The academic English collocation list
A corpus-driven study
The use of collocations plays an important role for the proficiency of ESL/EFL learners. Hence, educators and researchers have long tried to identify collocations typical of either academic or general English and the challenges involved in learning them. This paper proposes a comprehensive and type-balanced academic English collocation list (AECL). AECL is based on a large corpus of academic English and was created to cover the types of collocations that will be most useful to ESL/EFL learners. AECL is the result of an innovative research-based procedure that involves a five-step selection method. A comparison of the collocations on AECL with those found in well-known collocation dictionaries of general English and on three existing academic English collocation lists indicates that AECL indeed contains mainly academic rather than general English collocations. In addition, AECL is more comprehensive with regard to the types of collocations that are relevant to learners.
Keywords: Academic English, collocations, general English, word list
Published online: 05 October 2018
Ackermann, K., & Chen, Y. H.
Bartsch, S.[ p. 236 ]
Benson, M., Benson, E., & Ilson, R.
Biber, D., & Conrad, S.
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S., & Finegan, E.
Celce-Murcia, M. & Larsen-Freeman, D.
Chan, T. P., & Liou, H. C.
Chon, Y., & Shin, D.
Church, K. W., & Hanks, P.
Church, K. W., Gale, W., Hanks, P., Hindle, R. & Moon, R.
Crossley, S., Salsbury, T., & McNamara, D.
(2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English (1990–2012). Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/ (last accessed May 2018).
Gardner, D., & Davies, M.
Hausmann, F. J.
Hill, J., & Lewis, M.[ p. 237 ]
Hyland, K., & Milton, J.
Laufer, B., & Waldman, T.
Lea, D., Crowther, J., & Dignen, S.
Liu, D., & Lei, L.
Liu, D., & Zhong, S.
Manning, C. D., Surdeanu, M., Bauer, J., Finkel, J., Bethard, S. J., & McClosky, D.
(2014) The Stanford CoreNLP Natural Language Processing Toolkit. Available at https://stanfordnlp.github.io/CoreNLP/ (last accessed July 2018).
Pawley, A., & Syder, F. H.[ p. 238 ]
(2016) The PHRASal Expressions (PHRASE) List User’s Guide. Retrieved from http://www.norbertschmitt.co.uk/resources.html#untitled20 (last accessed May 2016).
Simpson-Vlach, R., & Ellis, N. C.
Siyanova, A., & Schmitt, N.
Toutanova, K., Klein, D., Manning, C. D., & Singer, Y.
Uhrig, P., & Proisl, T.
Cited by 12 other publications
Rogers, James, Amanda Müller, Frank E. Daulton, Paul Dickinson, Cosmin Florescu, Gordon Reid & Tim Stoeckel
Skoufaki, Sophia & Bojana Petrić
Wongkhan, Prueksa & Atikhom Thienthong
Zuppardi, Maria Carolina & Tony Berber Sardinha
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 05 january 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.