and Harris), and Chomsky’s transformational grammar, (4) “Reichenbach’s grammar in historical perspective” (205–68), and “An evaluation of Reichenbach’s work” (269–78), largely in the light of Chomsky’s theories. Bib. (279–82); index of authors (283–84), but not of terms .]
. 1973 . A Dissertation on the Influence of Opinions on Language, and of Language on Opinions . With a new preface by James H(enry) Stam . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [X], VIII, 92 pp. Cloth , $ 25.00 . [ A repr. of 1769 E. transl. (London: W. Owen & W. Bingley), based on the Fr. version, preared by Johann Bernhard Mérian and A. P. Le Guay de Prémontval, De l’influence des opinions sur le langage, et du langage sur les opinions (Bremen: Förster, 1762; facs.-repr., Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1974), of Michaelis’ (1717–91) prize essay of the Berlin Academy of 1759, Beantwortung der Frage von dem Einfluss der Meinungen in die Sprache und der Sprache in die Meinungen (Berlin: Haude & Spener, 1760). In J. H. Stam’s succinct preface, “Linguistic Beginnings” ([V]–[X]), a good historical background to the publication and a brief biographical sketch of Michaelis is supplied. – For further information, see now Raoul N. Smith, “The Sociology of Language in Johann David Michaelis’s Dissertation of 1760”, JHBS 12:3.338–46 (1976) .]
, comp . 1975 . Bibliographie des travaux d’Emile Benveniste . Gouvain : Editions Peeters , [VII-] LV pp. [ Sep. ed. of bib. published in Mélanges linguistiques offerts à Emile Benveniste Paris, 1975); it is a classified bib., incl. brief descriptions of the major works (XI–XIII) and a number of crossreferences. – For an obituary of this distinguished scholar, see Tullio De Mauro, “La morte del linguista: Estro e genio di Benveniste [1902–76]”, Paese Sera, supplement (15 Oct. 1976) .]
, Lord . 1973 . On the Origin and Progress of Language . With a new preface by Regna Darnell . (= Language, Man and Society .) 6 vols. New York : AMS Press , [XXI], XI, 678; XI, 588, 16: XXIII, 466; XLII, 463; XXXI, 471, and LII, VI, [7-] 473 pp. Cloth , $24.50 per vol.; $145.00 for the set. [ A repr. of James Burnett, Lord Monboddo’s (1714–99) most influential work, an abridged G. transl. of which was published in 1784–85 upon a suggestion by Herder, who wrote an extensive preface to it: Des Lord Monboddo Werk von dem Ursprunge und Fortgange der Sprache, transl. by Ernst August Schmid, 2 parts (Riga: Hartknoch). The present set reprints the following editions: 2nd ed. (1774) of vol.I (the first appeared in 1773, a year after Herder’s famous prize essay); last ed. of vol.II (1809), and 1st ed. of vols.III–VI (178792). R. Darnell’s introd. art., “Language, Mariners and Arts”, presents a succinct analysis of the main purpose of Monboddo’s voluminous enterprise, namely to delineate the develophent of man from a cultural-historical point of view with the help of language as the most easily accessible tool, though M. also raised questions relating to man’s biological origin, believing that primitive man and various species of apes had much in common. – For a recent biography of him, see Emily L. Cloyd, James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972) .]
Obščestvennye nauki v SSSR [ Social sciences in the U.S.S.R. ] Series 6: Linguistics , No. 3 . Moskva : Inst. Naučnoj Informacii po Obščestvennym Naukam, Akad. Nauk SSSR [ Inst, of Scientific Information on the Social Sciences, Acad, of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.], 1976, 308 pp. Paper, R 1. [Reviews and / or summaries of linguistic work published in the U.S.S.R. during 1975; for details on the classificatory principle applied in this publication, see HL 2:3.424–25 (1975) .]
Obščestvennye nauki za rubežom [ Social sciences abroad ]. Series 6: Linguistics , No. 3 . Moskva : Inst. Naučnoj Informacii , etc. [see above] , 1976 , 319 pp. Paper, R. 1 . [ The vol. contains, inter alia, reviews of J. Lafontaine, Le Cercle linguistique de Prague (Paris: Marne, 1974), by V. G. Kuznecov(l1–17); Viola G. Waterhouse, The History and Development of Tagmemics (The Hague: Mouton, 1974), by I. S. Kesel’man (17–19); Teoria e storia degli studi linguistici (Rome, 1975 [cf. HL 3:1. 151–52, for bibliographical details]), by I. A. Ščekina (19–23 and 45–50, respectively), to mention just a few .]
