Article published In:
Information Design Journal
Vol. 28:3 (2023) ► pp.231274
Ansari, D., Gianotti, L., Schröder, J., & Andersson, R.
(2013) Fast-track surgery: procedure-specific aspects and future direction. Langenbeck’s archives of surgery, 398 (1), 29–37. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Babich, N.
(2016a) Mobile UX Design: User Errors. UX Planet. [URL]
(2016b) Mobile UX Design: User-Friendly Search. UX Planet. [URL]
(2017) The Underestimated Power Of Color In Mobile App Design. Smashing Magazine. Available from: [URL]
Ban, K. A., Berian, J. R., & Ko, C. Y.
(2019) Does implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in colorectal surgery improve patient outcomes? Clinics in colon and rectal surgery, 32 (02), 109–113. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Belarmino, A., Walsh, R., Alshak, M., Patel, N., Wu, R., & Hu, J. C.
(2019) Feasibility of a mobile health application to monitor recovery and patient-reported outcomes after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. European Urology Oncology, 2 (4), 425–428. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bertocchi, E., Barugola, G., Gentile, I., Zuppini, T., Zamperini, M., Guerriero, M., Avesani, R., Bonadiman, S., Anselmi, C., & Ruffo, G.
(2021) iColon, a patient-focused mobile application for perioperative care in colorectal surgery: an observational, real-world study protocol. BMJ open, 11 (11), e045526. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Beukes, W., Gelderblom, H. & Van der Merwe, A.
(2016, May). Why designers responsible for websites of large organisations disregard basic web design principles. CONF-IRM 2016 conference, Cape Town, South Africa.Google Scholar
Brown, H., & Randle, J.
(2005) Living with a stoma: a review of the literature. Journal of clinical nursing, 14 (1), 74–81. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2022) Bowel cancer survival statistics. Retrieved 13 December from [URL]
Cardello, J.
(2013) Four Dangerous Navigation Approaches that Can Increase Cognitive Strain. Nielsen Norman Group. Available from: [URL]
Chang, P., Lin, L., Zhang, H., Zhao, Y., Xie, J., Yu, Y., & Zhao, Y.-e.
(2018) Effect of smartphone application assisted medical service on follow-up adherence improvement in pediatric cataract patients. Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 256 (10), 1923–1931. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chapman, S. J., Czoski Murray, C., Lonsdale, M., Boyes, S., Tiernan, J. P., & Jayne, D. G.
(2020) Information needs for recovery after colorectal surgery: a patient focus group study. Colorectal Disease, 23 (4), 975–981. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2022) Colorectal Surgery. Retrieved 14 December from [URL]
Dinh-Le, C., Chuang, R., Chokshi, S., & Mann, D.
(2019) Wearable health technology and electronic health record integration: scoping review and future directions. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7 (9), e12861. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dunn, J., Ng, S. K., Holland, J., Aitken, J., Youl, P., Baade, P. D., & Chambers, S. K.
(2013) Trajectories of psychological distress after colorectal cancer. Psycho-oncology, 22 (8), 1759–1765. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eskicioglu, C., Forbes, S. S., Aarts, M.-A., Okrainec, A., & McLeod, R. S.
(2009) Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs for patients having colorectal surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. Journal of gastrointestinal surgery, 13 (12), 2321–2329. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eustache, J., Latimer, E. A., Liberman, S., Charlebois, P., Stein, B., Fiore Jr, J. F., Feldman, L. S., & Lee, L.
(2022) A mobile phone app improves patient-physician communication and reduces emergency department visits after colorectal surgery. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 66 (1), 130–137. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Farkas, D. K., & Farkas, J. B.
(2000) Guidelines for designing web navigation. Technical communication, 47 (3), 341–358.Google Scholar
Fessenden, T.
2018Scrolling and Attention. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Fox, S., Brown, L. J., Antrobus, S., Brough, D., Drake, R. J., Jury, F., Leroi, I., Parry-Jones, A. R., & Machin, M.
(2022) Co-design of a Smartphone App for People Living With Dementia by Applying Agile, Iterative Co-design Principles: Development and Usability Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 10 (1), e24483. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Geisler, C., Bazerman, C., Doheny-Farina, S., Gurak, L., Haas, C., … & Yates, J.
