Article published in:
Information Visualization
Edited by Marian Dörk and Isabel Meirelles
[Information Design Journal 25:1] 2019
► pp. 5670
AI Now Institute
(2018) Litigating algorithms: Challenging government use of algorithmic decision systems (Report, in collaboration with Center on Race, Inequality, and the Law, Electronic Frontier Foundation).Google Scholar
Angwin, J., Larson, J., Mattu, S., & Kirchner, L.
Eubanks, V.
(2018) Automating inequality: How high-tech tools profile, police, and punish the poor. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
Fanon, F.
(1968) Black skin, white masks. New York, NY: Grove Press.Google Scholar
Frequently Asked Questions
(2017, December 15). Retrieved from https://​www​.thehumanproject​.org​/faq/
Kurgan, L.
(2013) Close up at a distance: Mapping, technology, and politics. Brooklyn, NY: Zone Books.Google Scholar
Lorde, A.
(2015) Sister outsider: Essays and speeches. Berkeley, CA: Crossing Press.Google Scholar
Mattern, S.
(2018) Databodies in Codespace. Places Journal. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mckittrick, K.
(2011) On plantations, prisons, and a black sense of place. Social & Cultural Geography, 12(8), 947–963. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Noble, S. U.
(2018) Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. New York, NY: New York University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Oliver, M. L., & Shapiro, T. M.
(1995) Black wealth/white wealth: A new perspective on racial inequality. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
O’Neil, C.
(2018) Weapons of math destruction: How big data increases inequality and threatens democracy. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Rothstein, R.
(2017) The color of law: A forgotten history of how our government segregated America. New York, NY: Liveright Publishing Corporation.Google Scholar
Spillers, H. J.
(1987) Mama’s baby, Papa’s maybe: An American grammar book. Diacritics, 17(2), 64–81. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1994) The crisis of the negro intellectual: A post-date. Boundary 2, 21(3), 65–116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Terry, J., & Urla, J.
(Eds.) (1999) Deviant bodies: Critical perspectives on difference in science and popular culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
The Human Project
(2017, November 20). Retrieved from http://​www​.thehumanproject​.org/
Weheliye, A. G.
(2014) Habeas viscus: Racializing assemblages, biopolitics, and black feminist theories of the human. Durham: Duke University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Woods, C.
(2017) Development arrested: The blues and plantation power in the Mississippi delta. Brooklyn, NY: Verso.Google Scholar
Wynter, S.
(1999) ProudFlesh: New Afrikan Journal of Culture, Politics and Consciousness (online).Google Scholar
Gaps between the digits