Chapter published in:The Sociolinguistics of Place and Belonging: Perspectives from the margins
Edited by Leonie Cornips and Vincent A. de Rooij
[IMPACT: Studies in Language, Culture and Society 45] 2018
► pp. 261–286
Yooperisms in tourism
Commodified enregistered features in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula’s linguistic landscape
This ethnography explores interpretive practices in the multimodal landscape of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, a remote and rural region in the United States, to examine the role of tourism in discursive representations of identity. The study is distinct from other linguistic landscape research in that it investigates the role of commodified enregistered features in redefining cultural values about identity and its relationship to place in the periphery. The indexes communicated through enregistered features in signs, souvenirs, monuments, digital media, and news accounts lead to new and limited meanings. More significantly, as commodities, these contextualized features function not only to sell souvenirs, but also to sell the idea of a dialect, a sense of place, and a regional persona, but only because their meanings are recognizable, valued, and valuable. Their value lies in regenerated ideological schemas that have emerged from sociohistorical processes and events and related discursive practices. At the center of this intersection is tourism, which affects enregisterment and commodification, and the semiotic practices that link identity, and place.
Published online: 07 March 2018
Bucholtz, M. & Hall, K.
Cornips, L., de Rooij, V., Stengs, I. & Thissen, L.
Duchêne, A. & Heller, M.
2013 Digital Dictionary of American Regional English, J. Houston Hall (ed.). http://www.daredictionary.com.ezproxy.gvsu.edu/view/dare/ID_00017776?rskey=3xRLuN&result=1&q=eh (1 October 2016).
Gal, S. & Irvine, J.
Landry, R. & Bourhis, R.
Johnstone, B., Andrus, J. & Danielson, A.
2017. Characterological figures and expressive style in the enregisterment of linguistic variety. In A Sense of Place: Studies in Language and Region, Chris Montgomery & Emma Moore eds Cambridge CUP http://works.bepress.com/barbara_johnstone/67/
Leeman, J. & Modan, G.
2010, October 25. The best small cities to raise a family. Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2010/10/25/small-cities-family-lifestyle-real-estate-quality-of-life.html
Pietikäinena, S., Lane, P., Saloa, H. & Laihiala-Kankainena, S.
Pietikäinen, S. Compton, S. & Dlaske, K.
2017. Yooper Talk: Dialect as Identity in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Madison WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Scollon, R. & Wong Scollon, S.
Scollon, R. & Wong Scollon, S.
Shohamy, E. & Gorter, D.
Smith, V. & Brent, M.
United State Government, United States Census Bureau
2012 United States Census Bureau, American Fact Finder. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/2651900.html (14 December 2012).
2012, April 27. Yoopers upset that Pure Michigan promotion doesn’t include Upper Peninsula ‘bests’. Mlive. http://www.mlive.com/news/index.ssf/2012/04/yoopers_get_upset_that_pure_mi.html (2 November 2015).
Michigan Economic Development Corporation. Pure Michigan cities are being recognized [sic] in Top 10 lists nationwide – check out our new [Infographic]
One Nation’s Online Project
Michigan map. http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/USA/michigan_map.htm (2 November 2015).
Michigan Tech Alumni Relations. http://www.mtu.edu/alumni/favorites/snowfall/ (4 November 2015).
Stern, J. & Stern, M.
2013, October 23. Upper Crust. The culinary glory of Michigan’s Route 41. Saveur. http://www.saveur.com/article/Travels/Food-on-Michigan-Route-41 (30 October 2015).
Upper Peninsula of Michigan
Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Peninsula_of_Michigan> (4 November 2015).
Upper Peninsula Travel Guide
How do you pronounce “sauna”? https://www.facebook.com/search/top/?q=Upper%20Peninsula%20Travel%20guide (10 November 2015).