Publications received published in:
Historiographia Linguistica
Vol. 9:1/2 (1982) ► pp. 189231
. 1980 . Historia y teoría de los casos . (= Biblioteca Románica Hispánica; II Estudios y ensayos, 306 .) Madrid : Editorial Gredos , 491 pp. [ Following an introd. (7–47), the study consists of three major parts, I, “La teoría de los casos hasta el siglo XIX” (49/51–166), which traces the development of case theory from Aristotle, the Stoics, Apollonius Dyscolus, Varro, Donatus, Priscian, the Modis-tae, and through the major authors of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment periods down to the beginning of the 19th century (An-toine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, Johann Severin Vater, and J. B. Ber-trand, a lesser known figure). II, “La teoría de los casos en el siglo XIX” (167/69–270), which is devoted to the works of Theodor Rumpel (b.1815), Raphael Kühner (1802–1878), Madvig, Hübschmann, Friedrich Holzweissig, G. Curtius, Delbrück, Wundt, Hirt, Brugmann, and Marty. Part III, “La teorías de los cases en el siglo XX” (273453) is devoted to the theories of Hjelmslev (275–301), Jakobson, Albert Willem de Groot, Jerzy Kuryłowicz, William Diver, and others, for instance Herman Paul, Otto Behaghel, Karl Bühler, et al. on concepts like ‘Valenz’ and ‘Leerstelle’. Concluding section (454–66). Bib. (467–86). No index. Life-dates of authors and first names are not given throughout the book .]
AIΩN. Annali del Seminario di Studi del Mondo Classico; Sezione linguistica . No. 1 . Pisa : Giardini Editori e Stampatori , 1979 [ April 1980 ], 303 pp. [ Dedicated to Walter Belardi. Contributions by Domenico Sil-vestri, Paolo Poccetti, Cristina Vallini, and many others on topics arranged under the following major headings: “Problemi e prospettive della ricerca linguistica”, “Studi orientali e mediterranei”, and “Iinguistica storica, teorica, applicata”. Address of the Seminario indicated in the title: Istituto Universitario Orientale, Via Loggia dei Pisani, 13, Naples, Italy .]
( ). 1981 . Lessico e semantica: Atti del XII Congresso internazionale di Studi (Sorrento, 19–21 maggio 1978) . (= Pubblicazioni della Società di Linguistica Italiana, 17:1–2 .) 2 vols. [ paged consecutively]. Roma: Bulzoni, IX, 264, and VII, [265-] 539 pp. [The 30 papers included in the proceedings are arranged under 5 headings, ‘General aspects’, ‘Psycho-linguistic aspects’, ‘Didactic aspects’, ‘Social aspects’, and ‘Particular aspects’. All papers are in Italian. (Those presented in another language were translated for the publication.) Contributors are, inter alia: Anna-Maria Di Sciullo, Pierre Le Goffic, Catherine Fuchs, Cristiano Castelfranchi & Domenico Parisi, Wolfgang Dressier, Minne G. De Boer, and Tommaso M. Lazzari. The back matter prints the discussions (497–527), and carries an index of names (531–37) and an index of technical terms (538–39) .]
. 1981 . Tre Glossari longobardo-latini . (= Fonti e ricerche per la storia sociale e culturale del mezzogiorno d’Italie 1 .) Napoli : Giannini Editore [ for the Società Nazionale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti in Napoli], 109 pp. [An edition of 3 early medieval glossaries now deposited in Madrid, in Cava, and at the Vatican, with an historical introd. (9–46), tables (75–91), and indices (95–108) .]
. 1980 . Abriß der Geschichte der Linguistik . Ins Deutsche übersetzt von Barbara Meier , herausgegeben von Georg Friedrich Meier . Leipzig : VEB Bibliographisches Institut , 484 pp. Cloth, M25 ,-. [ The vol. is a translation of the authors’ 1975 Očerki po istorii lingvistiki (Moscow: “Nauka”), which was reviewed in this journal by Jivco Boyadjiev (HL II.379–85 [1975]). – Following a general introduction to the subject in chap.1, the main parts are devoted to the following subjects: 2, “Die Sprachtheorie in der Anti-ke” (36–106), which includes a section on Chinese grammatical thought (63–74), and not only on the classical periods of Greece, Rome, and India; 3, “Die Sprachtheorie im Mittelalter” (107–163), which also has a section on “Die grammatische Lehre der Araber” (137–50); 4, “Die Herausbildung der Sprachwissenschaft als selbständige Wissen-schaft” (164–229); 5, “Die Entstehung der vergleichend-historischen Sprachwissenschaft” (230–82), which adds Aleksandr Xristoforovič Vos-tokov (actually: Ostenek, 1781–1864) to the traditional ‘triumvirate of Bopp, Rask, and Grimm; 6, “Die Sprachphilosophie im 19. Jahrhun-dert” (283–363), which includes, inter alia, a section on Wilhelm Wundt’s (1832–1920) philosophy of language (329–39); by contrast, followers of Steinthal (and Humboldt), who have been given much space in the book, such as Georg von der Gabelentz (1840–93), Franz Misteli (1841–1903), or Franz Nikolaus Finck (1867–1910) are not mentioned at all. 7, “Die junggrammatische Etappe in der Sprachwissenschaft” (364–416), which includes sections on the ‘Moscow School’ led by F. F Fortunatov (384–96) and the ‘Kazan School’ of Baudouin de Courtenay (396–404), although Baudouin is later on (420–30) treated as an opponent to the ‘junggrammatische Richtung’. 8, “Die Kritik an der junggrammatischen Richtung und Versuche einer neueren Art des Heran-gehens an die Sprache am Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts und zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts” (417–70). The summary deals briefly with Saussure and the early structuralist trends under the title “Neue Gedanken und Methoden in der Sprachwissenschaft des 20. Jahrhunderts” (431477). There is a detailed “Personenregister” (478–84) giving full names of authors treated as well as their life-dates .]
eds. 1981 . Bono Homini Do-num: Essays in Historical Linguistics in Memory of J. Alexander Kerns . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 16 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , 2 vols ( paged consecutively ), XVI, 557 ; VIII, [559-] 1076 pp. [ This double-barreled volume dedicated to the memory of J[acob] Alexander Kerns, formerly at the Univ. of New York, and one of the most distinguished Indo-Europeanists in North America in this century, contains contributions by some 45 scholars, many of which are distinguished in their own right, e.g., Madison S. Beeler, Robert A. Fowkes, Eric P. Hamp, Paul J. Hopper, Guy Jucquois, Winfred P. Lehmann, W. B. Lockwood, Erich Neu, Jaan Puhvel, William R. Schmalstieg, Oswald Szereményi, Johann Tischler, A. J. van Windekens, Calvert Wat-kins, Thomas V. Gamkrelidze, Carleton T. Hodge, Otto Rössler, Cyrus Gordon, Benjamin Schwartz, Giuliano Bonfante, Roberto Gusmani, Roy Andrew Miller, and Edgar C. Polomé. The sections of unequal length are titled “Indo-European studies”, “Typological studies and distant linguistic relationship”, “Afroasiatic studies”, “Cretan studies”, and “Varia” (6 papers). The volumes are rounded off by a very informative Index verborum organized by language groups and individual languages in alphabetic order, from Albanian, Aragonese, and Armenian etc. down to Swahili and Uralic (1027–1076) .]
Ars Semeiotica IV : 1 . Amsterdam : John Benjamins , 1981 , 106 pp. [ From the contents: Ferriccio Rossi-Landi, “Wittgenstein, old and new” (2951); Pierre Swiggers, “Two Dimensions in Karl Bühler’s Sign Theory” (53–56); Genevieve Vaughan, “Saussure and Vygotsky via Marx” (57–83), and Bennison Gray [alias Barbara Bennison & Michael Gray], review of Horace Freeland Judson, The Eighth Day of Creation: The makers of the revolution in Biology (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979) (88–96) .]
eds. 1981 . Towards a History of Phonetics . Edinburgh : Edinburgh Univ. Press , XI, 317 pp. Cloth , £20.00 . [ Dedicated to David Abercrombie, on the occasion of his seventieth birthday and his retirement from the Chair of Phonetics at the Univ. of Edinburgh, this volume contains contributions by scholars from around the world arranged under the following major headings: I, “History of Ideas in Phonetics: Basic concepts”; II, “History … : Processes”; III, “History … : Voice quality and voice dynamics”; IV, “National Contributions to Phonetic Theory and Description”; V, “Individual Contributions to the Phonetic Theory and Description”, and VI, “Writing Systems and Phonetic Analysis”, followed by a bibliography of Abercrombie’s published works (283–88), соmр. by Elizabeth Uldall. From the contributions the following are of particular interest: “Early descriptions of nasality” (35–49) by J[avis] A[lan] Kemp; “The analysis of voice quality: From the classical period to the twentieth century” (79–99) by J[ohn] Laver – cf. also the same author’s contribution in HL V.1–14 (1978); “The Greek contribution to the history of phonetics” (115–22) by W[illiam] S[yd-ney] Allen; “The origin and early development of Chinese phonological theory” (123–40) by M[ichael] A[lexander] K[irkwood] Halliday; “Extending the Roman alphabet: Some orthography experiments of the past four centuries” (207–224) by David Abercrombie, and “Henry Sweet’s system of shorthand” (265–81) by M[ichael] К. C. MacMahon. K[enneth] L[ee] Pike contributed an autobiographical note (181–85) relating in particular the origin of his phonetic work. There are detailed indexes, (a) of personal names (293–98), and (b) of subjects (298–317). One may regret the slight treatment of German authors who have contributed considerably to the historiography of phonetics, for instance Friedrich Techmer (1843–91), mentioned in passing by MacMahon, and Eberhard Zwirner (b.1899), who is mentioned only in a parenthetical statement, and this in an account of “the development of phonetics as a discipline in Germany since the nineteenth century” by K[laus] Kohler (161–78), who did his doctorate under David Abercrombie in 1965 .]
. 1982 [с.1981] . Bambara-Français/Français-Bambara . [ London :] Avebury Publishing Co. , XII, 339 pp. Cloth , $36.00 [ Distributor in the U.S.A.: Humanities Press, Atlantic Heights, N.J., 07716. – This ‘petit dictionnaire’ has been compiled with native speakers of French in mind who already have a basic knowledge of Bam-bara, its phonological system, its syntax, and its tonology. The French-Bambara part (223–325) contains only basic French entries. A number of annexes give various names (from Bambara) of fish, warmblooded vertebrates, birds, and trees, with Latin and French equivalents .]
( with the collaboration of Lothar Dierkes, Vladimir Möller, Paul Gerhard Rühl, and Olga Wanzelius ) comp. 1980 . Resümierende Auswahlbibliographie zur neueren sowjetischen Sprachlehrforschung (gesteuerter Fremdsprachenunterricht) . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 3 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , LXVI, 318 pp. [ This carefully analyzed bib. on applied linguistics in the Soviet Union is preceded by an important introd. by the compiler(s), transl. into English by the late f under & editor of the series, John Odmark (xiii–lxvi). The bib. arranged alphabetically by author has the following indexes added: 1, a detailed classificatory scheme according to subjects (289–96), arranged by names of authors; 2, an index of terms and subjects (297–312), and 3, an index of authors (313 to 318) .]
( under the direction of Wolfgang Kluxen ) eds. 1981 . Sprache und Erkenntnis im Mittelalter: Akten des VI. Internationalen Kongresses für Mittelalterliche Philosophie der Société internationale pour l’Etude de la Philosophie médiévale, 29. August – 3. September 1977 in Bonn . (= Miscellanea Me-diaevalia: Veröffentlichungen des Thomas-Instituts der Universität zu Köln, 13:1–2 .) 2 vols , ( paged consecutively ). Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter , XXIII, 546 , and XII, [547-] 1113 pp. Cloth, DM 158 ,- each . [ This important publications prints the scores of papers presented at an international congress devoted to ‘Language and Understanding in the Middle Ages’ held in Bonn in 1977, the most substantial of which are those presented in the plenary sessions devoted to five areas: “Language and Logic” (contributors: L.-M. de Rijk, Miescysław Markowski, Alfonso Maierù); “Language and Science” (contributors: John E. Murdoch, Stephen F. Brown, Heinrich Schepers); “Language and Metaphysics” (contributors: Jean Jolivet, Ludger Oeing-Hanhoff, Allan B. Wolter); “Language and Religious Knowledge” (contributors: Maurice de Gandillac, Shlomo Pinès, Josef van Ess), and “The Structures of Language and the Degrees of Knowledge” (contributors: José Antonio García-Junçeda, Fernando Inciarte, Ryosuke Inaga-ki). There follow reports on various research projects in different parts of the world (285–339), followed by the presentations given at the section meetings devoted to the same five topics as the plenary meetings (see above), with 22 papers alone on the first (speakers include: Desmond Paul Henry, Charles E. Butterworth, Jan Pinborg, Claude Panaccio, E. J. Ashworth, and Clemens Stroick). To the other four topics, there were 18, 15, 26, and 7 contributions made (in that order). Among the authors treated in the papers the following appear the most frequently cited ones: Robert Kilwardby, William of Shyreswood, Peter of Spain, St.Bonaventure, Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William Ockham, Johannes Buridanus, St.Augustin, Robert Grosseteste, William Heytesbury, Henri de Gand, Godfrey of Fontaines, St.Anselm of Canterbury, Peter Abelard, and Meister Eckhart. Vol.1 (xix–xxiii) contains an address list of the participants; vol.11 (1099–1113) concludes with an index of names. The contributions are written in various languages, most of them in English, French, or German, but some also in Italian and Spanish (in fact 4 in the latter and about 10 in the former), a truly international undertaking indeed, if one notes that there are contributions by Japanese scholars writing in German on St.Augustine (Shinro Kato) or in French on St.Bonaventura and St. Thomas (Nisako Nagakura) .]
. 1981 . Istorija sovetskogo jazykoznanija: Nekotorye aspekty obščej teorii jazyka. Xrestomatija . [ History of Soviet linguistics: Some aspects of general linguistic theory. Chres-tomathy ]. Moskva : Vyščaja škola , 351 pp. [ Selections from the works of L. V. Ščerba, E. D. Polivanov, I. I. Meščaninov, T, P. Lomtev, G. V. Stenanov, B. A. Larin, V. M. Žirmunskij, F. P. Filin, I. K. Beloded, N. F. Jakovlev, R. I. Abanecov, V. N. Sudorov, A. A. Reformatskij, and a number of others arranged under the following headings: 1, ‘General linguistic problems’; 2, ‘Sociolinguistics’; 3, ‘Phonetics/Phonology’; 4. ‘Lexiocology, phraseology, lexicography’, and 5, ‘Grammar (morphology, word formation, syntax)’. Index of authors (348–49) .]
ed. 1981 . From Linguistics to Literature: Romance studies offered to Francis M. Rogers . Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VIII, 292 pp. [ Biographical sketch of Francis Millet Rogers (b. 1914), first incumbant to the Chair of Portuguese at Harvard (p.1), followed by a list of his writings (3–16). Contributions by Joseph M. Piel, Cléa Rameh, Donald Stone, Jr., Paolo Valesio, and others. The bulk is devoted to medieval studies and Luso-Brazilian literature. No index .]
. 1981 . Grammatiktheorie und grammatische Deskription in Rußland in der 2. Hälfte des 18. und zu Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts . (= Europäische Hochschulschriften; Reihe 16: Slavische Sprachen und Literaturen, 16 .) Frankfurt/Main & Bern : Verlag Peter D. Lang , 166 pp. [ Rev. version of the author’s 1976 dissertation, Univ. of Giessen, this study is devoted to the study of language in Russia following the work of Mixail Vasil’evič Lomonosov (1711–65), in particular with reference to morphological questions. As well, early 19th-century authors following the grammaire générale-tradition are treated in some detail. The last-mentioned tradition is traced in individual analyses of the works of I. Rižkij (1806), I. Ornatovskij (1810), N. Jazvickij (1810), I. Timkovskij (1811), and L. G. (i.e., Ludwig Heinrich) Jakob (1811–12, 1814). The bib. is divided into primary (155–63) and secondary literature (163–66). There is no index. Besides, neither first names nor life-dates of the grammarians treated in the study are given .]