1975 . Heresy in Linguistics . (= University of California Library, Davis; Chapbook No.3 .), 16 pp. [ Faculty Research Lecture presented on 8 April 1975 .]
. 1975 . Semantisch-syntaktische Relationen: Untersuchungen zur Kompatibilität lexikalischer Einheiten im Deutschen . (= Reihe Germanistische Linguistik, 2 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer Verlag , VII, 172 pp. [ A contribution to semantic theory; originally, doct. diss., Univ. of Trier, 1973. Chap.l attempts to outline a pragmatic theory of meaning and use .]
ed. 1976 . La tipologia linguistica . Bologna : Società editrice il Mulino , 352 pp. Paper, L. 6.000 . [ This vol. is an anthology of a number of ‘classic’ statements and recent theories on linguistic typology, preceded by an in-depth article by the ed. (7–46, bib., 43–46). It includes It. transi, of N. S. Trubetzkoy, “Gedanken über das Indoger-manenproblem”, AL 1.81–89(1939); Vladimír Skalička, “Sprachtypologie und Sprachenentwicklung”, To Honor Roman Jakobson III, 1827–31 (1967), and “Ein ‘typologisches Konstrukt’”, TLP2A57–63 (1966); Joseph H. Greenberg, “Some Universals of Grammar with Particular Reference to the Order of Meaningful Elements”, Universals of Language ed. by J. H. Greenberg, 73–113 (Cambridge Maas.: MIT Press, 1963); “A Quantitative Approach to the Morphological Typology of Language”, UAL 26. 181–94 (1970); Roman Jakobson, “Implications of Language Universals for Linguistics” (1961), from his Selected Writings II, 580–92 (1971 [not 1966!]); Tadeusz Milewski, “Voraussetzungen einer typologischen Sprachwissenschaft”, Linguistics 59.64–107 (1970), and articles by László Dezső (1973), Henrik Birnbaum (1970), and Karl Horst Schmidt (1975). The vol. also contains an Ital. version of Lorenzo Renzi, “Histoire et objectifs de la typologie linguistique”, History of Linguistic Thought and Contemporary Linguistics ed. by Herman Parret, 633–57 (Berlin & New York: W. de Gruyter, 1976). There is no comprehensive bib. on the subject and no index .]
ed. 1976 . The Second LACUS Forum 1975 . Columbia, S.C. : Hornbeam Press , IX, 636 pp. Paper , $9.50 . [ The vol. prints some 50 papers presented at the 2nd annual meeting of LACUS, the Linguistic Association of Canada and the United States, held at the Univ. of Toronto, 3–7 Aug. 1975. The vol. prints papers under the following headings: (1) “On doing linguistics – some descriptions and suggestions”, (2) “Phonetics and phonology”, (3) “Morphology and syntax”, (4) “Semantics and beyond”, (5) “How language is used”, (6) “Linguistic development and change”, (7) “Languages in contact”, and (8) “Linguistics and the arts”. It includes contributions by H. A. Gleason, Jr., James D. McCawley, Adam Makkai, C. F. Hockett, David G. Lockwood, Sydney M. Lamb and Ralf Vanderslice, William J. Sullivan, Dwight Bolinger, Raimo Anttila, Allen Walker Read, M. A. K. Halliday, and many others. For readers of HL, the paper by T. L. Markey, “On the generativity of neo-grammarian linguistic change” (537–43), is of particular interest, but also the papers by Gleason, “Continuity in Linguistics” (3–16), and McCawley, “¡ Madison Avenue, si, Pennsylvania Avenue, no!” (17–28), which contains a few intersting observations on Kuhn’s history of science (17–20) .]
. 1976 . “Traktatus de Grammatica”: Ein fälschlich Robert Grosseteste zugeschriebene spekulative Grammatik . Edition und Kommentar . (= Veröffentlichungen des Grabmann-Institutes, 28 .) München-Paderborn-Wien : Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh , 224 pp. Paper, DM 28 .- [ A critical ed. of a mid-13th century logico-linguistic text (incipit: “S ciencia est ordinacio depicta in anima”), of which there are 3 M SS extant (Bodleian Library, Oxford; British Museum, and Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris), which had previously been ascribed to Robert Grosse-teste, bishop of Lincoln. The vol. consists of the following major sections: (I) text (11–75), followed by variant readings (76–101), and (II) commentary, subdivided into the following chaps.: “Einleitung” (105–13), which places the work in its historical context; “Die Wissenschaftslehre” (113-to 129), outlining the epistemological background of the text; “Die Theorie der Phonetik und Phonologie” (130–46); “Die Theorie der Wortarten” (147–60); “Nomen und Pronomen” (161–77); “Verbum und Partizip” (178–88); “Die indeklinablen Wortarten” (189–93); “Die Theorie der Syntax” (194–205), and “Die rhetorischen Figuren” (206–10). The book is rounded off by a bib. (211–19) and an index of titles and authors (221–24) .]