(2001) IText: Future directions for research on the relationship between information technology and writing. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 15 (3), 269–308. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gentili, A., Failla, G., Melnyk, A., Puleo, V., Di Tanna, G. L., Ricciardi, W., & Cascini, F.
(2022) The cost-effectiveness of digital health interventions: A systematic review of the literature. Frontiers in Public Health, 10 1. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Giglia, M. D., & Stein, S. L.
(2019) Overlooked long-term complications of colorectal surgery. Clinics in colon and rectal surgery, 32 (03), 204–211. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Granath, A., Eriksson, K., & Wikström, L.
(2022) Healthcare workers’ perceptions of how eHealth applications can support self-care for patients undergoing planned major surgery. BMC Health Services Research, 22 (1), 844. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Guo, C., Ashrafian, H., Ghafur, S., Fontana, G., Gardner, C., & Prime, M.
(2020) Challenges for the evaluation of digital health solutions – A call for innovative evidence generation approaches. NPJ digital medicine, 3 (1), 110. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gustafsson, U., Hausel, J., Thorell, A., Ljungqvist, O., Soop, M., Nygren, J., & Group, E. R. A. S. S.
(2011) Adherence to the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol and outcomes after colorectal cancer surgery. Archives of surgery, 146 (5), 571–577. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hoekstra, R. A., Heins, M. J., & Korevaar, J. C.
(2014) Health care needs of cancer survivors in general practice: a systematic review. BMC family practice, 15 (94), 1–6. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hornof, A. J., & Halverson, T.
(2003, April). Cognitive strategies and eye movements for searching hierarchical computer displays. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA. Association for Computing Machinery (pp. 249–256).Google Scholar
Hou, J., Yang, R., Yang, Y., Tang, Y., Deng, H., Chen, Z., Wu, Y., & Shen, H.
(2019) The effectiveness and safety of utilizing mobile phone–based programs for rehabilitation after lumbar spinal surgery: multicenter, prospective randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7 (2), e10201. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Howell, D., Harth, T., Brown, J., Bennett, C., & Boyko, S.
(2017) Self-Management education for patients with cancer: a systematic review. Support Care Cancer, 25 (4), 1323–1355. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Huxley, C. J., Atherton, H., Watkins, J. A., & Griffiths, F.
(2015) Digital communication between clinician and patient and the impact on marginalised groups: a realist review in general practice. British Journal of General Practice, 65 (641), e813–e821. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hwang, J. H., & Mun, G.-H.
(2012) An evolution of communication in postoperative free flap monitoring: using a smartphone and mobile messenger application. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 130 (1), 125–129. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Joshi, R., Joseph, A., Mihandoust, S., Madathil, K. C., & Cotten, S. R.
(2022) A mobile application-based home assessment tool for patients undergoing joint replacement surgery: A qualitative feasibility study. Applied Ergonomics, 103 1, 103796. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2015) 6 steps to make your icon set cohesive. Icon Utopia. [URL]
Karlsson, M.
(2007) Expressions, emotions, and website design. CoDesign, 3 (S1), 75–89. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Keng, C. J., Goriawala, A., Rashid, S., Goldstein, R., Schmocker, S., Easson, A., & Kennedy, E.
(2020) Home to stay: an integrated monitoring system using a mobile app to support patients at home following colorectal surgery. Journal of Patient Experience, 7 (6), 1241–1246. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, B.-Y., Park, K.-J., & Ryoo, S.-B.
(2018) Effects of a mobile educational program for colorectal cancer patients undergoing the enhanced recovery after surgery. The Open Nursing Journal, 12 (1), 142–154. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, B.-Y., Park, S.-H., Park, K.-J., & Ryoo, S.-B.
(2017) Effects of a surgical ward care protocol following open colon surgery as part of an enhanced recovery after surgery programme. Journal of clinical nursing, 26 (21–22), 3336–3344. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kirkpatrick, A., Connor, J. O., Campbell, A. and Cooper, M.