. 1981 . Sprachansichten: Der Begriff der menschlichen Rede in der Sprachphilosophie Wilhelm von Humboldts . (= Deutscher Idealismus: Philosophie und Wirkungsgeschichte in Quellen und Studien, 1 .) Stuggart : Klett-Cotta , 341 pp. Cloth, DM 79.80 . [ Preceding the actual interpretation of Humboldt’s linguistic thought, the author discusses certain proposals of generative grammar, in particular Chomsky’s interpretation of Humboldt’s linguistic ideas (11–34). The actual study itself consists of altogether 26 chapters arranged under three major headings: I, “Vom individuellen Erscheinen der Sprache im Sprechen” (35–76), in which, inter alia, the one-sided tradition of Humboldt’s linguistic thought is criticized; II, “Zu einem neuen Begriff des Allgemeinen” (77–200), in which an overall interpretation of Humboldt’s philosophy is attempted, and III, “Die allgemeine Form der Rede” (201–325), which is devoted to an analysis of Humboldt’s ideas about language within the framework of his philosophical thinking. Bib. (326–34), which does not include all items consulted in the study (e.g., Penn 1972 on p.41n.29). Index of authors (335–36), index of terms and concepts (337-A1). Remark: Hockett is wrongly spelt as Hocket throughout the book (cf. pp.17, 21, 30, 326, 329) .]
. 1982 . Léxico hispanoamericana del siglo XVIII . Madison, Wisconsin : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, Ltd. , 25 pp. plus 3,125 pp. on microfiche . [ This work, supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C., constitutes the third volume of a 4-volume description of the evolution of the Hispano-American lexicon from the 16th to the 19th century. -Vol.1 appeared in London in 1971 (Léxico hispanamericano del siglo XVI by Támesis); vol.2 devoted to the 17th c. is in press; vol.4 is scheduled to appear in 198A. In his Introd. B-B discusses in particular the phonetic, morphological and syntactic characteristics of his (mainly non-literary) text material. In his selection much emphasis has been placed on documenting the language of one century as broadly as possible; vulgarisms and references to spoken language have been included as well as technical vocabulary of textile industry, mining, etc. The number of indigenisms (some of regional significance only) is astonishingly high, and many words cannot be found in the standard dictionaries of Spanish. This important reference tool could perhaps have improved its usefulness by a technically higher quality of the microfiches .]
eds. 1981 . Voortgang van het ondevzoek . Vol. II . Amsterdam : Subfaculteit Nederlands, Faculteit der Letteren, Vrije Universiteit [van] Amsterdam , 194 pp. [ This is the second annual report of the Dept of Dutch at the Free Univ. of Amsterdam. It is devoted to Dutch language and literature. A number of contributions are historically oriented. Of particular interest for readers of HL are: Dirk Miente Bakker, “Naar aanleiding van De Saussure ‘s Cours (II)” (62–80) – part I appeared in Handelingen van het 35ste Nederlands Filologencongres (28–29 maart 1978) (Amsterdam: Holland Universiteitspers, 1979), 193–205 – and G. P. van der Stroom, “De receptie van Jac[obus] van Ginnekens [(1877–1945)] taalbiologie” (81102, bib. 99–102) .]
. 1981 . Materialien zur einer Bibliographie der Rechtslinguistik . (= Studium Sprachwissenschaft, 5 .) Münster : Institut für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität , XVIII, 67 pp. [ The compilers, a linguist and a jurist, brought together some 785 items devoted to problems concerned with ‘language and the law’, in particular legal language, argumentation theory, penal code, legal philosophy, ethics, etc. ]
ed. 1981 . Wissenschaftssprache: Beiträge zur Methodologie, theoretischen Fundierung und Deskription . München : Wilhelm Fink , 547 pp. Cloth, DM 68 ,-. [ This volume of original papers, the bulk of which was completed by 1977, addresses itself to questions of metalanguage, technical language, language for specific purposes, and related issues, in particular the communicative function of the restricted or specialized codes. Most contributors are Germanists, linguists, or both, not philosophers or logicians; as a result, concrete issues are addressed, such as vocabulary, discourse analysis, textual analysis, of technical jargon as well as literature, syntax, style, etc. Contributors are, in addition to the ed.: Andrzej Bo-guslawski, Peter von Polenz, Roland Harweg, János S. Petöfi, Willy Martin, Eduard Beneš, Viliam Schwanzer, Klaus-Uwe Panther, Werner Sökeland, Jens Lüdke, Klaus W. Hempfer, Bjarne Ulvestad, Peter Scheie, Bernd Spillner, Carlos García Gual, Wolfgang Steinig, Jean-Marie Zemb. Since all contributions are in German, it is a laudable feature of this vol. to have English (in addition to German) summaries added at the end (pp.467–95). The back material consists of the following items: Brief curricula vitae and (select) bibliographies of the contributors (496–522), index of authors (523–31), and index of subjects and terms (532–47) .]
. 1981 . Aspects of the Speech Pause: Phonetic correlates and communication functions . (= Arbeitsberichte, 15 .) Kiel : Institut für Phonetik, Univ. Kiel , 233 pp. [ Dissertation, Univ. of Kiel; write to: Institut für Phonetik, Universität Kiel, Olshausen-stг.40–60, D-2300 Kiel, Fed Rep. of Germany. Based on German material, Bib. (217–32), no index .]
Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Âge Grec et Latin (publiés par le directeur de l’Institut) . Nos. 37–40 . Copenhagen : Inst, of Greek & Latin Medieval Philology, Univ. of Copenhagen . ( Distributor: Erik Paludan, International Boghandel, Fiolstræde 10, DK-1171 Copenhagen , Denmark ). [ Contents of No.37 (1981): Sten Ebbesen, “Analyzing Syllogisms or Anonymous Aurelianus III” (1–20); Margareta Fredborg, “Some Notes on the Grammar of William of Conches” (21–41); N. J. Green-Pedersen, “Nicolaus Drukken de Dacia’s Commentary on the Prior Analytics” (42–69); Jan Pinborg, “Danish Students 1450–1535 and the University of Copenhagen” (70–122), incl. “Lists of Danish Graduates at Foreign Universities [Rostock, Greifswald, Cologne, Erfurt, Wittenberg, and other universities]” (105–111); Jorgen Raasted, “A Byzantine Letter in Sankt Gallen and Lazarus the Painter” (124–38). – No.38 (1981) = Yukio Iwakuma, Instantiate: A Study of Twelfth Century Technique of Argumentation with a Edition of Ms. Paris BN lat.6674 f. 1–5, 91 pp.; No.39 (1981) contains: Sten Ebbesen & Jan Pinborg, “Bartholomew of Bruges and his Sophisma on the Nature of Logic (Introduction – Text-Indices)” (iii–xxvi, 1–80); William E. McMahon, “Randulphus Brito on the Sufficiency of the Categories” (81–96), and Christian Marinus Taisbak, “The Date of Anonymus Heiberg, Anonymi Logica et Quadrivi-um” (97–102). – No.40 (1981) = Traités du XIIe siècle sur la symbolique des nombres. Odon de Moribund (1116–1161) Analectica numerorum et rerum in theographyam (I). Edition critique princeps par Hanne Lange, LXIII, 191 pp. ]
Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure . Vol. 34 , 1980[1981] . Geneva : Librairie Droz , 157 pp. [ Contents: Rudolf Engler, “Sémiologies saussuriennes. 2. Le Canevas” (3–16); Marie-José Reicher-Béguelin, “Le consonantis-me grec et latin selon F. de Saussure: Le cours de phonétique professé en 1909–1910” (17–97), a presentation of the essentials of Saussure’s lectures on the basis of extensive notes made by Albert Riedlinger (1882–1978), Emile Constantin, and С. Patois. (Note that ‘phonétique’ stands for ‘historical phonology’, in which phonetics plays a part.) Kurt Röllin, “Parola e riproduzione: Un confronto epistemologico tra il Corso di linguistica generale di Ferdinand de Saussure e l’Origine delle specie di Charles Darwin” (99–115), in which the author hopes to work out more clearly the anti-teleolog-ical views of Saussure in matters of language development. Robert Godel & René Amacker, “In memoriam Henri Frei (5 juin 1899–14 novembre 1980)” (118–44), with a portrait (p.119), an evaluation of his work on syntax (127–42) and the 1970–1980 list of publications – for the earlier 76 titles, see Cahiers F. de S. 25.5–8 (1969) – (143–44). 2 reviews (by Georges Lüdi and Iwar Werlen) conclude the volume (145 to 152 and 153–56 respectively) .]
Cahiers Linguistiques d’Ottawa . No. 10 ( March 1982 ). Ottawa : Dept of Linguistics, Univ. of Ottawa , 104 pp. [ From the contents: Charles-James N. Bailey, “Minilectal Maximuddles” (1–8); Dominique Bossé, “Un aperçu de la tonologie des constructions nominales en Bété” (9–36), and Jack Fellmann, “Francis William Newman (1805–1897) and Hamito-Semitic Linguistics” (101–104) .]
1981 . Arab Linguistics : An introductory classical text with translation and notes . (= Studies in the History of Linguistics, 24 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , IX, 485 pp. [ The volume consists of the edition of a grammatical treatise by as-Sirbini (d. 1570), of which only few manuscripts are extant, one in the ed.’s possession. The original Arabic text is given on verso, with an English translation below, and commentary on recto. To this very useful text edition and commentary, the following indices have been added: Index of Qur’anic quotations (469–70); Index of verse quotations (471); Index of authors and book titles (472), and a very detailed index of terms and subjects (473–85) .]
. 1981 . Lectures on Government and Binding . (= Studies in Generative Grammar, [1.] ). Dordrecht/Holland & Cinnaminson/U.S.A. : Foris Publications , IX, 371 pp. [ Text based on lectures given at the Generative] Linguistics in] 0[ld] E[urope] conference and workshop held at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa, Italy, in April 1979, and revised by the author during 1979–80 for publication. Contents: I, “Outline of the theory of core grammar” (1–16); II, “Subsystems of core grammar”; III, “On government and binding” (17–151 and 153–230); IV, “Specification of empty categories” (231–84), and V, “Some related topics” (285–346). Bib. (347–54), index of names (355–57), and general index of subjects and terms (359–71) .]
. 1981 . Radical Priorities . Ed., with an introduction, by Carlos Peregrin Otero . Montreal : Black Rose Books , 270 pp. Paper , $9.95 [ Cloth , $19.95 ]. [ According to the editor’s Preliminary Note, the “main purpose of this collection is to provide relatively easy access to Chomsky’s libertarian philosophy and political analysis”, arguing that Chomsky’s work constitutes “the highest point in the libertarian socialist tradition” (p. 7). To clarify his points more extensively, the ed. has provided an “Introduction to Chomsky’s social theory” (11–56). The selection from the many papers which Ch. published since 1966 on political and social issues is organized under two headings: I, “In defense of the Third World” (59–134), which deals with American policy in post-1975 Vietnam, Cambodia, East Timor, the Middle East, and the so-called North-South conflict; II, “U.S.A.: Myth, reality, acracy” (137–266) – of which the ed. also published a Spanish translation (USA: Mito, realidad, acracia, Barcelona: Ed. Ariel, 1978) – which consists of further critiques of American politics, military as well as social, and papers espousing ‘new left,’ ‘anarcho-syndicalist’ views. Index of names (267–70). The ed. added a brief comment to each selection in which (most of) the original places of publication are supplied .]
ed. 1981 . Luis de Góngora: Sonetos . Madison, Wisconsin : The Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , 685 pp. [ A partial ed. of Gongoras’s sonnets based on the “códice preparado por Antonio Chacon bajo la vijilancia – según afirmación del propio autor, terminado un año después de su muerte” (p.l). The text-ed. (91672) is preceded by a voluminous bib. of the MSS and printed editions of the Gongorian sonnets and of secondary sources (11–88). There is an “Indice de sonetos atribuidos de autor conocido” (672–75), and an “Indice de primeros versos” (677–85) .]
, 1981 . Language Universals and Linguistic Typology : Syntax and morphology . Oxford : Basil Blackwell , XI, 252 pp. [ In 10 chaps, the following topics are treated: Language Universale, Language Typology, Theoretical Prerequisites, Word Order, Subject, Case Marking, Relative Clauses, Causative Constructions, Animacy, and Typological and Historical Linguistics. This is followed by Conclusions and Prospects (219–23), a map indicating the geographic distribution/location of the languages cited (224–25), references (226234), and an index of languages (235–45) as well as an index of proper names (246–47) and of topics (248–52) .]
eds. 1981 . Proceedings of the Tenth Anniversary Symposium on Romance Linguistics . (= Papers in Romance; Supplement II, volume 3 .) Seattle, Wash. : Univ. of Washington , [VIII], 290 pp. [ Apart from Yakov Malkiel’s keynote paper, “Problems Surrounding the Romance Numerals ‘One’ through ‘Ten’” (123), which addresses itself to etymology, the papers selected for publication are organized under either Syntax (16 contributions) or Phonology and Morphology (8 papers). Contributors are (in addition to the editors): Joëlle Bailard, Susanne Carroll, Jeffrey Chamberlain & Mario Saltarelli, Benoît de Cornulier, Anne-Marie di Sciullo, Joseph Emonds, Paloma García-Bellido, Paul Hirschbühler, Alfredo Hurtado, Larry D. King, and many others .]
. 1981 . Von Genebrardus bis Hervás: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Kenntnis des Rumänischen in Westeuropa . (= Lingua et Traditio, 2 .) Tübingen : Verlag Gunter Narr , 161 pp. Paper, DM 48 ,-. [ This vol. brings together 7 previously published papers, of which 3 have postscripts added to them. These are (with original source of publication added in parentheses): 1, “Zur Kenntnis der rumänischen Sprache in Westeuropa im 16. Jahrhundert (Genebrard und Andrés de Poza), with postscript (11–30; from: Bonfante-Festschrift, Brescia 1976, 527–45); 2, “Die rumänische Sprache bei Hieronymus Megiser (1603), with a postscript, “Megiser und Botero” (31–42; from SCL 26. 473–80 = Festschrift Rosetti; postscript from: CLing 22.151–53 = Festschrift Macrea, 1977); 3, “Stiernhielm, die rumänische Sprache und das merkwürdige Schicksal eines Vaterunsers” (43–60; from: Roma-nica 8 = Estudios dedicados a D. Gazdaru IV, 7–23, La Plata, 1975); 4, “Andreas Müller und die Latinität des Rumänischen” (61–67; from: RRL 20.327–32 = Festschrift Graur, 1975); 5, “Griselini, das Rumänische und das Vulgärlatein” (68–81; from: Stimmen der Romania: Festschrift W. Theodor Elwert, 537–49, Wiesbaden, 1980); 6, “Das Rumänische im ‘Vocabulario’ von Lorenzo Hervás”, with postscript (82–99; from: ZRPh 92.394–407, 1976), and 7, “Rumänisch und Romanisch bei Hervás y Panduro” (100–127; from: Dacoromania: Jahrbuch für östliche Latinität 3.113–34, 1975–76). There follow 3 appendices with material concerning the knowledge of Rumanian in earlier times, namely, 1, “Die Wortlisten von Lucius (rum.-lat.), Troester (rum.-ital.-deutsch), Del Chiaro (rum.-ital.) und Griselini (rum.-ital.)” (129138); 2, “Texte von Hervás zum Rumänischen und zu den Rumänen (Auszüge aus ‘Idea dell ‘universo’ und aus ‘Catálogo des las lenguas’)” (139–54), and 3, “Die Vaterunser von Hervás” (155–58). Index of authors (159–61). – Comments by Hans-J. Niederehe: “Trotz mancher durch die Entstehungsgeschichte des Sammelbandes bedingten, bewußt in Kauf genommenen Wiederholungen ist dem Autor hier eine bemerkenswert stimmige, willkommene Zusammenstellung von Aufsätzen und Materialien gelungen, welche gründliche Kenntnisse über historische Ansichten vom Rumänischen vermittelt. Im Mittelpunkt mehrerer Beiträge stehen Vaterunsersammlungen. Die darin zu findenden rumänischen Versionen lassen sich, trotz kompliziert erscheinender Überlieferung, auf zwei Quellen zurückführen: Megiser und Stiernhielm. Ähnliches gilt für manch andere, in früher Zeit über das Rumänische gemachten Aussagen: Sie entstammen oft genug zweiter oder gar dritter Hand. Auch hieran läßt sich ablesen, daß die Kenntnis des Rumänischen in Westeuropa damals deutlich geringer und obendrein auch noch weniger abgesichert war als die übrigen romanischen Sprachen, insbes. des Französischen, Spanischen und Italienischen. Da diese gesamtromanische Perspektive im Sammelband stets Berücksichtigung findet, empfiehlt er sich nicht nur dem Rumänologen, sondern auch jedem Romanisten, der sich mit der Vorgeschichte seines Faches beschäftigt.” ]
eds. 1981 . Satzsemantische Komponenten und Relationen im Text . (= Linguistica, 1 .) Prague : Dept of Grammar, Inst, for Czech Language, Czechoslovak Acad, of Science , 162 pp. [ Papers from a joint workshop held in Bohemia in October 1980 between researchers from the Akad. der Wissenschaften in Berlin (East) and from the Czech Academy; the dozen papers devoted to questions of syntax (incl. semantics, intonation, ellipsis, etc.) are authored by Erhard Agricola, Renate Pasch, Jan Firbas, Jan Kořenský, Jiří Nekva-pil, and others, in addition to contributions by the two editors .]
