Chapter published in:Variation and Evolution: Aspects of language contact and contrast across the Spanish-speaking world
Edited by Sandro Sessarego, Juan J. Colomina-Almiñana and Adrián Rodríguez-Riccelli
[Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 29] 2020
► pp. 75–104
Chapter 4Evidentiality and epistemic modality in the Andean Spanish
The aim of this chapter is twofold: first, it assesses the discussion about evidentiality and epistemic modality in the Andean Spanish verb as a set of hypothetical contact-induced changes due to the influence of Quechua and Aymara, and, second, it suggests new avenues for enhancing and strengthening this area of research. In order to do this, it reviews the studies conducted about the links between evidentiality and epistemic modality, on the one hand, and verbal forms such as the pluperfect, the present perfect, the future, and the subjunctive perfect correlated with verbs in the present tense, on the other. The review focuses on studies that address hypothetical contact-induced processes, since its aim is to examine the arguments that relate these elements with their possible Quechua and Aymara sources. The chapter suggests that some of the Andean uses pertain to the epistemic modality terrain (pluperfect for “non-experienced past” and present perfect for “experienced past”), while others are included in the evidentiality arena (inferential uses of the future forms), or plainly lack any relationship with these dimensions (subjunctive perfect correlated with verbs in the present tense).
- 2.Evidentiality, epistemic modality, and their complex relationship
- 3.Evidentiality and epistemic modality in the Andean Spanish
- 3.2Present perfect
- 3.2.1Two additional challenges
- 3.3Future forms
- 3.4Subjunctive present correlated with verbs in past tense
- 4.Conclusions and further research
Published online: 11 August 2020
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