(2018) Contrast (Minimum). Understanding SC 1.4.3. [URL]
Kneuertz, P. J., Jagadesh, N., Perkins, A., Fitzgerald, M., Moffatt-Bruce, S. D., Merritt, R. E., & D’Souza, D. M.
(2020) Improving patient engagement, adherence, and satisfaction in lung cancer surgery with implementation of a mobile device platform for patient reported outcomes. Journal of thoracic disease, 12 (11), 6883–6891. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Larson, D., Lovely, J., Cima, R., Dozois, E., Chua, H., Wolff, B., Pemberton, J., Devine, R., & Huebner, M.
(2014) Outcomes after implementation of a multimodal standard care pathway for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Journal of British Surgery, 101 (8), 1023–1030. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Laubheimer, P.
(2018) Breadcrumbs: 11 Design Guidelines for Desktop and Mobile. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Leavitt, M. O. and Shneiderman, B.
(2006) Research-based web design & usability guidelines. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services:--U.S. General Services Administration:--For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.Google Scholar
Lekka, D., Madoglou, A., Karamanoli, V. I., Yotsidi, V., Alexias, G., Orlandou, K., Karakasidou, E., & Stalikas, A.
(2022) Hospital Settings and Dehumanization: Systematic Review. Psychology, 13 (5), 734–742. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lipton, R.
(2007) The practical guide to information design. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
(2011) The practical guide to information design (2nd edition). John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Lo, P.-S., Lin, Y.-P., Hsu, H.-H., Chang, S.-C., Yang, S.-P., Huang, W.-C., & Wang, T.-J.
(2021) Health self-management experiences of colorectal cancer patients in postoperative recovery: a qualitative study. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 51 (1), 101906. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lonsdale, M.
(2022) INFORMATION VISUALISATION: From Theory, to Research, to Practice and Back. SAGE.Google Scholar
Lonsdale, M., Sciberras, S., Ha, H., & Chapman, S.
(2020) Enhancing bowel cancer surgery recovery through information design. The impact of combining design and cognitive principles with user-centered research methods, on patient understanding of surgery recovery information. Visible Language, 54 (1–2), 129–169.Google Scholar
Loranger, H.
(2014) Infinite Scrolling Is Not for Every Website. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
(2016) The Same Link Twice on the Same Page: Do Duplicates Help or Hurt?. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
(2017) Homepage Links Remain a Necessity. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Lynch, P. J.
(2008) Web style guide : basic design principles for creating Web sites (Third Edition). Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Mata, J., Pecorelli, N., Kaneva, P., Moldoveanu, D., Gosselin-Tardiff, A., Alhashemi, M., Robitaille, S., Balvardi, S., Lee, L., & Stein, B. L.
(2020) A mobile device application (app) to improve adherence to an enhanced recovery program for colorectal surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Surgical endoscopy, 34 (2), 742–751. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Meskó, B., Drobni, Z., Bényei, É., Gergely, B., & Győrffy, Z.
(2017) Digital health is a cultural transformation of traditional healthcare. Mhealth, 3 (38). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Michailidou, E., Harper, S., & Bechhofer, S.
(2008, September). Visual complexity and aesthetic perception of web pages. In Proceedings of the 26th annual ACM international conference on Design of communication, Lisbon, Portugal. Association for Computing Machinery (pp. 215–224). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mizuno, M., Kakuta, M., Ono, Y., Kato, A., & Inoue, Y.
(2007) Experiences of Japanese patients with colorectal cancer during the first six months after surgery. Oncology nursing forum, 34 (4), 869–876. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mrklas, K. J., Barber, T., Campbell-Scherer, D., Green, L. A., Li, L. C., Marlett, N., Miller, J., Shewchuk, B., Teare, S., & Wasylak, T.
(2020) Co-design in the development of a mobile health app for the management of knee osteoarthritis by patients and physicians: qualitative study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 8 (7), e17893. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2022) Bowel cancer: Treatment. Retrieved 13 December from [URL]
Nielsen, J.
(2001) 113 Design Guidelines for Homepage Usability. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
(2010) Scrolling and attention (Original Research Study). Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
(2016) Tabs, Used Right. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Nielsen, J. & Li, A.
