The Syntax of Multiple-que Sentences in Spanish
Along the left periphery
Complementizers offer a window into the architecture of the left-periphery and further our understanding of the demarcation of the boundaries between the C(omplementizer) and T(ense) domains. Using the articulated left-periphery as a laboratory and Spanish constructions featuring more than one complementizer as a point of departure, the author delivers new insights into the syntactic positions and behavior of Spanish complementizer que along the left edge. These observations have far-reaching consequences to such fundamental linguistic concepts as the derivation of left dislocations, ellipsis, and locality of movement. Of great interest to syntax graduate students and researchers in general, this volume provides a stepping stone to cracking the code on several current syntactic questions, including the widely-contested position of preverbal subjects in null-subject languages like Spanish. In addition, it offers the linguist a bountiful toolbox for the cross-linguistic investigation of a number of left-peripheral and clausal phenomena.
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 2] 2015. xv, 274 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins Publishing Company
Table of Contents
List of abbreviations
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Toward a syntactic analysis of Spanish recomplementation
Chapter 3. Two distinct complementizers in disguise: Implications for the syntax of preverbal subjects
Chapter 4. On the impossibility of movement across non-primary complementizers in Spanish
Chapter 5. Analyzing the locality effect with non-primary que complementizers in Spanish
“This is an excellent book on the syntax of Spanish que. The author shows an impressive mastery of the literature and pays a great deal of attention to even the smallest detail. The quality of argumentation provided in the book is outstanding and highly detailed, and the empirical coverage of the monograph is laudable. The book is very well-written and easy to read.”
Lara Reglero, Florida State University
“This book provides a detailed and tightly argued analysis of a particular phenomenon in Spanish syntax — subordinate clauses with more than one instance of the complementizer que — and in so doing engages with various long-standing issues in Spanish generative studies, such as clitic left-dislocations, the nature of the left periphery, preverbal subjects, locality, and the mechanisms underlying ellipsis. It should be obligatory reading for linguists working on these issues in Spanish in particular and Romance languages more generally.”
Paula Kempchinsky, The University of Iowa
“This monograph offers a detailed, careful, and up-to-date study of the syntax of complementizers in Spanish. Adopting the cartographic framework, Villa-García accounts for the distribution of multiple complementizers and its consequences for other phenomena (locality, ellipsis, topicalization, etc.). Certainly a must-read for everyone interested in the left periphery of Spanish and Romance more generally.”
Ángel J. Gallego, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
“This book provides a current account of the syntax of double-complementizer constructions in Spanish, an area of Spanish syntax not previously explored. In addition, the vast empirical evidence included in the analysis turns this book into an impressive introduction to (mostly) all phenomena related to the Spanish left periphery. This well-written book will be useful not only to researchers working on the syntax of Spanish complementizers or the Romance left periphery, but also to any person interested in the overall properties of the Spanish CP field, word order, and the architecture of the Spanish clause.”
Emma Ticio, Syracuse University
Cited by 4 other publications
No author info given
Colasanti, Valentina & Giuseppina Silvestri
Villa-García, Julio & Imanol Suárez-Palma
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 january 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
2003 Successive Cyclicity, Anti-locality, and Adposition Stranding. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Alexiadou, Artemis & Anagnostopoulou, Elena
2007 Syntax at the PF Interface. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2012 Syncretic projections in Spanish: The case of complementizerless clauses. Paper presented at the 2012 Hispanic Linguistics Symposium.
Aoun, Joseph & Yen-hui, Audrey Li
Ausín, Adolfo & Martí, Luisa
1999 Subject-verb inversion and the A′-status of preverbal subjects in Spanish. Paper presented at the 4th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium.
1995 A markedness subhierarchy in syntax: Optimality and inversion in Spanish. Ms, Rutgers University.
1995 Null Subjects. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
2010 Partial pro-drop as null NP anaphora. Paper presented at NELS 41.
1986 Chains and Anaphoric Dependence. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
2007 Agreement on the Left Edge and the Syntax of Dislocation in Spanish. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California.
2013 A verb raising analysis of interrogatives: The preverbal subject constraint in Spanish. Poster presented at the 37th Penn Linguistics Colloquium, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA.
