Article published in:
Information Visualization
Edited by Marian Dörk and Isabel Meirelles
[Information Design Journal 25:1] 2019
► pp. 87100

Full-text

The evolution of the elevator pictogram
References

References

Adams, A., Boersema, T., & Mijksenaar, M.
(2010) Warning symbology: Difficult concepts may be successfully depicted with two-part signs. Information Design Journal, 18(2), 94–106. Crossref link
Aicher, O. & Krampen, M.
(1977) Zeichensysteme der visuellen Kommunikation. Stuttgart: Alexander Koch.
AIGA
(2019) Symbol Signs. Retrieved January 27, 2019, from https://​www​.aiga​.org​/symbol​-signs
Akolkar, R. T., & Bhutkar, G. D.
(2015) Usability evaluation of icons related with e-governance website in India. Retrieved April 11, 2019, from https://​www​.researchgate​.net​/publication​/309669228​_Usability​_Evaluation​_of​_Icons​_Related​_with​_e​-Governance​_Website​_in​_India
ADV, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Verkehrsflughäfen
(1974) Piktogramme zur Orientierung auf Flughäfen: Pictographs for orientation at airports. Stuttgart: ADV.
Black, A.
(2017) Icons as carriers of information. In A. Black, P. Luna, O. Lund, & S. Walker (Eds.), Information design: Research and practice (pp. 315–329). London: Routledge. Crossref link
Blake Huer, M.
(2000) Examining perceptions of graphic symbols across cultures: Preliminary study of the impact of culture/ethnicity. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 16(3), 180–185. Crossref link
Boersema, T., & Adams, A. S.
(2017) International standards for designing and testing graphical symbols. In A. Black, P. Luna, O. Lund, & S. Walker (Eds.), Information design: Research and practice (pp. 303–314). London: Routledge.
Cho, H., Ishida, T., Yamashita, N., Inaba, R., Mori, Y., & Koda, T.
(2007) Culturally-situated pictogram retrieval. In T. Ishida, S. R. Fussell, & P. T. J. M. Vossen (Eds.), International Workshop on Intercultural Collaboration (pp. 221–235). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. Crossref link
Clara, S., & Swasty, W.
(2017) Pictogram on signage as an effective communication. Jurnal Sosioteknologi, 16(2), 167–176. Crossref link
Dyson, M. C.
(2017) Information design research methods. In A. Black, P. Luna, O. Lund, & S. Walker (Eds.), Information design: Research and practice (pp. 435–449). London: Routledge.
ERCO
(2019a) otl aicher piktogramme. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from https://​www​.piktogramm​.de​/de​/suche​.html
ERCO
(2019b) Otl Aicher. Retrieved April 14, 2019, from https://​www​.piktogramm​.de​/de​/#c7
Foster, J., Koyama, K., & Adams, A.
(2010) Paper and on-line testing of graphical access symbols in three countries using the ISO 9186 comprehension test. Information Design Journal, 18(2), 107–117. Crossref link
Flughafen München GmbH
(1992) Landschaft, Erscheinungsbild, Architektur. München.
Hassan, E. M. M.
(2017) The semiotics of pictogram in the signage systems. International Design Journal, 5(2), 301–315.
Hildebrand, R. D. & Wallbaum, R.
(1992) Der Flughafen München. Ein Jahrhundertwerk. München: Leo-Verlag.
Horowitz, T. S., & Wolfe, J. M.
(1998) Visual search has no memory. Nature, 394(6693), 575–577. Crossref link
ISO
(2007a) ISO 7001, Graphical symbols – Public information symbols. Geneva: International Organization of Standardization.
ISO
(2007b) ISO 9186-1, Graphical symbols – Test methods – Part 1: Methods for testing comprehensibility. Geneva: International Organization of Standardization.
Kapitzki, H. W.
(1997) Gestaltung: Methode und Konsequenz. Ein biografischer Bericht. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges.
Koyama, K.
(2000) Comprehension test according to ISO 9186-1:1989.
(2012) Comprehension test according to ISO 9186-1:2007.
Mies, H.
(2017) Official Signs and Icons 3. New York: Ultimate Symbol.
Modley, R., & Myers, W. R.
(1976) Handbook of pictorial symbols: 3, 250 examples from international sources. New York: Dover Publications.
Moser, E.
(2012) otl aicher, gestalter. Ostfildern, Stuttgart: Hatje Cantz Verlag.
Quindós, T., & González-Miranda, E.
(2015) An anatomical question: Pictogram design associated to female gender. EME Experimental Illustration, Art & Design, 3(3), 62–73. Crossref link
Schönhammer, R.
(2009) Einführung in die Wahrnehmungspsychologie: Sinne, Körper, Bewegung. Vienna: facultas.wuv Universitätsverlag.
SenStadtUm, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt Berlin Kommunikation
Stickdorn, M., & Schneider, J.
(2011) This is service design thinking: Basics, tools, cases. Amsterdam: BIS Publishers.
Wolfe, J. M., & Horowitz, T. S.
(2004) What attributes guide the deployment of visual attention and how do they do it? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5(5), 495–501. Crossref link
Zender, M.
(2006) Advancing icon design for global nonverbal communication: Or what does the word bow mean? Visible Language, 40(2), 177–206.