. 1981 . La Escuela Hebrea de Córdoba: Los orígenes de la Escuela filológica de Córdoba . (= Biblioteca de la Literatura y el Pensamiento hispánicos, 45 .) Madrid : Editorial Nacional , 642 pp. [ Without doubt the School of Hebrew in Cordoba during c.945–65, founded by Hasday and first directed by Menahem ben Saruq constituted the climax of Hebrew philological studies in the Middle Ages. Its true importance however had not been recognized for a long time, since especially Hebraists of the past century showed no interest in making the historical and literary sources of Hebrew Spain accessible through translations. The present volume, in its second part, fills this gap by presenting full translations of 6 Hebrew textual documents as well as of extracts of 5 others. In addition, Ibn Qoraiš’s Risāla, a very important Arabic text, is translated: “Con estos textos, los estudiosos conocerán prácticamente et total de las fuentes hebreas españolas del s. X.” (p.15). The historical background is mapped out in part I of the book, in 3 chapters: 1, “El marco histórico: los personages” (37–110); 2, “Los escritos de la querella” (111–58), and 3, “La doctrina gramatical” (159–287). There is a fairly detailed table of contents (641–42), but no index .]
ed. Working Papers in Biocommunication . Vol. I . College Park, Md. : Dept. of Hearing & Speech Sciences, Univ. of Maryland , n.d. [ 1981 ], 98 pp. [ From the contents: W. O. Dingwall, “[Paul] Broca’s [1824–80] Contributions to Physical Anthropology relating to the Brain and its Functions” (1–28); John L. Locke, “Phonological Structure: Evidence from the child” (29–41) .]
. 1981 . The Inheritance of Presupposition . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, II:1 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VI, 97 pp. [ Chaps, dealing with 1, “The structure of a given information” (11–40); 2, “Presupposition” (41–47); 3, “The presupposition of complex sentences” (49–68), and 4, “A performance theory of presupposition” (69–90). Bib., 93–96 .]
eds. 1981 . Handbook of Australian Languages . Vol. 11 : Wargamay, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri, Watjarri, Margany and Gunya, Tasmanian . Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XXIV, 425 pp. in small-4° . [ For contents of vol. I, see HL VII.416 (1980). – The present volume consists descriptions of the languages indicated in the subtitle executed by R. M. W. Dixon, Terry Crowley, J. G. Breen, and Terry Crowley & R. M. W. Dixon (in that order) .]
. 1981 . Analyse psycholinguistique des erreurs faites lors de l’apprentissage d’une langue étrangère . (= Recherches, 45 .) Bucharest : Editura Acad. Române ; Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne , 250 pp. [ Dissertation, Univ. of Bucharest, 1977, under the direction of Tatiana Slama-Cazacu; applied to the learning of Roumanian by native speakers of French. With an “Index des notions, des termes et des syntagmes utilisés dans l’analyse et l’interprétation psycholinguistique des erreurs” (243–46), an index of authors (247–48), and a bib. of ca. 180 titles (203–209) .]
eds. 1981 . Le ‘Galien’ de Cheltenham . (= Purdue University Monographs in Romance Languages, 7 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XXXVI, 203 pp. Critical text edition of a late,15th-century French text, MS 26092 of the Cheltenham Collection. “introduction” (ix–xxxvi), text (1–149), notes (151–63), “Glossaire” (165–95), and “Table des noms propres” (197–203) .]
eds. 1982 . Studies op het gebied van de geschiedenis van de taalkunde . Kloosterzande, The Netherlands : Grafische Industrie Duerinck-Krachten , 231 pp. [ This vol. consists of a collection of original papers in the history of linguistics, the first two of which by ‘Altmeister’ in the field: P[ieter] A[drianus] Verbürg, “De plaats der taal bij onderwijs en filosofie in der Wester-se cultuurgeschiedenis (tot 1700)” (11–34); C[ornelis] F[ranciscus] P[etrus] Stutterheim, “Definitie of geen definitie: Problematiek vsn de definitie in de taalwetenschap, speciaal van de zinsdefinitie in Nederlandse grammatica’s” (35–51); M. J. van der Wal, “Opvattingen over het werkwoord en meer in het bijzonder over het passief in de Nederlandse grammatikale traditie van de 17e tot en met de 19e eeuw” (52–80); J[an] Noordegraaf, “Traditie en vernieuwing in de taalwetenschap: Twee ‘problemen’ (81–109); L. van Driel, “Tussen attributief en predicatief: Iets over de geschiedenis van de bepaling van gesteld-heid in de 19e eeuw” (110–36), followed by analyses of the works of several 19th-century Dutch grammarians, e.g., Petrus Weiland (fl. сa 1800), Nicolaas Anslijn (1777–1838), Willem Gerard Brill (1811–96) Matthijs de Vries (1820–92), Lambert Allard te Winkel (1809–1868), and others, by A. J. Klijnsmit, P. van der Woude, Th. Druyven, J. R. van Helvoort, and H. Hulshof. Bib. of primary and secondary sources (216–25), followed by an index of authors (227–31) .]
. 1980 . “ Voltaire et l’Edition liégeoise jusqu’en 1765. A propos d’un embastillement ”. Extract from : Livres et lumières au pays de Liège (1730–1830) ed. by Daniel Droixhe et al. , 131 – 71 . Liège : Desoer Editions , 1980 .
. 1981 . Diachronic Grammar: The history of Old and Middle English subjectless construction . (= Linguistische Arbeiten, 97 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer Verlag , XI, 177 pp. Paper, DM 52 ,-. [ The study consists of two parts, with two chapters each (numbered consecutively) ; each part has an introduction in which the goal of the study, the general approach, and the theoretical framework is discussed. Chap.l, “Subjectless constructions with sentential complements [in Old English]” (21–57); 2, “Subjectless constructions with nominal complements” (59–78); 3, “The history of subjectless predicates until the Early Modern English period” (85–139), and 4, “Linguistic change within a restrictive framework” (141–62). An appendix supplies translations of Old English examples used in the introd. and the first two chapters (163–66). Bib. (167–74). Index of Old and Middle English verbs occurring in text examples (175–77) .]
ed. 1980 . Romanistik und Datenverarbeitung : Akten der 1. Sektion des Deutschen Romanistentages Saarbrücken 1979 . (= Sprachwissenschaft-Computerlinguistik, 3 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag , 160 pp. [ 12 contributions on the use of a computer in Romance linguistics, including a state-of-the-art report by Josse de Kock (11–25) .]
. 1981 . Psychologism and Psychoaesthetics . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 6 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XVI, 278 pp. [ Dedicated to the memory of Roman Ingarden, whose seminal article, “Psychologism and Psychology”, appears in English translation as an appendix to the present study (202–216); Polish original appeared in Ingarden’s Studia z estetyki III.45–55 (Warsaw, 1970). The central chaps, of the book analyze the contributions by Freud, Jung, Adler, and I. A. Richards to ‘psychaesthetics’. Bibliographical endnotes (217–50), bib. (251–74), and name index (275–78) round off the study .]
ed. ( with G[eorg] H[enrik] von Wright as co-editor) 1981 . Contemporary Philosophy: A new survey . Volume I : Philosophy of Language; Philosophical Logic . The Hague-Boston-London : Martinus Nij-hoff Publishers , IX, 404 pp. Hardcover, Hfl. 160 ,-. [ Part I, devoted to philosophy of language, contains contributions by Jerzy Pelc, Christopher Peacocke, Jaakko Hintikka, Jacques Bouveresse, Nino Coc-chiarella, Friedrich Kambartel & H.-J. Schneider, and Paul Ricoeur; introd. by G. Fløistad. Part II, devoted to philosophical logic, is introduced by G. H. von Wright, followed by contributions by Dag Prawitz, Ruth Barcan Marcus, Risto Hilpinen, Nuel D. Belnap, Jr. & J. Michael Dunn, and Richard Jeffrey. Index of names (389–93), and index of subjects (394–404). Part I deals, inter alia, with the ideas of Frege, Wittgenstein, and Richard Montague .]
. 1980 . L’Age de l’éloquence : Rhétorique et “res literaria” de la Renaissance au seuil de l’époque classique . (= Hautes études médiévales et modernes, 43 .) Genève : Librairie Droz ; Paris : Champion , [VII], 882 pp. , 25 tables (i.e., frontispieces of treatises of rhetoric and eloquence) . [ This enormous study on rhetoric of the 16th and 17th centuries (especially in France) consists of the following parts and chapters, following a general introduction surveying historians and histories of rhetoric from the 16th century to the present (1–34): I, “Rome et la querelle du cicéronisme” (35–230), comprising a general outline of the debate (37–46), 1, “Le ‘ciel des idées’ rhétorique” (47 to 76); 2, “Essor et désastre de la première renaissance cicéronienne” (77–115), presenting Petrarch, Pico delia Mirandola, Bembo, Castiglio-ne, Erasmus et al.; 3, “Le Concile de Trente et la réforme de l’éloquence sacrée” (116–61); 4, “La seconde renaissance ‘cicéronienne’” (162–226), including Marc Antoine Muret, Antoine Possevin, Louis Carbone, Famiano Strada, and others, and “Conclusion” on ‘1’éclecticisme italien à l’atticisme français’ (227–30). II, “Du multiple à l’un: Les ‘styles jésuites’” (231–423), 1, “Jésuites et Gallicans, une rivalité d’orateurs” (233–56); 2, “Les Jésuites français et la sophistique sacrée (1601–1624)” (257–342), including Antoine de Laval, Nicolas Caus-sin, Louis de Cressolles, and others; 3, “Apogée et crépuscule de la sophistique sacrée” (342–91), including Gérard Pelletier, Pierre Josset, and many other authors; 4, “Les adversaires jésuites de la ‘corruption de l’éloquence’” (393–423), dealing especially with the reform of the Jesuit style of rhetoric. III, “Le ‘stile de Parlement’” (425660), consisting of: 1, “Eloquence parlementaire et république des lettres au XVIe siècle” (427–74), including accounts of Budeus, J.-С. Scaliger, Ramus, Henri Etienne, Adrien Turnèbre; 2, “Le magistrature oratoire du Palais [Gervais Mallot]” (475–584); 3, “La première médiation classique (1627–1642)” (585–660). Conclusion, “De l’Académie de Christophe de Thou à l’Académie françsise” (661–706). The back matter consists of the following items: A bib. of manuscripts (707/708–712), followed by a list of altogether 1,722 printed sources, ancient and modern, arranged topically, beginning with the classical authors, and ending with modern textbooks and historical accounts (712–836); index of names and subjects (837–52), “L’illustration des traités de rhétorique et d’éloquence”, followed by photographic tables (853–64), and a “Table des matières” (865–82) .]
. 1981 . Einführung in die Romanische Sprachwissenschaft . Darmstadt : Wissen-schaftliche Buchgesellschaft , XIV, 336 pp. Paper, DM 69 ,-. ( DM 39 .- for members ). [ This introd. to Romance linguistics (not philology!) consists of two main parts; an introductory, clearly historical oriented one, “Einleitung: Die romanische Sprachwissenschaft: Gegen-stand, Aufgabe, Entstehung, Vorgeschichte, Geschichte” (3–96), and a much larger one, “Darstellung einzelner Beiträge zur romanischen Sprachwissenschaft” (99–313), much of which is chronologically arranged as well. The ‘pre-history’ of Romance linguistics (30–44) as well as the ‘history’ of linguistics in general, and of Romance linguistics in particular (45–94) follows the traditional picture and depiction of the development of the field: Friedrich Diez is the founder (14–16), the first phase of linguistics begins with Bopp, Grimm, and others, etc. The bib. (95–96) is overly selective. Part II, by contrast, shows innovative features and complements Rebecca Posner’s (1970) narrative. It begins with Wilhelm Meyer-Lübke (99117), followed by the contribution to dialect geography by Jules Gil-liéron (117–33), Karl Vossler’s ‘idealistic school’ (133–44), and Harald Weinrich (b.1927), all subsumed under ‘diachronic perspective’ – the subsequent authors and theories are presented as contributions to ‘synchronic linguistics’, beginning with Charles Bally (158 to 185), followed by Emilio Alarcos Llorach (185–205), Jean Dubois & Françoise Dubois-Charlier (205–223), Lucien Tesnière (224–40), Žarko Muljačić (240–57), Peter Wunderli (257–74), Horst Geckeler (274–85), Mario Wandruszka (286–99), Antoni M. Badia i Margarit (299–311). The back matter consists of a list of abbreviations (315–17) and indices of authors (319–27) and subjects & terms (328–36) .]
( avec la collaboration de Michel Laurier [ for nos.1+2 ]). 1981 . Introduction à la linguistique générale . Nos. 1–3 . Montreal : Presses de l’Univ. de Montréal , 104, 108, and 98 pp. , resectively . [ These textbooks, designated for use in introductory undergraduate courses in linguistics, deal with 1. Phonetics, 2. Phonology, and 3. Morphology, with particular reference to French, including Canadian (Québecois) French. In addition to regular introductions to each subject, there are exercises and keys for their correction. There are select bib. to each subject, but no indices where references to technical terms could be found .]
( with the collaboration of Chris Schaner-Wolles ). 1980 . Paraphasie: Untersuchungen zum Problem lexikalischer Fehlleistungen . (= Patholinguistica, 11 .) Munich : Wilhelm Fink , 207 pp. [ Following a brief obituary of Karl Gloning (1924–79), professor of neuropsychology at the Univ. of Vienna (7–8) killed in a ski accident, and a brief preface by the editors (p. 9) there are 9 individual contributions devoted to various problems of paraphasia, a special variety of aphasia, by the following: A. Leischner, A. Kotten, W. U. Dressler, K. Gloning, Karl Heinz Ammon, Peter Henry Salus, Günter Peuser, and I. F. Emich. These are preceded by a paper of particular interest to readers of HL by Chris Schaner-Wolles, “Zur Geschichte der Paraphasieforschung” (11–20). There is no comprenhensive bib., but an index of subjects and terms (203–206) .]
. 1980 . Das Memoire von F. de Saussure . (= Arbeitspapier, 18 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern , 69 pp. [ The present essay constitutes a summary of the author’s dissertation in progress devoted to an analysis of the Memoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes, which appeared in Leipzig in Dec. 1878 when Saussure was just 21 years old. It consists of the following chapters, all dealing with aspects of Saussure’s theory as developed in his Mémoire: 1, “Die sonantischen Liquide und Nasale” (6–9); 2, “Das Phonem A in den indoeuropäischen Sprachen” (10–13); 3, “Die zwei gräco-italischen o”(13–15); 4, “Indizien einer Vielzahl von a in der indoeuropäischen Muttersprache” (16–20); 5, “Die grammatikalische Rolle der verschiedenen Arten von a” (21–39); 6, “Verschiedene Erscheinungen bezüglich der Sonanten i u, r, n, m” (40–47); 7, “Abschliessende Bemerkungen” (47), and 8, “S.’s Vokalsystem” (48–50). Glossary (51–57), endnotes (58–68), and Bib. (69: 7 references – others are to be found in the notes) .]
. 1981 . Gramática y categorís verbales en la tradición española (1771–1847) . (= Acta Salmaticensia; Studia philo-lógica salmaticensia; Anejos, Estudios, 5 .) Salamanca : Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca , 376 pp. Paper , 950 .- pesos . [ This study of grammar and verbal categories in Spanish linguistics is devoted to the period between 1771, the year of the appearance of the first ed. of the Gramática of the Real Academia Española, and 1847, the year of the publication of Andrés Bello’s Gramática castellana. Altogether some 35 grammars of the period are analysed (cf. the chronological list on pp.362–63); the texts include: Juan A. González de Valdés, Francisco Lacueva, Martńez López, Agustín P. Díaz, Luis de Mata y Araujo, G. M. de Jovellanos, José Manuel Calleja, Lamberto Pelegrín, Braulio Amézaga, Juan Calderón, and many others. The work consists of 3 major parts: I, “Concepción de la Gramática” (15–88); II, “Clasificación de las palabras” (91–343), the central piece of the study, and III, “Conclusiones” (347–56). The author identifies two traditions, the classical tradition and the one established by the Port-royal grammarians, the general and philosophical grammar tradition. Bib. (359–71) divided into different periods and primary and secondary sources, and “Index analytico” (373–76), but no regular index .]
ed. 1980 . Lengua y literatura espanolas medievales: Textos y glosario . (= Letras e Ideas; Biblioteca, 2 .) Barcelona-Caracas-México : Editorial Ariel , 586 pp. [ A copious anthology of Spanish texts, literary as well as non-literary, from the beginnings to the 16th century, with detailed information concerning the oldest known manuscript of the text in question and life-dates of the authors whenever possible (13–446). Detailed glossary (447–575) .]
