Chapter in:Grammatical and Sociolinguistic Aspects of Ethiopian Languages
Edited by Derib Ado, Almaz Wasse Gelagay and Janne Bondi Johannessen †
[IMPACT: Studies in Language, Culture and Society 48] 2021
► pp. 229–244
Case-marking in Semitic in the light of the evidence in the Ethiopian language area
Linguistic convergence and divergence
Languages in the Ethiopian language area typically exhibit a two-case system from a morphological point of view. This paper discusses the question as to how this observation can be aligned with the circumstance that, for Semitic in general, a three-case system is usually reconstructed. It will be argued that case endings can also emerge in a secondary process, as is widely recognised in typological linguistics, and that the cyclicity observed in this context can well be framed in terms of processes of linguistic convergence and divergence. Thereby, both the morphological aspects of case as well as the thematic roles of case will be discussed.
Keywords: Amharic, Afroasiatic, Arabic, Berber, case, convergence, Cushitic, Gəʿəz, Hebrew, Omotic, re-analysis, thematic roles
Al-Jallad, Ahmad & van Putten, Marijn
Butts, Aaron Michael
Dimmendaal, Gerrit J.
al-Farrāʾ, Yaḥyā ibn Ziyād
Streck, Michael P.
Versteegh, Cornelis H. M.
Weninger, Stefan, Khan, Geoffrey, Streck, Michael P. & Watson, Janet