(2017) Mega Menus Work Well for Site Navigation. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
O’Donovan, P., Agarwala, A., & Hertzmann, A.
(2011) Color compatibility from large datasets. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2011 papers (pp. 1–12).Google Scholar
Ogrin, R., Viswanathan, R., Aylen, T., Wallace, F., Scott, J., & Kumar, D.
(2018) Co-design of an evidence-based health education diabetes foot app to prevent serious foot complications: a feasibility study. Practical diabetes, 35 (6), 203–209d. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Oragui, D.
(2019) 4 Reasons Your App Needs a Privacy Policy. The Manifest. [URL]
Pagano, E., Pellegrino, L., Rinaldi, F., Palazzo, V., Donati, D., Meineri, M., Palmisano, S., Rolfo, M., Bachini, I., & Bertetto, O.
(2021) Implementation of the ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) protocol for colorectal cancer surgery in the Piemonte Region with an Audit and Feedback approach: Study protocol for a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial: A study of the EASY-NET project. BMJ open, 11 (6), e047491. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pecorelli, N., Fiore, J. F., Kaneva, P., Somasundram, A., Charlebois, P., Liberman, A., Stein, B. L., Carli, F., & Feldman, L. S.
(2018) An app for patient education and self-audit within an enhanced recovery program for bowel surgery: a pilot study assessing validity and usability. Surgical endoscopy, 32 (5), 2263–2273. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pecorelli, N., Mazza, M., Guarneri, G., Delpini, R., Partelli, S., Balzano, G., Turi, S., Meani, R., Beretta, L., & Falconi, M.
(2021) Impact of care pathway adherence on recovery following distal pancreatectomy within an enhanced recovery program. HPB, 23 (12), 1815–1823. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Penedo, F. J., Oswald, L. B., Kronenfeld, J. P., Garcia, S. F., Cella, D., & Yanez, B.
(2020) The increasing value of eHealth in the delivery of patient-centred cancer care. The Lancet Oncology, 21 (5), e240–e251. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ponder, M., Ansah-Yeboah, A. A., Charalambous, L. T., Adil, S. M., Venkatraman, V., Abd-El-Barr, M., Haglund, M., Grossi, P., Yarbrough, C., & Dharmapurikar, R.
(2020) A smartphone app with a digital care pathway for patients undergoing spine surgery: development and feasibility study. JMIR Perioperative Medicine, 3 (2), e21138. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ponder, M., Venkatraman, V., Charalambous, L., Ansah-Yeboah, A. A., Adil, S. M., Antezana, L. A., Dharmapurikar, R., Gellad, Z. F., Lad, S. P., & Hwang, E. S.
(2021) Mobile Health Application for Patients Undergoing Breast Cancer Surgery: Feasibility Study. JCO Oncology Practice, 17 (9), e1344–e1353. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pettersson, R.
(2010) Information design–principles and guidelines. Journal of Visual Literacy, 29 (2), 167–182. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pipes, A.
(2011) How to Design Websites (Portfolio Skills). Laurence King.Google Scholar
Reed, A.
(2020) Medical Website Colors that Work for Perfect Designing. MOTOCMS. [URL]
Robinson, A., Oksuz, U., Slight, R., Slight, S., & Husband, A.
(2020) Digital and mobile technologies to promote physical health behavior change and provide psychological support for patients undergoing elective surgery: meta-ethnography and systematic review. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 8 (12), e19237. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rogers, A.
(2017) Why Most Medical Logos Are Blue. Doctor Multimedia. [URL]
Sandnes, F. E.
(2017) On-screen colour contrast for visually impaired readers. W A. Black, P. Luna, O. Lund i S. Walker (red.), Information design. Research and practice, 405–416.Google Scholar
Semple, J. L., Sharpe, S., Murnaghan, M. L., Theodoropoulos, J., & Metcalfe, K. A.
(2015) Using a mobile app for monitoring post-operative quality of recovery of patients at home: a feasibility study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 3 (1), e3929. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sherwin, K.
(2015) “Learn More” Links: You Can Do Better. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Silvennoinen, J. M., & Jokinen, J. P.