1981 . Literacy in History: An interdisciplinary research bibliography . New York & London : Garland Publishing, Inc. , X, 422 pp. Cloth , $50.00 . [ A revised and extended version of the author’s 1976 compilation (addendum 1979), Chicago: Newberry Library, the present bib. constitutes a substantial research tool; of particular interest to readers of HL will be the many references found in section 1, “Introductory Materials” of the main body of the bibliography (36–54), which lists items discussing various approaches to history, followed by studies devoted to social-scientific as well as anthropological history, and historical methods. The other sections provide material on different approaches to literacy, incl. historical ones, religion in history, educational & institutional studies, social change & social development, and many other topics. Index of authors (385–422) .]
. 1981 . Science, Ideology, and World View: Essays in the history of evolutionary ideas . Berkeley-Los Angeles-London : Univ. of California Press , X, 202 pp. [ The vol. consists of the following chaps., four of which had previously appeared as independent articles (in those instances the original date of publication will be added in parentheses): 1, “Science, Ideology, and World View” (1–8), the introduction, is followed by: 2, “Objectives and Methods in Intellectual History (1957)” (9–29); 3, “The Kuhnian Paradigm and the Darwinian Revolution in Natural History (1971)” (30–59); 4, “Biology and Social Theory in the Nineteenth Century: Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer (1959)” (60–94); 5, “Darwin as a Social Evolutionist” (1977)” (95–127); “Darwinism as a World View” (128–157); 7, “From [Thomas Henry] Huxley to [Julian] Huxley: Transformations in the Darwinian Credo” (158–93). “Postscript” (194–97). Index of names and subjects (199–202) .]
. 1982 . Method and Language . Amsterdam : B.R. Grüner Publishing Co. , [VII], 208 pp. Paperbd., Hfl. 60 .-/ $24.00 . [ This book deals with questions of philosophy of science, methodology, and logic, not with linguistics. Its 16 chapters include: 4, “Progress in Science” (45–57); “[Karl] Popper’s Logic” (59–65); “Translatability as a Norm in [Willard V. 0] Quine” (119–24), “[Michael] Dummet’s Molecular Model of Language”, and “[Saul] Kripke on Sense and Reference” (167–74). No bib., but a detailed index of authors and subjects (195–208) .]
. 1981 . Prepositions: An analytical bibliography . (= Library and Information Sources in Linguistics, 8 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VII, 244 pp. [ An alphabetical listing of some 2,000 books and articles dealing with problems related to prepositions in natural languages (1–201), followed by a very detailed index of languages and subjects .]
ed. 1981 . Fachsprachen . (= Wege der Forschung, 498 .) Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , VII, 396 pp. [ The vol. brings together 12 important articles devoted to the topic (of languages for special use) published between 1913, i.e., Alfred Schir-mer’s “Die Erforschung der deutschen Sondersprachen” (15–39) and 1975, to wit papers by Eike von Savigny, “In wiefern ist die Umgangssprache grundlegend für die Fachsprachen?” (320–40); Hans Brinkmann, “Rechtshandlungen und Sprechhandlungen: Umgangssprachliche Äußerungen und fachsprachliche Konventionen bei Rechtsgeschäften” (350–72). Apart from an article by Charles L. Barber of 1962 (86–113), which has been translated into German, all other contributions had previously been written in that language. The other contributions are by Wilfried Seibicke (1959), Rudolf Walter Jumpelt (1959/60), Lubomir Drozd (1964), Dieter Möhn (1968), Klaus Heller (1970), Claus Köhler (1970), Eugen Wüster (1971), and Kurt Möslein (1974). The contribution by the last-named author is entitled “Einige Entwicklungstendenzen in der Syntax der wissenschaftlich-technischen Literatur seit dem Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts” (276–319). Gudrun Demnik compiled a very useful “Auswahlbibliographie (1970–1978)” (373–86). Index of authors (387392); index of subjects and terms (393–96) .]
. 1980 . Ein Algorithmus zur Reduktion syntaktischer Ho-mograohien in einem Informationssystem . (= Sprachwissenschaft – Computerlinguistik, 5 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag , 175 pp. [ The work was done under the auspices of the research group CONDOR (= COmmunication in natürlicher Sprache mit Dialog-Orientierten Retrievalsys-temen) and reports in detail on the disambiguation strategies with regard to homographies in German .]
ed. 1980 . Maschinelle Sprachverarbeitung: Vorträge auf der 10. Jahrestagung des GAL (Mainz, 4.-10. Oktober 1979), Sektion Maschinelle Sprachverarbeitung . (= Sprachwissenschaft – Computerlinguistik, 4 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag , 163 pp. [ Contains 7 papers, inter alia on computer-aided phonemic analysis, on automatic language generation, and on problems of automatic/machine translation .]
. 1981 . Papers on Syntax . Edited by Henry Hiż . (= Synthese Language Library, 14 .) Dordrecht-Boston-London : D. Reidel Publishing Co. , VII, 479 pp. [ Following a brief preface by the ed., the vol. consists of reprints of 16 papers or article-length studies first published between 1942 and 1978. The headings under which they are ordered (and the chronology of their writing) suggest 3 phases in Harris’s (b.1909) linguistic theories: “Structural Analysis” (1942–54); “Transformational Analysis” (1952–1967), and “Operator Grammar” (1969–78). It is interesting to note that the bulk of H’s papers falling into the first category was published in “Language”, with only 2 (1952 and 1957[H’s presidential address of 1955]) of the second, and non from the third. The volume is rounded off by a very detailed index of subjects, citation forms, and terms (437479) .]
eds. 1981 . Minority Languages Today: A selection from the papers read at the First International Conference on Minority Languages held at Glasgow University from 8 to 13 September 1980 . Edinburgh : Edinburgh Univ. Press , XII, 250 pp. Cloth , £10 . [ Following a Foreword by A. J. Aitken (vii–xii), the volume prints altogether 22 papers by the following: the late David Greene, Derek Thomson, J. I. Prattis, Desmond Fennell, Bed-wys Lewis Jones, John E. Ambrose & Colin H. Williams, Adam J. Aitken, J. Derrick McClure, Magne Oftendahl, Einar Haugen, Mikael Reuter, Bent Sødergaard, Johan Hendrik W. Poulsen, Alf Isak Keskitalo, Antonia Feitsma, Durk Gorter, Frederik Paulaen, Dietrich Strauss, Fernand Hoffmann, Rosita Rindler Schjerve, Bencie Woll & Lilian Lawson, and J. M. Y. Simpson – the other papers read at the Conference are listed on pp.243–44. The papers are devoted to various aspects of minority languages in Europe, some of them addressing general questions others presenting particular situations, e.g., triglossia in Luxembourg, North-Frisian on the islands of Föhr and Amrum, bilingualism, bilin-gualism and language shift in Sardinia, etc. Index of authors, subjects, and terms (245–50) .]
. 1981 . Keats, Poe, and the Shaping of Cortázar’s Mythopoesis . (= Purdue University Monographs in Romance Languages, 8 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XI, 135 pp. [ Bib. (127135), no index .]
. 1981 . Einführung in die Psycholinguistik . Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , V, 154 pp. Paper, DM 36 ,- ( DM 21 ,- for members ). [ This introd. to psycholinguistics consist of 8 chaps.: 1, “Die Psycholinguistik zwischen Linguistik und Psychologie” (1–5); 2, “Sprache-an-sich oder was der Sprachpsychologe von der Linguistik wissen muß” (6–25); 3, “Sprache als Werkzeug: Die Grundlage des Spracherwerbs durch den Menschen” (26–42) – beginning with a discussion of Karl Bühler’s ‘Organon-Modell’ and ending with an account of language acquisition work in North America in the earlier 1970s – 4, “Phänomenologie des Spracherwerbs” (43–62); 5, “Probleme der Bedeutung – psychologisch betrachtet” (63–82); 6, “Strukturen der sprachlichen Äußerung” (83–101); 7, “Die Produktion sprachlicher Äußerungen” (102–122), and 8, “Das Verstehen sprachlicher Äußerungen” (123140). Bib. (141–47); index of authors (149–51), and index of terms and subjects (152–54) .]
. 1981 . Kontinuität und Diskontinuität in der Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft: Ein Beitrag zur Theorie und Praxis einer Historiographie der Linguistik . (= SAIS Arbeitsberichte, 3 .) Kiel : Seminar für Allgemeine und Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft, Univ. of Kiel , XII, 281 pp. [ Doctoral diss., Univ. of Kiel, 1981, this study proposes a variety of models for linguistic historiography, following a discussion of philosophical and epistemological questions. The major chapters are entitled: 1, “Einleitung: Gegenstand, Thema, Zielsetzung und Gliederung dieser Arbeit” (1–21); 2, “Grundlagen einer synchronen Wissenschaftstheorie der Linguistik” (22–86); 3, “Wissenschaftshistoriographische Reflexion” (87–97); 4, “Der Prozeß ‘Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft’” (98–255), which contains the basic tenets of the present study and presents, after a critical analysis of 3 models (‘cumulative’, ‘revolutionary’, and ‘evolutionary’), what he calls the ‘reconstructivistic model’ (155ff.), and 5, “Wissenschaftshistoriographische Reflexion als notwendiger Bestandteil gegenstandsadäquater linguistischer Praxis” (256–67). Bib. (266–80). Vita (281), no index .]
. 1979 . Automatische Synthese des Französischen aus einer logischen Basis . (= Sprachwissenschaft – Computerlinguistik, 2 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag , 225 pp. [ A work conceived under the auspices of the Heidelberg project on automatic translation (SALAT), containing a brief history of machine translation (8–12). There are references to the programs developed (together with the author) at the Univ. of Heidelberg; however, these are not presented in the book .]
. 1981 . American Structuralism . (= Janua Linguarum’ series major, 102 .) The Hague-Paris-Berlin : Mouton Publishers , VI, 296 pp. [ An unrevised reprint of the authors’ contribution to Current Trends in Linguistics ed. by Thomas A. Sebeok, vol. XIII: Historiography of Linguistics, 903–1176. The Hague: Mouton, 1975, i.e., pp.1–244 of the present vol. = 903–1146 of the original text, and References (259–89 = orig. bib., 1146–76). New additions are: 8. Epilogue, 1979 (244–58) and an index of names (290–95) as well as indices to periodicals mentioned (295–96) and organizations (296). There is no index of subjects or terms .]
1982 . Karl Bühler: Semiotic Foundations of Language Theory . New York : Plenum Publishing Corp. , VIII, 168 pp. [ This book, No.2 in the “Topics in Contemporary Semiotics” series, consists of 2 major parts: I, “Key Themes in Bühler’s Language Theory” (1–73) by R. E. Innis, devoted to B’s ‘axiomatic project’, phonology, two-field theory of language, and other topics, and II, “The Axiomatization of the Language Sciences” (75–164) by Karl Bühler (1879–1963), an translation of his 1933 essay, “Die Axiomatik der Sprachwissenschaften”, which appeared in Kant-Studien 38.24–90, which was republished, with an introd. and a commentary, by Elisabeth Ströker as a separate study (Frankfurt/M.: Vittorio Klostermann, 1969; 2nd ed., 1976). The present book contains a translation of Ströker’s introduction (7789 [= 1969.7–23]), but not her commentary (1969.119–52). There is a brief bib. (71–73), which does not include Rudolf Kamp’s important book on Bühler’s ‘axiomatic theory’ of 1977 (cf. HL V.212–13, 1978), a name index (165–66), and a subject index (167–68) .]
( with the collaboration of Nils Bjer-vig, L’ubomír Ďurovič, Kristine Heltberg, and Jens Skov-Larsen ) eds. 1981 . The Slavic Verb: An anthology presented to Hans Christian Sø-rensen (16th December 1981) . (= Copenhagen University, Institute of Slavonic Studies, Studier, 9 .) Copenhagen : Rosenkilde & Bagger , [XIII], 187 pp. Paperbd., Dan. Kr. 140 ,-. [ This vol., dedicated to H. C. Sørensen on the occasion of his 70th birthday, consists of some 20 articles devoted to various aspects of the verb in Russian. The contributors include, in addition to the editors and their collaborators, scholars such as Jurij D. Apresjan, Andrzej Boguslawski, Igor A. Mel’čuk, Per Jacobsen, Jurij S. Maslov, Gunnar Olaf Svane, and many others. It also contains a portrait of Sørensen, a longtime, albeit fairly independent member of the Cercle linguistique de Copenhague, a biographical sketch by Hanne Lone Tønnesen (181–83), and a bib. of S’s Slavistic and linguistic works (185–87), compiled by Helen Liesl Krag. There is no index .]
. 1981 . Language and Other Abstract Wonders . Oxford : Basil Blackwell , IX, 251 pp. Paper , £7.95 . [ The book is a discussion of modern linguistic theory, especially Chomsky’s views, and its relationship to philosophy of language. It consists of the following chapters: 1, “From Harris’s Nominalism to Chomsky’s Conceptualism” (21–44); 2, “Controversial and Uncontroversial Aspects of Chomsky’s Theory” (45–75); 3, “Introductory Platonism: Grammatical knowledge and its object” (76–93); 4, “Conceptualist Skepticism about Meaning” (94159); 5, “Intermediate Platonism: Semantic arguments against conceptualism” (160–91); 6, “Advanced Platonism: Intuition” (192–220), and 7, “Platonist Linguistic Theory” (221–40). Bib. (241–46); index of terms and names (247–51) .]
. 1981 . The Descent of Darwin: The popularization of Darwinism in Germany, 1860–1914 . Chapel Hill, N.C. : Univ. of North Carolina Press , [V], 185 pp. Cloth , $18.50 . [ This study is devoted to the reception of Darwinian ideas in Germany following the translation of Origin of Species (1859) by Heinrich Georg Bronn (1800–1862) in 1860 (2nd rev. ed., 1863). Particular attention is given not only to the importance of Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) in this development but also (and especially), to the influence of the various popularizers of Darwin’s doctrine, such as Ludwig Büchner (1824–99), Friedrich Rolle (1827–87), Carl Vogt, and others, who wrote books on Darwinism from 1863 onwards. Particular attention is given to the influence of Wilhelm Bölsche (1861–1939), a second-generation Darwinist and very successful popularizer – see chap. 3, “Erotic Monism – The Climax of Popular Darwinism” (36–56) and passim. The other chaps, are entitled: 1, “The question of popularization” (3–9); 2, “Darwinism and the popular science tradition [in Germany]” (10–35); 4, “Darwinism and the schools” (57–74); 5., “The Holiness of Science” (75–99); 6, “Social Darwinism and the popularizers” (100–122), and 7, “Darwin, Marx and the German workers” (123–41). Bib. (165–78); index of names and subjects (179–85) .]
. 1981 . Ambiguity in Psycholinguistics . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, 11:4 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , V, 123 pp. [ In at times fairly brief chapters (e.g., “Production of Ambiguity” (p.11) consists of barely 10 lines) such topics are discussed as: “Acoustic Cues: Oral disambiguation”; “Multiple [as well as Single] Reading Hypothesis”, “The Role of Context”; “Bias”; “Theme Constraints”, etc. Bib. (113–23); no index .]