ed. 1973–75 . Language, Man and Society: Foundations of the behavioral sciences . New York : AMS Press . [ For details, see individual entries under Beattie, Condillac, Cordemoy, Diderot, Harris, Holder, Michaelis, Monboddo, and Scripture .]
eds. 1975 . General and Rational Grammar: The Port-Royal Grammar . By Antoine Arnauld and Claude Lancelot . With a Preface by Arthur C. Danto and a Critical Essay by Norman Kretzmann . (= Janua Linguarum; Series Minor, 208 .) The Hague : Mouton , 197 pp. Paper, Hfl. 43,-/$16.50 . [ A new transl. of Arnauld (1612–94) an Lancelot’s (1615?-1695) Grammaire générale et raisonnée, first published in 1660 (Paris: P. le Petit). The original E. transl. prepared by Thomas Nugent (1700?-1772), (London: J. Nourse, 1753) bore the title A General and Rational Grammar, containing the fundamental principles of the art of speaking, explained in a clear and natural manner. With the reasons of the general agreement and the particular differences of languages. The present transl. is apparently (cf. p. 31) based on the 4th (Paris, 1679) ed. of the GGR, though the 1846 (Paris: Hachette) ed. by Alexandre Bailly has also been consulted. It is preceded by a foreword (11–17) by A. C. Danto, which adds little to the understanding to GGR, and an introd. (18–31), followed by a “Selected bibliography” (32–33), by the editors, which contains a brief account of the GGR tradition between 1660 and 1846 (21–27), though nothing on its predecessors. These questions are raised, at least partly, in N. Kretzmann’s article, “Transformationalism and the Port-Royal Grammar” (176–97), which follows the transl. of the GGR (35–175). The editors added various explanatory footnotes to their transl.; it is not always clear, however, whether some of these are not notes by the authors of the GGR. There is no comprehensive bib. – cf. Robert Mathiesen in Lg 46:1.126–30 (1970) and in particular, Herbert E. Brekle, “The Port-Royal Grammar: Some bibliographical and critical notes on recent editions”, HL 2:2.223-to 231 (1975), which however does not mention the present one. No index .]
ed. 1976 . Pragmatik/Pragmatics II: Zur Grundlegung einer expliziten Pragmatik . (= Kritische Information, 25 .) Munich : W. Fink , 229 pp. Paper, DM 36 ,-. [ Sequel to the same author’s Pragmatics I (1975), it contains papers on speech act theory, logical grammar, con-textualization, and other topics related to pragmatics, all of which appear to date from the early 1970’s, possible – the editor’s “Vorbemerkung” (p. 7) is ambiguous on this point – from the interdisciplinary colloquium “Zur Grundlegung einer expliziten Pragmatik” held at the University of Bielefeld during 19–21 January 1973. Contributors to the vol. are: W. Kummer, Teun A. van Dijk, Charles J. Fillmore, János S. Petöfi, Franz von Kutschera, H. Kamp, F. Guenthner, and Thomas T. Balmer. There is no index and no comprehensive bib .]
. 1976 . Ur sprachlehre: Entwurf zu einem System der Grammatik . Faksimile-Neudruck der Ausgabe Frankfurt am Main 1826 mit einer Einleitung von Herbert E. Brekle [ with the collaboration of Paul Köllner ]. (] Grammatica Universalis, 12 .) Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : F. Frommann Verlag ( G. Holzboog ), XII, 49*, 348 pp. Cloth, DM 108 ,- [ A facs.-repr. of Ursrachlehre. Entwurf zu einem System der Grammatik, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Sprachen des indisch-teutschen Stammes: das Sanskrit, das Persische, die pelagischen, sla-vischen und teutschen Sprachen (Frankfurt/M.: Hermann, 1826) by Friedrich (Jakob) Schmitthenner (1796–1850), with the following additions: “Inhaltsverzeichnis” (5*-16*) – apparently Sch. did not prepare one for his original book – “Biographie” [a brief vita of Sch.] (17*18*), “Ueberblick über Schmitthenners wissenschaftliches Werk” (19*40*), which offers a good background to Sch.’s approach to language, and “Bibliographie” (41*-49*), which consists of a list of Sch.’s writings, linguistic and non-linguistic, and a list of the lit. consulted or referred to by Sch. There is no index .]
