Article published in:Social Lives in Language – Sociolinguistics and multilingual speech communities: Celebrating the work of Gillian Sankoff
Edited by Miriam Meyerhoff and Naomi Nagy
[IMPACT: Studies in Language, Culture and Society 24] 2008
► pp. 249–271
The dynamics of pronouns in the Québec languages in contact dynamics
This article examines three zones of variation in the French pronoun paradigm in relation to the general issue of language contact in Québec. Three variables, associated with language change in contemporary Montreal French, are analyzed: (1) variation between the pronouns on ‘one’ and nous ‘we’ expressing the first-person plural, (2) variation among on ‘one’, tu ‘you’, and vous ‘you’ to express indefinite reference, and (3) variation between simple and compound forms of plural pronouns with -autres ‘others’. The article reassesses the situation using data that represent different degrees or dimensions of contact between French and English. A comparison between nineteenth- and twentieth-century Québec French data highlights how certain tendencies were or were not yet implemented at an earlier stage when the contact between French and English was less intense. The article also examines how young bilingual Montrealers behave in relation to these changes in progress.
Keywords: apparent time, French L1, French L2, language change, Montreal, pronouns, Québec French, real time
Published online: 26 September 2008
Cited by 2 other publications
Blondeau, Hélène, Nathalie Dion & Zoe Ziliak Michel
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