. 1980 . Geschichte des Deutschen Wörterbuchs, 1838–1863: Dokumente zu den Lexikographen Grimm . Mit einem Beitrag von Ludwig Denecke . Stuttgart : S. Hirzel Verlag , [VII], 293 pp. in small-4°. Cloth, DM 96 ,-. [ This important study consists of the following sections: “Einleitung: Quellen und Studien zu den Lexikographen [Jacob [(1785–1863)]and Wilhelm [(1786–1859)] Grimm” (1–52), which surveys the primary and secondary sources and discusses the historical and intellectual background to their joint enterprise, the Deutsches Wörterbuch, which had begun appearing only in 1852 and was not completed (in East Germany) before 1961. “Vorspiel: Göttingen 1837” (5152), which relates the dismissal of the Grimm brothers together with five other professors because of their refusal to accept the removal of the fairly democratic constitution in the state of Hanover, an event which led the two to consider the German Dictionary as a means of employment. “Planung und Vorarbeiten 1838–1846: Eine Briefdokumentation” (53–112), which show, among other things, the involvement of Karl Lachmann (1793–1851) and Moritz Haupt (1808–1874) in the matter; “Ausarbeitung und Erscheinen des ersten Bandes, 1847–1954: Eine Briefdokumentation” (113–67); “Der Lexikograph Jacob Grimm und seine Kritiker: Dokumente zur zeitgenössischen Rezeption des Deutschen Wörterbuchs” (168–218) – part of the criticism was directed against J. Grimm’s etymologies; “Weiterarbeit von Wilhelm und Jacob Grimm, 18551863” (219–63); “Nachspiel 1863: Beginn einer hundertjährigen Geschichte” (264–66); Ludwig Denecke, “Jacob Grimms Vorrede zum dritten Bande des Deutschen Wörterbuchs” (267–78). Bib. (279–87), and index of authors (288–93) .]
. 1980 . Science, Revolution and Discontinuity . [ Brighton, Sussex ]: Harvester Press ; Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey : Humanities Press , 231 pp. Cloth , $30.00 . [ Contents: 1, “Revolution and discontinuity” (15–44); 2, “The poverty of Popperism” (45–69); 3, “Lakatos’ quest for continuity”; 4, “From discontinuity to Dadaism” (106–156); 5, “Structures and impossibilities” (157–74); 6, “Impetus, inertia and discontinuity” (175–213), and 7, “Concluding remarks” (214–20); Bib. (221–28); index of names and subjects (229–31). The author “rejects the accepted view of revolutions as precipitate, passionate outbursts of energy, instead arguing that discontinuous changes occur far less dramatically than has previously been supposed” (from the dustjacket). The book contains a critique of Kuhn, Popper, Lakatos, and Feyerabend and argues in favour of a conception of revolutions (in science) as struggles to create a new order on new foundations by critically transforming an established system .]
. 1981 . Uvod v slavjanskata filologija (Ezikovedska sla-vistika) . [ Outline of Slavic philology (Slavi(isti)с linguistics) ]. Sofija : Kliment Oxridcki Univ. , 176 pp. [ In Bulgarian. The study displays a strong historical bent; for instance, chap.9, “Pioneers in Slavic philology” (106–124) recounts the work of 18th and 19th century Slavists. Each chap, has bibliographical endnotes. There is a detailed index of authors (166–75) .]
. 1981 . Toponymie française en Ontario . (= La Collection “L’Ontario français”, [4] .) Montreal & Paris : Editions Etudes Vivantes , VI, 120 pp. [ The book gives geographic location as well as historical explanation of some 160 place names of French origin in Ontario, to which a considerable number of similar place names have been added in the commentaries. The book has been organized to serve as a textbook (cf. the “Guide pédagogique” (99–106). Maps (108–114); Bib. (115), and index of place names according to geographic characteristics (116 to 120) .]
, 1981 . Linguistische Theorien der Moderne . (= Germanistische Lehrbuchsammlung, 19a [19b is assigned to the English version] .) Bern-Frankfurt/М.-Las Vegas : Peter Lang , 173 pp. [ The vol. is conceived as an introductory text for students of modern linguistics. It consists, apart from an introduction and a summary, of 10 chapters and offers general outlines of different schools of thought: 1, Saussure and the beginning of structural linguistics; 2, Structuralist schools (Harris, Hjelmslev, Lamb, Pike et al.); 3, Functionalism (Weisgerber and other functionalist trends); 4, Transformational generative grammar; 5, Montague Grammar; 6, Sociolinguis-tic schools (actually mainly the ‘school’ of Meillet); 7, Language typology; 8, Historical Linguistics; 9, Text Linguistics, and 10, Linguistics and Semiotics. Bib. (166–70); index of names and subjects (171–73) .]
. 1981 . Mutamenti di prospettiva nella linguistica . (= Studi Linguistici e Semiologici, 14 .) Bologna : I1 Mulino , 207 pp. [ This vol. consists of a collection of previously published articles, some of them first published in English and translated here for the first time into Italian. These are, with date of original publication added: 1, “Strutturalismo” (1979?; 7–35); 2, “Osservazi-oni sul termine struttura” (1962; 37–71); 3, “La scuola linguistica di Praga” (1967; 73–87); 4, “Nota sulla strutturalismo e sulla linguistica sovietica recente” (1967; 89–105); 5, “Grammatica generativa” (1979; 107–113); 6, “Identico o diverso?” (1974; 115–26); 7, “Mutamenti di prospettiva nella linguistica” (1971; 127–41); 8, “Il par-lato e lo scritto” (1970; 143–50); 9, “Simultaneità nel parlato e nello scritto” (1970; 151–56); 10, “Letteratura orale” (1979; 157165); 11, “L’uso dell’articolo: confronti interlinguistici” (1980; 167–72), and 12, “Freud, [Carl] Abel [(1837–1906)] e gli opposti” (1980; 173–98), in which L. demonstrates the use that Freud had made of Abel’s 65-page essay, Ueber den Gegensinn der Urworte (Leipzig: W. Friedrich, 1884) in his psychological theory, but also brings together more information about Abel’s life and work than is usually found in the literature. Index of authors (201–207) .]
Lingvisticae Investigations Tome V , fasc. 1 ( Amsterdam : Benjamins , 1981 ) [ Of particular interest to readers of HL is the article by Julie An-dresen, “Linguistic Metaphysics in Charles de Brosses’s Traité of 1765 and the History of Linguistics” (1–24) .]
Logos Semanticos: Studia linguistica in honorem Eugenio Coseriu 19211981 . 5 vols. Berlin & New York : Walter de Gruyter ; Madrid : Editorial Gredos , together LXX, 2,376 pp. Cloth, DM 375 ,-. [ In accordance with the various sub-disciplines of linguistics to which Coseriu has significantly contributed, the festschrift consists of 5 independent vols. with contributions in German, French, English, Italian, and Spanish by scholars, colleagues, former pupils, and friends from many countries, especially those with which С’s career has been most closely connected: Rumania, Italy, Spain, South America, and, above all, Germany. Each volume has a separate (sub-)title: I, History of Language Philosophy and of Linguistics [always given in German, French, and Spanish as well], ed. by Jürgen Trabant, XXX, 458 pp. – also including С’s Schriftenverzeichnis comp, by Jens Lüdke & Manfred Ringmacher (xiii–xxix); II, Language Theory and Language Philosophy ed. by Harald Weydt, X, 492 pp.; III, Semantics ed. by Wolf Dietrich & Horst Geckeier, X, 513 pp.; IV, Grammar ed. by Christian Rohrer, X, 441 pp., and V, History and Variation in Languages [German title: Geschichte und Architektur der Sprachen] ed. by Brigitte Schlieben-Lange, X, 469 pp. – Each volume is subdivided into more specific areas of research; thus vol. V has sections on ‘Theory of language change and language variation’, ‘Languages in contact’, ‘Change and variation in literature’, ‘Description of change and variation phenomena in some historical languages’, and ‘Language change and language variation in Latin America’. Unfortunately, none of the 5 volumes has any index. – The first volume, naturally, will be of particular interest to historians of linguistics, only a few of which will be referred to below: Francisco Rodríguez Adrados, “La teoría del signo en Gorgias de Leontino” (9–11); Maria Corti, “Les notions de ‘langue universelle’ et de ‘langue poétique’ chez Dante Alighieri” (31–39); Ulrich Ricken, “Sprachauffassung und geschichtliches Menschenbild der Aufklärung” (41–55); Daniel Droixhe, “Matérialisme et histoire dans la linguistique du Président de Brosses. Un entretien avec Helvétius?” (69–75); Hans Helmut Christmann, “Neue Beiträge zur Geschichte der These vom Weltbild der Sprache: ‘Praktische’ Anwendungen in Frankreich und Deutschland am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts” (87–99). These are followed by two papers which set out to refute claims made by Hans Aarsleff in his 1977 article, “Guillaume de Humboldt et la pensée linguistiques des Idéologues”, La Grammaire générale: Des Modistes aux Idéologues ed. by A. Joly & J. Stefanini (Villeneuve-d’Ascq: Publications de l’Univ. de Lille III), 217–41, namely, that there is no evidence in Humboldt’s work that he was influenced by Herder (as is the standard opinion), but that Humboldt instead was indebted to Condillac and to the Idéologues – Helmut Gipper, “Schwierigkeiten beim Schreiben der Wahrheit in der Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft. Zum Streit um das Verhältnis Wilhelm von Humboldts zu Herder” (101–115), and Wulf Oesterreicher, “Wem gehört Humboldt? Zum Einfluß der französischen Aufklärung auf die Sprachphilosophie der deutschen Romantik” (117–35). Further, Hans-Heinrich Lieb, “Das ‘semiotische Dreieck’ bei Ogden und Richards: eine Neuformulierung des Zeichenmodells von Aristoteles” (137–56); Sílvio Elia, “De l’Ars grammatica à la Grammatica speculati-va” (167–76); Herbert E(rnst) Brekle, “Semiotische und sprachtheoretische Positionen in Benedetto Buommatteis Della lingua toscana (1643)” (191–206); Pieter A(drianus) Verburg, “Ars oder Scientia, eine Frage der Sprachbetrachtung im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert” (207214); Jürgen Trabant, “’… und die Seele leuchtet aus dem Style hervor’. Zur Stiltheorie im 19. Jahrhundert: Heymann Steinthal” (246258); Takashi Kamei, “A Saussurian Mystery [concerning the concluding phrase of the Cours: la linguistique a pour unique et véritable objet la langue envisagée en elle-même et pour elle-même]” (259–66), followed by Peter Wunderli, “Saussure und die ‘signification’” (267–84) – cf. also Wunderli (1981) below. From the 14 remaining contributions, the following should be mentioned: Roman Jakobson, “To the History of the Moscow Linguistic Circle” (285–88); Gabriele Stein, “The English Dictionary in the 15th Century” (313–22); Franz Josef Hausmann, “Abel Mathieu et ses Devis de la langue francoyse (1559, 1560, 1572)” (329338); Manfred Faust, “Schottelius’ concept of word formation” (359–70); Winfried Busse, “[François-Urban] Domergue, grammairien patriote” (371 to 384); Antonio Tovar, “The Spanish linguist Lorenzo Hervás [y Pan-duro (1735–1809)] on the eve of the discovery of Indo-European” (385394); Werner Bahner, “Zu den Anfängen der rumänischen Sprachwissenschaft” (395–403) – actually a reply to (and a critique of) Helmut Frisch’s article, “Die Anfänge der rumänischen Sprachwissenschaft”, HL V.59–108 (1978). A last contribution to be mentioned here is the one by Harri Meier, “Die Aktualität der italienischen Etymologengenerationen vor und nach Friedrich Diez” (417–433), which challenges the traditional view according to which Diez’ Etymologisches Wörterbuch of 1853 constitutes a definite break with the past and a new beginning in the scientific study of etymology .]
. 1981 . Generative Phonology : A case-study from French . (= Lingvisticae Investigationes: Supplementa, 4 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VIII, 241 pp. [ Preface dated “June 1978”, the study focusses on “Final segments and gender inflection in French”, in particular deletion rules, elision and liaison. Bib. (223–35); index of authors (237 to 241). Formerly a Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Oxford, both the introd. (3–12) and the conclusion (187–221) are of a general interest since the author discusses questions of philosophy of science (with particular reference to phonological theory) in both .]
eds. 1982 . Papers from the 3rd International Conference on Historical Linguistics . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Interest, 13 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XV, 434 pp. [ The volume constitutes the bulk of the papers presented at the Conference held in Hamburg, 22–26 August 1977, except for the one by Koerner, “The Neo-grammarian Doctrine: Breakthrough or Extension of the Schleicherian Paradigm”, which was presented at the 4th Intl. Conference held in March 1979 at Stanford (cf. HL VII.436, 1980). They include papers by William M. Christie, Jr., Göran Hammarström, John Hewson, Jean-Marie Hombert & John Ohala, Esa Itkonen, Tore Janson, Ilse Lehiste & Pavle Ivić, Saul Levin, Yakov Malkiel, Marianne Mithun & Lyle Campbell, Irmengard Rauch, H. Christoph Wolfart, and others. Another paper of interest to historians of linguistics – in particular in view of the paper by Fred R. Shapiro in HL VIII/1981, “On the Origin of the Term ‘Indo-Germanic’” – is the one by Koerner, “Observations on the Sources, Transmission, and Meaning of ‘Indo-European’ and Related Terms in the Development of Linguistics” (pp.153–80). There is an index of authors (419–22) as well as of subjects and terms (422–34) .]
. 1981 . Saussure no S[h]iso [ Saussure’s Thought ]. Tokyo : Iwanami Shoten , XVII, 352 , 32 pp. [ Following the preliminary matter – note that page v prints a dedication to Robert Godel “who has initiated the age of a Renaissance in Saussurian study”, there is a solid work of Saussure, his linguistic theory and philosophy of language, divided into 3 major parts: I, ‘A portrait of Ferdinand de Saussure’ (3–177, notes 178–90); II, ‘Saussure and modern [linguistic] thought’ (193–255, notes 256–62), and III, ‘Problems of Saussurian theory’ (265–346, notes 347–52). The back matter consists of the following items: Index of names (1–4); Index of terms (4–12) – here following the Latin alphabet and arranged according to French concepts and subjects; a select list of Saussure’s writings (13–14), with emphasis of posthumous publications in linguistics and semiotics; a list of manuscripts of papers and letters by S. (15–20), and a bib. of secondary sources (21–32). Each major part is preceded by a photograph of Saussure showing him at age 19 (p.l, 1877), 46 (p.191, 1903), and 51 (p.263, 1908), respectively. There are other photos in the book, e.g., on p.14, depicting S. as kneipisant in Geneva (18751876) and member of a traditional student organization in 1877 (from Leipzig?). While Part I traces S’s life and the fate of the Cours, Part II places S’s ideas in the context of modern thought, with particular regard to French philosophy of language (esp. Merleau-Ponty) and literary theory (esp. Roland Barthes), but also the Tel Quel school and J.-P. Sartre. Finally, Part III addresses itself to a discussion of the major (synchronic) aspects of S’s theory, such as the langue/parole distinction, the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign, the concept of ‘value’, etc. It is clear, however, that the author leans towards S’s linguistic thought, his philosophy of language rather than his general linguistic theory (in which questions of diachrony, reconstruction, and dialectology, among other things) play an important role. – The book has received wide acclaim in Japan; the author has been awarded the Kagami Prize for 1981. Apart from anonymous reviews in Yomiuri Shinbun of 31 Aug.1981 (subtitled “A great achievement from the viewpoint of ‘semiology’”) and Mainichi Shinbun of the same date, there appeared reviews by Eiko Nakamura in Nishi-nippon Shinbun of 24 Aug. 1981 and by Shuntarô Itô in Asahi Shibun of 5 Sept. 1981. – The compiler owes essential details to Kei-ichi Yamanaka of the Univ. of Tokyo .]