Belazi, Hedi, Rubin, Edward J. & Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline
Benincà, Paola & Poletto, Cecilia
Benincà, Paola & Cinque, Guglielmo
Benincà, Paola & Munaro, Nicola
2010a Lexical complementizers and headless relatives. Ms, University of Padova. Also in Functional Heads , Laura Bruge, Anna Cardinaletti, Giuliana Giusti, Nicola Munaro & Cecilia Poletto (eds). Oxford: OUP.
den Besten, Hans & Moed-van Walraven, Corretje
Bhatt, Rajesh & Yoon, James
2007 An expressives analysis of exclamatives in Spanish. Paper presented at Going Romance 21.
Bobaljik, Jonathan David
Bobaljik, Jonathan & Wurmbrand, Susi
2004 Bare syntax. Ms, Harvard University.
Bošković, Željko & Lasnik, Howard
Bošković, Željko & Nunes, Jairo
Bosque, Ignacio & Demonte, Violeta
Bresnan, Joan W.
2002 Spanish clauses without complementizer. In Current issues in Romance languages: Selected Proceedings from the 29th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL-29) [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 220], Teresa Satterfield, Christina Tortora & Diana Cresti (eds). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Brucart, José María & MacDonald, Jonathan
Brucart, José María
2008 Spanish Subjects. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.
Camacho, José & Sánchez, Liliana
2014 Does the verb raise to T in Spanish? Ms, Rutgers University.
2003 Evaluatives and the Structure of CP. Ms, Rutgers University.
2011 On the position of preverbal subject in Spanish. A view from the discourse perspective. Ms, Rutgers University.
2005 Expletive ele in European Portuguese Dialects. Ph.D. dissertation, Universidade de Lisboa.
Casasanto, Laura S. & Sag, Ivan A.
2008 The advantage of the ungrammatical. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin TX: Cognitive Science Society.
1998b Syntactic structure, information structure and generative grammar. In Festschrift in Honor of Noam Chomsky’s 70th Birthday, ⟨http://cognet.mit.edu/Books/celebration/essays/Casielles-Suárez.html⟩
Cinque, Guglielmo & Rizzi, Luigi
Cocchi, Gloria & Poletto, Cecilia
van Craenenbroeck, Jeroen
2004 Ellipsis in Dutch Dialects. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Leiden.
CREA. Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual. Real Academia Española (RAE)
Cruschina, Silvio & Remberger, Eva-Maria
2008 Discourse-related Features and the Syntax of Peripheral Positions: A Comparative Study of Sicilian and Other Romance Languages. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cambridge.
2011b Grammaticalization and the expression of evidentiality and epistemicity in Italian and in Sicilian. Handout, University of Manchester.
Culicover, Peter W.
Cuza, Alejandro & Frank, Joshua
D’Alessandro, Roberta & Ledgeway, Adam
2011 Generalized C-doubling in an Oïl dialect, subjects and the nature of que2 . Paper presented at the Edysin Workshop, University of Amsterdam.
2012 How do you double your C? Evidence from an Oïl dialect. In Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 9, Christopher Pinón (ed.), 1–18: ⟨http://www.cssp.cnrs.fr/eiss9/⟩
de Cuba, Carlos & Ürögdi, Barbara
de Cuba, Carlos & MacDonald, Jonathan
2014 Truncation in the Spanish left-periphery: Fragment answers and recomplementation. Paper presented at the Linguistics Society of America Annual Meeting, Minnesota.
Demonte, Violeta & Fernández-Soriano, Olga
2014 Evidentiality and illocutionary force. Spanish matrix ‘que’ at the syntax-semantics interface. In Left Sentence Peripheries in Spanish; Diachronic, Variationist, and Typological Perspectives [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 214], Andreas Dufter & Álvaro S. Octavio de Toledo (eds), 217–251. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2011 Syntax in the Absence of DP. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
den Dikken, Marcel
2013 C, inversion, and Spanish clause structure: Evidence from code-switching. Paper presented at the 2013 Hispanic Linguistics Symposium.
Escribano, José Luis Rafael G.
1998 On the Grammatical Representation of Speech Events. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park.
Fernández-Rubiera, Francisco José
2009 Clitics at the Edge: Clitic Placement in Western Iberian Romance Languages. Ph.D. dissertation, Georgetown University.
Fontana, Josep M.
1993 Phrase Structure and the Syntax of Clitics in the History of Spanish. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Fox, Danny & Lasnik, Howard
1998 Clitics in Slavic. Paper presented at the Comparative Slavic Morphosyntax Workshop, Spencer, Indiana.
Frascarelli, Mara & Puglielli, Annarita
Frascarelli, Mara & Hinterhölzl, Ronald
Fukui, Naoki & Speas, Margaret
Gallego, Ángel J.
2007 Phase Theory and Parametric Variation. Ph.D. dissertation, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
2009 Ellipsis by Phase. Paper presented at the 19th Colloquium on Generative Grammar. Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea Vitoria-Gasteiz.
