Article published in:
International Journal of Chinese Linguistics
Vol. 6:1 (2019) ► pp. 126
Altmann, G. T., & Kamide, Y.
(1999) Incremental interpretation at verbs: Restricting the domain of subsequent reference. Cognition, 73(3), 247–264. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
(2015) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 11.1–7 2014.Google Scholar
Beach, C. M.
(1991) The interpretation of prosodic patterns at points of syntactic structure ambiguity: Evidence for cue trading relations. Journal of Memory and Language. 301, 644–663. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Beach, C. M., Katz, W. F., & Skowronski, A.
(1996) Children’s processing of prosodic cues for phrasal interpretation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 99(2), 1148–1160. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Boersma, P. & Weenink, D.
(2016) Praat: doing phonetics computer [Computer program]. Version 6.0.19, retrieved 13 June 2016 from http://​www​.praat​.org/
Bolinger, D.
(1978) Intonation across languages. Universals of Human Language, 21, 471–524.Google Scholar
Bolker, B. M., Brooks, M. E., Clark, C. J., Geange, S. W., Poulsen, J. R., Stevens, M. H. H., & White, J. S. S.
(2009) Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(3), 127–135. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Braun, B., & Chen, A.
(2012) Now for something completely different: Anticipatory effects of intonation. In O. Niebuhr (Ed.), Understanding Prosody: The Role of Context, Function and Communication (pp. 289–311). Berlin: de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, K., Clifton Jr., C., & Frazier, L.
(2001) Prosodic boundaries in adjunct attachment. Journal of Memory and Language, 45(1), 58–81. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chen, A., den Os, E., & de Ruiter, J. P.
(2007): Pitch accent type matters for online processing of information status: Evidence from natural and synthetic speech. The Linguistic Review, 24 (2–3), 317–344.Google Scholar
Chen, M. Y.
(2000) Tone sandhi: Patterns across Chinese dialects (Vol. 921). Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cheng, L. L.-S.
(1991) On the Typology of WH-Questions, PhD dissertation, MIT.Google Scholar
Cheng, L. L.-S., & Rooryck, J.
(2000) Licensing wh-in-situ. Syntax, 3(1), 1–19. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chomsky, N., & Lasnik, H.
(1977) Filters and control. Linguistic Inquiry, 8(3), 425–504.Google Scholar
Constant, N.
(2014) Contrastive Topic: Meanings and Realizations. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.Google Scholar
Dahan, D., Tanenhaus, M. K., & Chambers, C. G.
(2002): Accent and reference resolution in spoken-language comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language. 471, 292–314. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dong, H.
(2009) Issues in the Semantics of Mandarin Questions. PhD dissertation, Cornell University.Google Scholar
Duanmu, S.
(2004) Tone and non-tone languages: An alternative to language typology and parameters. Language and Linguistics, 5(4), 891–923.Google Scholar
Face, T. L.
(2004) The intonation of absolute interrogatives in Castilian Spanish. Southwest Journal of Linguistics, 23(2), 65–80.Google Scholar
Feng, S.
(2015) Tone, intonation and sentence final particles in Chinese. Essays on Linguistics, 511, 52–79.Google Scholar
Gérard, C., & Clément, J.
(1998) The structure and development of French prosodic representations. Language and Speech, 41(2), 117–142. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grosjean, F.
(1980) Spoken word recognition processes and the gating paradigm. Perception & Psychophysics, 28(4), 267–283. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1983) How long is the sentence? Prediction and prosody in the on-line processing of language. Linguistics, 211, 501–529. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gryllia, S., Doetjes, J., Yang, Y., & Cheng, L. L.-S.
(2019) Prosody, clause typing and wh-in-situ Evidence from Mandarin. Manuscript submitted for publication. Leiden University.Google Scholar
Hermann, E.
(1942) Probleme der Frage. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
Huang, C. T. J.
(1982) Move wh in a language without wh-movement. Linguistic Review. 1(4). 369–416. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kjelgaard, M. M., & Speer, S. R.
(1999) Prosodic facilitation and interference in the resolution of temporary syntactic closure ambiguity. Journal of Memory and Language, 40(2), 153–194. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuznetsova, A., Brockhoff, P. B., & Christensen, R. H. B.
(2013) lmerTest: Tests for Random and Fixed Effects for Linear Mixed Effect Models (Lmer Objects of lme4 Package). R Package Version 2.0–3 [Computer Software].Google Scholar
Li, A.
(2002) Chinese prosody and prosodic labeling of spontaneous speech. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2001.Google Scholar
Li, B.