. 1981 . Nach hundert Jahren. Ferdinand de Saussures Frühwerk und seine Rezeption durch die heutige Indogermanistik . Mit einem Beitrag von Ronald Zwanziger . (= Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akad. der Wissenschaften; Philosph.-hist. Klasse, Jg. 1981, Bericht 8 .) Heidelberg : Carl Winter , 43 pp. [ An evaluation of F. de Saussure’s Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes (Leipzig: Teubner, 1879), his originality, his impact on subsequent developments in IE phonology, and its value in present-day debate. The appendix constitutes an account of the life and work of Joseph Wertheimer (1833–1908), who between 1873 and 1906 regularly taught a ‘cours de linguistique’ at the Univ. of Geneva (39–43); in Dec. 1906, Saussure was charged with this task .]
comps. 1981 . Bibliographie de la Recherche en psycho-systématique du langage . Fascicule II : 1970–1977 . Québec : Univ. Laval , 95 pp. [ Essentially a revision and augmentation of earlier such bibliographical efforts by L. Meney; cf. HL 5, p.365 (1978) .]
ed. 1980 . Materialien zur historischen entwicklung der gross- und Kleinschreibung . (= Reihe Germanistische Linguistik, 23 .) Tübingen : Max Miemeyer , VII, VI, 80 ; IV, 72 ; [V], 111 , [279-] 336 pp. [ The vol. reprints 3 19th-century studies on the history and the use of small and capital letters in German orthography, namely, (1) Wilhelm. Friedrich Schubert, Ueber den gebrauch der großen buch-staben vor den hauptwörtern der deutschen sprache (Neustadt & Ziegenrück: J. K. G. Wagner, 1817); (2) August Hagemann (d.1879), I. Ist es ratsam die sog. deutsche schrift und die groszen anfangsbuchstaben der nomina appellativa aus unseren schulen zu entfernen? II. Die ma-juskeltheorie der grammatiker des des neuhochdeutschen von Johann Kolrosz bis auf Karl Ferdinand Becker (Berlin: H. Th. Mrose, 1880), and (3), P(aul?) Teich, Die Lehre vom Gebrauch der großen Anfangsbuchstaben in den Anweisungen für die neuhochdeutsche Rechtschreibung (Neuwied & Leipzig: L. Heuser, 1890). This is rounded off by an account of the ed., “Zur entwicklung der gross- und kleinschreibung im Deutschen: Gebrauchsnorm – kodifizierung – Normierung – Einheitlichkeit – Reform”. Bib. (328–33) and index of authors (334–36). – The volume appeared on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the 1st ed. of Konrad Duden’s Vollständiges orthographisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (Mannheim, 1880), which in its 7th ed. of 1902 was generally accepted in all German-speaking countries .]
. 1981 . Ciência do texto e sua aplicação: Introdução à leitura do ‘Romance da raposa’ . Coimbra : Livraria Almedina , 154 pp.
. 1981 . El eufemismo en Galicia: Su comparación con otras áreas romances . (= Verba – Annuario Galego de Filologixa, Anexo, 17 .) Santiago de Compostela : Universidad , 331 pp. [ This study done in the framework of Ramon Lorenzo Vázquez’ ‘school’ constitutes an important contribution to euphemisms, incl. linguistic taboos. It consists of a methodologically important theoretical part (chaps.14, until p.80), and a practical one, in which the material is analyzed. M. distinguishes 4 areas: magic-religious (chap.5); sexual (chap.6); scatological (chap.7), and social (chap.8), in which areas such as ‘estado financiero’, ‘ocupación laboral’, etc. are included. Rich bib. (275–88) and detailed ‘Indice de palabras’ (289–325) .]
( with the technical assistance of Kevin P. Roddy ) comp. 1981 . Renaissance Rhetoric: A Short-Title Catalogue of Works on Rhetorical Theory from the Beginning of Printing to A.D. 1700, with Special Attention to the Holdings of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. With a select basic bibliography of secondary works on Renaissance rhetoric . New York & London : Garland Publishing , VII, 353 pp. Cloth , $50.00 . [ The baroque title makes an indication of the contents redundant; the bulk of the volume (1–307) is taken up by the short title catalogue organized according to author, with a select bib. of secondary sources following (311/313–44). Various indexes round off this important research tool .]
. 1981 . Französische Schulgrammatiken und schul-grammatisches Denken in Deutschland von 1850 bis 1950: Ein Beitrag zur Lehrwerkanalyse . (= Europäische Hochsehulschriften; Reihe XIII: Französische Sprache und Literatur, 70 .) Frankfurt/Main-Bern-Ciren-cester/England : Peter D. Lang , 248 pp. [ This study on French school-grammar in Germany is divided into 2 major parts, an overview of the major French grammars written and used for language teaching in secondary schools in Germany, and an analysis of the ingredients, structure, and approach of these grammars. Part I surveys the following authors of such grammars beginning with Johann Valentin Mei-dinger (1756–1822), whose book had 37 editions between 1783 and 1857 (20–28). There follow: Karl Julius Ploetz (1819–81), Eduard (Adolf Ferdinand) Maetzner (1805–1892), Gustav Körting (1845–1913), G. Lük-king, who published school grammars in 1880 and 1883 (3rd ed., 1907), Philipp Plattner (1847–1918), Hermann (Wilhelm) Breymann (1843–1910), O. Ulbrich, O. Boerner, G. Dubislav & P. Boek, Frits Strohmeyer (1869 to 1957), Theodor Engwer & Eugen Lerch (1888–1952), and others to more recent authors like Hans-Werner Klein. Part II presents the main lines of grammatical thought of these grammars. An appendix displays parallels (in chronological order) between scientific linguistic work and school grammars (204–206). Endnotes (219–36), select bib. (237–248). No index .]
Nordlyd: Tromsø University Working Papers on Language & Linguistics , No. 4 . Tromsø : Inst, for Språk og Litteratur , 1981 , [VII], 102 pp. [ Contributions by Thomas Hoel, Jan Ivar Bjørnflaten, and Leiv Egil Breivik on Joan Hooper’s [now Bybee’s] ‘natural phonology’, the 2nd palatalization in Bulgarian, and on Emonds’ structure-preserving hypothesis .]
1981 . Semiotic Principles in Semantic Theory . (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 20 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , XIII, 252 pp. [ The study consists, apart from the front and the back matter, of 9 chapters: 1, “Regular relations in semantic theory” (7–19); 2, “The semiotic basis of semantic regularity” (21–69); 3, “Regular semantic relations” (71–108); 4, “The problem of polysemy” (109–138); 5, “Derived polysemy” (139–54); 6, “The Lexicon” (155–71); 7, “Motivation in complex units” (173–93); 8, “Extra-linguistic information in semantic relations” (195–207), and 9, “Poetic figures” (209 to 225). Conclusion (227–30), endnotes (231–33), bib. (235–44), index of authors (245–47), index of subjects (248–50), and index of regular relational principles (251–52) .]
Obščestvennye nauki v SSSR. Serija 6: Jazykoznanija . Nos. 2–6 ( 1981 ). [ As above, but focussing on the scholarly output in the Soviet Union; for instance, they carry accounts of a recent study of Russian and Slavic linguistics in Russia (middle 18th and 19th c.) by S. B. Smirnov et al. (2.13–16) by F. M. Berezin; of Tinatin S. Šaradzenidze’ s book on Baudouin de Courtenay [cf. HL VIII.232] again by Berezin (3.15–17); of From the History of Ukrainian Lexicography by D. G. Grinčisin et al. (4.41–45); of F. M. Berezin’s Reader of 1981 (see above), again done by N. A. Sljusareva (5.13–16) and of the book by Suprun & Kaljuta (see below) by M. A. Šaxmatova (49–53), to mention just a few .]
Obščestvennye nauki za rubežom. Serija 6: Jazykoznanija . [ Social sciences abroad. Series 6: Linguistics ]. Moskva : Akad. Nauk SSSR, Inst. naučnoj informacii po obščestvennym naukam , Nos. 2–6 ( 1981 ). [ Of interest to readers of HL may be the following items reviewed in these issues: An evaluation of Jerzy Kuryłowicz’s work (2.9–12) and of the life and work of Alexander Brückner (1856–1939) from Zeitschrift für Slawistik 25.160–332 (ibid., 12–15); a review of Tullio De Mauro’s Idee e ricerche linguistiche nella cultura italiana of 1980 – cf. HL VIII.214–15 (3.7–12); a review of the contributions by Hans Arens and R. H. Robins to HL VII (13–27 and 231–40, resp.) (4.11–14), of the German transl, of Humboldt’s (1827) Lettre á M. Abel-Rémusat (Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 1979), and of Rudolf Engler’s article, “Sous l’égide de l’histoire” from Langue française 48/1980 (4.15–16 and 16–17, resp.); an account of Robert Godel’s article, “L’actualité de la linguistique saussurienne”, in Dilibum [cf. HL VII.416] 5.38–47 (1980) by N[atalija] A[leksandrovna] Sljusareva, who regularly reviews publications concerning Saussurian linguistic thought (5.9–10); thus the review of Thomas M. Scheerer’s Forschungsbericht of Saussurian studies (cf. HL VII.433) is by her pen as well (6.9–12) .]
[† Dec. 1980 ], ed. 1980 [ actually : 1981 ]. Language, Literature & Meaning II: Current trends in literary research . (= Linguistics & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 2 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , X, 569 pp. [ Papers on literary analysis and text theory by Miroslav Červenka, Milan Jankovič, Anton Popovič, Frantisek Miko, Stefan Zolkiewski, Stefania Skwarczynska, János S. Petöfi, Zoltán Szabó, and others. There are 2 bibliographies included in the vol., one comp, by M. Sedmidubský & Walter Kroll on Czech and Slovak liter-rary structuralism (457–525), the other comp, by the latter and devoted to Polish literary theory (525–69), both with detailed indexes of subjects .]
( with the collaboration of Tsugiyoshi Torii, Sataro Uchi-ta, Ken Kuwabara, Tesuro Hayashi , and many others ) ed.-in-chief 1981 . A Grand Dictionary of Phonetics : A comprehensive store of neo-macro-phonetics . Published by The Phonetic Society of Japan , 13 Dai-ta-2, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 155 , Japan . [ A revised and enlarged version of a Dictionary of Phonetics published in 1976 in Japanese to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Phonetic Society of Japan in 1926. Although the 759-page volume is in English, French as well as German and Japanese equivalents have been added following each entry, which begins with ‘abbreviation’ (here meaning “the act or result of making a succession of sounds briefer”) to ‘Zünd-Burget’s Quadrant Indicator’ and ‘… Voice Indicator’ (701–702). Following a complete list of the English entries (703–726), there are indexes in French (728–39), German (740–50), and Japanese (751–59). A number of entries include a brief account of the history of the term in ques-ion, e.g., ‘kinetic vowel’ (introduced by Harold E. Palmer – no date supplied); ‘kymograph’ (devised by Jean-Pierre Rousselot in c.1890); the term ‘phoneme’ (p.419) is however wrongly ascribed to [Jan] Baudouin de Courtenay (1893); cf. the paper by E. F. K. Koerner on the inventor, A[ontoine?] Dufriche-Desgenettes (1804-c.1885), published in Phonetica 33.222–31 (19 76), repr. in Koerner, Toward a Historiography of Linguistics (Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1978), 127–36, where another paper on the history and development of the term can be found (pp.177–88). Other entries (e.g., ‘oral method [of teaching language to the deaf]’) have fairly detailed historical accounts. There are numerous illustrations, pictures of instruments used in phonetic research, and tables of various kinds – briefly stated, a most comprehensive dictionary of the field .]
. 1981 . Quartus gradus etymologiae: Untersuchungen zur Etymologie Varros in “De lingua Latina” . (= Beiträge zur Klassischen Philologie, 131 .) Königstein [ formerly : Meisenheim ]: Verlag Anton Hain , XXIV, 267 pp. Paper, DM 74 ,-. [ The author attempts to demonstrate that there are, in Marcus Terentius Varro’s (116–27 B.C.) work, features which suggest that he was an inventive scholar, indeed a principled linguist, whose etymologies deserve attention still today. Following the detailed technical front matter, there are major parts entitled 1. ‘Principles for the interpretation of Varro’s etymologies’ (4–7); 2. ‘Prerequisites [for the analysis of Varro’s De Lingua Latina]’ (7–50); 3. ‘Linguistic reconstructions in Varro’s LL Books V–VII’ (51–166); 4. ‘Investigations concerning the reconstructed forms and the reconstructed relationships C > B’ (166–231); 5. ‘The “fourth grade” of Varro’s etyomology ([Book] V [section] 8)’ (231–44), and 6. ‘The historical place of Varro’s etymology’ (244256). Bib. (xiv–xxi). There are the following indices: listing of the numbered loci (257–61), listing of the passages discussed (261265), and listing of amended passages or proposals for amendations (266–67) .]
. 1981 . Assertability and Truth: A study of Fregan themes . (= Saggi di Filosofia del Linguaggio e della Scienza, 3 .) Bologna : Editrice C[ooperativa] L[ibraria] U[niversitaria] , XI, 278 pp. [ The study of the philosophy of language of Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) consists of the following chapters: 1, “The Place of Assertion in Frege’s Philosophy” (1–65); 2, “Assertion of Empty Names” (66–113); 3, “Sense and Force” (114–71); 4, “Truth, Belief, and Assertion” (172–220), and 5, “Interpretation and Revision [of existing linguistic practices in philosophy]” (221–67). Bib. (269–77) and index of names (270–71) .]
. 1980 . Frühneuhochdeutsche Bibliographie: Literatur zur Sprache des 14.-17. Jahrhunderts . (= Bibliographische Arbeitsmaterialien, 4 .) Tübingen : Max Niemeyer , X, 77 pp. Paper, DM 18.80 . [ A bib. of secondary sources on the study of early modern German (14th-17th century), preceded by an introd. by the compiler (vii–x) and rounded off by an index of authors, places, and subjects. The bib. is arranged alphabetically by author (ca. 650 entries) .]
. 1981 . Handbuch der deutschen Rechtschreibung: Grundlagen der Rechtschreibung und Methoden des Rechtschreibungsun-terrichts . Bochum : Verlag Ferdinand Kamp , 122 pp. [ This manual of German orthography consists of 7 chapters: 1, “Sprache und Schrift”; 2, “Vereinheitlichung der deutschen Rechtschreibung”; 3, “Bemühungen um eine Änderung der Rechtschreibnorm”; 4, “Laut und Schrift im Deutschen”; 6, “Rechtschreibunterricht”, and 7, “Legastenie”. Each chap. has a select bib. appended. Index of names (116–20), index of subjects and terms (121–22). Section 2.2., “Bemühungen der Grammatiker um ein einheitliches Orthographiesystem” (32–37, Bib., 37–39) constitutes a brief historical survey of proposals made by grammarians since the 16th century .]
eds. 1981 . Trends in Romance Linguistics and Philology . Volume 2 : Synchronic Romance Linguistics . (= Trends in Linguistics; Studies and Monographs, 13 .) The Hague-Paris-New York: Mouton Publishers, VI, 422 pp. Cloth, DM 160,-. [For vol.I (1980), see HL VIII.229 (1981). – Contents: John N. Green, “Introduction” (3–36, bib., 28–36); Göran Hammarström, “Phonetics and phonology” (37–63, bib., 56–63); Maria Manoliu-Manea, “Synchronic comparative grammar or in quest of the Romance type” (65–87, bib., 83–87) ; Emanuel Vasiliu, “Some problems in semantic investigation” (89–125, bib., 122–25); Beatriz R. Lavandera, “Sociolinguistics” (129–228, bib., 196–228); Kenneth H. Rogers, “Studies on linguistic nationalism in the Romance languages” (229–56, bib., 253–56); Hans Helmut Christmann, “Idealism” (259–83, bib., 277–83); †Gérard Moignet, “La psychosystématique du langage dans les études romanes”(285–98, bib., 298–304); Michel Arrivé, “La glossématique” (305–351), consisting in effect of the following: a broad introduction (305–316), followed by a detailed “Bibliographie critique de la glossématique” compiled by John N. Green (317–43), and as an annex, the publication of the detailed letter that Louis Hjelmslev (1899–1965) wrote to André Martinet (b.1908) in summer 1946 in response to Martinet’s review article on H’s Prolegomena in BSLP 42.19–42 (1942–45) (343–51). Henry G(ilius) Schogt, “Functionalism and Romance linguistics” (353368, bib., 365–68), and John N. Green, “Generative Grammar” (369407, bib., 399–407). “Index of names” (409–422) .]
Prague Studies in Mathematical Linguistics Vol. 7 . (= Linguistics & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 9 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins [ distributor world-wide, with the exception of the socialist countries]; Prague: Academia, Publishing House of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, 255 pp. in small-4°. [Sections on Quantitative and Algebraic Linguistics. Contributions by Petr Sgall, Ján Horecký, Jirí Kraus, and many others; except for two papers, all contributions are in English. No index .]
. 1981 . Die Entzeichnung einfacher französischer Texte: Beiträge zur algorithmsschen Grammatik . (= Sprachwissenschaft – Computerlinguistik, 6 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag, unpaged [ ca.170 pp. ], plus 3 microfiches . [ Presentation of a project for automatic semantic analysis of French texts developed at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum. The FORTRAN programs are given partly in the book, partly on the microfiches .]