Gallego, Ángel J. & Uriagereka, Juan
2006 Sub-extraction from subjects. Ms., Universidad Autònoma de Barcelona/University of Maryland, College Park.
García Cornejo, Rosalía
González i Planas, Francesc
2010 Cartografia de la recomplementació en les llengües romàniques. MA thesis. University of Girona.
2011 La duplicació del complementador en les llengües iberoromàniques. Ms, Universitat de Girona.
2005 Die Syntax des Code-switching. Esplugisch: Sprachwechsel an der Deutschen Schule Barcelona. Ph.D. dissertation, Universität zu Köln.
1998 Subjects, Sentential Negation, and Imperatives in Child Spanish and Catalan. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
Grohmann, Kleanthes K. & Etxepare, Ricardo
2010 The Syntax Information Structure Interface: Subjects and Clausal Word Order in Galician. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa.
Haegeman, Liliane & Ürögdi, Barbara
Halle, Morris & Marantz, Alec
1992 Adjunct Extraction and Chain Configuration. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
1988 Where the Old English sentence begins. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
2000 Accessing Linguistic Competence: Evidence from Children’s and Adults’ Acceptability Judgments. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Hornstein, Norbert, Lasnik, Howard & Uriagereka, Juan
Hrafnbjargarson, Gunnar Hrafn & Wiklund, Anna-Lena
Iatridou, Sabine & Kroch, Anthony
Jiménez-Fernández, Ángel & Miyagawa, Shigeru
Krapova, Iliyana & Cinque, Guglielmo
2004 On the order of wh-phrases in Bulgarian Multiple wh-fronting. Ms, University of Venice.
1990 Negation in Syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
2004 On Information Structure and Clausal Architecture: Evidence from Bulgarian. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Lasnik, Howard & Saito, Mamoru
1995 Last resort and attract F. In Proceedings of FLSM 6: 62–81.
1994 On the base position of wh-adjuncts and extraction. Talk given at the 67th annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, Los Angeles, California.
To appear. Reconstructing complementiser-drop in the dialects of the Salento: A syntactic or phonological phenomenon? In Diachronic Generative Syntax XII Meeting, Teresa Biberauer & George Walkden (eds) Cambridge University of Cambridge
Lema, José & Rivero, María Luisa
Manzini, Rita & Savoia, Leonardo
Martín, Zorraquino, Maria Antonia & Portolés Lázaro, José
2002 The Syntax of Sentential Negation in Spanish. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
2007 Complementizer doubling in European Portuguese. Ms, Amsterdam/New York: ILLC/NYU.
1992 Incorporation and Case Theory in Spanish: A Crosslinguistic Perspective. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle.
Menéndez Pidal, Ramón
Menn, Lise & MacWhinney, Brian
1999 The Syntax of Silence: Sluicing, Islands, and Identity in Ellipsis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz.
1991 Theoretical Implications of the Complementation in Romanian. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Genève.
Napoli, Dona Jo
1976 The Two si’s of Italian. An Analysis of Reflexive, Inchoative, and Indefinite Subject Sentences in Modern Standard Italian. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
Neeleman, Ad & van de Koot, Hans
Nevins, Andrew & Anand, Pranav
2003 Some AGREEment matters. In Proceedings of the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 22. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.
1996 Pre and Postverbal Subjects in Spanish: A Minimalist Account. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington.
Ordóñez, Francisco & Olarrea, Antxon
Ordóñez, Francisco & Treviño, Esthela
1997 Word Order and Clausal Structure of Spanish and Other Romance Languages. Ph.D. dissertation, City University of New York.
2005 Two specs for postverbal subjects: Evidence from Spanish and Catalan. Ms, SUNY Stony Brook.
Ortega-Santos, Iván & Villa-García, Julio
In preparation. Evidence for an Active EPP in Spanish. Ms, University of Memphis and Villanova University.
2005 On locative inversion and the EPP in Spanish. In Actas del VIII Encuentro Internacional de Lingüística del Noroeste de la Universidad de Sonora. Universidad de Sonora, Mexico, 131–150.
2006b On postverbal subjects, PF and the copy theory: The Spanish case. In Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of The Hispanic Linguistics Symposium & The Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Languages, Nuria Sagarra & Almeida Jacqueline Toribio (eds), 56–66. Somerville MA: Cascadilla University Press.
2008 Projecting Subjects in English and Spanish. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.
2003 COMP and the Left Periphery: Comparative Evidence from Romance. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Manchester.
2005 Focus, Parallelism, and Identity in Ellipsis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Pérez-Jiménez, María Isabel & Moreno-Quibén, Norberto
2008 El margen izquierdo oracional en español: Cláusulas absolutas periféricas y predicados incidentales. Actas del XXXVII Simposio Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Lingüística (SEL), Inés Olza Moreno, Manuel Casado Velarde & Ramón González Ruiz (eds). Pamplona: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra.