. 1973 . The Elements of Experimental Phonetics . With a new introduction by John W(ilson) Black . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS , [XVIII], XVI, 627 pp., 26 plates. Cloth , $30.00 . [ A repr. of the 1902 classic (New York: Ch. Scribner’s Sons: London: Ed. Arnold) by the experimental phonetician E. W. Scripture (1864–1945), preceded by an introd, article, “Scripture, Language and Human Behavior” ([V]–[XIX]), which places S’s in historical perspective and offers an evaluation of S’s contribution to the field of phonetics .]
. 1975 . Principes de Grammaire générale, mis à la portée des enfants, et propres à servir d’introduction à l’étude de toutes les langues . Nouvelle impression en facsimilé de l’édition de 1803, avec un commentaire par Herbert E. Brekle et Brigitte Asbach-Schnitker . (= Grammatica Universalis, 10 .) Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : F. Frommann (G. Holzboog ), 40*, XXVII, 366 pp. Cloth, DM 118 ,-. [ A facs.-repr. of A. I. Silvestre de Sacy’s (1758–1838) Principes “seconde édition, corrigée et augmentée” (Paris: Delance & Lesueur, An XII [1803]), with the following additions: “Biographie” (5*-9*) – cf. Hartwig Derenbourg’s (1844–1908) account, “Silvestre de Sacy: Une esquisse biographique”, in Internationale Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft 3.I–XXVIII (Leipzig, 1887; repr., Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1973) – “Bibliographie” of primary and secondary sources (10*-19*), and “Quelques remarques en commentaire aux ‘Principes de grammaire générale’” (20*-40*). The repr. includes an index of terms (337–66) under the title “Table des matières” .]
. 1976 . Inquiries into the Origin of Language: The fate of a question . (= Studies in Language .) New York-Hagerstown-San Francisco-London : Harper & Row , XII, 307 pp. [ A study on the question of glottolgenesis from antiquity to the turn of the 20th century. – A much more specialized study was undertaken in the author’s 1964 doct. diss., The Question of the Origin of Language in German thought, 17561785 (Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis Univ.); cf. the summ, in DAb 35:6685A (May 1965) .]
. 1976 . Graphic Representation of Models in Linguistic Theory . Bloomington & London : Indiana Univ. Press , VII, 195 pp. Cloth , $11.50 . [ A historical and systematic account of the use of graphic designs in linguistics, from the ‘Stammbaum’-representations of Schleicher (1853ff.) to graphs used by transformationalists and other contemporary theorists of language. The book is divided into the following chaps.: (1) “Tree diagrams” (6–38); (2) “Matrix diagrams” (39–55); (3) “Box diagrams” (56–75); (4) “Graphic representations and linguistic science” (76–101); (6) “Graphic representations and graphic design” (10235), and (7) “New directions for models in linguistic theory” (136–67). “Notes” (169–75); bib. (177–87), and index of authors and subjects (189-to 195) conclude the informative study .]
. 1973 . Introduction to the Study of the History of Language . With a new introduction by W(alter) Keith Percival . (= Language, Man and Society .) New York : AMS Press , [XX], XI, 435 pp. Cloth , $25.00 . [ A repr. of the E. adaptation of Hermann Paul’s (1846–1921) Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte (2nd rev. ed., Halle/S.: M. Niemeyer, 1886) by Herbert Augustus Strong (1841–1918), Willem Sijbrand Logeman, and B. I. Wheeler (1854–1927), first published in 1891 (London & New York: Longmans, Green & Co.). This is preceded by a very informative article by W. K. Percival, “Methodological Principles” ([V]–[XX]), which places Paul’s work in its proper historical context and offers a fine analysis of his theory of language .]