. 1981 . Sprachliche Motivation: Zeichenrelationen von Lautform und Bedeutung am Beispiel französischer Lexikoneinheiten . (= Studia Romanica et Linguistica, 12 .) Frankfurt/M. & Bern : Verlag Peter D. Lang , 226 pp. Paperbod., SFr 42 ,-. [ A slightly revised version of the author’s Düsseldorf Habiliationsschrift of 1977, the study is devoted to the notion of ‘linguistic motivation’ first introduced into the discussion in Saussure’s Cours (Lausanne & Paris, 1916) as well as related concepts, such as ‘associative (or paradigmatic)’ and ‘syntagmatic relations’. The book consists of 6 chaps.: 1, “Laut-form und Bedeutung in der Lexikologie” (13–45); 2, “Theorien über die Sprache und ihr Gegenstand” (46–78); 3, “Assoziative Beziehungen im Lexikon” (79–118); 4, “Die Grundeinheiten des Lexikons” (119–51); 5, “Kategorien der sprachlichen Motivation” (152–72), and 6, “Situationen sprachlicher Motivierung” (175–208). The summary argues in favour of a ‘relative motivation’ in language (209–212). Bib. (213–26). No index .]
Rhetorik: Ein internationales Jahrbuch . Volume 2 , Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt : Frommann-Holzboog , 190 pp. [ On vol. I, published in 1980, cf. HL VIII.229 (1981). The present vol. contains contributions of interest to readers of HL, such as Josef Kopperschmdt’s “Quintilian De Argumentis. Oder: Versuch einer argumentationstheoretischen Rekonstruktion der antiken Rhetorik” (59–74), and Renate Lachmann’s “Die Ars rhetoruca des Feofan Prokopovič [fl. early 18th century]: Ein rhetorisches Konzept im petrinischen Russland” (75–84) .]
ed. 1982 . Text and Concordance of Isaac Israeli’s ‘Tratado de las Fiebras’ . Madison, Wisconsin : Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies , 9 pp. + 5 microfiches . [ Isaac Ben Salomon Israeli (= Ishâq ibn Sulaimân al-Isrâcîlî, ca.845–943) was better known as physician than as a philosopher. His Kitab al-Hummayat (= Libro de las Fiebres) is regarded as an important book of Arabic medicine on fever. It was translated (apart from being translated into Hebrew) into Spanish in the 15th century, probably by a medical doctor, which in 1945 was critically edited by José Llamas: Edición y estudio de ‘Tratado de las Fiebras’ (Madrid: Instituto Arias Montaño). As a preparation for the projected Dictionary of the Old Spanish Language (directed by Lloyd Kasten & John Nitti), this text was brought into a form that could be read by a machine, thus allowing the morphological structures being recognized and the lexical items identified. 3 microfiches contain the index of these items; the other two reproduce the text of the treatise .]
ed. 1981 . Anonymi Auctoris Franciscani Logica “ad rudium” . (= Aristarium: A series of Texts on Medieval Logic, Grammar & Semantics, 1 .) Nijmegen : Ingenium Publishers , P.O. Box 1342, 6501 BH Nijmegen , The Netherlands . [ This critical ed. of MS Vat. lat. 946, with short introduction, notes, an indices, of anonymous logical treatise from ca.1338 constitutes the first item of a series directed by L. M. de Rijk together with E. P. Bos, H. A. G. Braakhuis, and C. H. Kneepkens .]
. 1981 . Augustin über Semiotik und Sprache: Sprachtheoretische Analysen zu Augustins Schrift “De Dialectica”, mit einer deutschen Übersetzung . Bern : Verlag K. J. Wyss Erben , 228 pp. [ Dissertation, Univ. of Bern, 1979, this study has altogether seven parts of unequal length: 1, Introduction (11–14); 2, Comments on the German translation (15–18) and the translation of St.Augustine’s De Dialectica (19–43), followed by 3) the central part of the inquiry, a detailed analysis of the text, chapter by chapter, and section by section (44–157), ending in a comparison between the Fourth Book of St. Augustine’s De Dialectica and Martianus Capella’s (5th c. A.D.) De Nuptis Philologiae et Mercurii (158–65). 4, Summary (166–67); 5, Endnotes (168–98); 6, bib. of primary and secondary sources (199–203, 204–211), followed by the following appendices: 7.1, Concordance of the editions by Jean-Paul Migne (Paris, 1841) and the much more recent one established by Jan Pinborg in B. Darrell Jackson’s English translation of St.Augustine’s text (Dordrecht & Boston: D. Reidel, 1975); 7.2, Index of authors of the classical period (214–17); 7.3, Index of modern authors (218–22); 7.4, Index of Latin terms (223–26) and 7.5, Index of Greek terms (227–28). A very thorough analysis .]
ed. 1981 . Graphophonemics: A book of readings . Katowice : Universytet Śla̧ski , 150 pp. [ The vol. brings together 12 important articles devoted to ‘graph(ophon)emics’ by the following authors: David Abercrombie (1949), the editor himself (1978 – on Baudouin de Courtenay’s theory of the grapheme), Raymond H. Stetson (1937), William Franklin Edgerton (1941), Dwight LeMerton Bollinger (1946), Ernst Pulgram (1951), Charles Ernest Bazell (1956), Robert Anderson Hall, Jr. (1960), Claes Witting (1960), Göran Hammarström (1964), Leszek Biedrycki (1968), and Josef Vachek (1972). To this, the ed. has added, apart from a brief preface (5–6), a bib. (130–42), an index of languages and peoples (143–44), and also indices of names (145–47) and of terms (148–50) .]
ed. 1981 . Phonology . Part II : An Anthology of Generative Phonology . Katowice : Uniwersytet Śla̧ski , 316 pp. [ Cf. HL VI.428 for information on Part I. – The present vol. prints papers or excerpts from larger works by the following: Morris Halle (1959, 1964), Noam Chomsky (1964), Halle & Chomsky (1968 twice), James D. McCawley (1967), Stephen R. Anderson (1974), Joan Bybee (Hooper), Daniel A. Dinnsen & Fred R. Eckman (1978), and John Goldsmith (1979). These are organized under the following headings: “Critique of autonomous phonology”, “Modification in the theory of distinctive features”, “The Standard Theory [and the post-Standard Theory] of Generative Phonology”. Bib. (286–305), “Index of languages and peoples” (306–307), “Index of names” (308–313), and “Index of terms” (313–16) .]
. 1980 . Making Sense . Oxford, New York, etc. : Oxford Univ. Press , [VIII], 215 pp. [ ”This book is an attempt to analyse and rebut a certain nexus of beliefs about language and the human mind – beliefs which have a long philosophical ancestry, but which have recently been moved to the forefront of intellectual attention by the growth over the last two decades of the academic discipline of Theoretical Linguistics.” (From Chap.I, p.l). There are ten untitled chapters, followed by an index of names and subjects (212215). There is no bib .]
. 1980 . Schools of Linguistics : Competition and evolution . London : Hutchinson Univ. Library , 283 pp. [ This history of 19th and, especially, 20th century linguistic ideas consists of the following chaps.: 1, “Prelude: the nineteenth century” (13–33); 2, “Saussure: language as social fact” (34–56); 3, “The Descriptivists”, i.e., Boas, Bloomfield, and the post-Bloomfieldians (57–80); 4, “The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis” (81–102); 5, “Functional linguistics: the Prague School” (103–129); 5. “Noam Chomsky and generative grammar” (130–65); 7, “Relational grammar: Hjelmslev, [Sydney M.] Lamb, [Peter A.] Reich” (166–86); 8, “Generative phonolohy” (187–211); 9, “The London School [of linguistics]”, i.e., Daniel Jones, John Rupert Firth, and their followers (212–35), and a “Conclusion” (236–42), in which the prediction is made that “the linguistics if the near future will be biological linguistics” (p.242). Endnotes (243–58), Bib. (259–73), and index of authors and subjects (275–83) .]
Sặpostavitelno ezikoznanie / Sopostavitel ‘noe jazykoznanie / Contras-tive Linguistics . Nos. 5–6 ( 1980 ), and Nos . 1–2 ( 1981 ). Sofia : Univ. of Sofia . [ This journal first published in 1977 for more restricted circulation has now become an internationally accessible periodical in the field of theoretical and applied linguistics. For subscription, write to: “Hemus”, Foreign Trade Organization, 6 Blvd. Ruski, Sofia C, Bulgaria. Unfortunately, almost all contributions are in Slavic, especially Russian and Bulgarian; summaries in a Western language would be desirable .]
. 1981 . Komponierte Prosa, von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart . Band 1 : Die Theorie der Textkomposition in der klassischen und den westeuropäischen Sprachen . Transi, from the American by Wolfgang Krege . Stuttgart : Klett-Cotta , 449 pp. Cloth, DM 125 ,-. [ German transl. of the author’s book, The Classical Theory of Composition, from its origins to the present: A historical survey (Chapel Hill, N.C.: Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1972), [viii], 447 pp. – Cf. the review by Diego Zancani in HL I, 422–26 (1974) as well as those by Susan Gallick in Language Sciences No.29.25–28 (Feb. 1974), Corrado Rossi in LeSt 8.356–61 (1973), Paolo Valesio in LeSt 9.1–30 (1974), among many others. – The study treats the theories of syntax advanced in the Western tradition, with individual chapters devoted to I, the classical period (23–106), II, the Middle Ages (107–135), III, the Renaissance (137–68), IV, the Baroque period and the Enlightenment (169–337) – a chapter which takes up the bulk of the study and includes sections on Latin syntax, the theory of composition in France, in Italy, and in England between 1600–1800. Chap. V is devoted to modern, 19th and 20th century approaches (339–95). Bib. (397–426), not including all references given in the many copious footnotes, index of authors (427–43), and index of terms and subjects (444–49) .]
. 1981 . Komponierte Prosa, von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart . Band 2 : Die Theorie der Wortstellung im Deutsehen . Stuttgart : Klett-Cotta , 230 pp. Cloth, DM 66 ,-. [ German translation, by Wolfgang Krege, of Scaglione’s The Theory of German Word Order from the Renaissance to the Present (Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1981), the contents of which have been described below. This vol. complements Chap.IV of the preceding volume, in which the German tradition has been omitted, except for its treatment in Chap.V, the modern period .]
. 1981 . The Theory of German Word Order from the Renaissance to the Present . Minneapolis : Univ. of Minnesota Press , [V], 241 pp. Cloth , $22.50 . [ The study consists of 3 major parts, entitled I, “The Theory of Sentence Structure” (7–28), in which the early literature is surveyed from the Renaiisance to the earlier 19th century; II, “The Theory of Word Order from the Renaissance to [Johann Christoph] Adelung [(1732–1806)]” (29–96), in authors such as Wolfgang Ratke (Ratichius, 1571–1635), Christoph Helwig (Helvicius, 15811617), Justus Georg Schottel(ius, 1612–76), Kaspar Stieler, Christian Ernst Steinbach (1699–1741), Johann Christoph Gottsched (17001766), Karl Friedrich Aichinger, Johann Jakob Breitinger (1701–1776), Johann Jakob Bodmer (1698–1782), Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (17241803), Friedrich Carl Fulda (1724–88), and others are examined; and III, “Modern Theory and its Nineteenth-Century Background” (97–180), which starts with the grammars of S. H. A. Herling, Heinrich Bauer, Karl Ferdinand Becker, Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse, all of the first half of the 19th century, and Otto Behaghel, Berthold Delbrück, Jacob Wackernagel, John Ries, and several others of the late 19th and early 20th century, followed by a discussion of more recent proposals by Jean Fourquet, Vilém Mathesius, Lucien Tesnière, Leo Weisgeber, Hans Glinz, Karl Boost, Harald Weinreich, and various transformationalist linguists of the 1960s. Endnotes (181–213), Bib. (217–30), followed by a subject index (233–36) as well as an index of personal names (237–41) .]
. 1981 . History and Structure: An essay on Hegelian-Marxist and structuralist theories of history . Transl, from the German by Jeffrey Herf . Cambridge, Mass. : The MIT Press , XXVI, 146 pp. Cloth , $17.50 . [ Engl, transl, of the author’s Geschichte und Struktur: Fragen einer marxistischen Historik (Munich: Karl Hanser, 1971), with a “Translator’s Introduction” (ix–xxvi). The essay, which forms the first volume of a newly created series, “Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought”, is divided into 2 main sections, “The Theme: History without structure or structure without history?” (1–28) and “History and Structure” (29–134, incl. bib. notes, 110–34). It includes a discussion of Marxist positions held by Antonio Gramsci, Gaston Bachelard, the Althusser school, and other trends. Detailed index of authors, subject, and terms (135–46) .]
. 1980 . Entstehung und Entwicklung von Schriften . Nach dem Tode des Verfassers zum Druck besorgt und mit einer Würdigung sowie einem Schriftenverzeichnis des Verfassers herausgegeben von Claus Haebler . Köln & Wien : Böhlau Verlag . [ Offprint of front matter only. Vita (xiii–xxxiv; bib. (xxxv–xli) .]
. 1981 . Bibliographien zur Linguistik . Nach Themenkreisen unter Mitwirkung einer Arbeitsgruppe zusammengestellt und versehen mit einem Anhang: Zur Technik der Titelaufnahme . (= Studium Sprachwissenschaft, 2 .) 2nd rev. ed. Münster : Inst, für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Univ ., 91 pp. [ For details, cf. entry in HL VI.145 (1979) .]
. 1982 . Untersuchungen zur Historiographie der Linguistik: Struktur – Methodik – theoretische Fundierung . (= Tübinger Beiträge zur Linguistik, 181 .) Tübingen : Gunter Narr Verlag , 232 pp. [ Originally a Habilitationsschrift submitted in Fall 1980 at the University of Münster, the study constitutes a well-documented and carefully argued analysis of the present-day debate about the appropriate model or models for the history of linguistics. It consists of the following major chaps.: 1, “Zur Entwicklung der Historiographie der Linguistik seit der zweiten Hälfte des vergangenen Jahrhunderts” (1527); 2, “Die Fortschrittshypothese als geschichtstheoretische Grundlage der historiographischen Praxis und Gegenstand epistemologischer Kritik” (28–54); 3, “Narrativität als Grundstruktur einer Geschichte der Linguistik” (55–136), followed by an excursus – taking Hjelmslev’s biographical sketch of Rask as an example – in which the (ir)relevance of the biography for the history of linguistics is documented (137–42), before the author returns to a discussion of the various means of ‘narrative concatenation’, historical, political, economic, causal, logical, etc. (142–67). 4, “Historiographische Modelle zur Darstellung globalerer Verlaufstendenzen in der Geschichte der Linguistik” (168–91), and a concluding section, 5, “Zum Problem der Objektivität in der Historiographie” (192–96). Bib. (197–226), index of names (227–31) and index of subjects and terms (231–32) .]
. 1982 . Reading Relations: Structures of literary production. A dialectal text/book . Atlantic Heights, N.J. : Humanities Press , 341 pp. [ “The heart of this adventurous book is the complex set of relations between the reader and the book being read, and what that activity entails.” (From the cover blurb) .]
Sigma: Revue du “Centre d’Etudes Linguistiques d’Aix-Montpellier” . No. 5 ( 1980 ). Montpellier : Univ. Paul Valéry , V, 152 pp. [ Includes papers by Philippe Rothstein, Georges Vignaux, Michel Peyrat, Jean-Claude Choul, and others on questions of French and English grammar .]
. 1978 . Grundlagen der Zeichentheorie: Grammatik, Logik, Rhetorik . Transi, from the English, and with an Introduction by Achim Eschbach . Frankfurt/Main : Syndikat Autoren- und Verlagsgesellschaft , 226 pp. [ Transi, of В. H. Smart’s (1786–1872) Outline of Sematology; or, An Essay toward establishing a new theory of grammar, logic, and rhetoric, first published in 1831 (London: J. Richardson), followed by a Sequel (1837) and an Appendix (1839), and republished as Beginnings of a New School of Metaphysics (London: Longman. Brown, et al., 1842), preceded by an informative introduction by the translator (7–33). No index .]
ed. 1981 . Structure and Gestalt: Philosophy and literature in Austria-Hungary and her successor states . (= Linguistic & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 7 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , X, 348 pp. [ The majority of the papers derive from colloquia devoted to late 19th to mid-20th century Austro-German philosophy, which were held in England (Sheffield, Oxford, Manchester, and elsewhere) during 1977 and 1979. The contributions by Elmar Holenstein, Margaret Iver-sen, Peter McCormick, Barry Smith, and others deal with the ideas of Karl Bühler (1879–1963), Alois Riegel (art historian), Bernhard Bolzano (1781–1848), Franz Brentano (1838–1917), Freud, Wittgenstein, and others. There is no index .]
comps. 1981 . A Biblio-vect Guide to the Literature in English and Theoretical Syntax . New Canaan, CT 06840 (РОВ 488) : Information Reduction Research [ In Canada, РОВ 1861, Station “C”, St.John’s, Nfld. A1C 5P9], [IV], 263 pp. [A very detailed and thorough computerized bib. devoted to syntactic studies undertaken during 1970 and 1980, with particular emphasis on English; indeed, the bulk of the material is done in the framework of transformational grammar, with Chomsky cited 1.000 times (followed by J. R. Ross [550 times], P. M. Postal [521 times], G. Lakoff [503 times], etc.) The material is organized under the following major headings: “Title Keyword Index” (11–238), from ‘abandonment’, ‘Abaza’, etc. to Zurituusch – trace, actually the heart piece of the compilation, followed by an “Author Index” (239–63); there are 4.368 unique titles. On the limitation of the coverage, cf. section 2.2 of the introduction .]
