Chapter published in:Code-switching – Experimental Answers to Theoretical Questions: In honor of Kay González-Vilbazo
Edited by Luis López
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 19] 2018
► pp. 63–100
Adjective placement in Spanish and Basque mixed DPs
The present study examines the relative order of noun-adjective sequences within a code-switched DP among Basque/Spanish bilinguals. Several hypotheses have been considered: is this a property defined by the determiner (Bartlett, 2013), the adjective (Cantone & MacSwan, 2009) or the noun (Arnaus et al., 2012)? We propose a new look at the problem by using code-switching of Basque/Spanish, two languages whose typological properties partially overlap. The Basque adjective is rigidly post nominal, while Spanish adjectives range from obligatory pre-nominal to obligatory post-nominal. We found that neither the N nor the D seem to play a role. Furthermore, the study showed that the adjective is responsible for word order in these contexts. Thus, our results confirm Cantone and MacSwan (2009).
Keywords: code-switching, Basque/Spanish bilinguals, code-switched DPs
Published online: 16 November 2018
Arnaus Gil, L., Eichler, N., Jansen V., Patuto M., & Müller N.
Badiola, L., Delgado, R., Sande, A., & Stefanich, S.
Cantone, K. F., & MacSwan, J.
Moro Quintanilla, M.
Parafita Couto, M. C., Deuchar, M., & Fusser, M.