(2016) Appraisals of salient visual elements in web page design. Advances in Human-Computer Interaction, 2016 1. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Silverman, F. H.
(2004) Self-publishing Textbooks and Instructional Materials: A Practical Guide to Successful--and Respectable--self-publishing. Atlantic Path Publishing.Google Scholar
Smith, J.
(2016) How to use the psychology of color to increase website conversions. Neil Patel. [URL]
Smith, S. G., Von Wagner, C., McGregor, L. M., Curtis, L. M., Wilson, E. A., Serper, M., & Wolf, M. S.
(2012) The influence of health literacy on comprehension of a colonoscopy preparation information leaflet. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, 55 (10), 1074. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Song, T., Yu, P., Bliokas, V., Probst, Y., Peoples, G. E., Qian, S., Houston, L., Perez, P., Amirghasemi, M., & Cui, T.
(2021) A clinician-led, experience-based co-design approach for developing mHealth services to support the patient self-management of chronic conditions: Development study and design case. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 9 (7), e20650. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sousa, C. S., & Turrini, R. N. T.
(2019) Development of an educational mobile application for patients submitted to orthognathic surgery. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 27 1, e3143. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Travis, D.
(2016) 247 web usability guidelines. User Focus. [URL]
Tselentis, J.
(2012) The graphic designer’s electronic-media manual: how to apply visual design principles to engage users on desktop, tablet, and mobile websites. Rockport Publishers.Google Scholar
Tuch, A. N., Presslaber, E. E., Stöcklin, M., Opwis, K., & Bargas-Avila, J. A.
(2012) The role of visual complexity and prototypicality regarding first impression of websites: Working towards understanding aesthetic judgments. International journal of human-computer studies, 70 (11), 794–811. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Taha, A., Saad, B., Enodien, B., Bachmann, M., Frey, D. M., & Taha-Mehlitz, S.
(2021) The development of telemedicine and eHealth in surgery during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (22), 11969. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Taylor, C., & Burch, J.
(2011) Feedback on an enhanced recovery programme for colorectal surgery. British Journal of Nursing, 20 (5), 286–290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Timmers, T., Janssen, L., Van der Weegen, W., Das, D., Marijnissen, W.-J., Hannink, G., van der Zwaard, B. C., Plat, A., Thomassen, B., & Swen, J.-W.
(2019) The effect of an app for day-to-day postoperative care education on patients with total knee replacement: randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7 (10), e15323. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tong, C., Kernoghan, A., Lemmon, K., Fernandes, P., Elliott, J., Sacco, V., Bodemer, S., & Stolee, P.
(2022) Lessons and Reflections From an Extended Co-design Process Developing an mHealth App With and for Older Adults: Multiphase, Mixed Methods Study. JMIR aging, 5 (4), e39189. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Valk, H. A., Garcia-Ochoa, C., Calder, J. F., Miller, T., Rashidi, B., McIsaac, C., & Musselman, R.
(2022) A Mobile App for Wound and Symptom Surveillance After Colorectal Surgery: Protocol for a Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 11 (1), e26717. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Whitenton, K.
(2015) Menu Design: Checklist of 15 UX Guidelines to Help Users. Nielsen Norman Group. [URL]
Wikström, L., Schildmeijer, K., Nylander, E. M., & Eriksson, K.
(2022) Patients’ and providers’ perspectives on e-health applications designed for self-care in association with surgery–a scoping review. BMC Health Services Research, 22 (1), 1–20. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wong, C.
(2019) How to Choose a Good Color Scheme For Your Website. Website Builder Expert. [URL]
Woods, L., Duff, J., Roehrer, E., Walker, K., & Cummings, E.
(2019) Design of a consumer mobile health app for heart failure: findings from the nurse-led co-design of Care4myHeart. JMIR nursing, 2 (1), e14633. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2022) Colorectal cancer statistics. Retrieved 13 December from [URL]
Ziebland, S., Hyde, E., & Powell, J.
(2021) Power, paradox and pessimism: on the unintended consequences of digital health technologies in primary care. Social Science & Medicine, 289 1, 114419. DOI logoGoogle Scholar