. 1979 . Words upon Words: The anagrams of Ferdinand de Saussure . Transl. by Olivia Emmet . New Haven & London : Yale Univ. Press , XI, 129 pp. Cloth , $18.00 . [ E. transl. of Starobinski’s collection of articles on Saussure’s anagram studies, Les mots sous les mots: Les anagrammes de Ferdinand de Saussure (Paris: Gallimard, 1971); the original places of publication are given on p.ix. St. was the first to publish Saussure’s work on anagrams and paragrams in classical as well as modern literature undertaken during 1906–1909, but which S. did not think worth publishing (and which Charles Bally thought best not to make them see the light of day). The texts (in excerpt) and the interpretation given by St. are organized under the following headings: “Concern for repitition” (1–26); “The Diphone and the Mannequin” (27–37); “The Question of Origin” (39–79); “Proliferation” (81–90); “In Pursuit of the Proof” (91–123), which contains, inter alia, a discussion of the problems of determining the evidence for the conscious employment of the device by the poet, and “Echoes” (125–29), which reproduces the texts of a postcard and a letter from Antoine Meillet to Saussure on the subject. There is no bib. and no index .]
. 1978 . Morpho II В: Automatische derivationelle Analyse des Französischen . (= Sprachwissenschaft – Computerlinguistik, 1 .) Dudweiler : AQ-Verlag ; Augsburg : Maro-Verlag , III, 293 pp. [ Treats various machine-aided procedures of analysis and synthesis, and presents a new system for French (called Morpho II B), which was tested in the well-known centre for computational linguistics at Grenoble .]
. 1975 . Das Nord- und Ostliche Theil von Europa und Asia. In so weit solches das ganze Russische Reich mit Siberien und der grossen Tatarey in sich begreif-fet, in einer historisch-geographischen Beschreibung … Nebst einer … Tabula polyglotta von zwey und dreyßigerley Arten Tatarischer Völker Sprachen … . (= Studia uralo-altaica, 8 .) Szeged (Hungary) , [15], [XXVII], 438, [16] pp., 1 map. and 21 tables . [ Reprint of 1730 ed., Stockholm: Author, with a new introd. by John R. Krueger .]
. 1981 . Vvedenie v slavjanskuju filologiju [ Introduction to Slavic philology ]. Minsk : Vyšeišaja škola , 432 pp. [ In Ukranian. Part IV constitutes a brief history of Slavic studies (pp.285–401), largely presented in the form of biographical sketches of the main figures in the field, both Russian (e.g., Vostokov, Shafarik, Potebnja, etc.) and foreign (Schleicher, Miklosich, Leskien, Baudouin de Courtenay, and others). Each chap, has a select bib. appended. Index of authors (423–30), with special index to portraits of Slavists (p.430) .]
. 1981 . Les patois de Saône-et-Loire: Vocabulaire de la Bourgogne du sud . Dijon : Association Bourgignonne de Dialectologie et d’Onomastique , X, 175 pp. , 22 maps [ placed between pages 102 and 103 ], [ A thorough analysis of the most important lexical types in the dialects of the Department Saôn-et-Loire. They are investigated on the basis of a well-established framework of French dialect geography and summarized in the maps. There follow (pp.l03ff.) selections from the glossaries of 11 sites investigated, which offer a good illustration of the linguistic particularities. Index of etyma (167–70); “Index des notions étudiées” (171–73) .]
. 1980 . Giottodidattica: Un profilo storico . (= Biblioteca del Professore di Lingue, 11 .) Bergamo-Milano-Firence, &c : Minerva Italica , [7-] 259 pp. [ This work constitutes a revised & enlarged transl, of the author’s Teaching Foreign Languages: An historical sketch (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown Univ. Press, 1968), iv, 124 pp., These first 8 chapters were: 1, “Foreign Language Teaching in Ancient Times”; 2, “Language Teaching from the Renaissance to 1800”; 3, “The 19th Century”; 4, “Henry Sweet [(1845–1912)]”; 5, “Otto Jespersen [(1860–1943)]”; 6, “Harold E. Palmer [(1877–1949)]”; 7, “Foreign Language Teaching before World War II”, and 8, “Foreign Language Teaching Today”. To this has been added chap.9, “Glottorama:La prolifera-zione dei metodi glottodidattici” (159–95) and two research reports in appendices: A, “L’ultimo balzo: L’insegnamento delle lingue straniere ai bambini” (199–232) and В, “La didattica delle lingue stra-niere in Italia: le opere e i giorni” (233–49), each with rich bib. appended (226–32 and 237–49, respectively). General Bib. (251–59); no index .]
Transactions of the Fifth International Congress on the Enlightenment . [Section] 12 : Anthropology and Linguistics / Anthropologie et linguistiqye / Antropologia e linguistica . [ Georges Gusdorf, President]. [Paris:] The Voltaire Foundation, n.d.[1980?], [1151-] 1268 pp. [Contributions by Sergio Moravia, Robert Wokler, Sylvain Auroux, Daniel Droixhe, and many others on Port-Royal, Diderot, Hamann, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Thurot, Harris, etc. ]
. 1981 . The True and the False: The domain of the pragmatic . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, II:2 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VI, 164 pp. [ The study has the following parts: 1, “The border with semantics”; 2, “A detinition of truth”; 3, “Some objections”, and 4, “The relativity of truth”. Endnotes (157–61); Bib. (163–64) .]
. 1981 . What Do We Talk about when We Talk? Speculative grammar and the semantics and pragmatics of focus . (= Pragmatics & Beyond, II:3 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VI, 121 pp. [ Main sections: 1, “Speculative Grammar”; 2, “Focus and Logic”, and 3, “Focus and Subject-Topic Research”. Note that, apart from a passing reference to the late medieval period, the first part (3–33) has nothing to do with the speculative grammar of the Modistae. Endnotes (103–110); Bib. (111–21) .]
. 1981 . Vico’s Science of Imagination . Ithaca, New York & London : Cornell Univ. Press , 227 pp. [ Contents: Preface (9–12), “Chronology of [Giambattista] Vico’s [(1668–1744)] Principal Writings” (13–14), followed by the main chaps.: 1. “Introduction: Vico’s Originality” (17–35); 2. “Truth” (36–64); 3. “Imaginative Universals” (65 to 95); 4. “Memory” (96–126); 5. “Science” (127–58); 6. “Rhetoric” (159–92), and 7. “Wisdom and Barbarism” (193–21). “Bibliographies of Work on Vico” (223–24); Index (225–27) .]
Visible Language: The research journal concerned with all that is involved in our being literate . Volume XV , Number 4 ( Autumn 1981 ), [317 to] 443 [= Special issue devoted to Aspects of Cuneiform Writing, with contributions by Denise Schmandt-Besserat, M, W, Green, Carol F. Justus, Ronald H. Sack, and Marvin A. Powell .]
. 1981 . An Introduction to Old French Morpho-phonology . (= Studia Phonetica, 19 .) [Montreal] : Marcel Didier (Canada) , XI, 125 pp. [ The text consists of the following major parts: l, “Introduction” (1–7); 2, “The Old French sound system” (9–22); 3, “Vocalic alternations” (23–56); 4, “Consonantal alternations” (5778); 5, “The verb system” (79–104), and 6, “Historical developments” (105–116). Appendix I, “Segment structure rules” (117–20); Appendix II, “Phonological features” (121) and “List of rules” (122). Bib. (123–25). – The section on schwa (44ff.) is (acknowledgedly) much indebted to the unpub. M.A. thesis by Merle Allyson Home, Theoretical Implications of schwa Deletion in French, Univ. of Ottawa, 1976 .]
. 1982 . Dictionnaire inverse de l’ancien français . (= Publications médiévales de l’Université d’Ottawa, 10 .) Ottawa : Editions de l’Université d’Ottawa , XXX, 832 pp. [ This inverse dictionary of Old French (1–832) is preceded by an introduction (xv–xix) and brief statements on “Les suffixes en ancien français” (xxi–xxii), “La phonologie de l’ancien français” (xxiii–xxvii), and a select bib. (xxix–xxx). The data has been drawn from the so-called Tobler-Lommatzsch, i.e., the Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch: Adolf Toblers nachgelassene Materialien bearbeitet und mit Unterstützung der Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften herausgegeben von Erhard Lommatzsch (Berlin, 1912ff.). Since Lommatzsch’s (18861975) death, the Dictionary has been continued by Hans Helmut Christmann, who provided the compiler with the material for letters T to Z (which have not yet been published) .]
. 1982 . Ueber Modalitäten in natürlichen Sprachen . (= Arbeitspapiere, 19 .) Bern : Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Bern , 46 pp. [ Orders to be placed directly with: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Univ. Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland. – This study of modality is dedicated to Georges Redard on the occasuon of his 60th birthday on 4 April 1982 .]
. 1978 . Gustave Guillaume et son école linguistique . (= Langues et culture, 12 .) Edition revue et augmentée . Paris : Fernand Nathan ; Brussels : Editions Labor , 182 pp. [ This new ed. of a book, first published in 1973, contains the following chaps.: 1. “Gustave Guillaume, l’homme et l’oeuvre” (9–13); 2. “Les fondements du guil-laumisme” (15–27); 3. “Le système de l’article” (29–44); 4. “Le système du verbe” (45–64); 5. “Le système du mot” (65–78); 5. “Accueil, résistance, controverses [concerning Guillaume’s (1883–1960) theories]” (79–109); 7. “L’Ecole guillaumienne” (111–28); and “Conclusion” (129–31). Bib. (133–48). Index of authors (149–52), and index of terms (153–59). The new ed. has an appendix, “Six années de recherches en psychomécanique [du langage]” (161–77), which covers the research and the critique of the school between 1972 and 1977 .]
1979 . Persian Grammar: History and state of its study . (= Trends in Linguistics; State-of-the-Art Reports, 12 .) The Hague-Paris-New York : Mouton Publishers , IX, 303 pp. Cloth, DM 128 ,-. [ The present survey consists of the following major chaps.: 1, “The study of Persian grammar” (9–25); 2, “Syntax” (27–128); 3, “Phonetics and phonology” (129–50); 4, “Lexis” (151–63), and 5, “Stages of modern Persian” (165–72). These are followed by 6, “Appendix: A topical bibliography” (173–92), and 7, “Bibliography [preceded by a brief introd. and a list of abbreviations, 193–97 and 199–207 respectively]” in alphabetical order by author (211–303) – some 1,200 titles. There is no index, but the references to major grammatical terms for instance (pp.176–90) may be used in its stead .]
eds. 1979 . Semiotics of Culture . [= Semiotica 27:1–3 , 1979 ] (= Approaches to Semiotics, 53 .) The Hague-Paris-New York : Mouton Publishers , 290 pp. Cloth, DM 82 ,-. [ Contributions: Thomas A. Sebeok, “Prefigurations of Art” (3–73); Thomas G. Winner, “Some Fundamental Concepts leading to a Semiotics of Culture: An historical overview” (75–82); James A. Boon, “Saussure /Peirce à propos Language, Society, and Culture” (83–101); Irene Portis Winner, “Ethnicity, Modernity, and Theory of Culture Texts” (103147); Dean MacCannell, “Ethnosemiotics” (149–71); (Donna) Jean Umiker-Sebeok, “Nature’s Way? Visual images of childhood in American Culture” (173–220); Erik G. Schwimmer, “Feasting and Tourism: A comparison” (221–35), and Elena Semeka-Pankratov, “A Semiotic Approach to the Polysemy of the Symbol nāga in Indian Mythology” (237–90). No index .]
. 1981 . Alt französisch: Entstehung und Charakteristik. Eine Einführung . Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , 219 pp. Paper, DM 67 .- ( DM 39.50 for members ). [ A very compact, well documented introduction to Old French, consisting of 4 chaps.: 1, “Der historische Hintergrund” (1–34); 2, Phonology (3589); 3, Morphology (90–149), and 4, Syntax (150–91). A detailed Bib. (193–206) and an index of words (207–219) round off this useful text book of Old French .]
. 1981 . Meet Cree: A Guide to the Cree language . 2nd ed., enlarged & revised . Edmonton, Alta. : Univ. of Alberta Press , XX, 116 pp. Cloth , $10.00 . [ This book about Cree, the most widely spoken indigenous language of Canada, is a substantially rev. version of an introduction to the language first published in 1973. Following a general introd. (ix–xx), there are analyses of the following levels and/or features of Cree: 1, the sound system, phonetics and phonology (1–13); 2, grammatical categories, such as gender, number, person (14–32); 3, morphology, including noun inflection, stem types, pronoun inflection (33–52); 4, another chapter on morphology, but exclusively concerned with verb inflection (53–79), visibly the most important part of the grammar; 5, “Words and Sentences” dealing with ‘word shape’ in relation to word order and other questions (80–88), and 6, a chapter on Cree literature (89–105). An appendix containing supplementary readings on Cree and language learning in general, but also a section on “Dif-ficu ties with Books on Cree” (114–16) rounds off this very instructive and well written booklet .]
. 1981 . Saussure-Studien: Exegetische und wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen zum Werk von F. de Saussure . (= Tübinger Beiträge zur Linguistik, 148 .) Tübingen : Gunter Narr Verlag , 300 pp. Cloth, DM 120 ,-. [ A collection of the author’s papers published during 1971 and 1978, but revised both in contents and form to allow for a more organic structure of the volume. Only the 12th article, a response to a critique of the preceding one, had not yet been published before. These 15 studies are arranged under 3 headings: 1, “Saussure-Exegese” (7 items); 2, “[The question of] Quellen und Wirkung” (6 items), and 3, “Methodologie der Saussure-Forschung”. Part I concerns the interpretation of concepts and terms such as sémantique vs. sémiologie, linéarité, signifié/signifiant, diachrony, synchrony and panchrony; the 2nd part investigates affilations between Saussure and various of his contemporaries, e.g., Schuchardt, Sechehaye, and others, as well as successors, e.g., Paul Valéry, G. Guillaume, and others. Part III is devoted to certain questions of method with regard to the question of influence. Bib. (277–92), index of terms, subjects, and names (293–300) .]
, Rev. 1982 [c.1980] , English-Mbukushu Dictionary . [London:] Avebury Publishing Co. , XXXII, 615 in-4° pp. Cloth , $45.00 . [ Distributor in the U.S.A.: Humanities Press, Atlantic Heights, New Jersey 07716. – Following the front matter, which includes a brief introd. by E. O. J. Westphal (vii–viii) and general explanations by the author of a grammatical and/or a phonetic nature, e.g., “Rules of Word Division in Mbukushu”, “Table of Verb Forms”, “List of Abbreviations”, etc., there follows the English-Mbukushu dictionary, arranged alphabetically, with illustrations from English and from this Bantu language. The outline pattern follows the Concise Oxford Dictionary; there are some 8.000 major entries .]
ed. 1981 . Semiotics and Dialectics: Ideology and the text . (= Linguistics & Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, 5 .) Amsterdam : John Benjamins , VI, 573 pp. [ Following an introd. by the ed. (336) which discusses the range of the present vol., there are a series of individual contributions arranged under the following major headings: I, “Between Formalism and Marxism”; II, “Czech and Polish Contributions to the Debate”; III, “Jurij Lotman’s Semiotics of Culture and Literature”, and IV, “Theory and Practice”. There is no index. – Of particular interest to readers of HL may be William Garret Walton’s study, “V. N. Voloshinov: A marriage of formalism and Marxism” (39–102). Interestingly enough, Walton decides the ‘vexed’ question of the authorship of Marksim i filosofija jazyka: Osnovye problemy sociologičeskogo metoda v nauka o jazuke (Leningrad, 1929; 2nd ed., 1930) in favour of Valentin Mixajlovič Vološinov, as the editors of the English (1973) and German (1979) translations did, rather than to Mixail Mixajlovič Baxtin (1898–1978), as the French translation of 1976 (Paris: Minuit) does, following claims made by D. M. Segal and V. V. Ivanov (pp.93–94) .]