(2006) Chinese Final Particles and the Syntax of the Periphery. PhD dissertation, Leiden University.Google Scholar
Li, Y. H. A.
(1992) Indefinite wh in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 1(2), 125–155. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lin, J. W.
(1998) On Existential Polarity-WH-Phrases in Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics, 7(3), 219–255. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lindsey, G. A.
(1985) Intonation and Interrogation: Tonal Structure and the Expression of a Pragmatic Function in English and other Languages. PhD dissertation, UMI.Google Scholar
Liu, X., Li, A., & Jia, Y.
(2016) How does prosody distinguish wh-statement from wh- question? A case study of standard Chinese. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2016, 1076–1080. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ohala, J. J.
(1983) Cross-language use of pitch: an ethological view. Phonetica, 40 (1), 1–18. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1984) An ethological perspective on common cross-Language utilization of F0 of Voice. Phonetica, 41(1), 1–16. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Petrone, C., & D’Imperio, M.
(2011) From tones to tunes: Effects of the F0 prenuclear region in the perception of Neapolitan statements and questions. In Prosodic Categories: Production, Perception and Comprehension (pp. 207–230). Springer, Dordrecht. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Petrone, C., & Niebuhr, O.
(2014) On the intonation of German intonation questions: The role of the prenuclear region. Language and Speech, 57(1), 108–146. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pinheiro, J. C., & Bates, D. M.
(2000) Linear mixed-effects models: basic concepts and examples. Mixed-effects Models in S and S-Plus, 3–56. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
R Core Team
(2017) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.Google Scholar
Shih, C.
(1997) Mandarin third tone sandhi and prosodic structure. Linguistic Models, 201, 81–124.Google Scholar
Snedeker, J., & Trueswell, J.
(2003) Using prosody to avoid ambiguity: Effects of speaker awareness and referential context. Journal of Memory and Language, 48(1), 103–130. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Staub, A., & Clifton Jr., C.
(2006) Syntactic prediction in language comprehension: Evidence from either… or. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32(2), 425.Google Scholar
Swerts, M., Collier, R., & Terken, J.
(1994) Prosodic predictors of discourse finality in spontaneous monologues. Speech Communication, 15(1–2), 79–90. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tang, S. W.
(2015) A generalized syntactic schema for utterance particles in Chinese. Lingua Sinica, 1(1), 1–23. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Terken, J., & Hirschberg, J.
(1994): Deaccentuation of words representing ‘given’ information: effects of persistence of grammatical function and surface position. Language and Speech, 37(2), 125–145. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tsai, W. T. D.
(2010) On the Syntax-Semantics Correspondences of Chinese Modals. Zhongguo Yuwen, 31, 208–221.Google Scholar
Van de Weijer, J., & Sloos, M.
(2014) The four tones of Mandarin Chinese: Representation and acquisition. Linguistics in the Netherlands, 31(1), 180–191. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Van Heuven, V. J., & Van Zanten, E.
(2005) Speech rate as a secondary prosodic characteristic of polarity questions in three languages. Speech Communication, 47(1–2), 87–99. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vion, M., & Colas, A.
(2006) Pitch cues for the recognition of yes-no questions in French. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 35(5), 427–445. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wakefield, J. C.
(2016) Sentence-final particles and intonation: two forms of the same thing. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2016. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Weber, A., Braun, B., & Crocker, M.
(2006): Finding referents in time: eyetracking evidence for the role of contrastive accents. Language and Speech, 49(3), 367–392. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Xu, Y.
(2001) Fundamental frequency peak delay in Mandarin. Phonetica, 58(1–2), 26–52. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Xu, Y., & Wang, Q. E.
(2001) Pitch targets and their realization: Evidence from Mandarin Chinese. Speech Communication, 33(4), 319–337. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Y.
(2018) The two sides of wh-indeterminates in Mandarin – a prosodic and processing account. LOT Publication: the Netherlands.Google Scholar
Yang, Y., Gryllia, S., & Cheng, L. L.-S.
(2019) Wh-question or wh-declarative? Prosody makes the difference. Manuscript submitted for publication.Google Scholar
Yuan, J.
(2004) Intonation in Mandarin Chinese: Acoustics, Perception, and Computational Modeling. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Cornell University, NY.Google Scholar
(2006) Mechanisms of question intonation in Mandarin. In Chinese Spoken Language Processing (pp. 19–30). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, L.
(2014) Segmentless sentence-final particles in Cantonese: An experimental study. Studies in Chinese Linguistics, 35(2), 47–60.Google Scholar