Pesetsky, David & Torrego, Esther
1992 Zero Syntax, Vol. 2. Ms, MIT.
Porroche Ballesteros, Margarita
2011 Agreement as a Fallible Operation. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
Prince, Ellen F.
2011 Complementizer use in spoken English. Ms, University of Essex.
2013 The complementizer system in spoken English. Evidence from broadcast media. In Information Structure and Agreement [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 197], Victoria Camacho-Taboada, Ángel L. Jiménez-Fernández, Javier Martín-González & Mariano Reyes-Tejedor (eds), 11–54. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Raposo, Eduardo & Uriagereka, Juan
1994 Affective operators and clausal structure in European Portuguese and European Spanish. Ms, University of California at Santa Barbara.
1996 Towards a unification of topic constructions. Ms, University of California at Santa Barbara.
2012 Recomplementation: An operator account. Ms, University of Iowa.
van Riemsdijk, Henk
Rivero, María Luisa
Rizzi, Luigi & Shlonsky, Ur
2005 Strategies of subject extraction. Ms, Universities of Siena and Geneva.
2007 The Syntax of Objects: Agree and Differential Object Marking. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2006 El complementante que en el discurso periodístico. Paper presented at the XXXVI Simposio de la SEL, UNED, Madrid.
Rögnvaldsson, Eiríkur & Thráinsson, Höskuldur
Ron, María Pilar
1998 The Position of the Subject in Spanish and Clausal Structure: Evidence from Dialectal Variation. Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University IL.
Ross, John Robert
1967 Constraints on variables in syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
2009 Hacia una teoría de la identidad parcial en la elipsis. Ph.D. dissertation. Universidad de Buenos Aires.
2010b Null subjects at the syntax-morphology connection. Paper presented at Romania Nova IV, Brazil.
Saito, Mamoru & Murasugi, Keiko
Saito, Mamoru & Haraguchi, Tomoko
2010 On the architecture of Japanese CPs. Talk given at the University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2005 Bounded unbounded movement. Ms, University of Southern California.
1992 Agreement and Subjects. Ph.D. dissertation, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
Speas, Peggy & Tenny, Carol
1993 Clitic constructions. Ms, UCLA.
2005 Division of labor between merge and move: Strict locality of selection and apparent reconstruction paradoxes. In Proceedings of the Workshop Divisions of Linguistic Labor, The La Bretesche Worskhop. Nantes.
Spyropoulos, Vassilios & Revithiadou, Anthi
2009. Subject chains in Greek and PF processing. In Proceedings of the 2007 Workshop in Greek Syntax and Semantics at MIT, Claire Halpert, Jeremy Hartman & David Hill (eds) 293 309 Cambridge MA MIT Working Papers in Linguistics
1999 What do Second Position Cliticization, Scrambling, and Multiple Wh-Fronting Have in Common? Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
1994 Minimality of Movement. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2011 Some Consequences of Case-marking in Japanese. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline
1994 Dialectal variation in the licensing of null referential and expletive subjects. In Aspects of Romance Linguistic: Papers from the XXIV Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages, Claudia Parodi, Carlos Quicoli, Mario Saltarelli & María Luisa Zubizarreta (eds), 409–431. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.
1984 Parameters and Effects of Word Order Variation. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
Tsai, Wei-Tien Dylan
1988 On Government. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
1991 On the structural positions of the subjects in Spanish, their nature and their consequences for quantification. Ms, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
1990 The Information Component. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Villa-García, Julio & Todorović, Neda
2010 What will the Serbo-Croatian-acquiring child use first, SV or VS? Ms, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
Villa-García, Julio & Snyder, William
Villa-García, Julio, Snyder, William & Riqueros-Morante, José
2010 On the analysis of lexical subjects in Caribbean and mainland Spanish: Evidence from L1 acquisition. In Proceedings of the 34th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (BUCLD 34), Katie Franich, Kate M. Iserman & Lauren L. Keil (eds), 333–344. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.
2010b Recomplementation and locality of movement in Spanish. Second General Examination Paper, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2012b The Spanish Complementizer System: Consequences for the Syntax of Dislocations and Subjects, Locality of Movement, and Clausal Structure. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
2014 Constituent questions in Romance and the subject-gap restriction: A New argument for lower copy pronunciation. Paper presented at the 44th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL 44), Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, 2–4 May.
In preparation. Dialectal variation in clitic placement in Andalusian and Asturian Spanish negative infinitival imperatives. Ms, Villanova University.
1985 The Semantics and Pragmatics of Preposing. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
2014 Stripping and topless complements. Ms, University of Connecticut.