. 1976 . Über die Geschichte und Sprache der Albaner und der Wlachen . Nachdruck der Ausgabe von 1774 herausgegeben und mit einer Einleitung versehen von Harald Haarmann . (= Romanistik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 4 .) Hamburg : H. Buske , 20 + [169-] 366 pp. [ A repr. of Part I (Leipzig, 1774) of Johann (Hans) Erich Thunmann’s (1746–78) Untersuchungen über die Geschichte der östlichen europäischen Länder, pp. 169–366. This is prefaced by an introd. paper by the ed., treating the following topics: “Die Beziehung des Historikers J. Thunmann zur Romanistik” (6–9); “Die Aufarbeitung der Quellen durch J. T.” (10–11); “Die Thesen J. T.s zu den Siedlungs- und Sprachverhältnissen auf dem Balkan” (12–16). Bib. references (17–19) and brief biographical information on Thunmann (20) conclude the introductory matter. No critical apparatus or index has been supplied .]
. 1977 . Greek Elements in Arabic Linguistic Thinking . Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor in de letteren aan de Katholieke Universiteit te Nijmegen , …. Leiden : E. J. Brill , XI, 244 pp. [ Diss, submitted for defence on 13 Jan. 1977 at the Univ. of Nijmegen. From the contents: (1) “The first contact with Greek Grammar” (1–18); (2) “Articulated sound and its meaning” (19–37); (3) “The theory of grammatical categories” (38–89); … (6) “The influence of Greek logic [on Arab grammatical theory]” (113–27); (7) “The use of logic in grammar” (128–48); … (9) “The origin of speech” (162–77); (10) “The Stoic component in the theory of meaning” (178–91). The back matter includes a bib. (196–28), original Arabic and Greek texts given in E. in the text (209–29), and various indexes of authors (230–34) and terms (234–43) .]
. 1976 . Poetika russkoj literatury . (= Izbrannye trudy, [1.] ) [ The Poetics of Russian literature. (= Collected works.) ] Moskva : Izd. “Nauka” , [III], 511 pp. Cloth , 2 R, 81 Kop. [ A collection of V. V. Vinogradov’s (1895–1969) papers on poetical themes written during the early 1920s and re-edited with new notes (see esp. the ‘commentary’-section, pp. 482–508). They are arranged under the following major headings: (1) ‘Evolution of Russian naturalism’ (3–187); (2) ‘Gogol and the naturalist school’ (191–227); (3) ‘Studies of Gogol’s style’ (230–365), and (4) ‘On the poetics of Anna Axmatova (Stylistic sketches)’ (369–459). There is no index .]
. 1976 . Noam Chomsky’s Werk: Kritik – Kommentar – Bibliographic (= Tübinger Beiträge zur Linguistik, 70 .) Tübingen : TBL Verlag Gunter Narr , VIII, 100 pp. [ A critical essay on Chomsky’s linguistic theories, with particular emphasis on his Syntactic Structures of 1957 (cf. pp. 2–38 passim). The main portion of W’s account is entitled “Mussten Tiefenstrukturen angenommen werden?” (1–51, bib. references, 52–55). There follows a two-page note, which corrects Chomsky’s misreading of the famous Humboldtain statement according to which language must make ‘infinite use of finite means’ (Chomsky, Aspects p. V) after which W. investigates the adequacy of such a claim vis-à-vis the nature of language (58–74, bib., 75–76). The remainder of the book is taken up by a Chomsky-bib. (1951–75), comp, by W. and K(ennosuke) Ezawa (77–110), which includes G. transl. and various kinds of commentary (pp. 77, 103–05, 108–10 and passim) and a brief biographical note (p. 107). – A much more modest bib. of Chomsky was published at about the same time by Wolfgang Karrer and Edward Palascak in Language Sciences No.40.8–16 (April 1976) .]
, ed. 1976 -. Trends in Linguistics: State-of-the-Art Reports . The Hague : Mouton . [ For details, see entries under Cardona, Chafe, and Gudschinsky .]
. 1976 . Obščee i germanskoe jazykoz-nanie . (= Izbrannye trudy, [1.] ) [ General and Germanic linguistics. (= Collected Works.) ] Leningrad : Izd. “Nauka” Leningradskoe otd ., 695 pp. Cloth , 3 R, 20 kop. [ A collection of articles by the distinguished Germanist V. M. Zirmunskij (1891–1971) published between 1932 and 1968 (cf. source list, 684–85). These are arranged under 3 major headings: (1) ‘General linguistics’ (11–252); (2) ‘Germanistics’ (253–385), and (3) ‘Dialectology and dialect geography’ (386–632). There follow ‘Notes’ (633–93). Although the text is entirely in Russ., the last page of the vol. prints also a G. table of contents .]
Compiled by E. F. K. Koerner [ Closing date: 19 Feb> 1977 ]